Marv Levy

Last updated

Marv Levy
Marv Levy (cropped).jpg
Levy in 2009
Personal information
Born: (1925-08-03) August 3, 1925 (age 97)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Career information
High school: South Shore (Chicago, Illinois)
College: Wyoming, Coe
Position: Defensive back
Career history
As a coach:
As an administrator:
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Win–loss record:143–112
Winning %:.561
Coaching stats at PFR

Marvin Daniel Levy ( /ˈlv/ ; born August 3, 1925) [1] is an American former football coach and executive who was a head coach in the National Football League (NFL) for seventeen seasons. He spent most of his head coaching career with the Buffalo Bills, leading them from 1986 to 1997. Levy's first head coaching position was with the Montreal Alouettes of Canadian Football League (CFL) from 1973 to 1977, where he won two Grey Cup titles.


After five seasons coaching the Kansas City Chiefs, Levy helped the Bills become one of the most dominant American Football Conference (AFC) teams during the 1990s. His greatest success occurred between 1990 and 1993 when he led Buffalo to a record four consecutive Super Bowls, although each game ended in defeat. Levy concluded his head coaching career with 11 playoff victories and four Super Bowl appearances, both of which are the most of head coaches to not win an NFL championship. [lower-alpha 1] After retiring from coaching in 1997, Levy served as the general manager of the Bills from 2006 to 2007. He was inducted to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2001 and the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 2021.

Early life

Levy was born to a Jewish family in Chicago on August 3, 1925. [1] [2] In 1943, the day after graduation from South Shore High School in Chicago, [3] Levy enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces. He served as a meteorologist at Apalachicola Army Airfield in Florida, but the war ended before his unit deployed to the Pacific. [4]

Though he was known to use historical examples to inspire his teams, Levy corrected those who used war and combat metaphors to describe football games by telling them that he actually fought in a war and that football and war were in no way comparable. [5] Referring to the Super Bowl, he said "This is not a must-win; World War II was a must-win". [6] Steve Tasker, who played for Levy on the Bills, said [7]

Marv always had a knack for always finding the right thing to say. He wasn't a believer in Knute Rockne, 'Win one for the Gipper' speeches. He didn't like ripping us. But what he said had an effect on us, one way or another. It either got us mad at our opponents or mad at ourselves. Marv was a master psychologist at knowing what buttons to push.

In later years, Levy became a supporter of the World War II Memorial [8] and pushed for World War II veterans to be honored at Super Bowl LIV to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Allied victory in the war, noting that fewer than 3% of those who served in the war were still alive in 2020. [9]

College years

Levy was initially recruited to the Wyoming Cowboys football team as a defensive back. [10] After the coach who recruited Levy left Wyoming, and Levy was displeased and exhausted by the following coach's round-the-clock training regimen, Levy transferred to Coe College in Iowa following a single semester. [11] There he earned varsity letters in football, track, and basketball. He obtained a degree in English literature, was granted membership in the Phi Beta Kappa Society, [12] and was twice voted student council president. He was also a member of the Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity. He was admitted to Harvard University for graduate studies in 1951, earning a master's degree in English history. [13]

College coaching

Levy's first coaching job was at St. Louis Country Day School, coaching football and basketball, the latter of which he coached to a championship. [14] Two years later, Levy returned to Coe College as an assistant football coach (1953–1954) and in his second stint as a head coach, he also won a championship—this time in basketball with future NBA Coach Bill Fitch as one of his players. [14] In 1954, he joined the coaching staff at the University of New Mexico and was named head coach in 1958. In two seasons as head coach, he guided the Lobos to a 14–6 record and earned Skyline Conference Coach of the Year honors in 1958. [15] He interviewed with the University of California, Berkeley on February 2, 1960, and was announced as the new head coach of the Cal Bears on February 5, 1960. Despite selecting a young Bill Walsh as a coaching assistant, [16] Levy's best record during his four-season tenure as head coach at Cal from 1960 to 1963 was 4–5–1. [17] He finished his college coaching career with a five-year stint as head coach at the College of William & Mary [18] where he twice earned Southern Conference Coach of the Year honors. [19]

