Masovian Voivodeship

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Mazovian Voivodeship

Województwo mazowieckie
POL wojewodztwo mazowieckie flag.svg
Flag
POL wojewodztwo mazowieckie COA.svg
Coat of arms
Mazowieckie (EE,E NN,N).png
Location within Poland
Mazowieckie-administracja.png
Division into counties
Coordinates(Warsaw): 52°13′N21°0′E / 52.217°N 21.000°E / 52.217; 21.000 Coordinates: 52°13′N21°0′E / 52.217°N 21.000°E / 52.217; 21.000
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Capital Warsaw
Counties
Government
   Voivode Konstanty Radziwiłł (PiS)
  Marshal Adam Struzik (PSL)
Area
  Total35,579 km2 (13,737 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total5,411,446 [1]
  Density151/km2 (390/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code PL-14
Vehicle registration W
GRP (nominal) [2] 2019
   Total 122 billion
   Per capita€22,500 · 1st
HDI (2018)0.919 [3]
very high · 1st
Website www.mazovia.pl
  • further divided into 314 gminas

Mazovian Voivodeship or Mazovia Province [4] (Polish : województwo mazowieckie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ mazɔˈvʲɛtskʲɛ] ) is the largest and most populous of the 16 Polish provinces, or voivodeships, created in 1999. It occupies 35,579 square kilometres (13,737 sq mi) of east-central Poland, and has 5,411,446 inhabitants. [1] Its principal cities are Warsaw (1.783 million) in the centre of the Warsaw metropolitan area, Radom (212,230) in the south, Płock (119,709) in the west, Siedlce (77,990) in the east, and Ostrołęka (52,071) in the north. The capital of the voivodeship is the national capital, Warsaw.

Contents

The province was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Warsaw, Płock, Ciechanów, Ostrołęka, Siedlce and Radom Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province's name recalls the traditional name of the region, Mazowsze (sometimes rendered in English as "Mazovia"), with which it is roughly coterminous. However, southern part of the voivodeship, with Radom, historically belongs to Lesser Poland, while Łomża and its surroundings, even though historically part of Mazovia, now is part of Podlaskie Voivodeship.

It is bordered by six other voivodeships: Warmian-Masurian to the north, Podlaskie to the north-east, Lublin to the south-east, Świętokrzyskie to the south, Łódź to the south-west, and Kuyavian-Pomeranian to the north-west.

Mazovia is the centre of science, research, education, industry and infrastructure in the country. [5] It currently has the lowest unemployment rate in Poland and is classified as a very high income province. [5] Moreover, it is popular among holidaymakers due to the number of historical monuments and greenery; forests cover over 20% of the voivodeship's area, where pines and oaks predominate in the regional landscape. [6] Additionally, the Kampinos National Park located within Masovia is a UNESCO-designated biosphere reserve.

Population density by gmina (at 2007-01-01) Masovian Voivodship rural density 12-2006.png
Population density by gmina (at 2007-01-01)

Administrative division

Masovian Voivodeship is divided into 42 counties ( powiats ): 5 city counties (miasto na prawach powiatu) and 37 "land counties" (powiat ziemski). These are subdivided into 314 gminas, which include 85 "urban gminas".

