|Full name||Matthias Sindelar|
|Date of birth||10 February 1903|
|Place of birth||Kozlov, Austria-Hungary|
|Date of death||23 January 1939 35)(aged|
|Place of death||Vienna, Germany|
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|1918–1924||ASV Hertha Vienna|
|1924–1939||FK Austria Vienna||703||(600)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Matthias Sindelar (German: [maˈtiːas ˈʃɪndəlaːɐ̯] ; 10 February 1903 – 23 January 1939) was an Austrian footballer.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.
He played as a centre-forward for the celebrated Austria national team of the early 1930s known as the Wunderteam , which he captained at the 1934 World Cup. Known as "The Mozart of football" or Der Papierene ("The Paper Man")for his slight build, he was renowned as one of the finest pre-war footballers, known for his fantastic dribbling ability and creativity. He was voted the best Austrian footballer of the 20th Century in a 1999 poll by the International Federation of Football History and Statistics (IFFHS) and was named Austria's sportsman of the century a year before.
The Austria national football team is the football team that represents Austria in international competition and is controlled by the Austrian Football Association . Austria has qualified for seven FIFA World Cups, most recently in 1998. The country played in the UEFA European Championship for the first time in 2008, when it co-hosted the event with Switzerland, and most recently qualified in 2016.
Wunderteam was the name given to the Austria national football team of the 1930s. Led by manager Hugo Meisl, the team had an unbeaten streak of 14 games between April 1931 and December 1932. The style of the team was based on the Scottish school of football that focused on quick passing introduced by Englishman Jimmy Hogan. The forward line was complemented by wide half-backs and an attacking centre-half. Matthias Sindelar, Josef Bican, Anton Schall, Josef Smistik and Walter Nausch were the referents of the team that would dominate European football during that era. Matthias Sindelar, known as Der Papierene due to his slight build, was the star and captain of the team.
The team captain of an association football team, sometimes known as the skipper, is a team member chosen to be the on-pitch leader of the team: it is often one of the older/or more experienced members of the squad, or a player that can heavily influence a game or have good leadership qualities. The team captain is usually identified by the wearing of an armband.
Of Czech descent, Sindelar was born Matěj Šindelář (Czech: [ˈmacɛj ˈʃɪndɛlaːr̝̊] ) in Kozlov, Moravia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the son of Jan Šindelář, a blacksmith, and his wife Marie (née Švengrová). Despite occasional claims that Sindelar was of Jewish origin, the family was Catholic. They moved to Vienna in 1905 and settled in the district of Favoriten, which had a large Czech-speaking community. Young Matěj/Matthias began playing football in the streets of Vienna.
Kozlov is a village and municipality (obec) in Jihlava District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of Jihlava and 120 km (75 mi) south-east of Prague.
Moravia is a historical region in the Czech Republic and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia. The medieval and early modern Margraviate of Moravia was a crown land of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, an imperial state of the Holy Roman Empire, later a crown land of the Austrian Empire and briefly also one of 17 former crown lands of the Cisleithanian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867 to 1918. During the early 20th century, Moravia was one of the five lands of Czechoslovakia from 1918 to 1928; it was then merged with Czech Silesia, and eventually dissolved by abolition of the land system in 1949.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy, was a constitutional monarchy in Central and Eastern Europe between 1867 and 1918. It was formed when the Austrian Empire adopted a new constitution; as a result Austria (Cisleithania) and Hungary (Transleithania) were placed on equal footing. It dissolved into several new states at the end of the First World War.
At the age of 15, the Sindelar joined Hertha Vienna, playing there until 1924, when he was brought to FK Austria Vienna, whose name at the time was Wiener Amateur-SV, up to 1926. He helped the team win the Austrian Cup in 1925, 1926, 1933, 1935 and 1936, a league title in 1926, and the Mitropa Cup in 1933 and 1936.
The Mitropa Cup, officially called the La Coupe de l'Europe Centrale or Central European Cup, was one of the first international major European football cups for club sides. After World War II in 1951 a replacement tournament named Zentropa Cup was held, but just for one season, the Mitropa Cup name was revived, and again in 1958 the name of the tournament changed to Danube Cup but only for one season. The tournament was discontinued after 1992.
In 2001, Sindelar was chosen in Austria's Team of the Century.
Sindelar was arguably one of Europe's best and, in scope, most influential footballers of his generation, recognized for his ball control, passing and dribbling, and especially his creativity. Anecdote has it that some Viennese football fans went to Sindelar's games not only to see him play but to get a better understanding of how football should be played.
In 1938 he appeared as himself in the Austrian film Roxy and the Wonderteam .