Professional football

Levy began his professional football coaching career in 1969 as kicking teams coach for the Philadelphia Eagles before joining George Allen's staff as a special teams coach for the Los Angeles Rams in 1970. He followed Allen to Washington, D.C. in 1971, where he served as the Washington Redskins' special teams coach for two seasons. Levy then served as the head coach of the Montreal Alouettes of the Canadian Football League for five seasons. He coached Montreal to three CFL Grey Cup appearances and two championships, and won the Annis Stukus Trophy (Coach of the Year) in 1974. Levy returned to the NFL in 1978 as head coach of the Kansas City Chiefs. He coached the Chiefs for five seasons with steady improvement each year, but was fired at the end of the strike-shortened 1982 season with a 3–6 record. [20]

Midway through the 1986 season, following a two-year hiatus from coaching and one season as the head coach of the Chicago Blitz of the USFL, Levy returned to the NFL with the Buffalo Bills. Initially hired as a television analyst, Levy replaced Hank Bullough seven games into the regular season as head coach. He finished the season with a 2–5 record. In 1987, his first full season with the Bills, the team returned to respectability with a 7–8 record and were in the playoff hunt throughout most of the season. The following season the team posted a 12–4 record and won the first of six AFC Eastern Division titles. [21] With his high-powered "no-huddle" offense, Levy's Bills went on to lead his AFC championship team to four consecutive Super Bowl appearances, the most in league history. [20] Each game ended in defeat, however, tying Levy with Bud Grant and Dan Reeves for the most Super Bowl appearances without a victory.

From 1988 through 1997, the Bills were first in the AFC in winning percentage and second only to the San Francisco 49ers in the NFL. Levy, the winningest coach in Bills' history, recorded a 112–70 regular season record [22] and was 11–8 in the playoffs during his eleven seasons with the Bills. [20] He was named NFL Coach of the Year in 1988 and AFC Coach of the Year in 1988, 1993, and 1995. [23]

Coaching tree

Levy's coaching tree is among the largest of any NFL head coach; however, this is largely due to the fact that he once had Bill Walsh as an assistant and most of Walsh's assistants never worked under Levy. Among notable non-Walsh coaches are Wade Phillips, who succeeded Levy as the Bills' head coach [24] and also served as head coach of the Denver Broncos and Dallas Cowboys (along with interim coaching stints for the New Orleans Saints, Atlanta Falcons, and Houston Texans), as well as former Baltimore Ravens and Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts coach Ted Marchibroda, [25] and former New York Sentinels head coach Ted Cottrell. [26] Wally Buono played under Levy in Montreal and went on to become one of the CFL's most successful coaches. [27]

Outspoken pundit Chuck Dickerson worked under Levy for several years in Buffalo before being fired. [28]

First retirement

Levy retired in 1997 and became an analyst for In 2001 Levy was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. [29] Along with former Bills' special-teamer Steve Tasker, Levy did local broadcasts for the Bills' pre-season games from 1998 until being appointed the Bills' general manager in 2006. [30] During the regular season he was a part of the Chicago Bears pregame show on ESPN Radio 1000 (WMVP-AM), as well as a Bears postgame show on Comcast SportsNet.