Warsaw Old Town Market Square 10.JPG
Warsaw is the capital of Poland
Radom - City Hall.JPG
Radom is part of historical Lesser Poland
Ratusz, XIX w. Plock, Stary Rynek.jpg
Płock is the historical capital of Masovia and former Polish capital
Siedlce, Poland - panoramio - Roman Eugeniusz (11).jpg
Siedlce is part of historical Lesser Poland
Ostroleka-ratusz3.jpg
Ostrołęka is part of the ethnocultural region of Kurpie
Pultusk ratusz 2012.jpg
Pułtusk is one of the oldest towns in Poland
POL Ciechanow 1.JPG
Ciechanów is a former royal city
Zyrardow station01.jpg
Żyrardów is one of the youngest cities in the voivodeship, established in 1830
2013 Dernalowicz Palace in Minsk Mazowiecki - 05.jpg
Mińsk Mazowiecki is part of the Warsaw metropolitan area
The counties, shown on the numbered map, are described in the table below.
Mazowsze Numerki.png
Map
ref.
English and
Polish names
AreaPopulation
(2019)
SeatOther townsTotal
gminas
(km²)(sq mi)
City counties
1 Warsaw
Warszawa
5172001,783,3211
(2) Ostrołęka 291152,0711
(3) Płock 8834119,7091
(4) Radom 11243212,2301
(5) Siedlce 321277,9901
Land counties
2 Ostrołęka County
powiat ostrołęcki
2,09981088,717 Ostrołęka * Myszyniec 11
3 Płock County
powiat płocki
1,799695110,987 Płock * Gąbin, Drobin, Wyszogród 15
4 Radom County
powiat radomski
1,530591152,190 Radom * Pionki, Iłża, Skaryszew 13
5 Siedlce County
powiat siedlecki
1,60361981,265 Siedlce * Mordy 13
6 Żuromin County
powiat żuromiński
80531138,688 Żuromin Bieżuń, Lubowidz 6
7 Mława County
powiat mławski
1,18245672,906 Mława 10
8 Przasnysz County
powiat przasnyski
1,21847052,676 Przasnysz Chorzele 7
9 Ciechanów County
powiat ciechanowski
1,06341089,460 Ciechanów Glinojeck 9
10 Sierpc County
powiat sierpecki
85332952,077 Sierpc 7
11 Maków County
powiat makowski
1,06541145,076 Maków Mazowiecki Różan 10
12 Ostrów Mazowiecka County
powiat ostrowski
1,21847072,558 Ostrów Mazowiecka Brok 11
13 Płońsk County
powiat płoński
1,38453487,183 Płońsk Raciąż 12
14 Pułtusk County
powiat pułtuski
82932051,862 Pułtusk 7
15 Wyszków County
powiat wyszkowski
87633874,094 Wyszków 6
16 Gostynin County
powiat gostyniński
61623845,060 Gostynin # Sanniki (1,961)5
17 Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki County
powiat nowodworski
69226779,256 Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki Nasielsk, Zakroczym 6
18 Legionowo County
powiat legionowski
390151117,751 Legionowo Serock 5
19 Wołomin County
powiat wołomiński
955369247,288 Wołomin Ząbki, Marki, Kobyłka, Zielonka, Radzymin, Tłuszcz 12
20 Węgrów County
powiat węgrowski
1,21947166,037 Węgrów Łochów 9
21 Sokołów County
powiat sokołowski
1,13143753,992 Sokołów Podlaski Kosów Lacki 9
22 Sochaczew County
powiat sochaczewski
73128285,024 Sochaczew 8
23 Warsaw West County
powiat warszawski zachodni
533206117,783 Ożarów Mazowiecki Łomianki, Błonie 7
24 Mińsk County
powiat miński
1,164449154,054 Mińsk Mazowiecki Sulejówek, Halinów, Kałuszyn, # Mrozy (3,574)13
25 Łosice County
powiat łosicki
77229830,895 Łosice 6
26 Żyrardów County
powiat żyrardowski
53320675,787 Żyrardów Mszczonów 5
27 Grodzisk Mazowiecki County
powiat grodziski
36714294,962 Grodzisk Mazowiecki Milanówek, Podkowa Leśna 6
28 Pruszków County
powiat pruszkowski
24695165,039 Pruszków Piastów, Brwinów 6
29 Piaseczno County
powiat piaseczyński
621240186,460 Piaseczno Konstancin-Jeziorna, Góra Kalwaria, Tarczyn 6
30 Otwock County
powiat otwocki
615237124,241 Otwock Józefów, Karczew 8
31 Grójec County
powiat grójecki
1,26949098,334 Grójec Warka, Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą, Mogielnica 10
32 Garwolin County
powiat garwoliński
1,284496108,909 Garwolin Łaskarzew, Pilawa, Żelechów 14
33 Białobrzegi County
powiat białobrzeski
63924733,524 Białobrzegi Wyśmierzyce 6
34 Kozienice County
powiat kozienicki
91735460,253 Kozienice 7
35 Przysucha County
powiat przysuski
80130941,721 Przysucha 8
36 Zwoleń County
powiat zwoleński
57122036,222 Zwoleń 5
37 Szydłowiec County
powiat szydłowiecki
45217539,766 Szydłowiec 5
38 Lipsko County
powiat lipski
74828934,028 Lipsko 6
* seat not part of the county

