|Born||13 September 1924|
|Died||28 March 2009 84) (aged|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Maurice-Alexis Jarre (French: [ʒaʁ] ; 13 September 1924 – 28 March 2009) was a French composer and conductor. Although he composed several concert works, Jarre is best known for his film scores, particularly for his collaborations with film director David Lean. Jarre composed the scores to all of Lean's films from Lawrence of Arabia (1962) on. Notable scores for other directors include The Train (1964), Mohammad, Messenger of God (1976), Lion of the Desert (1981), Witness (1985), Fatal Attraction (1987) and Ghost (1990).
Jarre was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.Three of his compositions spent a total of 42 weeks on the UK singles chart; the biggest hit was "Somewhere My Love" (to his tune "Lara's Theme", with lyrics by Paul Francis Webster) performed by the Mike Sammes Singers, which reached Number 14 in 1966 and spent 38 weeks on the chart.
Jarre was nominated for nine Academy Awards, winning three in the Best Original Score category for Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965), and A Passage to India (1984), all of which were directed by David Lean. He also won four Golden Globes, two BAFTA Awards, and a Grammy Award.
Jarre was born in Lyon, France, in 1924, the son of Gabrielle Renée ( née Boullu) and André Jarre, a radio technical director.He first enrolled in the engineering school at the Sorbonne, but decided to pursue music courses instead. He left the Sorbonne against his father's will and enrolled at the Conservatoire de Paris to study composition and harmony and chose percussion as his major instrument. He became director of the Théâtre National Populaire and recorded his first film score in France in 1951.
In 1961, Jarre's music career experienced a major change when British film producer Sam Spiegel asked him to write the score for the 1962 epic Lawrence of Arabia , directed by David Lean.The acclaimed score won Jarre his first Academy Award and he would go on to compose the scores to all of Lean's subsequent films. He followed with The Train (1964) and Grand Prix (1966), both for director John Frankenheimer, and in between had another great success in David Lean's Doctor Zhivago , which included the lyricless tune "Lara's Theme" (later the tune for the song "Somewhere My Love"), and which earned him his second Oscar. He worked with Alfred Hitchcock on Topaz (1969): although Hitchcock's experiences with the film were unhappy, he was satisfied with Jarre's score, telling him, "I have not given you a great film, but you have given me a great score." His score for David Lean's Ryan's Daughter (1970), set in Ireland, completely eschews traditional Irish music styles, according to Lean's preferences. The song "It Was a Good Time," from Ryan's Daughter went on to be recorded by musical stars such as Liza Minnelli who used it in her critically acclaimed television special Liza with a Z as well as by others during the 1970s. He contributed the music for Luchino Visconti's The Damned (1969), and John Huston's The Man Who Would Be King (1975).
He was again nominated for an Academy Award for scoring The Message in 1976, for the director and producer Moustapha Akkad. He followed with Witness (1985) and Dead Poets Society (1989), for which he won a British Academy Award.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Jarre turned his hand to science fiction, with scores for The Island at the Top of the World (1974), Dreamscape (1984), Enemy Mine (1985), and Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985). The latter is written for full orchestra, augmented by a chorus, four grand pianos, a pipe organ, digeridoo, fujara, a battery of exotic percussion, and three ondes Martenot, which feature in several of Jarre's other scores, including Lawrence of Arabia , Jesus of Nazareth , The Bride and Prancer . The balalaika features prominently in Jarre's score for Doctor Zhivago.
In 1990, Jarre was again nominated for an Academy Award scoring the supernatural love story/thriller Ghost . His music for the final scene of the film is based on "Unchained Melody" composed by fellow film composer Alex North. ... we all have been enriched by his legacy."Other films for which he provided the music include A Walk in the Clouds (1995), for which he wrote the score and all of the songs, including the romantic "Mariachi Serenade". Also to his credit is the passionate love theme from Fatal Attraction (1987), and the moody electronic soundscapes of After Dark, My Sweet (1990). He was well respected by other composers including John Williams, who stated, on Jarre's death, "(He) is to be well remembered for his lasting contribution to film music
Jarre's television work includes the theme for the short-lived 1967 Western series on CBS, Cimarron Strip, his score for the miniseries Jesus of Nazareth (1977), directed by Franco Zeffirelli, Shōgun (1980), and the theme for PBS's Great Performances .
Jarre scored his last project in 2001, a television mini-series about the Holocaust titled Uprising .