General manager

On January 5, 2006, Bills owner Ralph Wilson enlisted Levy, at the age of 80, to act as general manager and vice president of football operations for the Buffalo Bills. [31] Following the resignation of Mike Mularkey, there was initial speculation (created by Levy's own comments at a team press conference) that Levy would resume a coaching role with the team. To eliminate this speculation, and to minimize any future tension between Levy and the Bills' new head coach, team owner Wilson said: "He was hired to be the GM and would never coach the team." [32]

Levy's first order of business was to hire a new coach as a replacement for Mularkey, who resigned within days of Levy's appointment. [33] After a strenuous interview process Levy and team owner Wilson hired Detroit Lions interim head coach Dick Jauron as coach. Jauron had been head coach of the Chicago Bears. [34]

Second retirement

Following the Bills' last game of the 2007 season, Levy decided to step down as GM of the Bills (his two-year contract had expired). [35] He has returned to live in his native Chicago, although he also spent some time in Montreal mentoring then-Alouettes head coach Marc Trestman. [36] Levy stated he would be open to returning to coaching if asked. [37] He has also admittedly not paid much attention to professional football in the past several years as of 2017. [38]

In 2009, Levy collaborated with Buffalo football historian Jeffrey J. Miller to write a book entitled Game Changers: The Greatest Plays in Buffalo Bills Football History. [39] In August 2011, Levy published a second book, Between the Lies, featuring a team based loosely on the Bills (including a quarterback named "Kelly James") progressing to the Super Bowl against a Los Angeles-based team and its take-no-prisoners head coach, while a scandal erupts, placing the integrity of the game at risk. [40]

A lifelong Chicago Cubs fan, Levy was among a select few people in attendance at both the 1945 World Series (which he attended while on furlough from the Army Air Forces) and the 2016 World Series. [41] Levy's fourth book, the children's book Go Cubs Go, is about the 2016 series. [42]

In 2020, Levy assisted The Friends of the National World War II Memorial to convince NFL teams — and the league itself — to recognize the 75th anniversary of the war, honoring veterans at Super Bowl LIV in Miami. [43]

In 2021, he was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame. [44]

Levy made an in-person appearance at the Bills' 2022 home opener, participating in the pregame crowd warm-up alongside his former quarterback, Jim Kelly. [45]


He currently has a wife, Mary, a daughter, Kim. He also has two grandchildren Angela (oldest) and Gregory (youngest).

Head coaching record


New Mexico Lobos (Skyline Conference)(1958–1959)
1958 New Mexico 7–35–12nd
1959 New Mexico 7–34–23rd
New Mexico:14–69–3
California Golden Bears (Athletic Association of Western Universities)(1960–1963)
1960 California 2–7–11–34th
1961 California 1–8–11–3T–4th
1962 California 1–90–46th
1963 California 4–5–11–35th
William & Mary Indians (Southern Conference)(1964–1968)
1964 William & Mary 4–64–3T–4th
1965 William & Mary 6–45–12nd
1966 William & Mary 5–4–14–1–1T–1st
1967 William & Mary 5–4–12–2–14th
1968 William & Mary 3–72–35th
William & Mary:23–25–217–10–2
      National championship        Conference title        Conference division title or championship game berth


TeamYearRegular SeasonPost Season
WonLostTiesWin %FinishWonLostWin %Result
MTL 1973 761.5363rd in East11.500Lost to Ottawa Rough Riders in East Final.
MTL 1974 952.6251st in East201.000Won over Edmonton Eskimos in 62nd Grey Cup.
MTL 1975 970.5632nd in East210.667Lost to Edmonton Eskimos in 63rd Grey Cup.
MTL 1976 781.4693rd in East010.000Lost to Hamilton Tiger-Cats in East Semi-Final.
MTL 1977 1150.6891st in East201.000Won over Edmonton Eskimos in 65th Grey Cup.
CFL Total43314.57773.700Won two Grey Cup Championships.
KC 1978 4120.2505th in AFC West
KC 1979 790.4385th in AFC West
KC 1980 880.5003rd in AFC West
KC 1981 970.5633rd in AFC West
KC 1982 360.3334th in AFC West
KC Total31420.425
CHI 1984 5130.2785th in Central
USFL Total5130.278
BUF 1986 250.2864th in AFC East
BUF 1987 780.4674th in AFC East
BUF 1988 1240.7501st in AFC East11.500Lost to Cincinnati Bengals in AFC Championship Game
BUF 1989 970.5631st in AFC East01.000Lost to Cleveland Browns in AFC Divisional Game
BUF 1990 1330.8131st in AFC East21.667Lost to New York Giants in Super Bowl XXV
BUF 1991 1330.8131st in AFC East21.667Lost to Washington Redskins in Super Bowl XXVI
BUF 1992 1150.6882nd in AFC East31.750Lost to Dallas Cowboys in Super Bowl XXVII
BUF 1993 1240.7501st in AFC East21.667Lost to Dallas Cowboys in Super Bowl XXVIII
BUF 1994 790.4384th in AFC East
BUF 1995 1060.6251st in AFC East11.500Lost to Pittsburgh Steelers in AFC Divisional Game
BUF 1996 1060.6252nd in AFC East01.000Lost to Jacksonville Jaguars in AFC wild card game
BUF 1997 6100.3754th in AFC East
BUF Total112700.615118.579
NFL Total [46] 1431120.561118.579

