Masovian Voivodeship

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Masovian Voivodeship
Województwo mazowieckie
POL wojewodztwo mazowieckie flag.svg
POL wojewodztwo mazowieckie COA.svg
Mazowieckie (EE,E NN,N).png
Location within Poland
Mazowieckie-administracja.png
Division into counties
Coordinates(Warsaw): 52°13′N21°0′E / 52.217°N 21.000°E / 52.217; 21.000 Coordinates: 52°13′N21°0′E / 52.217°N 21.000°E / 52.217; 21.000
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Capital Warsaw
Counties
Government
  Body Executive board
   Voivode Konstanty Radziwiłł (PiS)
   Marshal Adam Struzik (PSL)
   EP Masovian constituency
Area
  Total35,579 km2 (13,737 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total5,411,446 [1]
  Density151/km2 (390/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code PL-14
Vehicle registration W
GRP (nominal) [2] 2019
   Total 122 billion
   Per capita€22,500 · 1st
HDI (2019)0.931 [3]
very high · 1st
Website www.mazovia.pl
  • further divided into 314 gminas

Masovian Voivodeship or Mazovia Province [4] (Polish : województwo mazowieckie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ mazɔˈvʲɛtskʲɛ] ) is the largest and most populous of the 16 Polish provinces, or voivodeships. It occupies 35,579 square kilometres (13,737 sq mi) of east-central Poland, and has 5,411,446 inhabitants. [1] Its principal cities are Warsaw (1.783 million) in the centre of the Warsaw metropolitan area, Radom (212,230) in the south, Płock (119,709) in the west, Siedlce (77,990) in the east, and Ostrołęka (52,071) in the north. The capital of the voivodeship is the national capital, Warsaw.

Contents

The province was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Warsaw, Płock, Ciechanów, Ostrołęka, Siedlce and Radom Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province's name recalls the traditional name of the region, Mazovia, with which it is roughly coterminous. However, southern part of the voivodeship, with Radom, historically belongs to Lesser Poland, while Łomża and its surroundings, even though historically part of Mazovia, now is part of Podlaskie Voivodeship.

It is bordered by six other voivodeships: Warmian-Masurian to the north, Podlaskie to the north-east, Lublin to the south-east, Świętokrzyskie to the south, Łódź to the south-west, and Kuyavian-Pomeranian to the north-west.

Mazovia is the centre of science, research, education, industry and infrastructure in the country. [5] It currently has the lowest unemployment rate in Poland and is classified as a very high income province. [5] Moreover, it is popular among holidaymakers due to the number of historical monuments and greenery; forests cover over 20% of the voivodeship's area, where pines and oaks predominate in the regional landscape. [6] Additionally, the Kampinos National Park located within Masovia is a UNESCO-designated biosphere reserve.

Population density by gmina (at 2007-01-01) Masovian Voivodship rural density 12-2006.png
Population density by gmina (at 2007-01-01)

Administrative division

Masovian Voivodeship is divided into 42 counties ( powiats ): 5 city counties (miasto na prawach powiatu) and 37 "land counties" (powiat ziemski). These are subdivided into 314 gminas, which include 85 "urban gminas".

