Mattanur

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Mattanur
Airport City of North Malabar
KIAL Flight Trial Landing.jpeg
Trial landing at Kannur Airport (Aircraft: Dornier 228 of the Indian Air force)
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Red pog.svg
Mattanur
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Mattanur
Mattanur (India)
Coordinates: 11°55′52″N75°34′19″E / 11.931°N 75.572°E / 11.931; 75.572 Coordinates: 11°55′52″N75°34′19″E / 11.931°N 75.572°E / 11.931; 75.572
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Kannur
Taluk Thalassery
Municipality1 April 1990
Named for Kannur International Airport
Government
  Type Municipal Council
   MLA K. K. Shailaja
  Municipal ChairmanN. Shajith
Area
  Total54.32 km2 (20.97 sq mi)
Elevation
[1]
51 m (167 ft)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total47,078
  Density870/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
670702 [3]
Telephone code91-(0)490
ISO 3166 code IN-KL
Vehicle registration KL 78
Niyamasabha Constituency Mattanur
Lok Sabha Constituency Kannur
Website http://www.mattannurmunicipality.in/
Korean Visitors at a traditional Kerala house with Ettukettu Architecture in Mattanur Traditional Kerala house in Mattanur.jpg
Korean Visitors at a traditional Kerala house with Ettukettu Architecture in Mattanur
hnc hospital, mattanur Mattanur Town (8).jpg
hnc hospital, mattanur
Mattannur town Mattanur Town (6).jpg
Mattannur town

Mattanur, also spelled Mattannur, is a town, municipality, and an aerotropolis in Kannur district, Kerala, India. Mattanur is about 27 km east of Kannur and Thalassery, two major towns of the district. [4]

Contents

Mattanur lies between Kannur, Thalassery, and Iritty. It is the intersection where Thalassery–Coorg Highway (popularly known as the TC Road) meets the Kannur–Mattanur Road. The inter-state buses travelling from Bangalore and Mysore to Thalassery and Kannur pass through Mattanur. It is an important hub, connecting Kodagu and Kannur. Kannur Airport is about 5 km (3.1 mi) from Mattanur.

Location

Mattanur bus station Mattanur Town (3).jpg
Mattanur bus station

Mattanur is located at the midland of the Kannur District at 11°55′N74°35′E / 11.917°N 74.583°E / 11.917; 74.583 and stretches for about 4.8 km. It is surrounded by eight Panchayats and a municipality, namely Irikkur and Padiyur on the north side, Iritty (municipality), Thillankeri, and Malur on the east side, Mangattidam and Vengad on the south side, and Koodali and Keezhallur on the west side.

The town is located at about 500 km north of Thiruvananthapuram, the state capital, and about 27 km east of Kannur, the district headquarters. Kochi, known as commercial capital of Kerala, is about 280 km south and Kozhikode which is a major urban center of northern Kerala, is 93 km south of Mattanur. Mysore and Bangalore, two major cities of the state of Karnataka, are 153 km and 283 km east of Mattanur, respectively, and Mangalore is about 165 km away, towards the north.

History

Historically, this area was under the rule of Kottayam royal family called the Puralisans. King Pazhassi Raja, who helped the English in the war against Tipu Sultan, had to fight against the English who had leased Kottayam to the King of Kurumbranad. The importance of this struggle is enhanced by the fact that masses of people of all castes, religions, farmers, traders and artisans joined Pazhassi in the struggle against the British. After the heroic death of Pazhassi in 1805, the British took over the administration and demolished Pazhassi fort.

There are many myths about the origin of the place. Some people say that Mattannur came from Motannur, which means the town of Mottakunn (Knoll). Another sect believes that Mattanur is an evolution of this area, which was recorded as Pattinikad in the old survey records.

Mattanur Panchayat came into existence in 1962 by joining Pazhassi, Kolari and Porora villages. The first election was held in 1963 and K. T Madhavan Nambiar was the first president. In 1978, the governing body was dissolved. The governing body came into existence in 1979 with Mukundan as the president of the Panchayat. In 1990, Mattanur was elevated as a municipality. [5]

Connectivity

SH 30 in Mattanur Mattanur Town (4).jpg
SH 30 in Mattanur

The Kannur International Airport is located just 5 km (3.1 mi) away from the town and provides the opportunity of air connectivity. The town is well connected to the neighbouring towns of Kerala and Karnataka. SH 30, the Thalassery–Coorg Road, passes through the town and connects it to other nearby towns like Thalassery, Kuthuparamba, Iritty, Madikeri etc. It also has linkages to cities like Mysore, Mangalore, Bangalore, Kozhikode, Kochi, and Thiruvananthapuram.