Roxy and the Wonderteam is a 1938 Austrian musical sports film directed by Johann von Vásáry and starring Rosy Barsony, Fritz Imhoff and Hans Holt. It is based on an operetta called Roxy und ihr Wunderteam. A separate Hungarian-language version was also produced. The title is an allusion to the Wunderteam, the acclaimed Austria national football team of the 1930s and features an appearance by former captain Matthias Sindelar as himself.
From 1926 to 1937, Sindelar was capped 43 times for his country, scoring 26 goals.He scored four goals in his first three international matches, including one in his debut match, a 2-1 victory over Czechoslovakia on 28 September 1926. Sindelar became an essential part of the Austrian Wunderteam that was coached by Hugo Meisl, after a falling-out caused by his individualism. David Goldblatt described the events:
In sport, a cap is a metaphorical term for a player's appearance in a game at international level. The term dates from the practice in the United Kingdom of awarding a cap to every player in an international match of association football. In the early days of football, the concept of each team wearing a set of matching shirts had not been universally adopted, so each side would distinguish itself from the other by wearing a specific sort of cap.
The Czechoslovakia national football team was the national association football team of Czechoslovakia from 1920 to 1992. The team was controlled by the Czechoslovak Football Association, and the team qualified for eight World Cups and three European Championships. It had two runner-up finishes in World Cups, in 1934 and 1962, and won the European Championship in the 1976 tournament.
Hugo Meisl, brother of the journalist Willy Meisl, was the multi-lingual football coach of the famous Austrian 'Wunderteam' of the early 1930s, as well as a referee.
He made his international debut in 1926 and played well before falling out of favour with the disciplinarian Meisl. Four years in the international wilderness followed until Meisl was cornered by a gathering of the city's leading football commentators as he sat in the Ring Café in 1931. Everyone was arguing for Sindelar's recall and Meisl changed his mind. Sindelar played. Scotland were beaten and the Wunderteam - already disciplined, organized, hardworking and professional - acquired their playmaker and inspiration, that vital spark of unpredictability.
Sindelar and Austria were especially prominent at the 1934 World Cup. The high point was their defeat of Hungary in quarterfinals, when Sindelar was matched up against centre-half György Sárosi, who would go on to claim a runners-up medal at the following World Cup in France. In a bruising encounter, one Hungarian was sent-off, and Johann Horvath, the Austrian midfielder, was injured and missed the semi-final against Italy. Austria then suffered a controversial defeat to the host nation, with Sindelar affected by the harsh marking of Luis Monti.
On 3 April 1938, the Austrian team played Germany in the Prater Stadium in Vienna its last match as an independent Austrian team, as some weeks earlier, Germany had annexed Austria (Anschluss) and the Nazis ordered the dissolution of the Austrian team into a common team with Germany, even though it had qualified for the 1938 FIFA World Cup.
The match (German: "Anschlussspiel") was dubbed as a game for celebrating the Anschluss and Austria's "coming home to the Reich". The Austrians played on the wish of Sindelar in red-white-red kits (the national flag's colours) instead of their traditional white and black. Austria missed out many sitters in a way that looked deliberate. However, in the last 20 minutes, Sindelar and teammate Karl Sesta both scored as the game finished 2–0. [ by whom? ] to have celebrated extravagantly in front of senior Nazi dignitaries.Sindelar is reported
The following is a list of Sindelar's international appearances and goals with the Austria national football team.
|Cap #||Date||Location||Type of|
|1||28 Sep 1926||Prague||Friendly||2–1||90||1|
|2||10 Oct 1926||Vienna||Friendly||7–1||90||2|
|3||7 Nov 1926||Vienna||Friendly||3–1||90||1|
|4||20 Mar 1927||Vienna||Friendly||1–2||90||0|
|5||10 Apr 1927||Vienna||Friendly||6–0||48||0|
|6||6 May 1928||Vienna||Friendly||3–0||90||0|
|7||28 Oct 1928||Vienna||Dr. Gerö Cup||2–0||90||0|
|8||23 Mar 1930||Prague||Friendly||2–2||90||0|
|9||16 May 1931||Vienna||Friendly||5–0||90||1|
|10||24 May 1931||Berlin||Friendly||6–0||90||0|
|11||14 Sep 1931||Vienna||Friendly||5-0||90||3|
|12||4 Oct 1931||Budapest||Dr. Gerö Cup||2–2||90||0|
|13||29 Nov 1931||Basel||Dr. Gerö Cup||8–1||90||1|
|14||20 Mar 1932||Vienna||Dr. Gerö Cup||2–1||90||2|
