Martha Scott

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Martha Scott
Martha Scott 1942.JPG
Scott in 1942
Martha Ellen Scott

(1912-09-22)September 22, 1912
DiedMay 28, 2003(2003-05-28) (aged 90)
Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting placeMasonic Cemetery
Alma mater University of Michigan, B.A. 1934
OccupationFilm, television and stage actress
Years active1940–1990
Carlton Alsop
(m. 1940;div. 1946)

(m. 1946;died 1998)

Martha Ellen Scott (September 22, 1912 – May 28, 2003) was an American actress. She was featured in major films such as Cecil B. DeMille's The Ten Commandments (1956), and William Wyler's Ben-Hur (1959), playing the mother of Charlton Heston's character in both films. She originated the role of Emily Webb in Thornton Wilder's Our Town on Broadway in 1938 and later recreated the role in the 1940 film version, for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. [1]


Early life

Scott was born in Jamesport, Missouri, the daughter of Letha (née McKinley) and Walter Alva Scott, an engineer and garage owner. [2] Her mother was a second cousin of U.S. President William McKinley. [2] The Scott family remained in Jamesport until Martha was 13 years old, when they moved to Kansas City, Missouri, and eventually to Detroit, Michigan. [3] Scott became interested in acting in high school, an interest she furthered by attending the University of Michigan, earning a teaching certificate and a bachelor of arts degree [4] in drama in 1934. [3]



Frank Craven, Martha Scott and John Craven in the original Broadway production of Our Town (1938) Craven-Scott-Craven-Our-Town.jpg
Frank Craven, Martha Scott and John Craven in the original Broadway production of Our Town (1938)

Scott received a career boost right out of college, when she appeared with the Globe Theatre Troupe in a series of Shakespeare productions at the Century of Progress world's fair in Chicago in 1934. [5] Following that, she moved to New York City, where she found steady work both in stock stage productions and radio dramas. In 1938, she made her Broadway debut in the original staging of Thornton Wilder's play Our Town as Emily Webb, the tragic young woman who dies in childbirth. [6]


Scott as Moses' mother, Yochabel, in The Ten Commandments (1956) Martha Scott as Yochabel in The Ten Commandments trailer.jpg
Scott as Moses' mother, Yochabel, in The Ten Commandments (1956)

Two years later, Scott reprised the role of Emily in her film debut when Our Town was made into a movie. Her critically acclaimed performance earned her an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress.

Scott found steady movie work for the next four decades, appearing in major epics such as The Ten Commandments, Ben-Hur, The Desperate Hours , and Airport 1975 . Charlton Heston was a frequent co-star with Scott on both stage and screen. As she told an interviewer in 1988, "I played his mother twice and his wife twice. I was his mother in Ben Hur and The Ten Commandments. I was his wife on the stage in New York in Design for a Stained Glass Window and The Tumbler in London." [6]


In 1968, Scott joined Henry Fonda and Robert Ryan in forming a theatrical production company called the Plumstead Playhouse. [7] It later became the Plumstead Theatre Company and moved to Los Angeles. The company produced First Monday in October , both on stage and on film. Scott co-produced both versions. Her last production was Twelve Angry Men , which was performed at the Henry Fonda Theatre in Hollywood, California.


Scott began appearing in TV roles in the medium's early days. On November 2, 1950, she starred in "The Cut Glass Bowl" on The Nash Airflyte Theater , [8] followed by several guest appearances on Robert Montgomery Presents and other shows of television's "golden age", including two episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents . This pattern of guest roles continued through the 1960s with appearances on Route 66 , Ironside , and The Courtship of Eddie's Father , among others. In the mid-1950s, Scott was the narrator for Modern Romances, an afternoon program on NBC-TV. [9]

Scott was also a frequent TV guest star in the 1970s. She had recurring roles as Bob Newhart's mother on The Bob Newhart Show , the mother of Colonel Steve Austin (Lee Majors) on both The Six Million Dollar Man and The Bionic Woman , as well as Patricia Shepard, Sue Ellen and Kristin's mother on Dallas during its early years and later during the 1986 season. Scott was cast in single-episode guest appearances on several hit shows of the era, such as The Sandy Duncan Show , Columbo: Playback (1975), The Mod Squad , Marcus Welby, M.D. , and The Love Boat . She played the role of Jennifer Talbot, Terri Brock's nasty grandmother, on General Hospital for six months (1986–1987), which ended when her character was murdered and stuffed in a drain pipe.

In the 1980s, she had a regular role on the short-lived series Secrets of Midland Heights and appeared in several television movies and in single episodes of shows such as Magnum, P.I. , The Paper Chase , and Highway to Heaven . In the late 1980 she costarred with Jeffrey Lynn in an episode of Murder, She Wrote , which was a direct sequel to their 1949 feature film Strange Bargain . Scott's final acting role on television was in 1990 in the movie Daughter of the Streets.

Personal life

Scott with second husband Mel Powell in 1947 Martha Scott Mel Powell 3.jpg
Scott with second husband Mel Powell in 1947
Gravesite of Martha Scott and husband Mel Powell in Jamesport, Missouri Martha Scott Mel Powell 1.jpg
Gravesite of Martha Scott and husband Mel Powell in Jamesport, Missouri

Scott was married twice, first to radio producer and announcer Carleton William Alsop from 1940 to 1946, and then to jazz pianist and composer Mel Powell from 1946 until his death in 1998. [10] She had one child with Alsop, son Carleton Scott Alsop, and two daughters—Mary Powell Harpel and Kathleen Powell—with her second husband.[ citation needed ]

According to her son, Scott never forgot about her childhood hometown, using the mental image of a Jamesport cemetery in preparation for her Oscar-nominated role in Our Town. Said Alsop, "She told me she used that place as her image because it's so serene and beautiful" and that her deceased McKinley and Scott relatives "became the Gibbs and the Webbs in the play". [3]

A Democrat, she supported the campaign of Adlai Stevenson during the 1952 presidential election. [11]

Scott died on May 28, 2003, in Van Nuys, Los Angeles, aged 90, from natural causes. She was interred next to Powell in the Masonic Cemetery in her native Jamesport, Missouri.[ citation needed ]


For her contribution in the theatre, Scott has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6126 Hollywood Boulevard. [12]

Partial filmography

Radio appearances

1941 Philip Morris Playhouse Made for Each Other [13]
1941 Lux Radio Theatre Cheers for Miss Bishop
1942 Lux Radio Theatre One Foot in Heaven [14]
1948 Suspense "Crisis" [15]
1953 Theatre Guild on the Air Kate Fennigate [16]

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  8. "Television". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 2, 1950. p. 27. Retrieved April 9, 2021 via
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  14. "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 43 (2): 33. Spring 2017.
  15. "Suspense - Crisis". Escape and Suspense!. Retrieved Mar 10, 2020.
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