Maud, Countess of Leicester

Last updated

Maud of Lancaster (4 April 1340 10 April 1362), also known as Matilda, Countess of Hainault, was a 14th-century English noblewoman who married into the Bavarian ducal family.


The eldest daughter of Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Earl of Leicester, and his wife Isabel de Beaumont, she was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lindsey.


She was married firstly to Ralph Stafford, whilst still a child. Following his death, she married secondly, in 1352, to William I, Duke of Bavaria, a member of the Wittelsbach Bavarian royal family.


The Duchy of Lancaster (First Creation) became extinct upon her father's death in 1361, however Maud became co-heiress, with her sister Blanche of Lancaster, to her father's estates and remaining titles. The title Earl of Leicester passed to her second husband who was confined due to insanity from 1358 until death in 1389, whilst the Earldom of Lancaster passed to her younger sister's husband, John of Gaunt. Maud died a year later without surviving issue (her only child, a daughter by William V, having died in 1356), so the remainder of her father's inheritance passed to Blanche and John of Gaunt upon her death. That inheritance provided the political and financial foundation of the House of Lancaster, with the Lancastrian King Henry IV of England being Maud's nephew.


Related Research Articles

Margaret Holland, Duchess of Clarence

Margaret Holland was a medieval English noblewoman. She was a daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, who was the son of Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent". Margaret's mother was Alice FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

Philippa of Lancaster Queen consort of Portugal

Philippa of Lancaster was Queen of Portugal from 1387 until 1415 by marriage to King John I. Born into the royal family of England, her marriage secured the Treaty of Windsor and produced several children who became known as the "Illustrious Generation" in Portugal.

Blanche of Lancaster 14th-century English noblewoman

Blanche of Lancaster was a member of the English royal House of Plantagenet and the daughter of the kingdom's wealthiest and most powerful peer, Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster. She was the first wife of John of Gaunt, the mother of King Henry IV, and the grandmother of King Henry V of England.

Henrietta Stanley, 4th Baroness Strange

Henrietta Maria Stanley, 4th Baroness Strange was an English peer.

Cynthia Spencer, Countess Spencer British countess (1897–1972)

Cynthia Ellinor Beatrix Spencer, Countess Spencer was a British peeress and the paternal grandmother of Diana, Princess of Wales.

Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu, was an English nobleman, the only holder of the title Baron Montagu under its 1514 creation, and one of the relatives whom King Henry VIII of England had executed for treason.

Assheton baronets

There have been three baronetcies created for members of the Assheton family, two in the Baronetage of England and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. Two of the creations are extinct while one is extant.

Philippa of England 15th-century English princess and queen of Norway, Sweden and Denmark

Philippa of England, also known as Philippa of Lancaster, was Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden from 1406 to 1430 by marriage to King Eric of the Kalmar Union. She was the daughter of King Henry IV of England by his first spouse Mary de Bohun and the younger sister of King Henry V. Queen Philippa participated significantly in state affairs during the reign of her spouse, and served as regent of Denmark from 1423 to 1425.

Margaret of England was a royal princess born in Windsor, the daughter of King Edward III of England and his consort, Philippa of Hainault. Margaret would be the last princess born to a reigning English monarch for over a century, until the birth of Elizabeth of York in 1466. She was also known as Margaret of Windsor.

Thomas Burgh, 1st Baron Burgh Of Gainsborough in the County of Lincoln

Thomas Burgh, 1st Baron Burgh also spelt Borough, KG, 1st Baron Borough of Gainsborough, also de jure 5th Baron Strabolgi and 7th Baron Cobham of Sterborough, was an English peer. In 1513 he was knighted on Flodden Field, where he was one of the King's Spears, a bodyguard of King Henry VIII. He later became Lord Chamberlain to Anne Boleyn. He was also one of the twenty-six Peers summoned to the trial of Anne Boleyn in May 1536.

Margaret de Audley,suo jure2nd Baroness Audley and Countess of Stafford was an English noblewoman. She was the only daughter of Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester, by his wife Lady Margaret de Clare. Her mother was the daughter of Joan of Acre, Princess of England; thus making Margaret a great-granddaughter of King Edward I by his first consort, Eleanor of Castile. As the only daughter and heiress of her father, she succeeded to the title of 2nd Baroness Audley [E., 1317] on 10 November 1347.

John Erskine, 5th Lord Erskine was a Scottish nobleman. His family was claimant to the earldom of Mar; this was recognized in 1565 for his son, John. Following a dynastic dispute in the 19th century, John Lord Erskine was acknowledged, retrospectively, as the 17th Earl. On 3 August 1522, Erskine was appointed keeper of the ten-year-old King James V of Scotland and Stirling Castle. He had strict instructions from Margaret Tudor to hold the castle keys and set a password every night for the King's guards. The instructions were given again by act of the Parliament of Scotland in 1523.

Louisa Hamilton, Duchess of Abercorn

Louisa Jane Hamilton, Duchess of Abercorn, VA was a member of the British aristocracy. She was the sister of Prime Minister John Russell, 1st Earl Russell.

David Ogilvy, 11th Earl of Airlie

Lieutenant Colonel David Stanley William Ogilvy, 11th and 6th Earl of Airlie was a Scottish peer.

Henry Colley (1648–1700) was an Irish Member of Parliament.

Alice Neville, Baroness FitzHugh was the wife of Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron FitzHugh. She is best known for being the great-grandmother of Queen consort Catherine Parr and her siblings, Anne and William, as well as one of the sisters of Warwick the 'Kingmaker'. Her family was one of the oldest and most powerful families of the North. They had a long-standing tradition of military service and a reputation for seeking power at the cost of the loyalty to the crown as was demonstrated by her brother, the Earl of Warwick.

Elizabeth Townshend, Viscountess Sydney was the wife of Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney.

Elizabeth Brudenell, Countess of Cardigan, formerly Lady Elizabeth Waldegrave, was the second wife of James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan.

Anne Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton Third wife of James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton

Anne Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton formerly Anne Spencer, was the third wife of James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton.

Mary Campbell, Countess of Argyll, formerly Lady Mary Stuart, was the wife of Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll.



  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Weir, Alison (1999). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy. London: The Bodley Head. pp. 74–76.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Mosley, Charles, ed. (1999). Burke's Peerage and Baronetage. 1 (106th ed.). Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. pp. 227–228.
  3. 1 2 Burke, John (1831). A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance. England. H. Colburn & R. Bentley. p.  118 . Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  4. 1 2 Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage. 1 (107th ed.). Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. p. 1385.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Cokayne, G.E.; Gibbs, Vicary; Doubleday, H.A.; White, Geoffrey H.; Warrand, Duncan; de Walden, Lord Howard, eds. (2000). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. II (new ed.). Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing. pp. 59–60.
  6. 1 2 Angot, A. (1914). "Les vicomtes du Maine". Bulletin de la Commission historique et archéologique de la Mayenne (in French) (30): 19 via Archives départementales de la Mayenne.
  7. Purey-Cust, Arthur Perceval (1896). The Heraldry of York Minster. 2. R. Jackson. p. 54.


Preceded by
Ingeborg of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duchess of Bavaria
Succeeded by
Margaret of Brieg