|15||24 Apr 1932||Vienna||Friendly||8–2||90||3|
|16||22 May 1932||Prague||Dr. Gerö Cup||1–1||90||1|
|17||17 Jul 1932||Stockholm||Friendly||4–3||90||1|
|18||2 Oct 1932||Budapest||Friendly||3–2||90||0|
|19||23 Oct 1932||Vienna||Dr.GeröCup||3–1||90||0|
|20||7 Dec 1932||London||Friendly||3–4||90||1|
|21||12 Feb 1933||Paris||Friendly||4–0||90||1|
|22.||9 April 1933||Vienna||Friendly||1–2||90||0|
|23||30 Apr 1933||Budapest||Friendly||1–1||90||0|
|24||11 Jun 1933||Vienna||Friendly||4–1||90||1|
|25||17 Sep 1933||Prague||Friendly||3–3||90||2|
|26||1 Oct 1933||Vienna||Friendly||2–2||90||0|
|27||29 Nov 1933||Glasgow||Friendly||2–2||90||0|
|28||10 Dec 1933||Amsterdam||Friendly||1–0||90||0|
|29||15 Apr 1934||Vienna||Friendly||5–2||90||0|
|30||25 Apr 1934||Vienna||World Cup qualification||6–1||90||1|
|31||27 May 1934||Turin||World Cup||3–2||120||1|
|32||31 May 1934||Bologna||World Cup||2–1||90||0|
|33||3 Jun 1934||Milan||World Cup||0–1||90||0|
|34||23 Sep 1934||Vienna||Dr. Gerö Cup||2–2||90||0|
|35||7 Oct, 1934||Budapest||Dr.Gerö Cup||1–3||90||0|
|36||24 Mar 1935||Vienna||Dr. Gerö Cup||0–2||90||0|
|37||6 May 1936||Vienna||Friendly||2–1||90||0|
|38||17 May 1936||Rome||Friendly||2–2||90||0|
|39||27 Sep 1936||Budapest||Dr. Gerö Cup||3–5||90||2|
|40||21 Mar 1937||Vienna||Dr. Gerö Cup||2–0||73||0|
|41||9 May 1937||Vienna||Friendly||1–1||90||0|
|42||23 May 1937||Budapest||Friendly||2–2||90||0|
|43||19 Sep 1937||Vienna||Dr. Gerö Cup||4–3||90||1|
|==||3 Apr 1938||Vienna||Friendly||2–0||90||1|
In the 43 matches that Sindelar played, Austria had a total record of 25 victories, 11 draws, and 7 losses.
Always refusing to leave his home country, Sindelar refused to play for Germany after Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938 (Anschluss), citing old age (by then 35 years) or injury as his excuse.
On 23 January 1939 both Sindelar and his girlfriend Camilla Castagnola were found dead at the apartment they shared in Vienna; the official verdict cited carbon monoxide poisoning as the cause.
Austrian writer Friedrich Torberg later dedicated the poem "Auf den Tod eines Fußballspielers" ("On the death of a footballer") to Sindelar. The poem suggested that he had committed suicide as a result of the German Anschluss of Austria in 1938. On the other hand, it has been thought and reported that his death was accidental, caused by a defective chimney.However, in a 2000s documentary screened on the BBC, Egon Ulbrich, a lifelong friend of Sindelar, stated that a local official was bribed to record his death as an accident, which ensured that he would receive a state funeral. "According to the Nazi rules, a person who had been murdered or who has committed suicide cannot be given a grave of honour. So we had to do something to ensure that the criminal element involved in his death was removed," he stated. It has also been suggested that Sindelar was killed for his opposition for the Anschluss. The Nazi secret police force, the notorious Gestapo, had a file on him and had kept his café under surveillance.
Sindelar was ranked as Austria's best footballer of the twentieth century by the IFFHS, also ranking as the world's 22nd best. His career titles include:
The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the third staging of the World Cup, and was held in France from 4 to 19 June 1938. Italy retained the championship by beating Hungary 4–2 in the final. Italy's 1934 and 1938 teams became the only ones to have won two World Cups under the same coach, Vittorio Pozzo.
Fußballklub Austria Wien, is an Austrian association football club from the capital city of Vienna. It has won the most national titles of any Austrian club from the top flight. It has won 24 Austrian Bundesliga titles and is one of only two sides that have never been relegated from the Austrian top flight. With 27 victories in the Austrian Cup and six in the Austrian Supercup, Austria Wien is also the most successful club in each of those tournaments. The club reached the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final in 1978, and the semi-finals of the European Cup the season after. The club plays at the Franz Horr Stadium, known as the Generali Arena since a 2010 naming rights deal with an Italian insurance company.
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There have been suggestions that Sindelar and/or Castignola were Jewish. It is true that Sindelar played for Austria Vienna, the club of the Jewish bourgeoisie, and came from Moravia, from where several Jews had migrated to Vienna, but his family was Catholic.
Despite reports to the contrary, neither Sindelar nor the woman he would soon begin a fatal affair with were of Jewish heritage.