Warsaw Old Town Market Square 10.JPG
Warsaw is the capital of Poland
Radom - City Hall.JPG
Radom is part of historical Lesser Poland
Ratusz, XIX w. Plock, Stary Rynek.jpg
Płock is the historical capital of Masovia and former Polish capital
Siedlce, Poland - panoramio - Roman Eugeniusz (11).jpg
Siedlce is part of historical Lesser Poland
Ostroleka-ratusz3.jpg
Ostrołęka is part of the ethnocultural region of Kurpie
Pultusk ratusz 2012.jpg
Pułtusk is one of the oldest towns in Poland
POL Ciechanow 1.JPG
Ciechanów is a former royal city
Zyrardow station01.jpg
Żyrardów is one of the youngest cities in the voivodeship, established in 1830
2013 Dernalowicz Palace in Minsk Mazowiecki - 05.jpg
Mińsk Mazowiecki is part of the Warsaw metropolitan area
The counties, shown on the numbered map, are described in the table below.
Mazowsze Numerki.png
Map
ref.
English and
Polish names
AreaPopulation
(2019)
SeatOther townsTotal
gminas
(km²)(sq mi)
City counties
1 Warsaw
Warszawa
5172001,783,3211
(2) Ostrołęka 291152,0711
(3) Płock 8834119,7091
(4) Radom 11243212,2301
(5) Siedlce 321277,9901
Land counties
2 Ostrołęka County
powiat ostrołęcki
2,09981088,717 Ostrołęka * Myszyniec 11
3 Płock County
powiat płocki
1,799695110,987 Płock * Gąbin, Drobin, Wyszogród 15
4 Radom County
powiat radomski
1,530591152,190 Radom * Pionki, Iłża, Skaryszew 13
5 Siedlce County
powiat siedlecki
1,60361981,265 Siedlce * Mordy 13
6 Żuromin County
powiat żuromiński
80531138,688 Żuromin Bieżuń, Lubowidz 6
7 Mława County
powiat mławski
1,18245672,906 Mława 10
8 Przasnysz County
powiat przasnyski
1,21847052,676 Przasnysz Chorzele 7
9 Ciechanów County
powiat ciechanowski
1,06341089,460 Ciechanów Glinojeck 9
10 Sierpc County
powiat sierpecki
85332952,077 Sierpc 7
11 Maków County
powiat makowski
1,06541145,076 Maków Mazowiecki Różan 10
12 Ostrów Mazowiecka County
powiat ostrowski
1,21847072,558 Ostrów Mazowiecka Brok 11
13 Płońsk County
powiat płoński
1,38453487,183 Płońsk Raciąż 12
14 Pułtusk County
powiat pułtuski
82932051,862 Pułtusk 7
15 Wyszków County
powiat wyszkowski
87633874,094 Wyszków 6
16 Gostynin County
powiat gostyniński
61623845,060 Gostynin # Sanniki (1,961)5
17 Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki County
powiat nowodworski
69226779,256 Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki Nasielsk, Zakroczym 6
18 Legionowo County
powiat legionowski
390151117,751 Legionowo Serock 5
19 Wołomin County
powiat wołomiński
955369247,288 Wołomin Ząbki, Marki, Kobyłka, Zielonka, Radzymin, Tłuszcz 12
20 Węgrów County
powiat węgrowski
1,21947166,037 Węgrów Łochów 9
21 Sokołów County
powiat sokołowski
1,13143753,992 Sokołów Podlaski Kosów Lacki 9
22 Sochaczew County
powiat sochaczewski
73128285,024 Sochaczew 8
23 Warsaw West County
powiat warszawski zachodni
533206117,783 Ożarów Mazowiecki Łomianki, Błonie 7
24 Mińsk County
powiat miński
1,164449154,054 Mińsk Mazowiecki Sulejówek, Halinów, Kałuszyn, # Mrozy (3,574)13
25 Łosice County
powiat łosicki
77229830,895 Łosice 6
26 Żyrardów County
powiat żyrardowski
53320675,787 Żyrardów Mszczonów 5
27 Grodzisk Mazowiecki County
powiat grodziski
36714294,962 Grodzisk Mazowiecki Milanówek, Podkowa Leśna 6
28 Pruszków County
powiat pruszkowski
24695165,039 Pruszków Piastów, Brwinów 6
29 Piaseczno County
powiat piaseczyński
621240186,460 Piaseczno Konstancin-Jeziorna, Góra Kalwaria, Tarczyn 6
30 Otwock County
powiat otwocki
615237124,241 Otwock Józefów, Karczew 8
31 Grójec County
powiat grójecki
1,26949098,334 Grójec Warka, Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą, Mogielnica 10
32 Garwolin County
powiat garwoliński
1,284496108,909 Garwolin Łaskarzew, Pilawa, Żelechów 14
33 Białobrzegi County
powiat białobrzeski
63924733,524 Białobrzegi Wyśmierzyce 6
34 Kozienice County
powiat kozienicki
91735460,253 Kozienice 7
35 Przysucha County
powiat przysuski
80130941,721 Przysucha 8
36 Zwoleń County
powiat zwoleński
57122036,222 Zwoleń 5
37 Szydłowiec County
powiat szydłowiecki
45217539,766 Szydłowiec 5
38 Lipsko County
powiat lipski
74828934,028 Lipsko 6
* seat not part of the county

