Matsumae, Hokkaido

Last updated
Matsumae
松前町
Town
MatsumaeJo.jpg
Matsumae Castle (July 2004)
Flag of Matsumae, Hokkaido.svg
Symbol of Matsumae, Hokkaido.svg
Matsumae in Hokkaido Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Matsumae in Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Matsumae
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 41°26′N140°7′E / 41.433°N 140.117°E / 41.433; 140.117 Coordinates: 41°26′N140°7′E / 41.433°N 140.117°E / 41.433; 140.117
CountryJapan
Prefecture Hokkaido
District Matsumae
Government
  MayorHideo Ishiyama (石山 英雄)
Area
  Total293.11 km2 (113.17 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total7,843
  Density27/km2 (69/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
Postal code(s)
049-1592
Area code(s) 0139
City hall addressAza Fukiyama 248, Matsumae-chō, Matsumae-gun, Hokkaidō
049-1592
Climate Cfa
Website www.town.matsumae.hokkaido.jp
Symbols
Flower Cherry blossom
Tree Pine

Matsumae (松前町, Matsumae-chō) is a town located in Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. The former home of the Matsumae Han, it has an Edo period castle, Matsumae Castle, the only one in Hokkaido, and Ryūun-in.

Contents

The total area of the town is 293.11 square kilometres (113.17 sq mi).

History

Geography

The town is located on the southern end of the Matsumae Peninsula. In addition the town governs the two islands in the Tsugaru Strait, Oshima and Kojima. [2]

Along with Kaminokuni, Hokkaido, and Fukushima, Hokkaido, Matsumae shares a border with Mount Daisengen, and contains the newest and shortest climbing route to the summit of the mountain. [3]

Climate

Climate data for Matsumae, Hokkaido (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)11.1
(52.0)
13.8
(56.8)
15.3
(59.5)
23.3
(73.9)
25.7
(78.3)
29.3
(84.7)
33.3
(91.9)
33.1
(91.6)
31.5
(88.7)
24.9
(76.8)
20.3
(68.5)
15.8
(60.4)
33.3
(91.9)
Average high °C (°F)1.9
(35.4)
2.4
(36.3)
5.8
(42.4)
11.0
(51.8)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68.0)
23.7
(74.7)
25.9
(78.6)
23.1
(73.6)
17.3
(63.1)
10.7
(51.3)
4.5
(40.1)
13.5
(56.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.5
(31.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
3.0
(37.4)
7.9
(46.2)
12.5
(54.5)
16.6
(61.9)
20.6
(69.1)
22.7
(72.9)
19.8
(67.6)
14.1
(57.4)
7.8
(46.0)
1.9
(35.4)
10.5
(50.9)
Average low °C (°F)−3.0
(26.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.1
(32.2)
4.7
(40.5)
9.4
(48.9)
13.5
(56.3)
18.1
(64.6)
20.0
(68.0)
16.7
(62.1)
10.9
(51.6)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
7.7
(45.8)
Record low °C (°F)−10.6
(12.9)
−10.4
(13.3)
−7.9
(17.8)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.2
(36.0)
6.3
(43.3)
10.6
(51.1)
12.6
(54.7)
7.6
(45.7)
2.7
(36.9)
−6.1
(21.0)
−11.4
(11.5)
−11.4
(11.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)87.1
(3.43)
72.9
(2.87)
63.9
(2.52)
73.5
(2.89)
97.5
(3.84)
80.0
(3.15)
124.9
(4.92)
157.5
(6.20)
155.2
(6.11)
115.5
(4.55)
122.0
(4.80)
106.0
(4.17)
1,251.3
(49.26)
Average rainy days18.415.513.310.310.28.710.49.811.512.415.718.9155.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 46.966.7132.3175.7173.4159.2137.4170.3171.1153.382.150.11,518.5
Source 1: JMA [4]
Source 2: JMA [5]

Demographics

As of September 2016, the town has an estimated population of 7,843 and a density of 26.7 persons per km2.

Culture and lifestyle

Surrounding Matsumae Castle is Matsumae Park, which features over 10,000 cherry trees of over 250 varieties, and is ranked among the top cherry blossom viewing spots in the country. [6]

Education

High school

Sister cities

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References

  1. Matsumae Line Archived 2015-02-27 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "gotyuuikudasai" (in Japanese). 松前町役場. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
  3. "大千軒岳情報 | 渡島総合振興局森林室西部森林室". www.oshima.pref.hokkaido.lg.jp. Retrieved 2020-07-14.
  4. 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA . Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  5. 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA . Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  6. "Matsumae". www.japan-guide.com. Retrieved 2020-07-14.
  7. Hokkaido Matsumae High School
  8. Sister cities of Omihachiman
  9. Interaction with sister city, Matsumae
  10. Sister cities of Date

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Matsumae, Hokkaidō at Wikimedia Commons