Balsam in the trailer for The Carpetbaggers (1964)
Martin Henry Balsam
November 4, 1919
|Died||February 13, 1996 76) (aged|
|Resting place||Cedar Park Cemetery, Emerson, New Jersey, U.S.|
(m. 1952;div. 1954)
Joyce Van Patten
(m. 1957;div. 1962)
(m. 1963;div. 1987)
|Children||3, including Talia Balsam|
Martin Henry Balsam (November 4, 1919 – February 13, 1996) was an American character actor. He is best known for a number of renowned film roles, including detective Milton Arbogast in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho (1960), Arnold Burns in A Thousand Clowns (1965) (for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor), Juror #1 in 12 Angry Men (1957), and Mr. Green in The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974), as well as for his role as Murray Klein in the television sitcom Archie Bunker's Place (1979–1983).
Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was an English film director and producer, widely regarded as one of the most influential and widely studied filmmakers in the history of cinema. Known as "the Master of Suspense", he directed over 50 feature films in a career spanning six decades, becoming as well known as any of his actors thanks to his many interviews, his cameo roles in most of his films, and his hosting and producing of the television anthology Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955–1965).
Psycho is a 1960 American psychological horror film directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, and written by Joseph Stefano. It stars Anthony Perkins, Janet Leigh, John Gavin, Vera Miles, and Martin Balsam, and was based on the 1959 novel of the same name by Robert Bloch. The film centers on an encounter between a secretary, Marion Crane (Leigh), who ends up at a secluded motel after stealing money from her employer, and the motel's owner-manager, Norman Bates (Perkins), and its aftermath.
A Thousand Clowns is a 1965 American comedy-drama film directed by Fred Coe and starring Jason Robards, Barbara Harris, Martin Balsam, and Barry Gordon. An adaptation of a 1962 play by Herb Gardner, it tells the story of an eccentric comedy writer who is forced to conform to society to retain legal custody of his nephew.
Martin Henry Balsam was born in the Bronx borough of New York City, to Russian-Jewish parents, Lillian (née Weinstein) and Albert Balsam, who was a manufacturer of women's sportswear.He attended DeWitt Clinton High School, where he participated in the drama club. He studied at the Dramatic Workshop of The New School in New York with the German director Erwin Piscator and then served in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York, coterminous with Bronx County, the third-most densely populated county in the United States. It is south of Westchester County; northeast and east of Manhattan, across the Harlem River; and north of Queens, across the East River.
New York City encompasses five county-level administrative divisions called boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. All five boroughs are part of New York City, and each borough is coterminous with a respective county. The boroughs of Queens and The Bronx are concurrent with the counties of the same name, while the boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Staten Island correspond to New York, Kings, and Richmond counties, respectively.
The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Martin Balsam made his professional debut in August 1941 in a production of The Play's the Thing in Locust Valley.During World War II, he served as a sergeant radio operator in a B-24 in the China-Burma-India theater of operations.
The Play's the Thing is a comedic play adapted by P. G. Wodehouse from the 1924 Hungarian play Játék a Kastélyban by Ferenc Molnár. It premiered in 1926 in New York.
Locust Valley is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) located in Nassau County, New York. Locust Valley is an unincorporated area of the Town of Oyster Bay. As of the United States 2010 Census, the CDP population was 3,406. The area is commonly identified with its W.A.S.P and "White Shoe" culture surrounding a group of polo and golf clubs, primarily the secretive Piping Rock Club, as well as the equally prestigious Creek Club, in the neighboring incorporated villages of Matinecock and Lattingtown, respectively. The town is also known for Locust Valley lockjaw.
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California. It was known within the company as the Model 32, and some initial production aircraft were laid down as export models designated as various LB-30s, in the Land Bomber design category.
In early 1948, he was selected by Elia Kazan to be a member in the recently formed Actors Studio.Balsam went on to perform in several episodes of the studio's dramatic television anthology series, broadcast between September 1948 and 1950. He appeared in many other television drama series, including Decoy with Beverly Garland, The Twilight Zone (episodes "The Sixteen Millimeter Shrine" and "The New Exhibit"), as a psychologist in the pilot episode, Five Fingers , Target: The Corruptors! , The Eleventh Hour , Breaking Point , Alfred Hitchcock Presents , The Fugitive , and Mr. Broadway , as a retired U.N.C.L.E. agent in The Man from U.N.C.L.E. episode, "The Odd Man Affair", and guest-starred in the two-part Murder, She Wrote episode, "Death Stalks the Big Top". He also appeared in the Route 66 episode, "Somehow It Gets To Be Tomorrow".
