Masham

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Masham
Masham.jpg
The Marketplace at Masham
North Yorkshire UK location map.svg
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Masham
Location within North Yorkshire
Population1,205 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference SE225808
  London 195 mi (314 km)  SSE
Civil parish
  • Masham
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Historic county
Post town RIPON
Postcode district HG4
Dialling code 01765
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°13′22″N1°39′15″W / 54.2227°N 1.6541°W / 54.2227; -1.6541 Coordinates: 54°13′22″N1°39′15″W / 54.2227°N 1.6541°W / 54.2227; -1.6541

Masham ( /ˈmæsəm/ MASS-əm) is a market town and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. It had a population of 1,205 at the 2011 census. [1]

Contents

Etymology

In Wensleydale, on the western bank of the River Ure, the name derives from the Anglo-Saxon "Mæssa's Ham", the homestead belonging to Mæssa. [2]

History

Silver Street Silver Street - geograph.org.uk - 1401159.jpg
Silver Street
St Mary the Virgin church The Church of Saint Mary the Virgin, Masham (geograph 4058860).jpg
St Mary the Virgin church

The Romans had a presence here, but the first permanent settlers were the Angles. Around 900 AD the Vikings invaded, burning and laying waste to the church. They also introduced sheep farming, for which the town is still known.

Masham was historically a large parish in the North Riding of Yorkshire. As well as the town of Masham the parish included the townships of Burton-on-Yore, Ellingstring, Ellington High and Low, Fearby, Healey with Sutton, Ilton cum Pott and Swinton. [3] In 1866 the townships became separate civil parishes. [4] Masham Moor was an area of moorland to the west of the parish bordering the West Riding, common to the parishes of Masham and East Witton. It was divided between the parishes of Healey, Ilton cum Pott and Colsterdale in 1934. [5]

The area of the ancient parish, except Burton-on-Yore, was known as Mashamshire from the 12th century or earlier. [6]

St Mary's Church was most likely founded in the seventh century and stood somewhere near the present town hall on what used to be known as Cockpit Hill. The graveyard yielded 36 burials in a recent excavation. The present church – while having some Anglo-Saxon stonework and the stump of an eighth-century prayer cross – is mainly Norman with fifteenth-century additions. Masham was given to York Minster in the medieval period but, as the archbishop did not wish to make the long journey north to oversee the town's affairs, the parish was designated a peculiar.

During the Middle Ages, Masham developed as a very small town with milling, mining, cloth making and tanning industries. [7] The town received its first market charter in 1251. Masham's importance as a major sheep market is the reason for the large market place and its Georgian houses. The market originally thrived because of its nearness to Jervaulx and Fountains Abbeys, with their large flocks of sheep.

From 1875 the town was served by the Masham branch of the North Eastern Railway. Passenger services were stopped in December 1930 with goods traffic continuing until 1963. The station was across the River Ure at Low Burton. [8]

On 5 July 2014 the Tour de France Stage 1 from Leeds to Harrogate passed through the town. [9]

Governance

Masham is part of the electoral ward of Mashamshire. This ward stretches west to Colsterdale with a total population taken at the 2011 Census of 2,350. [10]

The parish now shares a grouped parish council, known as Masham Parish Council, with Burton on Yore, Ellington High and Low, Ilton cum Pott and Swinton with Warthermarske. [11]

Community

Masham market days are Wednesday, Saturday and Bank Holiday Monday with a Farmers' Market every first Sunday of the month from April to September. [12] An annual Sheep Fair is held in September. The market place, the largest in the district, [13] is tightly bordered on its south and west sides by ranges of two- and three-storey buildings. To the south-east, lies St. Mary's Church with its large yard.

Black Sheep Brewery 2014 Masham Black Sheep Brewery.jpg
Black Sheep Brewery
Theakston Brewery Theakston's Brewery, Masham - geograph.org.uk - 615589.jpg
Theakston Brewery

Although Masham is a relatively small town it has two working breweries, Black Sheep Brewery and Theakstons, situated only a few hundred yards from one another. The Black Sheep Brewery sponsors annual folk festivals. Previous performers have included Hugh Cornwell of The Stranglers. [14] The town was also for a long time home to Lightfoot Brewery. this was bought by the Theakston family and closed in the 1920s. The Lightfoot brewery buildings are now used by Black Sheep.

The Masham Steam Engine & Fair Organ Rally has held annually, [15] organised by the Masham Town Hall Association; it began in 1965 to raise money for the local town hall. The town holds an arts festival every two years.

Transport

The nearest railway stations are Thirsk and Northallerton both of which are on the East Coast Main Line; although the town was formerly served by a station on the Masham branch railway. Buses operate from Ripon and the town is on the A6108 road between Ripon, Leyburn, Richmond and Scotch Corner. [16] The town is several miles west of the A1(M) motorway.

Related Research Articles

Bishop Monkton Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Bishop Monkton is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England, about five miles south of Ripon. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 775, increasing slightly to 778 at the 2011 Census. In 2015, North Yorkshire County Council estimated the population to be 760.

Burton-on-Yore Civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Burton-on-Yore is a civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England, facing Masham across the River Ure. There is no village in the parish, but there are two hamlets, Low Burton and High Burton. The parish also includes Nutwith Cote on the west bank of the Ure, between Masham and Grewelthorpe. The population of the parish was estimated at 80 in 2012.

