Matthew Lyon

Last updated

  1. At the time, Vermont apportioned the House by town, with each town having one representative.
  2. It was officially listed as being operated by his son, James Lyon. [19]
  3. It was common for Federalists to cite religious reasons for going to war against France, as well as for silencing the opposition.

Related Research Articles

The Alien and Sedition Acts were a set of four laws enacted in 1798 that applied restrictions to immigration and speech. The Naturalization Act increased the requirements to seek citizenship, the Alien Friends Act allowed the president to imprison and deport non-citizens, the Alien Enemies Act gave the president additional powers to detain non-citizens during times of war, and the Sedition Act criminalized false and malicious statements about the federal government. The Alien Friends Act and the Sedition Act expired after a set number of years, and the Naturalization Act was repealed in 1802. The Alien Enemies Act is still in effect.

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions 1798/99 resolutions against the Alien and Sedition Acts

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions were political statements drafted in 1798 and 1799 in which the Kentucky and Virginia legislatures took the position that the federal Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional. The resolutions argued that the states had the right and the duty to declare unconstitutional those acts of Congress that the Constitution did not authorize. In doing so, they argued for states' rights and strict construction of the Constitution. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798 were written secretly by Vice President Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, respectively.

1800 United States presidential election 4th quadrennial U.S. presidential election

The 1800 United States presidential election was the fourth quadrennial presidential election. It was held from October 31 to December 3, 1800. In what is sometimes called the "Revolution of 1800", Vice President Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party defeated incumbent President John Adams of the Federalist Party. The election was a political realignment that ushered in a generation of Democratic-Republican leadership.

John Breckinridge (U.S. Attorney General) American politician and Attorney General

John Breckinridge was a lawyer, slave-owning planter, soldier and politician in the U.S. states of Virginia and Kentucky. He served several terms each in the state legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky before legislators elected him to the U.S. Senate. He also served as United States Attorney General during the second term of President Thomas Jefferson. He is the progenitor of Kentucky's Breckinridge political family and the namesake of Breckinridge County, Kentucky.

5th United States Congress 1797-1799 legislative term

The 5th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from March 4, 1797, to March 4, 1799, during the first two years of John Adams' presidency. In the context of the Quasi-War with France, the Alien and Sedition Acts were passed by congress. The Acts were overwhelmingly supported by the Federalists and mostly opposed by the Democratic-Republicans. Some Democratic-Republicans, such as Timothy Bloodworth, said they would support formally going to war against France but they opposed the Alien and Sedition Acts which Bloodworth and others believed were unconstitutional.

Martin Chittenden American politician

Martin Chittenden was an American politician from Vermont. He served as a United States representative from 1803 to 1813 and as the seventh governor of Vermont from 1813 to 1815, during a crucial portion of the War of 1812.

Isaac Tichenor American judge

Isaac Tichenor was an American lawyer and politician. He served as the third and fifth governor of Vermont and United States Senator from Vermont.

James Elliot was an American soldier, lawyer, author and politician. A holder of local and state offices throughout his life, he was most notable for his service as a United States representative from Vermont.

1798 and 1799 United States House of Representatives elections House elections for the 6th U.S. Congress

The 1798 and 1799 United States House of Representatives elections were held during President John Adams term. The earliest in New York in April 1798, and the latest in Tennessee in August 1799, after the official start of the 6th Congress on March 4, 1799, but before the start of the first session of this Congress in Philadelphia on December 2, 1799. It was the last congressional session before the move to the new capital at Washington, D.C.

Roger Griswold American judge

Roger Griswold was a nineteenth-century lawyer, politician and judge from Connecticut. He served as a member of the United States House of Representatives, judge of the Connecticut Supreme Court and the 22nd Governor of Connecticut, serving as a Federalist.

Presidency of John Adams U.S. presidential administration from 1797 to 1801

The presidency of John Adams, began on March 4, 1797, when John Adams was inaugurated as the second president of the United States, and ended on March 4, 1801. Adams, who had served as vice president under George Washington, took office as president after winning the 1796 presidential election. The only member of the Federalist Party to ever serve as president, his presidency ended after a single term following his defeat in the 1800 presidential election. He was succeeded by Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party.

Chittenden Lyon American politician

Chittenden Lyon was an American businessman and politician from Kentucky. He was most notable for his service as a United States representative from 1827 to 1833.