Elia Kazan was a Greek-American director, producer, writer and actor, described by The New York Times as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history".
The Actors Studio is a membership organization for professional actors, theatre directors and playwrights at 432 West 44th Street between Ninth and Tenth Avenues in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City. It was founded on October 5, 1947, by Elia Kazan, Cheryl Crawford and Robert Lewis, who provided training for actors who were members. Lee Strasberg joined later and took the helm in 1951 until his death on February 17, 1982.
An anthology series is a radio, television, or film series that presents a different story and a different set of characters in each episode, season, segment or short. These usually have a different cast each episode, but several series in the past, such as Four Star Playhouse, employed a permanent troupe of character actors who would appear in a different drama each week. Some anthology series, such as Studio One, began on radio and then expanded to television.
Balsam appeared in such notable films as On the Waterfront , 12 Angry Men (as Juror #1), Time Limit , Breakfast at Tiffany's , The Carpetbaggers , Seven Days in May , The Anderson Tapes , Hombre , Catch-22 , Tora! Tora! Tora! (as Admiral Husband E. Kimmel), Little Big Man , The Taking of Pelham One Two Three , All the President's Men , Murder on the Orient Express , The Delta Force , and The Goodbye People .
On the Waterfront is a 1954 American crime drama film, directed by Elia Kazan and written by Budd Schulberg. It stars Marlon Brando and features Karl Malden, Lee J. Cobb, Rod Steiger, Pat Henning and Eva Marie Saint in her film debut. The soundtrack score was composed by Leonard Bernstein. The film was suggested by "Crime on the Waterfront" by Malcolm Johnson, a series of articles published in November–December 1948 in the New York Sun which won the 1949 Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting, but the screenplay by Budd Schulberg is directly based on his own original story. The film focuses on union violence and corruption amongst longshoremen, while detailing widespread corruption, extortion, and racketeering on the waterfronts of Hoboken, New Jersey.
12 Angry Men is a 1957 American courtroom drama film directed by Sidney Lumet, adapted from a teleplay of the same name by Reginald Rose. This courtroom drama tells the story of a jury of 12 men as they deliberate the conviction or acquittal of a defendant on the basis of reasonable doubt, forcing the jurors to question their morals and values. In the United States, a verdict in most criminal trials by jury must be unanimous. The defendant is an 18-year-old male. There are two witnesses: a lady from across the street and an old man who lives below the defendant.
Time Limit is a 1957 legal drama film directed by Karl Malden, based on the Broadway play of the same name written by Henry Denker and Ralph Berkey. The film is Malden's only directing credit; in his autobiography, Malden stated that he "preferred being a good actor to being a fairly good director."
In 1960, he appeared in one of his best-remembered roles as Detective Arbogast in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho . Along with Gregory Peck and Robert Mitchum, Balsam appeared in both the original Cape Fear (1962), and the 1991 Martin Scorsese remake. He won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as Arnold Burns in A Thousand Clowns (1965) and, in 1968, won a Tony Award for his appearance in the 1967 Broadway production of You Know I Can't Hear You When the Water's Running . Balsam also performed the original voice of the HAL 9000 computer in 2001: A Space Odyssey . After his lines were recorded, director Stanley Kubrick decided "Marty just sounded a little bit too colloquially American," and hired Douglas Rain to perform the role for the released film.
Eldred Gregory Peck was an American actor. He was one of the most popular film stars from the 1940s to the 1960s. Peck received five Academy Award for Best Actor nominations, and won once – for his performance as Atticus Finch in the 1962 drama film To Kill a Mockingbird.
Robert Charles Durman Mitchum was an American film actor, director, author, poet, composer, and singer. Mitchum rose to prominence for his starring roles in several classic films noir, and is generally considered a forerunner of the antiheroes prevalent in film during the 1950s and 1960s. His best-known films include Out of the Past (1947), The Night of the Hunter (1955), Cape Fear (1962), and El Dorado (1966). Mitchum was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for The Story of G.I. Joe (1945).