Career highlights

See also



  1. Levy is tied with Dan Reeves for the most playoff wins without an NFL championship and with Reeves and Bud Grant for the most Super Bowl appearances without a championship.

    Related Research Articles

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Bill Walsh (American football coach)</span> American football coach (1931–2007)

    William Ernest Walsh was an American professional and college football coach. He served as head coach of the San Francisco 49ers and the Stanford Cardinal, during which time he popularized the West Coast offense. After retiring from the 49ers, Walsh worked as a sports broadcaster for several years and then returned as head coach at Stanford for three seasons.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Bud Grant</span> American gridiron football player and coach (born 1927)

    Harry Peter "Bud" Grant Jr. is a former head coach and player of American football, Canadian football, and a former player in the National Basketball Association (NBA). Grant served as the head coach of the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL) for 18 seasons; he was the team's second (1967–83) and fourth (1985) head coach, leading them to four Super Bowl appearances, 11 division titles, one league championship and three National Football Conference championships. Before coaching the Vikings, he was the head coach of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League (CFL) for ten seasons, winning the Grey Cup four times. Grant is the most successful coach in Vikings history, and the fifth most successful professional football coach overall with a combined 286 wins in the NFL and CFL. Grant was elected to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1983 and to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1994. He was the first coach to guide teams to the Grey Cup and the Super Bowl, the only other being Marv Levy.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Bruce Smith</span> American football player (born 1963)

    Bruce Bernard Smith is an American former football defensive end who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 19 seasons, primarily with the Buffalo Bills. He played college football at Virginia Tech, where he was a two-time All-American, and was selected first overall by the Bills in the 1985 NFL Draft. Considered one of the greatest defensive ends of all time, Smith is the NFL's all-time career leader in quarterback sacks. Smith also received 11 Pro Bowl selections and eight first-team All-Pro honors, while appearing in four consecutive Super Bowls with the Bills. He was inducted to the College Football Hall of Fame in 2006 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2009.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Wade Phillips</span> American football coach (born 1947)

    Harold Wade Phillips is an American football coach who is currently the head coach of the Houston Roughnecks of the XFL. He has served as head coach of the Denver Broncos, Buffalo Bills, and Dallas Cowboys. He has also served as interim head coach for the New Orleans Saints, Atlanta Falcons, and the Houston Texans. His career winning percentage as a head coach is .546. Additionally, Phillips has long been considered to be among the best defensive coordinators in the NFL. In his long career, he has served as defensive coordinator in eight separate stints with seven different franchises. Multiple players under Phillips' system have won Defensive Player of the Year: Reggie White, Bryce Paup, Bruce Smith, J. J. Watt and Aaron Donald. Others under Phillips have won Defensive Rookie of the Year: Mike Croel and Shawne Merriman.

    James Kent Hull was an American football offensive lineman in the National Football League and United States Football League, more precisely a center for the New Jersey Generals of the USFL and Buffalo Bills of the NFL.