Cities and towns

The voivodeship contains 10 cities and 78 towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2019): [1]

Cities (governed by a city mayor or prezydent miasta):
  1. Warsaw (1,783,321)
  2. Radom (212,230)
  3. Płock (119,709)
  4. Siedlce (77,990)
  5. Pruszków (62,076)
  6. Legionowo (54,049)
  7. Ostrołęka (52,071)
  8. Otwock (44,827)
  9. Ciechanów (44,118)
  10. Żyrardów (39,896)

Towns:

  1. Piaseczno (48,286)
  2. Mińsk Mazowiecki (40,836)
  3. Ząbki (37,219)
  4. Wołomin (37,082)
  5. Sochaczew (36,327)
  6. Marki (34,679)
  7. Grodzisk Mazowiecki (31,782)
  8. Mława (31,241)
  9. Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki (28,649)
  10. Wyszków (26,905)
  11. Kobyłka (24,096)
  12. Piastów (22,619)
  13. Ostrów Mazowiecka (22,489)
  14. Płońsk (22,130)
  15. Józefów (20,698)
  16. Milanówek (20,698)
  17. Sulejówek (19,766)
  18. Pułtusk (19,432)
  19. Sokołów Podlaski (18,946)
  20. Gostynin (18,588)
  21. Pionki (18,269)
  22. Sierpc (17,994)
  23. Zielonka (17,588)
  24. Garwolin (17,501)
  25. Przasnysz (17,264)
  26. Kozienice (17,208)
  27. Konstancin-Jeziorna (17,023)
  28. Łomianki (17,022)
  29. Grójec (16,745)
  30. Brwinów (13,601)
  31. Radzymin (13,005)
  32. Węgrów (12,628)
  33. Błonie (12,261)
  34. Góra Kalwaria (12,040)
  35. Warka (11,948)
  36. Szydłowiec (11,736)
  37. Ożarów Mazowiecki (11,719)
  38. Karczew (9,856)
  39. Maków Mazowiecki (9,776)
  40. Żuromin (8,867)
  41. Tłuszcz (8,156)
  42. Nasielsk (7,702)
  43. Zwoleń (7,698)
  44. Łosice (7,049)
  45. Białobrzegi (6,951)
  46. Łochów (6,825)
  47. Mszczonów (6,376)
  48. Przysucha (5,818)
  49. Lipsko (5,501)
  50. Łaskarzew (4,840)
  51. Iłża (4,733)
  52. Pilawa (4,578)
  53. Serock (4,506)
  54. Raciąż (4,384)
  55. Skaryszew (4,371)
  56. Gąbin (4,125)
  57. Tarczyn (4,116)
  58. Żelechów (3,988)
  59. Podkowa Leśna (3,851)
  60. Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą (3,755)
  61. Halinów (3,739)
  62. Mrozy (3,574)
  63. Myszyniec (3,408)
  64. Zakroczym (3,196)
  65. Chorzele (3,088)
  66. Glinojeck (3,019)
  67. Kałuszyn (2,899)
  68. Drobin (2,872)
  69. Różan (2,709)
  70. Wyszogród (2,601)
  71. Mogielnica (2,253)
  72. Kosów Lacki (2,089)
  73. Sanniki (1,961)
  74. Brok (1,941)
  75. Bieżuń (1,846)
  76. Mordy (1,788)
  77. Lubowidz (1,684)
  78. Wyśmierzyce (885)

Politics

The Masovian voivodeship's government is headed by the province's voivode (governor) who is appointed by the Polish Prime Minister. The voivode is then assisted in performing his duties by the voivodeship's marshal, who is the appointed speaker for the voivodeship's executive and is elected by the sejmik (provincial assembly). The current voivode of Masovia is Konstanty Radziwiłł.