Cape Fear is a 1962 American neo-noir psychological thriller film starring Robert Mitchum, Gregory Peck, Martin Balsam, and Polly Bergen. It was adapted by James R. Webb from the 1957 novel The Executioners by John D. MacDonald. It was initially storyboarded by Alfred Hitchcock, subsequently directed by J. Lee Thompson, and released on April 12, 1962. The film concerns an attorney whose family is stalked by a criminal he helped to send to jail.
Balsam played Dr. Rudy Wells when the Martin Caidin novel Cyborg was adapted as a TV-movie pilot for The Six Million Dollar Man (1973), though he did not reprise the role for the subsequent series. In 1975, he appeared as James Arthur Cummins in the Joe Don Baker police drama Mitchell , a film that was eventually featured in a highly popular episode of the comedy film-riffing series Mystery Science Theater 3000 in 1993. He appeared as a spokesman/hostage in the TV movie Raid on Entebbe (1976) and as a detective in the TVM Contract on Cherry Street (1977). He also appeared on an episode of Quincy ME . Balsam starred as Murray Klein on the All in the Family spin-off Archie Bunker's Place for two seasons (1979–81) and returned for a guest appearance in the show's fourth and final season. He even filled in for Charles Nelson Reilly on Match Game for one question when Reilly was late for a taping.
|1949–1950||Actors Studio||Soldier||4 episodes|
|1951||The Living Christ Series||Innkeeper||Miniseries|
|The Big Story||Bill Pinney|
|Frontiers of Faith|
|1952||The Living Bible||Nobleman|
|1953||Man Against Crime||Tony / Jean Pinay|
|Valiant Lady||Joey Gordon|
|1954||On the Waterfront||Gillette, Secondary Investigator for Crime Commission||Uncredited|
|The Greatest Gift||Harold Matthews #2|
|Inner Sanctum Mystery||Wesley / Hanson / Larkin||3 episodes|
|1954–1955||Philco Television Playhouse||Charlie Malick / Mike Galloway||3 episodes|
|1954–1956||Goodyear Television Playhouse||Perkins / Walter Gregg||3 episodes|
|1955||The United States Steel Hour||Petty Officer|
|1957||12 Angry Men||Juror #1|
|Time Limit||Sargeant Baker|
|1957–1958||Studio One||Francis Toohey / Ed Coyne||3 episodes|
|1958||Kraft Television Theatre||Dino|
|Marjorie Morningstar||Dr. David Harris|
|Father Knows Best||Teacher|
|Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Leonard Thompson|
|1958–59||Playhouse 90||Sam Gordon / Captain Mantell||3 episodes|
|Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse||Gambetta / Dr. Gillespie||2 episodes|
|1958–1960||Have Gun - Will Travel||Marshall Jim Brock / Charles Dawes||2 episodes|
|Al Capone||Mac Keeley|
|The Further Adventures of Ellery Queen||2 episodes|
|Middle of the Night||Jack|
|The DuPont Show of the Month||Charlie Davis|
|Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theater||Sam Butler|
|The Twilight Zone||Danny Weiss||Episode: "The Sixteen Millimeter Shrine"|
|1959–1962||Naked City||Captain Russell Barris / Joseph Creeley / Caldwell Wyatt / Arnold Fleischman||4 episodes|
|Goodyear Theater||Joe Lane|
|The Robert Herridge Theater|
|Sunday Showcase||Nicola Sacco|
|Psycho||Detective Milton Arbogast|
|Tutti a casa||Sergeant Quintino Fornaciari|
|1961||Way Out||Bill Clayton|
|Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Elon Marsh|
|Breakfast at Tiffany's||O.J. Berman|
|The New Breed||Frank Eberhardt|
|The Untouchables||Barry Leimer|
|1961–1964||The Defenders||District Attorney / Bernard Maxwell / Floyd Harker||4 episodes|
|1962||Cain's Hundred||Jack Garsell|
|The Untouchables||Arnold Justin|
|Cape Fear||Police Chief Mark Dutton|
|Target: The Corruptors||Jeffrey Marvin|