Report of 1800 US 1800 government report

The Report of 1800 was a resolution drafted by James Madison arguing for the sovereignty of the individual states under the United States Constitution and against the Alien and Sedition Acts. Adopted by the Virginia General Assembly in January 1800, the Report amends arguments from the 1798 Virginia Resolutions and attempts to resolve contemporary criticisms against the Resolutions. The Report was the last important explication of the Constitution produced before the 1817 Bonus Bill veto message by Madison, who has come to be regarded as the "Father of the Constitution."

Federalist Era Period in American history (1788–1800)

The Federalist Era in American history ran from 1788 to 1800, a time when the Federalist Party and its predecessors were dominant in American politics. During this period, Federalists generally controlled Congress and enjoyed the support of President George Washington and President John Adams. The era saw the creation of a new, stronger federal government under the United States Constitution, a deepening of support for nationalism, and diminished fears of tyranny by a central government. The era began with the ratification of the United States Constitution and ended with the Democratic-Republican Party's victory in the 1800 elections.

Events from the year 1798 in the United States.

Abel Spencer was a Vermont lawyer and politician who served as Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives twice and was expelled from the House for theft.

The Fair Haven Gazette was a Vermont newspaper. It was published in the late 1700s; James Lyon (1776-1824) was the nominal owner and publisher, but the de facto owner and author of much of its content was Lyon's father Matthew Lyon.

Jabez G. Fitch was a businessman and political figure from Vermont. Among the offices in which he served was United States Marshal for Vermont, a position he held from 1794 to 1801.

2022 United States House of Representatives election in Vermont

The 2022 United States House of Representatives election in Vermont will be held on November 8, 2022, to elect the U.S. representative from Vermont's at-large congressional district. The election will coincide with other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the U.S. Senate, as well as various other state and local elections.

1813 Vermont gubernatorial election Election for the Governor of Vermont

The 1813 Vermont gubernatorial election for Governor of Vermont took place in September and October, and resulted in the election of Martin Chittenden to a one-year term.