Cities and towns

The voivodeship contains 88 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2019): [1]

  1. Warsaw (1,783,321)
  2. Radom (212,230)
  3. Płock (119,709)
  4. Siedlce (77,990)
  5. Pruszków (62,076)
  6. Legionowo (54,049)
  7. Ostrołęka (52,071)
  8. Piaseczno (48,286)
  9. Otwock (44,827)
  10. Ciechanów (44,118)
  11. Mińsk Mazowiecki (40,836)
  12. Żyrardów (39,896)
  13. Ząbki (37,219)
  14. Wołomin (37,082)
  15. Sochaczew (36,327)
  16. Marki (34,679)
  17. Grodzisk Mazowiecki (31,782)
  18. Mława (31,241)
  19. Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki (28,649)
  20. Wyszków (26,905)
  21. Kobyłka (24,096)
  22. Piastów (22,619)
  23. Ostrów Mazowiecka (22,489)
  24. Płońsk (22,130)
  25. Józefów (20,698)
  26. Milanówek (20,698)
  27. Sulejówek (19,766)
  28. Pułtusk (19,432)
  29. Sokołów Podlaski (18,946)
  30. Gostynin (18,588)
  31. Pionki (18,269)
  32. Sierpc (17,994)
  33. Zielonka (17,588)
  34. Garwolin (17,501)
  35. Przasnysz (17,264)
  36. Kozienice (17,208)
  37. Konstancin-Jeziorna (17,023)
  38. Łomianki (17,022)
  39. Grójec (16,745)
  40. Brwinów (13,601)
  41. Radzymin (13,005)
  42. Węgrów (12,628)
  43. Błonie (12,261)
  44. Góra Kalwaria (12,040)
  45. Warka (11,948)
  46. Szydłowiec (11,736)
  47. Ożarów Mazowiecki (11,719)
  48. Karczew (9,856)
  49. Maków Mazowiecki (9,776)
  50. Żuromin (8,867)
  51. Tłuszcz (8,156)
  52. Nasielsk (7,702)
  53. Zwoleń (7,698)
  54. Łosice (7,049)
  55. Białobrzegi (6,951)
  56. Łochów (6,825)
  57. Mszczonów (6,376)
  58. Przysucha (5,818)
  59. Lipsko (5,501)
  60. Łaskarzew (4,840)
  61. Iłża (4,733)
  62. Pilawa (4,578)
  63. Serock (4,506)
  64. Raciąż (4,384)
  65. Skaryszew (4,371)
  66. Gąbin (4,125)
  67. Tarczyn (4,116)
  68. Żelechów (3,988)
  69. Podkowa Leśna (3,851)
  70. Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą (3,755)
  71. Halinów (3,739)
  72. Mrozy (3,574)
  73. Myszyniec (3,408)
  74. Zakroczym (3,196)
  75. Chorzele (3,088)
  76. Glinojeck (3,019)
  77. Kałuszyn (2,899)
  78. Drobin (2,872)
  79. Różan (2,709)
  80. Wyszogród (2,601)
  81. Mogielnica (2,253)
  82. Kosów Lacki (2,089)
  83. Sanniki (1,961)
  84. Brok (1,941)
  85. Bieżuń (1,846)
  86. Mordy (1,788)
  87. Lubowidz (1,684)
  88. Wyśmierzyce (885)

Protected areas

A moose in the Kampinos National Park (a UNESCO-designated biosphere reserve) Poland Kampinos Alces alces 1.jpg
A moose in the Kampinos National Park (a UNESCO-designated biosphere reserve)

Protected areas in Masovian Voivodeship include one National Park and nine Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

  1. Kowalski: 26,270
  2. Wiśniewski: 21,940
  3. Kowalczyk: 21,586
  4. Lukasik: 15,562
  5. Mazurkiewicz: Founding of Masovia Name.

Historical

Masovian Voivodeship (1526–1795)

Masovia Voivodeship, 1526–1795 (Polish : Województwo Mazowieckie) was an administrative region of the Kingdom of Poland, and of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, from the 15th century until the partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1795). Together with Płock and Rawa Voivodeships, it formed the province (prowincja) of Masovia.

