Marzieh Hadidchi

Last updated
Marzieh Hadidchi Dabbaq
Marzieh Hadidchi.jpg
Member of the Parliament of Iran
In office
3 May 1996 3 May 2000
Constituency Hamedan
Majority 216,015 (28.55%) [1]
In office
28 May 1984 28 May 1996
Constituency Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr
Majority 878,298 (47.40%) [2]
Personal details
BornTahere Dabagh
(1939-06-12)12 June 1939
Hamedan, Iran
Died 17 November 2016(2016-11-17) (aged 77)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Association of the Women of the Islamic Republic
Profession Politician, Military Commander
Awards Medal of Altruism (3rd Order).svg Medal of Altruism (3rd Order)
Military service
Allegiance Flag of Iran.svg Iran
Service/branch Seal of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.svg Revolutionary Guard Corps
Years of service 1979–1984
Commands Hamedan Crops
Battles/wars 1979 Kurdish rebellion in Iran
Iran–Iraq War

Marzieh Hadidchi (Persian : مرضیه حدیدچی, 12 June 1939 – 17 November 2016), also known as Marzieh Dabbaq and Tahere Dabagh, was an Iranian Islamist activist, political prisoner, military commander in Iraq-Iran war, a politician and representative of Hamedan in the Iranian parliament in the second, third, fourth and the fifth Majles. She was also one of the founders of Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.

Contents

Early Activity

She started her political activities with the Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Saidi circle. She was arrested by SAVAK in 1972 and severely tortured. SAVAK also arrested and tortured her fourteen-year-old daughter (Rezvaneh Mirza Dabagh). [3]

SAVAK

SAVAK was the secret police, domestic security and intelligence service in Iran during the reign of the Pahlavi dynasty. It was established by Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Israeli MOSSAD. SAVAK operated from 1957 until the Iranian Revolution of 1979, when the prime minister Shapour Bakhtiar ordered its dissolution during the outbreak of Iranian Revolution. SAVAK has been described as Iran's "most hated and feared institution" prior to the revolution of 1979 because of its practice of torturing and executing opponents of the Pahlavi regime. At its peak, the organization had as many as 60,000 agents serving in its ranks according to one source, and another source by Gholam Reza Afkhami estimates SAVAK staffing at between 4,000 and 6,000.

She escaped prison by Mohammad Montazeri's efforts and went to London with a fake passport and after 6 months she moved to Lebanon, where she learned military tactics under supervision of Mostafa Chamran. She accompanied Ayatollah Khomeini during his exile in Paris. [4] [5] [6]

Mohammad Montazeri Iranian activist, cleric and politician

Abbas Mohammad Montazeri was an Iranian cleric and military figure. He was one of the founding members and early chiefs of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. He was killed in a 1981 bombing in Tehran.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder primarily for the purpose of international travel. Standard passports may contain information such as the holder's name, place and date of birth, photograph, signature, and other identifying information. Many countries are moving towards including biometric information in a microchip embedded in the passport, making them machine-readable and difficult to counterfeit. As of January 2019, there are over 150 jurisdictions issuing these e-Passports. Previously issued passports usually remain valid until each expires.

After revolution

After the revolution, she became the chief of Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps in Hamedan. She was one of the three messengers of Ayatollah Khomeini to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev in 1988.

Mikhail Gorbachev 20th-century General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev is a Russian and formerly Soviet politician. The eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, he was General Secretary of its governing Communist Party from 1985 until 1991. He was the country's head of state from 1988 until 1991, serving as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1989 to 1990, and President of the Soviet Union from 1990 to 1991. Ideologically, he initially adhered to Marxism-Leninism although by the early 1990s had moved toward social democracy.

She has been the representative of Parliament of Iran for three terms. [7] [8] She had headed The Association of the Women of the Islamic Republic from 1987 until 2012. [9] She died on 17 November 2016 at Tehran's Khatam Anbia Hospital after long illness. She was buried on the following day in near Mausoleum of Khomeini in Behesht-e Zahra.

Tehran City in Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Behesht-e Zahra cemetery in Tehran

Behesht-e Zahra, is the largest cemetery in Iran. Located in the southern part of metropolitan Tehran, it is connected to the city by Tehran Metro Line 1.

Notes

Related Research Articles

Mohammad Beheshti Iranian cleric, one of the leading figures of Iranian Revolution

Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Beheshti was an Iranian jurist, philosopher, cleric and politician who was known as the second person in the political hierarchy of Iran after the revolution. Dr. Beheshti is considered to have been the primary architect of Iran's post-revolution constitution, as well as the administrative structure of the Islamic Republic. Beheshti was assassinated along with more than 70 members of the Islamic Republic Party on 28 June 1981.

Mohammad-Ali Rajai 2nd President of Islamic Republic of Iran

Mohammad-Ali Rajai was the second President of Iran from 2 to 30 August 1981 after serving as prime minister under Abolhassan Banisadr. He was also minister of foreign affairs from 11 March 1981 to 15 August 1981, while he was prime minister. He was assassinated in a bombing on 30 August 1981 along with prime minister Mohammad-Javad Bahonar.

Sadegh Khalkhali Iranian cleric and politician

Mohammed Sadeq Givi Khalkhali was a Shia cleric of the Islamic Republic of Iran who is said to have "brought to his job as Chief Justice of the revolutionary courts a relish for summary execution" that earned him a reputation as Iran's "hanging judge". A farmer's son from Iranian Tat Persian origins was born in Givi in appearance Khalkhali was "a small, rotund man with a pointed beard, kindly smile, and a high-pitched giggle."

Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran

The Alliance of Builders or Developers of Islamic Iran, usually shortened to Abadgaran, was an Iranian conservative political federation of parties and organizations. Described as "Iran's neocons", main groups within the alliance were Front of Followers of the Line of the Imam and the Leader members and Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution.

Islamic Revolutionary Court is a special system of courts in the Islamic Republic of Iran designed to try those suspected of crimes such as smuggling, blaspheming, inciting violence or trying to overthrow the Islamic government. The court started its work after the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

Eshaq Jahangiri Iranian politician

Eshaq Jahangiri Kouhshahi is an Iranian politician and first vice president of Hassan Rouhani's government. Jahangiri was the minister of industries and mines from 1997 to 2005 under President Mohammad Khatami. Before that, he was governor of Isfahan Province. He was also a member of Parliament for two terms.

Timeline of the Iranian Revolution

This article is a timeline of events relevant to the Islamic Revolution in Iran. For earlier events refer to Pahlavi dynasty and for later ones refer to History of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This article doesn't include the reasons of the events and further information is available in Islamic revolution of Iran.

Mehdi Hashemi Iranian politician

Mehdi Hashemi was an Iranian Shi'a cleric who was defrocked by the Special Clerical Court. After the 1979 Iranian Revolution, he became a senior official in the Islamic Revolutionary Guards; he was executed by the Islamic Republic in its first decade. Officially he was guilty of sedition, murder, and related charges, but others suspect his true crime was opposition to the regime's secret dealings with the United States.

Organizations of the Iranian Revolution

Many organizations, parties and guerrilla groups were involved in the Iranian Revolution. Some were part of Ayatollah Khomeini's network and supported the theocratic Islamic Republic movement, while others did not and were suppressed. Some groups were created after the fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty and still survive; others helped overthrow the Shah but no longer exist.

Casualties of the Iranian Revolution

Observers differ on how many people died during the Iranian Revolution. The number of casualties suffered by protesters and revolutionaries at the hands of the Shah's monarchy during the revolution is either close to 60,000, or around 2,000, depending on whether the estimates used are those of Islamic government or from historians in Western countries. The number of protesters and political prisoners killed by the new theocratic republic after the fall of the Shah is estimated by human rights groups to be several thousand.

Marzieh Vahid-Dastjerdi Iranian politician

Marzieh Vahid-Dastjerdi is an Iranian university professor and former parliamentarian, who was Iran's minister of health and medical education. She was part of the President Mahmoud Ahmedinejad's inner circle.

Interim Government of Iran government of Iran from February to November 1979

The Interim Government of Iran, officially the Provisional Revolutionary and Islamic Government of Iran was the first government established in Iran after the Iranian Revolution, and the first nominal republic established in Iran after 2,500 years of Persian monarchy. The regime was headed by Mehdi Bazargan, one of the members of the Freedom Movement of Iran, and formed on the order of Ruhollah Khomeini on 4 February 1979. From 4 February to 11 February, Bazargan and Shapour Bakhtiar, the Shah's last Prime Minister, both claimed to be the legitimate prime minister; Bakhtiar fled on 11 February. Mehdi Bazargan was the prime minister of the interim government and introduced a seven-member cabinet on 14 February 1979. Ebrahim Yazdi was elected as the Foreign Minister.

Zibad Rural District village in Razavi Khorasan, Iran

Zibad Rural District is a rural district (dehestan) in Kakhk District, Gonabad County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 4,747, in 1,721 families. The rural district has 23 villages.

Balavah City in Ilam, Iran

Belavah is a city in the Zagros District of Chardavol County, Ilam Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 290, in 63 families. The city was upgraded from a village and was chosen to be the capital city of Zagros District which was established on June 30, 2013 on the same date.

Hassan Rouhani 7th President of Islamic Republic of Iran

Hassan Rouhani is an Iranian politician serving as the current and seventh President of Iran since 3 August 2013. He was also a lawyer, academic, former diplomat and Islamic cleric. He has been a member of Iran's Assembly of Experts since 1999, member of the Expediency Council since 1991, and a member of the Supreme National Security Council since 1989. Rouhani was deputy speaker of the fourth and fifth terms of the Parliament of Iran (Majlis) and Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from 1989 to 2005. In the latter capacity, he was the country's top negotiator with the EU three, UK, France, and Germany, on nuclear technology in Iran, and has also served as a Shi'ite ijtihadi cleric, and economic trade negotiator. He has expressed official support for upholding the rights of ethnic and religious minorities. In 2013, he appointed former industries minister Eshaq Jahangiri as his first vice-president.

Mostafa Khomeini Iranian religious servant

Sayyid Mostafa Khomeini was an Iranian cleric and the son of Ayatollah Khomeini. He died before the 1979 revolution.

Mardanaqom Village in East Azerbaijan, Iran

Mardanaqom is a village in Dizmar-e Sharqi Rural District, Minjavan District, Khoda Afarin County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 730, in 176 families.

Morteza Saffari Natanzi is an Iranian diplomat and politician who is currently representative of Natanz and Qamsar in the Parliament of Iran. He is a member of National Security and Foreign Policy Commission.

Mohammad Dehghan Iranian politician

Mohammad Dehghan is an Iranian conservative politician who is currently a member of Parliament from Chenaran, Torghabeh and Shandiz district. He was also acting deputy chairman of the parliament in May 2016. He was chairman of Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf's 2017 presidential campaign.