    Gary Wayne Zimmerman is an American former professional football player who was an offensive tackle in the National Football League (NFL). Zimmerman played for the Minnesota Vikings from 1986 to 1992 and for the Denver Broncos from 1993 to 1997. He won Super Bowl XXXII with the Broncos against the Green Bay Packers. He was selected to the Pro Bowl seven times and was an All-Pro selection eight times. He attended Walnut High School and the University of Oregon whereby he was inducted into the Oregon Sports Hall of Fame in 2002 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2008.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Tom Clements</span> American gridiron football player and coach (born 1953)

    Thomas Albert Clements is an American football coach and a former Canadian Football League (CFL) quarterback who is the quarterbacks coach for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League (NFL). He also served as an assistant coach for the Arizona Cardinals, Buffalo Bills, Pittsburgh Steelers, Kansas City Chiefs, New Orleans Saints and the University of Notre Dame.

    Miki "Junior" Ah You is a former college and professional Canadian and American football player who played primarily at the defensive end position. Ah You enjoyed most of his professional career success with the CFL Montreal Alouettes, from 1972 to 1981, and was a former collegiate standout at Arizona State University. Ah You's jersey #77 is one of ten retired by the Alouettes, and he was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1997. Ah You is also a member of the Arizona State Sports Hall of Fame and the Hawaii Sports Hall of Fame. In 2006, Ah You was voted to the Honour Roll of the CFL's Top 50 players of the league's modern era by Canadian sports network TSN.

    Charles Evans Bresnahan is an American football coach and former player. He was the defensive coordinator of the Oakland Raiders on two occasions and the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League (NFL) as well as the Florida Tuskers and Sacramento Mountain Lions of the United Football League (UFL). He also served as defensive coordinator in the college ranks at the University of Central Florida, University of South Florida and University of Maine. Bresnahan also served as an assistant coach with the Cleveland Browns and Indianapolis Colts of the NFL and the United States Naval Academy (Navy) and the Georgia Institute of Technology in the college ranks. Bresnahan also assisted in the Officiating Department of the NFL for 3 seasons. He is the son of Tom Bresnahan, a long time NFL assistant and Offensive Coordinator who coached 4 Super Bowls under Marv Levy (HOF-2001) with the Buffalo Bills.

    Thomas Michael Cousineau is an American former college and professional football player who was a linebacker in the Canadian Football League (CFL) and National Football League (NFL) for nine seasons during the 1970s and 1980s. He played college football for Ohio State University, and twice earned All-American honors. He was the first overall pick of the 1979 NFL Draft, and played professionally for the CFL's Montreal Alouettes and the NFL's Cleveland Browns and San Francisco 49ers.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Bill Polian</span> American football executive (born 1942)

    William Patrick Polian Jr. is an American football executive. He rose to league prominence as the General Manager of the Buffalo Bills, building a team that participated in four straight Super Bowls—the most consecutive appearances by any team—but lost each time. Following his stint in Buffalo, Polian went on to become the General Manager of the expansion Carolina Panthers. He then served as general manager and team president of the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League from 1998 to 2011, where they reached two Super Bowls, winning XLI. He subsequently served as an NFL analyst for ESPN. Polian was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2015. Polian co-founded the now-defunct Alliance of American Football in 2018.

    Elijah Eugene Pitts was an American football player, a halfback in the National Football League for 11 seasons, ten with the Green Bay Packers. Late in his career, he briefly played for the Los Angeles Rams and New Orleans Saints. Pitts was an assistant coach in the league for over two decades, most notably as the assistant head coach of the Buffalo Bills.

    Rusty Jones is an American football coach and former strength and conditioning coach in the National Football League (NFL).