The proposed Kannur-Mysore National Highway under Bharatmala project, passes through Mattanur town facilitates access to major cities and towns in Kerala and Karnataka states. [6] [7]

The Mattanur–Maruthayi–Mannur Road, towards the north, provides accessibility through the Nayikali Bridge and the Mannur Bridge to SH 36, thus allowing easy access to towns like Irikkur, Sreekandapuram, Taliparamba, and Payyanur. The Anjarakandy Road passes at the entrance of the airport and connects settlements like Anjarakandy and Chakkarakkal. The Thalassery–Coorg Road also connects the proposed Hill Highway at Iritty, which in turn provides connectivity to all major settlements in the western Ghat area.

Kerala government has given node for developing various roads connecting Kannur Airport like Vayanthode-Mattanur-Koottupuzha road, Thalassery-Anjarakandy-Mattanur road, Kuttiady-Panoor-Mattanur road, Mananthavady-Mattanur road, Kannur-Airport roads for better connectivity. [8] [9]

There is no rail connectivity to Mattanur, but proposals for Thalassery–Mysore railway line and Kannur South Airport Railway line are still active. The nearest railway station is Thalassery, and is located at a distance of 26 km (16 mi) from Mattanur. The Kannur railway station, located at 27 km (17 mi) from Mattanur, is the major station in the district, with access to all trains, including super-fast trains, to the north and south of the country.

Administration

Mattanur Municipality composes of 35 wards for which the members of municipal council are elected for every five years. The current municipal chairman is N. Shajith from Nellunni ward and vice chairperson is O. Preetha from Devarkad ward. [10]

Mattanur Municipality Election 2022 [11] [12]

S.No.Party NameParty symbolNumber of Councillors
01 LDF LDF LOGO.svg 21
02 UDF UDF kerala 2.O.jpg 14

Law and Order

The municipality comes under jurisdiction of Mattanur police station established in the year 1871 during the tenure of British rule. Mattannur station comes under the jurisdiction of Kannur City Police. There are six villages in the police station limits viz Koodali, Pattannur, Kolari, Keezhallur, Pazhassi and Chavassery. [13]

The Magisterial jurisdiction of Mattanur station is Judicial First Class Magistrate Court, Mattannur. [14]

Politics

Mattanur Assembly constituency is a part of Kannur Lok Sabha constituency. [15] [16] Mattanur Assembly is historically a strong hold of Communist Party. The current MLA of Mattanur is K. K. Shailaja from CPI-M who won in 2021 Kerala Legislative Assembly election with highest margin in Kerala of 96,129 votes and 61.96% vote share. [17]

Educational Institutions

Tourist Attractions

Geography

Mattanur geography Mattanur Physiography.jpeg
Mattanur geography

The area has the typical midland characteristics of Kerala, with undulating terrain that is mainly used for agriculture. The geographical area of the municipal town stretches between the Irikkur River (a portion of the Valapattanam River) in the north and the Anjarakandy River in the south. The town is located at the foothills of the western shoulders of the Western Ghats, rising at the east side, while the western boundary contains gradual sloping terrain leading to the Lakshadweep Sea. The Thalassery–Coorg Road (SH30) passes through the Mattanur municipal town.

Climate

Mattanur
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2
 
 
29
21
 
 
18
 
 
31
22
 
 
39
 
 
32
22
 
 
109
 
 
31
22
 
 
189
 
 
29
22
 
 
638
 
 
25
19
 
 
780
 
 
23
21
 
 
485
 
 
24
18
 
 
236
 
 
26
20
 
 
242
 
 
27
20
 
 
121
 
 
27
21
 
 
17
 
 
28
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

The region has a tropical humid climate with hot summer and plentiful rainfall. It rains throughout the year except during the months from January to April. The average rainfall is 3438 mm. The rainfall during July is very heavy and the region receives 68% of the annual rainfall during this season. The region has a humid climate with an oppressive hot season from March to the end of May. This is followed by south-west monsoon, which continues till the end of September. October and November witnesses the post-monsoon (North-East monsoon) or retreating monsoon season. During the months of April and May, the mean daily maximum temperature is about 35 °C. The temperature is low in December and January, and the minimum temperature is about 20 °C. On certain days, the night temperature may go down to 16 °C, although this is extremely rare.