He was "one of the giants of 20th-century film music" ... but also experimenting with electronic sounds later in his career".who was "among the most sought-after composers in the movie industry" and "a creator of both subtle underscoring and grand, sweeping themes, not only writing for conventional orchestras
Jarre wrote mainly for orchestras, but began to favour synthesized music in the 1980s. Jarre pointed out that his electronic score for Witness was actually more laborious, time-consuming and expensive to produce than an orchestral score. Jarre's electronic scores from the 1980s also include Fatal Attraction , The Year of Living Dangerously , Firefox and No Way Out . A number of his scores from that era also feature electronic / acoustic blends, such as Gorillas in the Mist , Dead Poets Society , The Mosquito Coast and Jacob's Ladder .
Jarre was married four times, the first three marriages ending in divorce. In the 1940s, his marriage to Francette Pejot, a French Resistance member and concentration camp survivor, produced a son, Jean-Michel Jarre, a French composer, performer, and music producer who is one of the pioneers in electronic music. When Jean-Michel was five years old, Maurice split up with his wife and moved to the United States, leaving Jean-Michel with his mother in France.
In 1965, Jarre married French actress Dany Saval; together they had a daughter, Stephanie Jarre. He next married American actress Laura Devon (1967–1984), resulting in his adopting her son, Kevin Jarre, a screenwriter, with credits on such films as Tombstone and Glory (1989). From 1984 to his death, he was married to Fong F. Khong.
Maurice Jarre died on 28 March 2009 in Los Angeles after a battle with cancer.
Jarre received three Academy Awards and received a total of nine nominations, eight for Best Original Score and one for Best Original Song. He also won four Golden Globes and was nominated for ten.
The American Film Institute ranked Jarre's score for Lawrence of Arabia #3 on their list of the greatest film scores. His scores for the following films were also nominated for the list:
Numerous additional awards include ASCAP's Lifetime Achievement Award in 1993.
|1957||Burning Fuse||Henri Decoin||Composed with Louis Gasté & Philippe Gérard|
|1958||Head Against the Wall||Georges Franju|
|1959||Les Dragueurs||Jean-Pierre Mocky|
|Beast at Bay||Pierre Chenal|
|Stars at Noon|| Jacques Ertaud |
|Vous n'avez rien à déclarer?||Clément Duhour|
|Eyes Without a Face||Georges Franju|
|1960||La main chaude||Gérard Oury|
|Lovers on a Tightrope||Jean-Charles Dudrumet|
|Crack in the Mirror||Richard Fleischer|
|Recourse in Grace||László Benedek|
|1961||The President||Henri Verneuil|
|Spotlight on a Murderer||Georges Franju|
|The Big Gamble||Richard Fleischer|
|Three Faces of Sin||François Villiers|
|Famous Love Affairs||Michel Boisrond|
|1962||Les oliviers de la justice||James Blue|
|Sun in Your Eyes||Jacques Bourdon|
|Thérèse Desqueyroux||Georges Franju|
|The Longest Day|| Ken Annakin |
|Sundays and Cybele||Serge Bourguignon||Nominated- Academy Award for Best Original Score|
|L'oiseau de paradis||Marcel Camus|
|Lawrence of Arabia||David Lean|| Academy Award for Best Original Score |
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score
Nominated- Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media
|To Die in Madrid||Frédéric Rossif|
|1963||A King Without Distraction||François Leterrier|
|1964||Mort, où est ta victoire?||Hervé Bromberger|
|Behold a Pale Horse||Fred Zinnemann|
|The Train||John Frankenheimer|
|Weekend at Dunkirk||Henri Verneuil|
|1965||The Collector||William Wyler|
|Doctor Zhivago||David Lean|| Academy Award for Best Original Score |
Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score
Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media
|1966||The Professionals||Richard Brooks|
|Is Paris Burning?||René Clément||Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score|
|Grand Prix||John Frankenheimer|
|1967||The Night of the Generals||Anatole Litvak|
|The 25th Hour||Henri Verneuil||Composed with Georges Delerue|
|1968||Villa Rides||Buzz Kulik|
|5 Card Stud||Henry Hathaway|
|The Fixer||John Frankenheimer|
|1969||The Extraordinary Seaman||John Frankenheimer|
|The Damned||Luchino Visconti|
|1970||The Only Game in Town||George Stevens|
|El Condor||John Guillermin|
|Ryan's Daughter||David Lean||Nominated- Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media|
|1971||Plaza Suite||Arthur Hiller|
|Red Sun||Terence Young|
|A Season in Hell||Nelo Risi|
|1972||Pope Joan||Michael Anderson|
|The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean||John Huston||Nominated- Academy Award for Best Original Song ("Marmalade, Molasses & Honey")|