Masovian Voivodeship (1816–1837)

Masovian Voivodeship was one of the voivodeships of Congress Poland. It was formed from Warsaw Department, and transformed into Masovia Governorate.

Transportation

Koleje Mazowieckie (Masovian Railways) 316B-002 (6), Zmigrod, 2015-12-05.jpg
Koleje Mazowieckie (Masovian Railways)

There are three main road routes that pass through the voivodeship: Cork–Berlin–Poznań–Warszawa–Minsk–Moscow–Omsk, Prague–Wrocław–Warsaw–Białystok–Helsinki and Pskov–Gdańsk–Warsaw–Kraków–Budapest.

Currently, there are various stretches of autostrada in the area, with the A2 autostrada connecting the region, and therefore the capital city, with the rest of Europe. The autostrada passes directly through the voivodship from west to east, connecting it with Belarus and Germany. However, the A2 is yet to be built east of Warsaw to connect Poland with Belarus. The S8 expressway connects Warsaw with Białystok in the neighboring eastern province, along with the S17 being built to connect Warsaw with Lublin.

The railroad system is based on Koleje Mazowieckie and PKP Intercity.

The main international airport in the region is Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport.

Economy

Mazovian Voivodeship is the wealthiest province in Poland. The gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was €112.2 billion in 2018, accounting for 22.6% of the Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was €34,400 or 114% of the EU27 average in the same year. [7]

Unemployment

The unemployment rate stood at 4.8% in 2017 and was higher than the national and the European average. [8]

Year200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
unemployment rate
(in %)
12.39.16.06.07.47.98.08.07.26.45.54.8

See also

Related Research Articles

Ostrołęka Place in Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

Ostrołęka is a small city in northeastern Poland on the Narew river, about 120 km (75 mi) northeast of Warsaw, with a population of 52,792 (2014) and an area of 33.46 square kilometres (12.92 sq mi). The town is situated in the Masovian Voivodeship, and it is the former capital of the Ostrołęka Voivodeship (1975–1998). Ostrołęka is currently the capital of both Ostrołęka County and Ostrołęka City County.

Łódź Voivodeship Voivodeship of Poland

Łódź Voivodeship is a province-voivodeship in central Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Łódź Voivodeship (1975–1999) and the Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski and Skierniewice Voivodeships and part of Płock Voivodeship, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province is named after its capital and largest city, Łódź, pronounced.

Duchy of Masovia Polish Vassal

Duchy of Masovia was a district principality and a fiefdom of the Kingdom of Poland, existing during the Middle Ages. The state was centered in Mazovia in the northeastern Kingdom of Poland, and during its existence, its capital was located in the Płock, Czersk and Warsaw. It was formed in 1138 from the territories of the Kingdom of Poland, following its fragmentation, that was started by the testament of Bolesław III Wrymouth. The country existed in the years: 1138–1275, 1294–1310, 1370–1381, and 1495–1526, between that time, going through fragmentations of its territory into smaller duchies and its unification. The states formed during its fragmentation were duchies of Kuyavia, Dobrzyń, Czersk, Płock, Warsaw, Rawa and Belz. In 1526, the country was incorporated into the Kingdom of Poland.

Masovian Voivodeship (1526–1795)

Masovian Voivodeship was an administrative region of the Kingdom of Poland, and of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, from the 1526 to the partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1795). Together with Płock and Rawa Voivodeships, it formed the province of Masovia. Its area was 23,200 km2., divided into ten lands. The seat of the voivode was Warsaw, local sejmiks also convened in Warsaw, at St. Martin's church.

The adjective Mazovian may refer to:

Dobrzyń Land

Dobrzyń Land is a historic region, with the capital in the town of Dobrzyń nad Wisłą, in central-northern Poland, within the Greater Poland, between Mazovia and Prussia. It lies northeast of the Vistula River, south of the Drwęca, and west of the Skrwa. The territory approximately corresponds with the present-day powiats of Lipno, Rypin, and half of Golub-Dobrzyń within the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, although it encompasses parts of other counties as well. Totally, it has about 3,000 km2 and 200,000 inhabitants.