KINFRA Industrial Park

KINFRA Industrial Park is located on Velliyampara near Mattanur. Government of Kerala has proposed for future developments in KINFRA Industrial Park here. Mattanur to be made a hub of KINFRA's operations in north Kerala. [26] [27]

A Rubber glove factory is proposed at Kinfra park here. Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation (KSIDC) is in charge of the project. [28]

Demographics

As of the 2011 census, Mattanur Municipality had a population of 47,078 of which males constitute 22,658 (48.1%) of the population and 24,420 (51.9%) females. Mattanur municipality spreads over an area of 54.32 km2 with 9,788 families residing in it. The sex ratio of Mattanur was 1,078 lower than state average of 1,084. In Mattanur, 11.5% of the population is under 6 years of age. Mattanur municipality had an overall literacy of 94.8% higher than state average of 94%. The male literacy stands at 97.6% and female literacy was 92.2%.

The decadal growth rate for the 2001–2011 period is 6.23% and ranks the second position in the district behind Taliparamba. Mattanur possesses the least sex ratio (1,078 females per 1,000 males) and highest value of workforce participation ratio (36.75%) among the municipal towns in the Kannur district. [29]

Religions

As of the 2011 census, Mattanur Municipality had a total population of 47,078 of which 29,739 (63.2%) are Hindus, 16,913 (35.9%) are Muslims, 283 (0.6%) are Christians and 0.3% others. [30]

Notable people

See also

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References

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  2. "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  3. Jain, Rohit. "Mattanur Kannur Pin Code" . Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  4. "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. "Mattanur History". lsgkerala.gov.in.
  6. "Kannur-Mysuru corridor to be made NH". The Hindu . Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  7. "11 roads to be added in second phase of Bharatmala project". Times of India . Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  8. "Govt speeds up work of roads connecting Kannur airport". Times of India .
  9. "Steps to develop airport road". The Hindu . Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  10. "എൻ. ഷാജിത്ത് മട്ടന്നൂർ നഗരസഭാ ചെയർമാൻ, അച്ഛനിരുന്ന കസേരയിലേക്ക് അഭിമാനത്തോടെ". Mathrubhumi . 15 September 2022.
  11. "LDF retains Mattannur municipality with 21 seats, UDF wins 14". Hindustan Times . Retrieved 22 August 2022.
  12. "LDF retains Mattannur Municipality, UDF doubles its seats". Indian Express . Retrieved 22 August 2022.
  13. "About - Mattanur PS". keralapolice.gov.in.
  14. "Judicial Setup of Kannur district". districts.ecourts.gov.in.
  15. "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
  16. "Niyamasabha constituencies of Kannur". ceo.kerala.gov.in.
  17. "Mattannur Election Result 2021". Times Now . 13 May 2021.
  18. "PRNSS College, Mattanur - Home".
  19. "Degree colleges in Kannur-Kerala". vidyatime.com.
  20. "Govt. Polytechnic College, Mattanur".
  21. "Higher Education Institutes in Kannur University".
  22. "Higher Secondary Education Portal". www.dhsekerala.gov.in.
  23. "Pazhassi Raja Smriti Mandiram". keralatourism.org.
  24. "Pazhassi Kovilakam, Mattanur". keralatourism.org.
  25. "Kannur's Palukachippara is a true reflection of nature's beauty". Malayala Manorama . Retrieved 18 September 2022.
  26. "Mattannur to be hub of KINFRA's operations in north Kerala". The Hindu . Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  27. "Kinfra to take up eight projects". Times of India . Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  28. "Rubber glove factory to come up at Mattannur". The Hindu .
  29. Kerala, Directorate of Census Operations. District Census Handbook, Kannur (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: Directorateof Census Operations,Kerala. p. 192,193,194. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  30. "Religion – Kerala, Districts and Sub-districts". Census of India 2011. Office of the Registrar General.