  1. 1 2 Miller 1951 , p. 109
  2. 1 2 McLaughlin 1900 , p. 28
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Coyle, John G. (January 1, 1917). "Matthew Lyon, Redemptioner". The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society. Concord, NH: American Irish Historical Society. pp. 37–51.
  4. McLaughlin 1900 , pp. 41–48
  5. Austin 1981 , p. 13
  6. Austin 1981 , pp. 15–17
  7. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 59
  8. 1 2 McLaughlin 1900 , p. 127
  9. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 225
  10. Montagno 1954 , p. 96
  11. Walton, Eliakim Persons (1880). "Records of the Governor and Council of the State of Vermont". 8: 469.{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. McLaughlin, J. Fairfax (1903). "A Picturesque Politician of Jefferson's Time". The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine. 65: 932.
  13. Austin 1981 , p. 18
  14. Johnson, Rossiter; Brown, John Howard (1904). "Matthew Lyon". The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans.
  15. Forbes, Charles Spooner (September 1, 1900). "Caricature of an Early Fracas in Congress". The Vermonter. St. Albans, VT: C. S. Forbes. pp. 41–44.
  16. Hemenway 1877 , p. 721
  17. "Caricature of an early Fracas in Congress".
  18. The Farmers' Library, or, Vermont Political & Historical Register. Rutland, Vt: J. Lyon. 1793–1794. OCLC   14152194.
  19. Goldsmith 1962, p. 183
  20. The Fair Haven Gazette and Poultney Journal. Fair Haven, Vt. OCLC 37328623 WorldCat
  21. Forbes, Charles S. (August 1, 1905). "History of Vermont Newspapers". The Vermonter. St. Albans, VT: C. S. Forbes. p. 13.
  22. Vermont State Archives (June 12, 2006). "U.S. Representative, 1791-1800 (Two Districts)" (PDF). General Election Results. Montpelier, VT: Vermont Secretary of State. pp. 1–2.
  23. Clark, Suzanne M. (1998). New England in U.S. Government Publications, 1789-1849. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 478. ISBN   978-0-313-28128-0.
  24. 1 2 3 4 5 Miller 1963 , p. 208
  25. Martinez, J. Michael (2015). The Safety of the Kingdom: Government Responses to Subversive Threats. New York, NY: Carrel Books. p. 22. ISBN   978-1-63144-024-3.
  26. The Safety of the Kingdom: Government Responses to Subversive Threats.
  27. 1 2 3 "Representative Roger Griswold of Connecticut attacked Matthew Lyon of Vermont on the House Floor". Archived from the original on December 26, 2016. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
  28. Hakim 2003 , p. 45
  29. Committee on Standards of Official Conduct (2004). "Historical Summary of Conduct Cases in the House of Representatives, 1798-2004" (PDF). Washington, DC: U.S. House of Representatives. p. 2.
  30. McLaughlin 1900 , pp. 276–300
  31. Summary of Conduct Cases in the House of Representatives, 1798-2004.
  32. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 374
  33. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 331
  34. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 338
  35. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 199
  36. 1 2 3 4 Bowers 1925 , p. 386
  37. e. g. "Thou Shalt Not Bear False Witness Against Thy Neighbor". Vergennes Gazette. March 14, 1799.
  38. "The Sedition Act Trials – Historical Background and Documents". Federal Judicial Center.
  39. Miller 1951 , p. 107
  40. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 207
  41. 1 2 "Trial of Matthew Lyon for Sedition". Vergennes Gazette. October 11, 1798.
  42. 1 2 Miller 1951 , p. 108
  43. 1 2 Bowers 1925 , p. 387
  44. Bowers 1925 , p. 388
  45. Peters, Richard (1846). The Public Statutes At Large of the United States of America. Vol. VI. Boston, MA: Charles C. Little and James Brown. p. 802.
  46. U.S. Department of State (1835). Statistical View of the Population of the United States from 1790 to 1830. Washington, DC: Duff Green. p. 139.
  47. Henry, W. H. F. (1885). The Voice of the People; Or, the History of Political Issues in the United States. Indianapolis, IN: J. E. Sherill. p. 201.
  48. Statistical View of the Population of the United States from 1790 to 1830.
  49. Gordy, John Pancoast (1903). Political History of the United States. Vol. I. New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company. pp. 380–381.
  50. 1 2 3 Political History of the United States.
  51. 1 2 Collins 1877 , p. 491
  52. 1 2 3 Collins 1877 , p. 489
  53. Battle 1885 , p. 290
  54. 1 2 Zauzmer Weil, Julie; Blanco, Adrian; Dominguez, Leo (January 10, 2022). "More than 1,700 congressmen once enslaved Black people. This is who they were, and how they shaped the nation". The Washington Post . Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  55. McCallum, Kevin. "Database Reveals Vermont Congressman Was a Slave Owner". Seven Days.
  56. Hagan 1992 , p. 72
  57. Collins 1877 , p. 492
  58. Townsend, John Wilson (1913). Kentucky in American Letters, 1784-1912. Vol. I. Cedar rapids, IA: Torch Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN   9780722249413.
  59. Montagno 1954 , p. 347
  60. "The following gentlemen will compose the representation of the state of Kentucky in the 12th Congress". Raleigh Weekly Register. Raleigh, NC. September 20, 1810. p. 3.
  61. Marion, Nancy E.; Oliver, Willard (July 22, 2014). Killing Congress: Assassinations, Attempted Assassinations and Other Violence Against Members of Congress. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. p. 167. ISBN   978-0-7391-8360-1.
  62. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 472
  63. 1 2 3 4 5 United States Congress, House Committee on Elections 1834 , p. 372
  64. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 474
  65. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 475
  66. Austin 1981 , pp. 11–13
  67. Austin 1981 , pp. 31–32
  68. Pruden, William H. III (November 6, 2015). "Matthew Lyon (1749–1822)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Central Arkansas Library System.
  69. Lyon, James. "To Thomas Jefferson from James Lyon, 29 November 1800". Founders Online. national Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  70. Battle 1885 , p. 585
  71. McLaughlin 1900 , p. 428
  72. Gates 1906 , p. 44
  73. Milnes, Sherrill (1998). American Aria: From Farm Boy to Opera Star. Schirmer Books. p. xiv. ISBN   9780028647395.
  74. Sanders, Bernie (August 2, 2006). "Public Law 109–263, 109th Congress: An Act To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1 Marble Street in Fair Haven, Vermont, as the "Matthew Lyon Post Office Building"" (PDF). Gov Washington, DC: United States Congress.
  75. Daly, John; Goldman, Greg; Maurer, Neil (2019). "Spit'n Lyon". Spit'n Retrieved November 29, 2019.


Matthew Lyon
Matthew Lyon (Vermont Congressman) 2.jpg
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Kentucky's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1803 March 3, 1811
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Vermont's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by