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Greece's Chios Mastiha Ouzo and Mastiha Liqueur MastichatoDrink.jpg
Greece's Chios Mastiha Ouzo and Mastiha Liqueur

Mastika is a liqueur seasoned with mastic, a resin with a slightly pine or cedar-like flavor gathered from the mastic tree, a small evergreen tree native to the Mediterranean region.


Local varieties


In Greece, mastika (Greek : μαστίχα) is a sweet liqueur produced with the mastika resin from the Greek island of Chios. This is the original mastika liqueur, not to be confused with mastika from other Balkan nations.[ citation needed ]

Greek mastika is made by distilling the mastika crystals. Sugar is typically added. It is a sweet liqueur that is typically consumed at the end of a meal. It has a unique and distinct flavor, reminiscent of pine and herbs. Mastika has medicinal properties and aids digestion. [1]


In Bulgaria, mastika (Bulgarian : мастика) is a strong anise-flavoured drink, consumed chilled. Mastika is often combined with menta, a mint liqueur, to make a traditional cocktail called "cloud".[ citation needed ]

According to Bulgarian law, mastika is an alcoholic drink with minimum 47% vol of alcohol, made of natural ethanol flavoured with anethole, extracted by rectification of essential oils from star anise, anise, fennel or other plant, containing the same aroma component with concentration at least of 2.5 grams per litre, sugar at least 40 grams per litre, with or without addition of mastic and/or aroma distillate and has specific organoleptic characteristics.

North Macedonia

In North Macedonia, mastika (Macedonian : мастика) is most commonly consumed as an aperitif, usually poured over ice and enjoyed with meze. Containing 43–45% alcohol, it has a hot taste not unlike that of brandy and is usually made from grapes. In North Macedonia, mastika has traditionally been made in the Strumica area; the best known Macedonian brand, Strumička mastika ("Mastika of Strumica"), made by the company Grozd since 1953, contains 43% alcohol and is produced exclusively at export quality. [2]

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<i>Pistacia lentiscus</i> species of plant

Pistacia lentiscus is a dioecious evergreen shrub or small tree of the genus Pistacia, growing up to 4 m (13 ft) tall which is cultivated for its aromatic resin, mainly on the Greek island of Chios.

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Greek food products

Greece produces many food products.

Mastichochoria Place in Greece

Mastichochoria is a former municipality on the island of Chios, North Aegean, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Chios, of which it is a municipal unit. It is located in the southwestern and extreme southern part of the island. It is the largest municipal unit in land area on Chios at 211.687 km2. Its population was 3,672 at the 2001 census. The seat of the municipality was Pyrgi. The next largest villages are Kalamotí (569), Armólia (442), Mestá (337), and Lithío (397). The small coastal village of Emporeios (47) boasts an archaeological site.

Chios Mastiha

Chios Mastiha Liqueur is a liqueur flavoured with mastic distillate or mastic oil from the island of Chios. The name Chios Mastiha has protected designation of origin status in the European Union. Chios Mastiha liqueur is served cold and has a crystal clear colour and a sweet aroma.

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Mastic (plant resin) A resin traditionally obtained from the mastic tree on the island of Chios

Mastic is a resin obtained from the mastic tree. In pharmacies and nature shops, it is called Arabic gum and Yemen gum. In Greece, it is known as tears of Chios, being traditionally produced on the island Chios, and, like other natural resins, is produced in "tears" or droplets.

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  1. Difford, Simon. "Mastiha (AKA:Mastika, Masticha, Mastic, Mαστίχα". Retrieved 29 December 2019.