|Prime Minister of Bangladesh|
29 June 1978 –12 March 1979
|Deputy||Jamal Uddin Ahmad|
|Preceded by||Muhammad Mansur Ali (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Shah Azizur Rahman|
Rangpur District, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in Bangladesh)
|Died||12 March 1979 (aged 54–55)|
|Political party||Bangladesh Nationalist Party (1975)|
| Muslim League (Before 1954)|
National Awami Party (1954–1975)
|Alma mater||University of Dhaka|
Mashiur Rahman (1924–1979), also known as Jadu Mia, was a senior minister, with the rank and status of a prime minister in charge of the ministry of Railways, Roads and Highways of the Bangladesh from 29 June 1978 to 12 March 1979.
Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. While it is the 92nd-largest country, spanning 147,570 square kilometres (56,980 sq mi), it is the world's 8th-most populous country with a population nearing 163 million, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north and the east and Myanmar to the east, whereas the Bay of Bengal lies to its south. Dhaka, its capital and largest city, is also the economic, political and the cultural hub of the country. Chittagong, the largest sea port, is the second largest city. The country's geography is dominated by the Ganges delta which empties into the Bay of Bengal the combined waters of several river systems, including those of the Brahmaputra and the Ganges. As a result, the country is criss-crossed by numerous rivers and inland water ways. Highlands with evergreen forests cover the landscape in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. The country also features the longest natural sea beach and most of the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plants and wildlife, including the endangered Bengal tiger, the national animal.
Mashiur Rahman Jadu Miah was born in 1924 in Rangpur, British India (Now Khaga Khari Bari village of Dimla Upazila of Nilphamari District, Bangladesh).
Rangpur is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division.
Mashiur Rahman Jadu Mia was an elected member of National Council of Pakistan in 1962 and led the council as deputy leader of the opposition. He was arrested in 1963 for his involvement in the anti-government movement. Before the liberation war, in 1971, Jadu Miah formally declared Bangladesh's independence and called for forming an all-party government at a public gathering at Paltan Maidan on 23 March. He became Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani's deputy leader in the National Awami Party in the same period.
The Bangladesh Liberation War, also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide. It resulted in the independence of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The war began after the Pakistani military junta based in West Pakistan launched Operation Searchlight against the people of East Pakistan on the night of 25 March 1971. It pursued the systematic elimination of nationalist Bengali civilians, students, intelligentsia, religious minorities and armed personnel. The junta annulled the results of the 1970 elections and arrested Prime minister-designate Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The war ended on 16 December 1971 after West Pakistan surrendered.
Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, shortened as Maulana Bhashani was an Islamic scholar and political leader in British India. His political tenure spanned the British colonial India, Pakistan and Bangladesh periods.
The National Awami Party (NAP) was the major progressive political party in East and West Pakistan. It was founded in 1957 in Dhaka, erstwhile East Pakistan, by Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani and Yar Mohammad Khan, through the merger of various leftist and progressive political groups in Pakistan. Commonly known as the NAP, it was a major opposition party to Pakistani military regimes for much of the late 1950s and mid 1960s. In 1967 the party split into two factions, one in East Pakistan and another in West Pakistan.
After the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1975, the post of Prime Minister of Bangladesh was abolished.[ citation needed ]
The president of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and almost his entire family were killed during the early hours of 15 August 1975, when a group of young Bangladesh Army personnel went into his residence and assassinated Sheikh Mujib as part of a coup d'état.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, shortened as Sheikh Mujib or just Mujib, was a Bangladeshi politician and statesman. He is often called the father of Bengali nation. He served as the first President of Bangladesh and later as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 17 April 1971 until his assassination on 15 August 1975. He is considered to be the driving force behind the independence of Bangladesh. He is popularly dubbed with the title of "Bangabandhu" by the people of Bangladesh. He became a leading figure in and eventually the leader of the Awami League, founded in 1949 as an East Pakistan-based political party in Pakistan. Mujib is credited as an important figure in efforts to gain political autonomy for East Pakistan and later as the central figure behind the Bangladesh Liberation Movement and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. Thus, he is regarded "Jatir Janak" or "Jatir Pita" of Bangladesh. His daughter Sheikh Hasina is the current leader of the Awami League and also the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
The Prime Minister of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is the Head of the Government of Bangladesh. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.
When Ziaur Rahman, who came to power in November 1975, became the 7th President of Bangladesh on 21 April 1977, a ministerial system was reestablished, and Mashiur Rahman served as the Chief Minister with the rank and status of a prime minister in charge of the Ministry of Railways, Roads and Highways of the Bangladesh from 29 June 1978 to 12 March 1979. He was instrumental in the founding of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party.Despite plans and Ziaur Rahman's wish to appoint him prime minister, following his sudden death on 12 March 1979, Shah Azizur Rahman was appointed to the office on 15 April 1979.
