Mashiur Rahman (politician from Rangpur)

Last updated
Mashiur Rahman
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
In office
29 June 1978 12 March 1979
President Ziaur Rahman
Deputy Jamal Uddin Ahmad [1]
Preceded by Muhammad Mansur Ali (Acting)
Succeeded by Shah Azizur Rahman
Personal details
Born1924
Rangpur District, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in Bangladesh)
Died12 March 1979 (aged 5455)
Political party Bangladesh Nationalist Party (1975)
Other political
affiliations
Muslim League (Before 1954)
National Awami Party (1954–1975)
Alma mater University of Dhaka

Mashiur Rahman (19241979), also known as Jadu Mia, was a senior minister, with the rank and status of a prime minister in charge of the ministry of Railways, Roads and Highways of the Bangladesh from 29 June 1978 to 12 March 1979. [2]

Bangladesh Country in South Asia

Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. While it is the 92nd-largest country, spanning 147,570 square kilometres (56,980 sq mi), it is the world's 8th-most populous country with a population nearing 163 million, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north and the east and Myanmar to the east, whereas the Bay of Bengal lies to its south. Dhaka, its capital and largest city, is also the economic, political and the cultural hub of the country. Chittagong, the largest sea port, is the second largest city. The country's geography is dominated by the Ganges delta which empties into the Bay of Bengal the combined waters of several river systems, including those of the Brahmaputra and the Ganges. As a result, the country is criss-crossed by numerous rivers and inland water ways. Highlands with evergreen forests cover the landscape in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. The country also features the longest natural sea beach and most of the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plants and wildlife, including the endangered Bengal tiger, the national animal.

Contents

Early life

Mashiur Rahman Jadu Miah was born in 1924 in Rangpur, British India (Now Khaga Khari Bari village of Dimla Upazila of Nilphamari District, Bangladesh). [2]

Rangpur District District in Rangpur Division, Bangladesh

Rangpur is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division.

Political career

Mashiur Rahman Jadu Mia was an elected member of National Council of Pakistan in 1962 and led the council as deputy leader of the opposition. He was arrested in 1963 for his involvement in the anti-government movement. Before the liberation war, in 1971, Jadu Miah formally declared Bangladesh's independence and called for forming an all-party government at a public gathering at Paltan Maidan on 23 March. He became Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani's deputy leader in the National Awami Party in the same period. [3]

Bangladesh Liberation War Conflict that led to the independence of the majority-Bengali country

The Bangladesh Liberation War, also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide. It resulted in the independence of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The war began after the Pakistani military junta based in West Pakistan launched Operation Searchlight against the people of East Pakistan on the night of 25 March 1971. It pursued the systematic elimination of nationalist Bengali civilians, students, intelligentsia, religious minorities and armed personnel. The junta annulled the results of the 1970 elections and arrested Prime minister-designate Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The war ended on 16 December 1971 after West Pakistan surrendered.

Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani Bangladeshi politician

Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, shortened as Maulana Bhashani was an Islamic scholar and political leader in British India. His political tenure spanned the British colonial India, Pakistan and Bangladesh periods.

The National Awami Party (NAP) was the major progressive political party in East and West Pakistan. It was founded in 1957 in Dhaka, erstwhile East Pakistan, by Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani and Yar Mohammad Khan, through the merger of various leftist and progressive political groups in Pakistan. Commonly known as the NAP, it was a major opposition party to Pakistani military regimes for much of the late 1950s and mid 1960s. In 1967 the party split into two factions, one in East Pakistan and another in West Pakistan.

After 1971

After the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1975, the post of Prime Minister of Bangladesh was abolished.[ citation needed ]

The president of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and almost his entire family were killed during the early hours of 15 August 1975, when a group of young Bangladesh Army personnel went into his residence and assassinated Sheikh Mujib as part of a coup d'état.

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Bengali revolutionary, founding father of Bangladesh

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, shortened as Sheikh Mujib or just Mujib, was a Bangladeshi politician and statesman. He is often called the father of Bengali nation. He served as the first President of Bangladesh and later as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 17 April 1971 until his assassination on 15 August 1975. He is considered to be the driving force behind the independence of Bangladesh. He is popularly dubbed with the title of "Bangabandhu" by the people of Bangladesh. He became a leading figure in and eventually the leader of the Awami League, founded in 1949 as an East Pakistan-based political party in Pakistan. Mujib is credited as an important figure in efforts to gain political autonomy for East Pakistan and later as the central figure behind the Bangladesh Liberation Movement and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. Thus, he is regarded "Jatir Janak" or "Jatir Pita" of Bangladesh. His daughter Sheikh Hasina is the current leader of the Awami League and also the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.

Prime Minister of Bangladesh head of government of the Peoples Republic

The Prime Minister of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is the Head of the Government of Bangladesh. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.

When Ziaur Rahman, who came to power in November 1975, became the 7th President of Bangladesh on 21 April 1977, a ministerial system was reestablished, and Mashiur Rahman served as the Chief Minister with the rank and status of a prime minister in charge of the Ministry of Railways, Roads and Highways of the Bangladesh from 29 June 1978 to 12 March 1979. He was instrumental in the founding of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. [2] [4] Despite plans and Ziaur Rahman's wish to appoint him prime minister, following his sudden death on 12 March 1979, Shah Azizur Rahman was appointed to the office on 15 April 1979. [5]

Ziaur Rahman President of Bangladesh

Ziaur Rahman, Hilal e Jurat, Bir Uttom was the President of Bangladesh. He was an army officer turned statesmen who, as a serving Major, announced Declaration of the Independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 27 March 1971. He became President of Bangladesh on 21 April 1977. He was assassinated on 30 May 1981 in Chittagong in an army coup d'état.

President of Bangladesh position

The President of Bangladesh is the Head of State of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh Nationalist Party centre-right political party in Bangladesh

The Bangladesh Nationalist Party is one of the contemporary political parties of Bangladesh. It was founded on 1 September 1978 by former Bangladesh President Ziaur Rahman after the Presidential election of 1978, with a view to uniting the people with nationalist ideology of the country. Since then, the BNP won the second, fifth, sixth and eighth national elections and two Presidential elections in 1978 and 1981. The party also holds the record of being the largest opposition in the history of parliamentary elections of the country,with 116 seats in the seventh national election of June 1996. It has currently 9 MP in parliament after 2018 national election.

Personal life

His eldest son, Shafiqul Ghani Swapan, was a state minister in the government of President Ziaur Rahman and President Hussain Muhammad Ershad - his brother in law. [6]

Shawfiqul Ghaani Swapan was a Bangladeshi politician and the former chairman of National Awami Party. During his political career, he served as the Minister of Civil Aviation and Tourism as well as the Minister of Housing and Public Works.

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References

  1. "Former deputy prime minister Jamal Uddin Ahmad dies". Bdnews24.com . 4 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 "Jadu Mia played pivotal role in transition to democracy after 1975: discussants". New Age. New Age. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  3. Badrul Ahsan, Syed (17 November 2013). "Remembering the Red Moulana" (1). The Daily Star. The Daily Star. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-02-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Ahmed, Rumi (30 May 2011). "Ziaur Rahman: the kind of statesman we need now". bdnews24.com. bdnews24.com. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  6. "Ex-minister Shafiqul Ghani no more". archive.thedailystar.net. Retrieved 20 January 2017.