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Chuck Zapiec</span> American gridiron football player (born 1949)

    Chuck Zapiec is a former All-American linebacker at Penn State and defensive captain of the Cotton Bowl Champion Nittany Lions. He earned his All-American Status as a linebacker in the only year that he played linebacker at "Linebacker U". Prior to his senior year, he also started 2 seasons as an offensive guard for the Lions and helped his team to 2 undefeated seasons in 1968 and 1969. He was drafted in the fourth round of the 1972 NFL Draft by the Dallas Cowboys. He played with the Miami Dolphins. He was a Canadian Football League (CFL) All-Star with the Montreal Alouettes.

    The 1986 Buffalo Bills season was the franchise's 17th season in the National Football League, and the 27th overall.

    Matt Sheldon is the Director of Research and Football Strategy for the Las Vegas Raiders of the National Football League (NFL). He is a professional football coach, analyst and researcher with extensive NFL experience in research/analytics, in-game strategy, coaching and video editing with the New York Jets, Miami Dolphins, Chicago Bears, Minnesota Vikings, Buffalo Bills, St. Louis Rams and New Orleans Saints. Additionally, he has worked with the Montreal Alouettes of the Canadian Football League (CFL) and the Wisconsin Badgers of the NCAA. Sheldon also served as director of sports solutions development with Zebra Sports, the official provider of player tracking for the NFL. Sheldon has consulted with teams and leagues at the professional, olympic, collegiate and high school levels in North America and Europe. His areas of focus include strategy/tactics and decision-making, athlete tracking systems and elite athlete performance. He is a graduate of the University of Minnesota's Carlson School of Management and the University University of Wisconsin M.B.A. Program.


