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Maruf District (from the Persian: معروف) (also:Ma'ruf, Maroof) is a district in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan. It borders Arghistan District to the west, Zabul Province to the north and Pakistan to the east and south. The population was 200,000 in 2006. The district center is the town of Maruf district, located in the northern part of the district. It is a boundary mountainous district with many rugged mountain passes towards Pakistan. It is located almost 190 km far from any provincial city. This district has 360 villages. It has very agricultural land.
This district has a different history from other places for pashton tribes: the old name of this and Arghistan districts was Arakozia 2300 years ago. Before the government of King Amir Abdurahman Khan, the boundary of Maruf District was then pishin bazar of Balochistan district. When Durand signed, areas like Zhob, Qlalqala Saifullah, and Tobah became part of Pakistan.[ citation needed ]
There are living that Pashton tribes which come into the world here like Barakzai, Alizai, Kakar Osean, Alokozai, Ishaqzai, Khog Yani, Sydan, Adizai, etc.
Afghan emperor Ahmad Sha Baba also lived in Maruf District during his last years. This district has two famous rivers; one river is between mountains of samee and bayek also called in geographic books by the name of Maruf Arghistan River and other name is Qadani River, between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Border length of this district of Pakistan is 155 km.
On February 22, 2018, Taliban forces captured the center of the district.
Afghanistan is a landlocked mountainous country located within Central and South Asia, also sometimes included as part of the Middle East. The country is the 40th largest in the world in size. Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the Kabul Province. Strategically located at the crossroads of major trade routes, Afghanistan has attracted a succession of invaders since the sixth century BCE.
Kandahar or Qandahar is a city in Afghanistan, located in the south of the country on the Arghandab River, at an elevation of 1,010 m (3,310 ft). It is Afghanistan's second largest city after Kabul, with a population of about 614,118. It is the capital of Kandahar Province and also the center of the larger cultural region called Loy Kandahar. In 1709, Mirwais Hotak made the region an independent kingdom and turned Kandahar into the capital of the Hotak dynasty. In 1747, Ahmad Shah Durrani, founder of the Durrani dynasty, made Kandahar the capital of the Afghan Empire.
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Kandahār is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the southern part of the country, sharing border with Balochistan, Pakistan to the east. It is surrounded by Helmand in the west, Uruzgan in the north and Zabul Province in the east. Its capital is the city of Kandahar, Afghanistan's second largest city, which is located on the Arghandab River. The greater region surrounding the province is called Loy Kandahar.
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The Shinwari is an ethnic Pashtun tribe of Afghanistan. Among the greatest poets of the Pashto language in the 20th century was the late Ameer Hamza Shinwari, also known as "Hamza Baba". The Shinwari tribe is son of Kasi Pashtun tribe settled in the southern disctricts of Nangarhar Province, in Haska Meyna, Achin, Rodat, Bati Kot, Kot, Chaprahar, Shinwar, Dor Baba and Nazian districts. A major portion of the tribe is centered in Jalalabad and Parwan province of Afghanistan. These Shinwaris are mostly traders and businessmen. There is also a significant minority of the tribe settled in, Pakistan, a settlement 60 to 85 km south of Peshawar. There are about 2000 to 3000 shinwaris settled in village Ali zai, 15 km away from kohat. In Afghanistan, the Shinwari are also located in Kunar province. Reporting from 2010 states that there are around 400,000 Shinwari in Afghanistan.
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Spin Boldak is a district in the eastern part of Kandahar Province, Afghanistan. It borders Daman District to the west, Arghistan District to the north, Qilla Abdullah District Pakistan to the east and Shorabak District to the south. The population was estimated at 100,400 in 2006. The district center is the town of Spin Boldak, located in the western part of the district on the road to Pakistan.
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Kurram District is a district in Kohat Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Until 2018, it was an agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas, with merger of FATA with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, it became a district. Geographically, it covers the Kurram Valley region which is a valley in the northwestern part of Pakistan. Most of the population is Pashtun and the main religion is Islam. Major tribes living in Kurram Agency are Bangash, Turi, Orakzai, as well as Mamozai, Muqbil, Zazai, Paracha, Mangal, Ghilzai, Para Chamkani, Hazara and Khoshi tribe.
The Arghistan District is a district situated in the northeastern part of Kandahar Province, Afghanistan. It borders Spin Boldak District to the south and west, Daman District to the west, Zabul Province to the north, Maruf District to the east and Pakistan to the east and south. The population is 30,500 (2006). The district center is the village of Arghistan, located in the central part of the district in the Arghistan River valley.
The village of Arghistan is the headquarters of Arghistan District in Kandahar Province of Afghanistan. It is located in the valley of Arghistan, near the Arghistan River, onat 1254 m altitude.
Shorabak District is a remote district situated in the southeastern part of Kandahar Province, Afghanistan, 110 km south and east of Kandahar. It borders Reg District to the west, Spin Boldak District to the north and Pakistan to the east and south. The population is 10,200 (2006). The district center Shorabak is located onat 985 m altitude in the Eastern part of the district. Baloch and Pashtun are dominant ethnicities.
The following lists events that happened during 2004 in Afghanistan.
The Arghistan or Arghastan is a river in southern Afghanistan. It flows through Arghistan District and the provinces of Zabul and Kandahar. It is a tributary of the Dori River, a sub-tributary of the Helmand River. It flows for 280 kilometres (170 mi) and has a basin area of 20,219 square kilometres (7,807 sq mi).
The Afghan Border Police (ABP) secure Afghanistan's 5,529 kilometres (3,436 mi) border with neighboring countries and all its international airports. It also administers immigration services such as checking documents of foreigners entering the country or deporting them. The ABP's anti-narcotic efforts are a prominent concern to the international community at present. The ABP and other divisions of the Afghan National Police jointly patrol a 55 km-wide corridor along the entirety of Afghanistan's border, particularly the longest and porous Durand Line border in the southeast with neighboring Pakistan.
2003 in Afghanistan. A list of notable incidents in Afghanistan during 2003