|La città prigioniera||Joseph Feinberg|
|1962–1966||Dr. Kildare||Dr. Milton Orliff / Benny Orloff / Ned Lacey||7 episodes|
|The Eleventh Hour||Frank Dunlear|
|The Twilight Zone||Martin Lombard Senescu||Episode: "The New Exhibit"|
|Breaking Point||Rabbi Eli Oringer|
|Who's Been Sleeping in My Bed?||Sanford Kaufman|
|1964||Arrest and Trial||Leo Valera|
|Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Dave Breslaw|
|Seven Days in May||Presidential aide Paul Girard|
|Wagon Train||Marcey Jones|
|Suspense||Detective Jack Gross|
|The Carpetbaggers||Bernard B. Norman|
|Youngblood Hawke||Cameo Appearance||Uncredited|
|Mr. Broadway||Nate Bannerman|
|1965||ITV Play of the Week||Doc Delaney|
|The Man from U.N.C.L.E||Albert Sully||Episode: "The Odd Man Affair"|
|The Bedford Incident||Lieutenant Commander Chester Potter, USNR, MD|
|A Thousand Clowns||Arnold||won Academy Award for best supporting actor|
|1966||Caccia alla volpe||Harry Granoff|
|"Anyone Around My Base Is It"||Narrator||Short Documentary|
|1967||The Fugitive||Andrew Newmark|
|Among the Paths to Eden||Ivor Belli|
|1968||The Name of the Game||Angie|
|Around the World of Mike Todd||Michael Todd||TV movie / Documentary; Voice|
|1969||Me, Natalie||Uncle Harold|
|The Good Guys and the Bad Guys||Mayor Wilker|
|Trilogy||Ivor Belli||(segment: "Among the Paths to Eden")|
|Hunters Are for Killing||Wade Hamilton||TV movie|
|Catch-22||Colonel Cathcart||Group Commander, 256th Bomb Group|
|Tora! Tora! Tora!||Admiral Husband E. Kimmel|
|The Old Man Who Cried Wolf||Stanley Pulska|
|The Name of the Game||Herb Witmer|
|Little Big Man||Mr. Merriweather|
|1971||Confessions of a Police Captain||Inspector Bonavia|
|The Anderson Tapes||Tommy Haskins|
|1972||Chronicle of a Homicide||Judge Aldo Sola|
|The Hassled Hooker||District Attorney Turrisi|
|The Man||Jim Talley|
|Night of Terror||Captain Caleb Sark||TV movie|
|The Infamous Column|
|1973||A Brand New Life||Jim Douglas||TV movie|
|The Six Million Dollar Man||Dr. Rudy Wells||TV movie: "The Moon and the Desert"|
|The Stone Killer||Al Vescari|
|Counselor at Crime||Don Antonio Macaluso|
|Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams||Harry Walden|
|Money to Burn||TV movie|
|Police Story||Detective Al Koster|
|1974||The Taking of Pelham One Two Three||Harold "Green" Longman|
|Trapped Beneath the Sea||T.C. Hollister||TV movie|
|Murder on the Orient Express||Bianchi|
|1975||Miles to Go Before I Sleep||Ben Montgomery||TV movie|
|Smiling Maniacs||Carlo Goja|
|Death Among Friends||Ham Russell Buckner||TV movie|
|Cry, Onion!||Petrus Lamb|
|Mitchell||James Arthur Cummings|
|Season for Assassins||Commissioner Katroni|
|1976||The Lindbergh Kidnapping Case||Edward J. Reilly||TV movie|
|All the President's Men||Howard Simons|
|Meet Him and Die||Giulianelli|
|Two-Minute Warning||Sam McKeever|
|Raid on Entebbe||Daniel Cooper||TV movie|
|1977||The Sentinel||Professor Ruzinsky|
|Silver Bears||Joe Fiore|
|Contract on Cherry Street||Captain Ernie Weinberg|
|The Storyteller||Ira Davidoff||TV movie|
|Blood and Diamonds||Rizzo|
|1978||Eyes Behind the Stars||Inspector Jim Grant|
|Siege||Henry Fancher||TV movie|
|Rainbow||Louis B. Mayer||TV movie|
|The Millionaire||Arthur Haines||TV movie|
|The Joe Franklin Show||Himself||Television interview|
|A Salute to American Imagination||Himself||TV movie / Documentary|
|1979||The Seeding of Sarah Burns||Dr. Samuel Melman||TV movie|
|The House on Garibaldi Street||Isser Harel||TV movie|
|Aunt Mary||Harry Strasburg||TV movie|
|1979–1983||Archie Bunker's Place||Murray Klein||series regular / guest star; 46 episodes|