The Sejmik of Masovia consists of 51 members.

Voivodes

Term startTerm endVoivodePartyOther high offices held
1 January 1999 [7] 20 October 2001Antoni Pietkiewicz AWS Voivode of Kalisz (1990–1991)
21 October 2001 [8] 10 January 2006Leszek Mizieliński SLD Masovian vice-marshal (1998–2001)
10 January 2006 [9] 17 January 2007Tomasz Koziński PiS Mayor of Praga-Południe (2002–2006)
18 January 2007 [10] 1 February 2007Wojciech Dąbrowski PiS Mayor of Żoliborz (2004–2006)
15 February 2007 [11] 29 November 2007 Jacek Sasin PiS Deputy PM (since 2019), MP (since 2011)
29 November 2007 [12] 8 December 2015Jacek Kozłowski PO Vice-Chairman of Poland 2050
8 December 201511 November 2019Zdzisław Sipiera PiS Mayor of Wola (2005–2006), MP (2019–2023)
25 November 2019 Konstanty Radziwiłł PiS Minister of Health (2015–2018), MP (2015–2019)

2018 election

Political groups [13] Mandates
Law and Justice 24
Civic Coalition 18
Nonpartisan Local Government Activists 1
Polish People's Party 8
Total51

Protected areas

A moose in the Kampinos National Park (a UNESCO-designated biosphere reserve) Poland Kampinos Alces alces 1.jpg
A moose in the Kampinos National Park (a UNESCO-designated biosphere reserve)

Protected areas in Masovian Voivodeship include one National Park and nine Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Historical

Masovian Voivodeship (1526–1795)

Masovia Voivodeship, 1526–1795 (Polish : Województwo Mazowieckie) was an administrative region of the Kingdom of Poland, and of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, from the 15th century until the partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1795). Together with Płock and Rawa Voivodeships, it formed the province (prowincja) of Masovia.

Masovian Voivodeship (1816–1837)

Masovian Voivodeship was one of the voivodeships of Congress Poland. It was formed from Warsaw Department, and transformed into Masovia Governorate.

Transportation

Koleje Mazowieckie (Masovian Railways) 316B-002 (6), Zmigrod, 2015-12-05.jpg
Koleje Mazowieckie (Masovian Railways)

There are three main road routes that pass through the voivodeship: Cork–Berlin–Poznań–Warszawa–Minsk–Moscow–Omsk, Prague–Wrocław–Warsaw–Białystok–Helsinki and Pskov–Gdańsk–Warsaw–Kraków–Budapest.

Currently, there are various stretches of autostrada in the area, with the A2 autostrada connecting the region, and therefore the capital city, with the rest of Europe. The autostrada passes directly through the voivodship from west to east, connecting it with Belarus and Germany. However, the A2 is yet to be built east of Warsaw to connect Poland with Belarus. The S8 expressway connects Warsaw with Białystok in the neighboring eastern province, along with the S17 being built to connect Warsaw with Lublin.

The railroad system is based on Koleje Mazowieckie and PKP Intercity.

The main international airport in the region is Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport.

Economy

Masovian Voivodeship is the wealthiest province in Poland. The gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was €112.2 billion in 2018, accounting for 22.6% of the Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was €34,400 or 114% of the EU27 average in the same year. [14]

Unemployment

The unemployment rate stood at 4.8% in 2017 and was higher than the national and the European average. [15]

Year200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
unemployment rate
(in %)
12.39.16.06.07.47.98.08.07.26.45.54.8

See also

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  10. "Wprost: Dąbrowski jeździł pijany na rowerze". Serwis Samorządowy PAP (in Polish). Retrieved 2022-05-03.
  11. "Jacek Sasin". businessinsider.com.pl. Retrieved 2022-05-03.
  12. Polska, Grupa Wirtualna. "Jacek Kozłowski ponownie wojewodą mazowieckim". www.money.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2022-05-03.
  13. "Wybory samorządowe 2018". wybory2018.pkw.gov.pl. Retrieved 2022-05-03.
  14. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  15. "Regional Unemployment by NUTS2 Region". Eurostat.