    1. 1 2 "Marv Levy Record, Statistics, and Category Ranks". . Retrieved July 28, 2022.
    2. Bava, John (June 6, 2019). "Marv Levy, the Biggest Must-Win in History, and 'The Runner'". Last Word on Sports. Retrieved July 31, 2022. Though not religiously observant, Levy comes from a Jewish family.
    3. Greenberg, Steve. "At 93, Marv Levy no longer defined by Super Bowl losses". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    4. "Famous NFL coach, World War II Veteran eager to add to his literary accomplishments". VAntage Point. United States Department of Veterans Affairs. November 7, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2022.
    5. Jonah Goldberg (July 11, 2006). "Sports Cont'd – The Corner". National Review . Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
    6. LA Times article on Veteran Athletes
    7. Tasker, Steve; Pitoniak, Scott (2013). "4: It Ain't Over Till It's Over". The Buffalo Bills: My Life on a Special Team. Sports Publishing. ISBN   978-1-61321-328-5.
    8. O'Shei, Tim (January 6, 2020). Marv's mission: Levy enlisting NFL's help to honor Greatest Generation. The Buffalo News. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
    9. O'Shei, Tim. The NFL honored WWII vets at the Super Bowl. The Buffalo News. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
    10. Tucker, Cody. "Some of the University of Wyoming's Best Have Called Buffalo Home". 7220 Sports. Townsquare Media . Retrieved September 12, 2022.
    11. DeVeronica, Jeff. "Marv Levy receives highest honor from his alma mater, Coe College". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    12. Pierson, Don. "A winner is certified". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    13. Greenberg, Steve. "At 93, Marv Levy no longer defined by Super Bowl losses". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    14. 1 2 Schoffner, Chuck (July 14, 2012). "Marv Levy named to Des Moines Sunday Register's Iowa Sports Hall of Fame".
    15. "Marv Levy". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    16. "Levy recalls providing Walsh his college coaching start at California". NFL Enterprises, LLC. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
    17. "California Golden Bears School History". Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
    18. "Marv Levy Coaching Record". Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
    19. Horrigan, Joe. "Marv Levy" (PDF). Retrieved August 3, 2019.
    20. 1 2 3 "Player BIO". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    21. "Important Dates in Bills History: Nov. 3, 1986. Marv Levy hired as head coach". Retrieved July 14, 2019.
    22. "Buffalo Bills Coaches". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    24. "Bills' Phillips: 'I'm not Marv Levy'". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    25. Preston, Mike. "Mr. Nice Guy Coach: Ted Marchibroda brings a positive, gentle approach to running a team. But that doesn't mean he lacks fire". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    26. Duncan, Avery. "Former Buffalo Bills defensive coordinator lands in the XFL". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    27. Baker, Matt. "FROZEN IN TIME: MARV LEVY HOLDS FOND MEMORIES OF WALLY BUONO". CFL Enterprises LP. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    28. Scanlon, Dick. "EVERYONE JUST CALLS HIM 'COACH'; MONDAY PROFILE CHUCK DICKERSON". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    29. "Greatest Coaches in NFL History - Marv Levy". ESPN, Inc. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    30. Pergament, Alan. "LEVY TO DISPLAY ANALYTICAL SKILLS ON BILLS EXHIBITION GAMES". The Buffalo News. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    31. "Marv Levy Returns as Bills General Manager". WBFO. January 6, 2006. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    32. Lynch, Andrew. "91-year-old Marv Levy says he's willing to replace Rex Ryan as Buffalo Bills coach". Retrieved August 4, 2019.
    33. "Mularkey resigns as Buffalo's coach". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    34. "Buffalo Bills Tap Dick Jauron as New Coach". January 23, 2006. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    35. "Levy to Resign as Bills GM". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    36. Legendary coach Levy visits Alouettes training camp. Canadian Press via TSN. June 11, 2008.
    37. Marv Levy would be interested in Buffalo Bills job. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
    38. Maiorana, Sal (February 19, 2017). Marv Levy pens children's book to celebrate Cubs championship. Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
    39. Levy, Marv; Miller, Jeff (2009). Game Changers: The Greatest Plays in Buffalo Bills Football History: Marv Levy, Jeffrey J. Miller: 9781600782756: Books. ISBN   978-1600782756.
    40. Between the Lies (September 2011). Between the Lies: Marv Levy: 9780983061939: Books. ISBN   978-0983061939.
    41. Marv Levy to be honored at World Series. Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
    42. Mawicke, Megan (January 19, 2017). Marv Levy Pens Children’s Book About Cubs’ World Series Win. WBBM. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
    43. "The NFL honored WWII vets at the Super Bowl. Thank Marv Levy for that". The Buffalo News. February 7, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
    44. "Marv Levy announced as member of Canadian Football Hall of Fame Class of 2021". WKBW. April 13, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2021.
    45. "Jim Kelly, Marv Levy pump up Bills crowd before kickoff vs. Titans (video)". Bills Wire. September 20, 2022. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
    46. Marv Levy Record, Statistics, and Category Ranks –
    47. "Player BIO". Retrieved August 3, 2019.
    48. "Buffalo Bills Team Encyclopedia". Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
    49. Poliquin, Bud (September 12, 2011). "Poliquin: After all this time, Marv Levy, the Buffalo Bills' Hall-of-Fame coach, has become an author". Advance Media NY. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
    50. "Making the Case: Former Raiders Head Coach Tom Flores deserves a spot in Canton". The Oakland Raiders. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
    51. Telander, Rick. "No Joke". TI Gotham Inc., a subsidiary of Meredith Corporation. Sports Illustrated Group. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
    52. Milbert, Neil. "Chicago's Own Marv Levy, The Best Since Papa Bear". 22nd Century Media. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
    53. Reed, Tom (January 10, 2013). "Two Hall of Fame coaches, who also spent time in the Canadian Football League, endorse Cleveland Browns candidate Marc Trestman". Advance Ohio. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
    54. "Marv Levy Record, Statistics, and Category Ranks".
    55. "Marv Levy named to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame Class of 2021". Retrieved April 13, 2021.
    56. "Former Alouettes head coach Marv Levy tops 2021 Canadian Football Hall of Fame class". Coast Reporter. Retrieved April 13, 2021.