Ziaur Rahman, Hilal e Jurat, Bir Uttom was the President of Bangladesh. He was an army officer turned statesmen who, as a serving Major, announced Declaration of the Independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 27 March 1971. He became President of Bangladesh on 21 April 1977. He was assassinated on 30 May 1981 in Chittagong in an army coup d'état.
The President of Bangladesh is the Head of State of Bangladesh.
The Bangladesh Nationalist Party is one of the contemporary political parties of Bangladesh. It was founded on 1 September 1978 by former Bangladesh President Ziaur Rahman after the Presidential election of 1978, with a view to uniting the people with nationalist ideology of the country. Since then, the BNP won the second, fifth, sixth and eighth national elections and two Presidential elections in 1978 and 1981. The party also holds the record of being the largest opposition in the history of parliamentary elections of the country,with 116 seats in the seventh national election of June 1996. It has currently 9 MP in parliament after 2018 national election.
His eldest son, Shafiqul Ghani Swapan, was a state minister in the government of President Ziaur Rahman and President Hussain Muhammad Ershad - his brother in law.
Shawfiqul Ghaani Swapan was a Bangladeshi politician and the former chairman of National Awami Party. During his political career, he served as the Minister of Civil Aviation and Tourism as well as the Minister of Housing and Public Works.
Abdul Qasim Mohammad Badruddoza Chowdhury served as the President of Bangladesh from 14 November 2001 until his resignation on 21 June 2002. He was the founding secretary-general of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP).
Syed Nazrul Islam was a Bangladeshi politician and a senior leader of the Awami League. During the Bangladesh Liberation War, he was declared as the Vice President of Bangladesh by the Provisional Government. He served as the Acting President in the absence of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Shah Azizur Rahman was a Bangladeshi politician who served as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh. However, he was the subject of considerable controversy for his collaboration with the Pakistan Army against the struggle to establish Bangladesh.
Moudud Ahmed is a Bangladeshi lawyer and politician. He was the post master general of Bangladesh after independence. Since the eighties he has held numerous political offices for short stints in the Government of Bangladesh, including Deputy Prime Minister, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (1988-1989), Vice President of Bangladesh (1989-1990) and Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs (2001-2006).
Abdur Rahman Biswas was a Bangladeshi politician. He was the President of Bangladesh from 1991 to 1996. Biswas represented Pakistan at the United Nations General Assembly prior to the independence of Bangladesh.
Mainul Hosein is a Bangladeshi lawyer and the publisher of the daily newspaper The New Nation. He is the former chairman of the editorial board of The Daily Ittefaq, whose building was shelled and completely demolished on 25 March 1971 by Pakistan Army. He served as the law, information and land advisor to the immediate past interim Government of Bangladesh during January 2007 – January 2008.
Akbar Hossain was a veteran of the Bangladesh Liberation War, a politician of Bangladesh National Party and a Minister in three Bangladesh governments.
The Indemnity Act of Bangladesh was formulated to give immunity from legal action to the persons involved in the assassination of president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The assassination took place on August 15, 1975.
Lieutenant Colonel Syed Faruque Rahman was the 2IC of 1st Bengal Lancers Regiment of Bangladesh Army He was the chief organiser of the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founding President of Bangladesh on 15 August 1975. Rahman led a group of junior army officers who overthrew Sheikh Mujib's regime and installed Khondaker Mushtaque Ahmed as president.
The Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal is a political party in Bangladesh.
1979 (MCMLXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1979th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 979th year of the 2nd millennium, the 79th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1970s decade.
Chowdhury Kamal Ibne Yusuf is a Bangladeshi politician and former government minister. He is a leader of Bangladesh Nationalist Party.
The independence of Bangladesh was declared on 26 March 1971 at the onset of the Bangladesh Liberation War by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Later on March 27, the declaration was broadcast by Major Ziaur Rahman over radio,. On 10 April, the Provisional Government of Bangladesh issued a proclamation on the basis of the previous declaration and established an interim constitution for the independence movement.
The 2004 Dhaka grenade attack took place at an anti-terrorism rally organised by Awami League on Bangabandhu Avenue on 21 August 2004. The attack left 24 dead and more than 300 injured. The attack was carried out at 5.22 PM after Sheikh Hasina the leader of opposition finished addressing a crowd of 20,000 people from the back of a truck. The attacks targeted Awami League president Sheikh Hasina. Hasina was injured in the attack.
Hasanul Haq Inu is a Bangladeshi politician and the former Minister of Information of Bangladesh. He leads a faction of the Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal and was involved in a Marxist insurgency in the 1970s.
15 August 1975 Bangladesh coup d'état was a military coup launched by mid ranking army officers in Bangladesh on 15 August 1975. The officers planned to remove the secular government of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with an Islamic government led by Khandaker Mushtaque Ahmed. Sheikh Mujib and most of his family members were killed in the coup.