Warsaw Voivodeship (1919–1939)

Warsaw Voivodeship was a voivodeship of Poland in the years 1919–1939. Its capital and biggest city was Warsaw.

Subdivisions of Congress Poland

Congress Poland was subdivided several times from its creation in 1815 until its dissolution in 1918. Congress Poland was divided into departments, a relic from the times of the French-dominated Duchy of Warsaw. In 1816 the administrative divisions were changed to forms that were more traditionally Polish: voivodeships, obwóds and powiats. Following the November Uprising, the subdivisions were again changed in 1837 to bring the subdivisions closer to the structure of the Russian Empire when guberniyas (governorates) were introduced. In this way, Congress Poland was gradually transformed into the "Vistulan Country". Over the next several decades, various smaller reforms were carried out, either changing the smaller administrative units or merging/splitting various guberniyas.

Podlaskie Voivodeship (1513–1795)

The Podlaskie Voivodeship was formed in 1513 by Sigismund I the Old as a voivodeship in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, from a split off part of the Trakai Voivodeship. After Lithuania's union with the Kingdom of Poland in 1569 and formation of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the voivodeship was transferred to the Polish Crown, where it belonged to the Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown.

This is a list of coats of arms of Poland.

Wólka is a diminutive of Wola and may refer to:

Koleje Mazowieckie

Koleje Mazowieckie, in English Masovian Railways, is a regional rail operator in the Masovian Voivodeship of Poland.

Czersk, Masovian Voivodeship Settlement in Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

Czersk is a settlement in the administrative district of Gmina Góra Kalwaria, within Piaseczno County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 2 kilometres (1 mi) south-east of Góra Kalwaria, 19 km (12 mi) south-east of Piaseczno, and 33 km (21 mi) south-east of Warsaw. The village also lies on the Czersk Lake, which is an oxbow lake of the Vistula.

Nowy Duninów Village in Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

Nowy Duninów is a village in Płock County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It is the seat of the gmina called Gmina Nowy Duninów, a rural area. It lies approximately 16 kilometres (10 mi) west of Płock and 112 km (70 mi) west of Warsaw.

TVP3 Warszawa

TVP3 Warszawa is one of the regional branches of the TVP, Poland's public television broadcaster. It serves the entire Masovian Voivodeship with particular dedication to the Warsaw metropolitan area. From 1992 till 2003 it was branded WOT, then till 2007 TVP3 Warszawa and since October 2007 it has been using its current name.

Chełmno Land Historical region in north-central Poland

Chełmno land is a historical region, located in central-northern Poland.

Mazovia Historical region in mid-northeastern Poland

Mazovia or Masovia is a historical region in mid-north-eastern Poland. It spans the North European Plain, roughly between Łódź and Białystok, with Warsaw being the unofficial capital and largest city. Throughout the centuries, Mazovia developed a separate sub-culture featuring diverse folk songs, architecture, dress and traditions different from those of other Poles.

Łomża Land, named after the town of Łomża, was an administrative unit (ziemia) of both the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. It was part of Masovian Voivodeship, and existed from the 14th century until the Partitions of Poland. Łomża Land was the largest province of the historic region of Mazovia.

IV liga Mazovia groups includes two of the groups of IV liga, the 5th level of Polish football league system. The leagues were created in season 2000/2001 after introducing new administrative division of Poland. Until the end of the 2007/08 season IV liga lay at 4th tier of league system but this was changed with the formation of the Ekstraklasa as the top level league in Poland.
The clubs from Mazovian Voivodeship compete in these groups. The winner of the play-off is promoted to III liga group I. The bottom teams are relegated to the groups of Liga okręgowa from Mazovian Voivodeship. These groups are Ciechanów-Ostrołęka, Płock, Radom, Siedlce, Warszawa I and Warszawa II.

References

  1. 1 2 3 GUS. "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  2. https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/regions/data/database
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. Arkadiusz Belczyk, Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  5. 1 2 "WHY WARSAW? - Aquatherm Warsaw" . Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  6. Internet, JSK. "Mazowieckie Province" . Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  7. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  8. "Regional Unemployment by NUTS2 Region". Eurostat.