|1980||The Love Tapes||David Franklin|
|There Goes the Bride||Elmer Babcock|
|The Warning||Questore Martorana|
|1981||The Salamander||Captain Steffanelli|
|The People vs. Jean Harris||Joel Aurnou||TV movie|
|1982||Quincy, M.E.||Hyam Sigerski|
|Little Gloria... Happy at Last||Nathan Burkan||TV movie|
|Night of 100 Stars||Himself||TV special|
|1983||I Want to Live!||Jack Brady||TV movie|
|Cold Storage||Parmigian||TV Movie|
|1984||The Goodbye People||Max Silverman|
|Innocent Prey||Sheriff Virgil Baker|
|St. Elmo's Fire||Mr. Beamish|
|Murder in Space||Alexander Rostov||TV movie|
|Death Wish 3||Bennett|
|1986||La piovra , season 2||Frank Carrisi||Miniseries; 5 episodes|
|The Delta Force||Ben Kaplan|
|Whatever It Takes||Hap Perchicksky|
|Second Serve||Dr. Beck||TV movie|
|Murder, She Wrote||Edgar Carmody||Episodes: "Death Stalks The Big Top" Parts 1 & 2|
|The Twilight Zone||Rockne O'Bannon||Segment: "Personal Demons"|
|1987||Hotel||Dr. Gilbert Holt|
|P.I. Private Investigations||Cliff Dowling|
|The Twilight Zone||Professor Donald Knowles||Segment: "Voices in the Earth"|
|Brothers in Blood||Major Briggs|
|Kids Like These||Grandpa||TV movie|
|Once Again||TV movie|
|1988||The Child Saver||Sidney Rosenberg||TV movie|
|The Brother from Space||Father Howard|
|1989||Ocean||Don Matias Quintero||TV miniseries|
|1990||Two Evil Eyes||Mr. Pym||(segment "The Black Cat")|
|Midnight Caller||Gil Solarski|
|La piovra , season 5||Don Calogero Barretta|
|1992||The Sands of Time||TV movie|
|1993||"The Black Cat"||Movie Short|
|1994||The Silence of the Hams||Detective Martin Balsam|
|1995||Soldato ignoto||English meaning: Unknown Soldier|
|1997||Legend of the Spirit Dog||Gramps||Released posthumously on August 19, 1997, 9 months after his death (final film role)|
In 1951, Balsam married his first wife, actress Pearl Somner. They divorced three years later. His second wife was actress Joyce Van Patten. This marriage lasted for four years (from 1958 until 1962) and produced one daughter, Talia Balsam. He married his third wife, Irene Miller, in 1963. They had two children, Adam and Zoe Balsam, and divorced in 1987.
On February 13, 1996, Balsam died of a sudden stroke in his hotel room while vacationing in Rome, Italy. He was 76 years old. He is interred at Cedar Park Cemetery, in Emerson, New Jersey.
|1966||Best Supporting Actor||A Thousand Clowns||Won|
National Board of Review –
Tony Awards –
Golden Globe Awards –
BAFTA Awards –
Primetime Emmy Awards –
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Elizabeth Ann Cole, known professionally as Elizabeth Ashley, is an American actress of theatre, film, and television. She has been nominated for three Tony Awards, winning once in 1962 for Take Her, She's Mine. Ashley was also nominated for the BAFTA and Golden Globe awards for her performance in The Carpetbaggers (1964), and was nominated for an Emmy Award in 1991 for Evening Shade. Elizabeth was a guest on The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson 24 times.
Vaughn Everett Taylor was an American actor. He became known for his roles in many anthology series, including Kraft Television Theatre (1947–1957) and Robert Montgomery Presents (1950–1954). He also appeared in films such as Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) and Psycho (1960).
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Others usually considered founding members in Kazan's group were added in the early months of 1948. They include Martin Balsam, Kim Hunter, and Vivian Nathan.
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