Matthew Nicholas (1594–1661) was an English Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, London.
He was a younger brother of Sir Edward Nicholas, born on 26 September 1594. He was elected scholar of Winchester College in 1607. He matriculated as scholar of New College, Oxford, on 18 February 1614, graduated B.C.L. on 30 June 1620, and D.C.L. on 30 June 1627.
Winchester College is an independent boarding school for boys in the British public school tradition, situated in Winchester, Hampshire. It has existed in its present location for over 600 years. It is the oldest of the original seven English public schools defined by the Clarendon Commission and regulated by the Public Schools Act 1868.
New College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1379 by William of Wykeham, the full name of the college is St Mary's College of Winchester in Oxford. The name "New College", however, soon came to be used following its completion in 1386 to distinguish it from the older existing college of St. Mary, now known as Oriel College.
He became rector of Westden, Wiltshire, in 1621; of Boughton, Hampshire, in 1629; master of St. Nicholas hospital, Harnham, Salisbury, in 1630; prebendal rector of Wherwell, Hampshire, in 1637; vicar of Olveston, Gloucestershire, canon of Salisbury Cathedral and Dean of Bristol in 1639.
Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of 3,485 km2. It is landlocked and borders the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Hampshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and Berkshire. The county town was originally Wilton, after which the county is named, but Wiltshire Council is now based in the county town of Trowbridge.
Hampshire is a county on the southern coast of England. The county town is the city of Winchester. Its two largest cities, Southampton and Portsmouth, are administered separately as unitary authorities; the rest of the county is governed by Hampshire County Council.
Harnham is a suburb of the city of Salisbury in Wiltshire, England, centred about 0.6 miles (1 km) south of Salisbury Cathedral and across the River Avon. Harnham is split into the areas of West Harnham and East Harnham.
He was made canon of Westminster in 1642, but was deprived after the outbreak of the First English Civil War; and canon and dean of St. Paul's in 1660. He died on 15 August 1661, and was buried at Winterbourne Earls, Wiltshire.
The First English Civil War (1642–1646) began the series of three wars known as the English Civil War. "The English Civil War" was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations that took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651, and includes the Second English Civil War (1648–1649) and the Third English Civil War (1649–1651). The wars in England were part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, being fought contemporaneously with equivalents in Scotland and Ireland.
The Dean of St Paul's is a member of, and chairman of the Chapter of St Paul's Cathedral in London in the Church of England. The Dean of St Paul's is also Dean of the Order of the British Empire.
Winterbourne Earls is a village in Wiltshire, England. The village is in the Bourne valley on the A338 road, about 3.4 miles (5 km) northeast of Salisbury.
He married in February 1627 Elizabeth, daughter of William Fookes. He was survived by two daughters, and three sons (George, Edward and John) from the marriage;one of the daughters Elizabeth married William Calley, and then as a widow in 1672 married Thomas Willis.
Thomas Willis was an English doctor who played an important part in the history of anatomy, neurology and psychiatry. He was a founding member of the Royal Society.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.
Christopher Urswick was a priest and confessor of Margaret Beaufort. He was Rector of Puttenham, Hampshire, and later Dean of Windsor. Urswick is thought to have acted as a go-between in the plotting to place her son Henry VII of England on the throne.
Nicholas Bullingham was an English Bishop of Worcester.
George Morley was an English Anglican bishop, Bishop of Worcester and then of Winchester.
George Moberly was an English cleric who was headmaster of Winchester College, and then served as Bishop of Salisbury from 1869 until his death.
The Honourable Richard Bagot was an English bishop.
James Goldwell was a medieval Dean of Salisbury and Bishop of Norwich.
William Buller (1735–1796) was an English clergyman who served as Bishop of Exeter from 1792 to 1796.
New College, Durham was a university institution set up by Oliver Cromwell, to provide an alternative to the older University of Oxford and University of Cambridge. It also had the aim of bringing university education to Northern England.
William Bradbridge (1501–1578) was an English bishop of Exeter.
Sir Anthony Hungerford (1567–1627) of Black Bourton in Oxfordshire, Deputy Lieutenant of Wiltshire until 1624, was a religious controversialist.
Sir William Wray, 1st Baronet, of Glentworth, Lincolnshire was an English Member of Parliament.
Sir Anthony Cope, 1st Baronet of Hanwell in Oxfordshire, was an English Puritan Member of Parliament.
Thomas Mason (1580–1619?) was an English clergyman and writer.
The Convocation of 1563 was a significant gathering of English and Welsh clerics that consolidated the Elizabethan religious settlement, and brought the Thirty-Nine Articles close to their final form. It was, more accurately, the Convocation of 1562/3 of the province of Canterbury, beginning in January 1562.
Edward William Grinfield (1785–1864) was an English biblical scholar.
John James Watson (1767–1839) was an English clergyman who became prominent in the High Church group known now as the Hackney Phalanx. He became Archdeacon of St Albans in 1816.
Sir Edward Hungerford, was a soldier and courtier in the court of King Henry VIII of England who was present at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520.
Michael Honywood D.D. was an English churchman, Dean of Lincoln from 1660. Honywood was a bibliophile and he founded and funded the Lincoln Cathedral Library.
Hugh Moises was a noted English schoolmaster.
Samuel Webbe the younger (1768–1843) was an English music teacher and composer.