East Witton Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

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High Ellington Village in North Yorkshire, England

High Ellington is a village in lower Wensleydale in North Yorkshire, England, about 2.5 miles north-west of Masham. The smaller village of Low Ellington is 0.6 miles to the east. High Ellington is in Harrogate district, and is the largest settlement in the civil parish of Ellington High and Low, which also includes Low Ellington and the scattered settlement of Sutton. The population of the parish was estimated at 60 in 2013.

Fearby Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Fearby is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. It is located in the valley of the River Burn 2 miles (3 km) west of Masham. Nearby settlements include Healey, High Ellington and Swinton. The population of the parish was estimated at 130 in 2013.

Healey, North Yorkshire Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Healey is a small village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated in the valley of the River Burn, to the immediate west of Fearby. It is about three miles west of Masham in the Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. There are several holiday cottages and four Grade II Listed buildings, one of which is Healey Mill, a former corn mill.

Swinton, Harrogate Village in North Yorkshire, England

Swinton is a small village in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated to the immediate south-west of Masham and separated from it by the River Burn. The village is at the eastern end of Swinton Park and shares a civil parish with Warthermarske.

Swinton Estate

The Swinton Estate is a large privately owned estate in North Yorkshire, England. It comprises some 20,000 acres (81 km2) of countryside in the Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, extending 10 miles (16 km) west from the River Ure near Masham. The estate includes Swinton Park, the seat of the Danby family and of the Cunliffe-Lister family, an English country house in Swinton near Masham. It is set in 200 acres (0.81 km2) of parkland, lakes and gardens. The house is a Grade II* listed building, and now operates as the 32-bedroom Swinton Park Hotel.

Colsterdale Valley in North Yorkshire, England

Colsterdale is the valley of the River Burn, a tributary of the River Ure, in the Yorkshire Dales in North Yorkshire, England. It gives its name to a hamlet and civil parish in the upper part of the dale, about 7 miles (11 km) west of Masham. The population of the civil parish was estimated at 20 in 2010. The lower part of the dale around the hamlet of Gollinglith Foot is in the civil parish of Healey. The area is in Harrogate district.

Warthermarske Hamlet in North Yorkshire, England

Warthermarske is a hamlet in the Harrogate borough of North Yorkshire, England. It is near Swinton, about 1 mile (2 km) south-west of Masham. The village is not far from the River Ure, which eventually runs through the small city of Ripon, which itself is a few miles south-east of Warthermarske.

Hutton Conyers Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

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Theakston Brewery Brewery in Masham, North Yorkshire, England

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Fountains Earth is a civil parish in Harrogate district, North Yorkshire, England. The principal village in the parish is Lofthouse, and the parish also includes the hamlet of Bouthwaite and the northern part of the village of Wath. The population of the parish in the 2011 census was 197.

Ilton, North Yorkshire Village in North Yorkshire, England

Ilton is a village in North Yorkshire, England, 3 miles south-west of Masham. It is the principal settlement in the civil parish of Ilton cum Pott, in Harrogate district. The parish includes Roundhill Reservoir. The population of the parish was estimated at 50 in 2015.

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River Burn, North Yorkshire A river in North Yorkshire, England

The River Burn is a river that flows wholly within North Yorkshire, England. The river starts as several small streams on Masham Moor and drains Colsterdale flowing eastwards before emptying into the River Ure just south of Masham. Conservation work on removing a weir and introducing fish to the river in 2016 has meant that salmon have been recorded spawning in the river for the first time in over 100 years.

Masham railway station Disused railway station in North Yorkshire, England

Masham railway station was the terminus of the Melmerby to Masham branch line serving the town of Masham in North Yorkshire, England. It was on the eastern side of the River Ure, so as such, was actually in Burton-on-Ure. The line operated between 1875 and 1931 for passenger traffic, but was retained for minimal freight train use until 1963.

Church of St Mary the Virgin, Masham Church in North Yorkshire, England

The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Masham, is the parish church in the town of Masham, North Yorkshire, England. The church stands on the site of an Anglo-Saxon place of worship with some the original Saxon stones incorporated into the current church. Archaeology has determined that the site has been used as a place of Christian worship for over 1,400 years.

Swinton with Warthermarske is a civil parish in Harrogate district, North Yorkshire, England. The parish includes the village of Swinton and the hamlets of Roomer and Warthermarske. It also includes most of the Swinton Park Estate. To the north it is separated from the parish of Masham by the River Burn, and is bounded on the east by the River Ure.

References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Masham Parish (1170217051)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  2. Smith, A H (1928). The place-names of the North Riding of Yorkshire (PDF). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 230. OCLC   3818214.
  3. "GENUKI: Masham Supplementary". www.genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  4. "Masham CP/AP through time". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  5. "Masham Moor PA through time | Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  6. Page, William, ed. (1914). "Parishes: Masham". A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  7. Lee, John S. "Medieval local history from published records: a case-study of the medieval manor, market and church of Masham, Yorkshire". The Local Historian 45 (2015), 54–67.
  8. Catford, Nick. "Disused Stations: Masham Station". www.disused-stations.org.uk. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  9. "Tour de France Stage 1". Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  10. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Mashamshire Ward (as of 2011) (1237325106)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  11. "Masham Parish Council". Visit Masham. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  12. "Masham Market – Speciality markets throughout the year". www.mashammarket.co.uk. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  13. "About Masham". Masham Town Hall. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  14. "Star line up for Masham music festival". Harrogate Advertiser. 27 February 2007. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  15. Masham Steam Engine & Fair Organ Rally. Retrieved 5 January 2015
  16. "Getting Here – Visit Masham". Visit Masham.