Marzieh Hadidchi

Last updated
Marzieh Hadidchi Dabbaq
Marzieh Hadidchi.jpg
Member of the Parliament of Iran
In office
3 May 1996 3 May 2000
Constituency Hamedan
Majority 216,015 (28.55%) [1]
In office
28 May 1984 28 May 1996
Constituency Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr
Majority 878,298 (47.40%) [2]
Personal details
BornTahere Dabagh
(1939-06-12)12 June 1939
Hamedan, Iran
Died 17 November 2016(2016-11-17) (aged 77)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Association of the Women of the Islamic Republic
Profession Politician, Military Commander
Awards Medal of Altruism (3rd Order).svg Medal of Altruism (3rd Order)
Military service
Allegiance Flag of Iran.svg Iran
Service/branch Seal of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.svg Revolutionary Guard Corps
Years of service 1979–1984
Commands Hamedan Crops
Battles/wars 1979 Kurdish rebellion in Iran
Iran–Iraq War

Marzieh Hadidchi (Persian : مرضیه حدیدچی, 12 June 1939 – 17 November 2016), also known as Marzieh Dabbaq and Tahere Dabagh, was an Iranian Islamist activist, political prisoner, military commander in Iraq-Iran war, a politician and representative of Hamedan in the Iranian parliament in the second, third, fourth and the fifth Majles. She was also one of the founders of Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.


Early Activity

She started her political activities with the Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Saidi circle. She was arrested by SAVAK in 1972 and severely tortured. SAVAK also arrested and tortured her fourteen-year-old daughter (Rezvaneh Mirza Dabagh). [3]


SAVAK was the secret police, domestic security and intelligence service in Iran during the reign of the Pahlavi dynasty. It was established by Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Israeli MOSSAD. SAVAK operated from 1957 until the Iranian Revolution of 1979, when the prime minister Shapour Bakhtiar ordered its dissolution during the outbreak of Iranian Revolution. SAVAK has been described as Iran's "most hated and feared institution" prior to the revolution of 1979 because of its practice of torturing and executing opponents of the Pahlavi regime. At its peak, the organization had as many as 60,000 agents serving in its ranks according to one source, and another source by Gholam Reza Afkhami estimates SAVAK staffing at between 4,000 and 6,000.

She escaped prison by Mohammad Montazeri's efforts and went to London with a fake passport and after 6 months she moved to Lebanon, where she learned military tactics under supervision of Mostafa Chamran. She accompanied Ayatollah Khomeini during his exile in Paris. [4] [5] [6]

Mohammad Montazeri Iranian activist, cleric and politician

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London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder primarily for the purpose of international travel. Standard passports may contain information such as the holder's name, place and date of birth, photograph, signature, and other identifying information. Many countries are moving towards including biometric information in a microchip embedded in the passport, making them machine-readable and difficult to counterfeit. As of January 2019, there are over 150 jurisdictions issuing these e-Passports. Previously issued passports usually remain valid until each expires.

After revolution

After the revolution, she became the chief of Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps in Hamedan. She was one of the three messengers of Ayatollah Khomeini to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev in 1988.

Mikhail Gorbachev 20th-century General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev is a Russian and formerly Soviet politician. The eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, he was General Secretary of its governing Communist Party from 1985 until 1991. He was the country's head of state from 1988 until 1991, serving as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1989 to 1990, and President of the Soviet Union from 1990 to 1991. Ideologically, he initially adhered to Marxism-Leninism although by the early 1990s had moved toward social democracy.

She has been the representative of Parliament of Iran for three terms. [7] [8] She had headed The Association of the Women of the Islamic Republic from 1987 until 2012. [9] She died on 17 November 2016 at Tehran's Khatam Anbia Hospital after long illness. She was buried on the following day in near Mausoleum of Khomeini in Behesht-e Zahra.

Tehran City in Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Behesht-e Zahra cemetery in Tehran

Behesht-e Zahra, is the largest cemetery in Iran. Located in the southern part of metropolitan Tehran, it is connected to the city by Tehran Metro Line 1.


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