|The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds||Paul Newman|
|1973||Ash Wednesday||Larry Peerce|
|The Mackintosh Man||John Huston|
|1974||Great Expectations||Joseph Hardy|
|The Island at the Top of the World||Robert Stevenson|
|1975||Mandingo||Richard Fleischer||Composed with Muddy Waters|
|The Silence||Joseph Hardy|
|The Man Who Would Be King||John Huston||Nominated- Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score|
|Mr. Sycamore||Pancho Kohner|
|1976||Shout at the Devil||Peter R. Hunt|
|The Last Tycoon||Elia Kazan|
|The Message||Moustapha Akkad||Nominated- Academy Award for Best Original Score|
|1977||Jesus of Nazareth||Franco Zeffirelli|
|The Prince and the Pauper||Richard Lester|
|March or Die||Dick Richards|
|1978||Like a Turtle on Its Back||Luc Béraud|
|Two Solitudes||Lionel Chetwynd|
|The Users||Joseph Hardy|
|Mourning Becomes Electra||Nick Havinga|
|Ishi: The Last of His Tribe||Robert Ellis Miller|
|1979||The Tin Drum||Volker Schlöndorff|
|Winter Kills||William Richert|
|The Magician of Lublin||Menahem Golan|
|1980||The American Success Company||William Richert|
|The Black Marble||Harold Becker|
|The Last Flight of Noah's Ark||Charles Jarrott|
|Resurrection||Daniel Petrie||Nominated- Saturn Award for Best Music|
|Enola Gay||David Lowell Rich|
|1981||Lion of the Desert||Moustapha Akkad|
|Chu Chu and the Philly Flash||David Lowell Rich||Composed with Pete Rugolo|
|Circle of Deceit||Volker Schlöndorff|
|1982||Don't Cry, It's Only Thunder||Peter Werner|
|Coming Out of the Ice||Waris Hussein|
|Young Doctors in Love||Garry Marshall|
|The Year of Living Dangerously||Peter Weir||Nominated- AACTA Award for Best Original Music Score|
|1983||For Those I Loved||Robert Enrico||Sept d'Or for Best Music|
|1984||Samson and Delilah||Lee Philips|
|Top Secret!|| Jim Abrahams |
|A Passage to India||David Lean|| Academy Award for Best Original Score |
Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score
Nominated- Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media
|1985||Witness||Peter Weir||Nominated- Academy Award for Best Original Score |
Nominated- Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score
Nominated- Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media
|Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome|| George Miller |
|Themes by Brian May|
|The Bride||Franc Roddam||Nominated- Saturn Award for Best Music|
|Enemy Mine||Wolfgang Petersen|
|The Mosquito Coast||Peter Weir||Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score|
|1987||Tokyo Blackout||Toshio Masuda|
|No Way Out||Roger Donaldson|
|Julia and Julia||Peter Del Monte|
|Gaby: A True Story||Luis Mandoki|
|Fatal Attraction||Adrian Lyne||Nominated- Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media|
|The Murder of Mary Phagan||William Hale|
|Distant Thunder||Rick Rosenthal|
|Moon over Parador||Paul Mazursky|
|Gorillas in the Mist||Michael Apted|| Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score |
Nominated - Academy Award for Best Original Score
|Le palanquin des larmes||Jacques Dorfmann|
|Cocktail||Roger Donaldson||Rejected score|
Replaced by J. Peter Robinson
|1989||Chances Are||Emile Ardolino|
|Dead Poets Society||Peter Weir||BAFTA Award for Best Film Music|
|Prancer||John D. Hancock|
|Enemies, A Love Story||Paul Mazursky|
|1990||Solar Crisis||Richard C. Sarafian|
|Ghost||Jerry Zucker||Nominated- Academy Award for Best Original Score |
Nominated- Saturn Award for Best Music
|Jacob's Ladder||Adrian Lyne|
|Almost an Angel||John Cornell|
|1991||Only the Lonely||Chris Columbus|
|Fires Within||Gillian Armstrong|
|1992||The Setting Sun||Rou Tomono|
|School Ties||Robert Mandel|
|Shadow of the Wolf||Jacques Dorfmann|
|1993||Mr. Jones||Mike Figgis|
|1994||The River Wild||Curtis Hanson||Rejected score|
Replaced by Jerry Goldsmith
|1995||A Walk in the Clouds||Alfonso Arau||Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score|
|1996||The Sunchaser||Michael Cimino|
|White Squall||Ridley Scott||Rejected score|
Replaced by Jeff Rona & Hans Zimmer
|1997||Day and Night||Bernard-Henri Lévy|
|1999||Sunshine||István Szabó||Nominated- Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score |
Nominated- Genie Award for Best Music Score
|2000||I Dreamed of Africa||Hugh Hudson|
Trevor Alfred Charles Jones is a South African composer of film and television scores. Having spent much of his career in the United Kingdom, Jones has worked on numerous well-known and acclaimed films including Excalibur, Runaway Train, The Dark Crystal, Labyrinth, Mississippi Burning, The Last of the Mohicans, and In the Name of the Father; collaborating with filmmakers like John Boorman, Andrei Konchalovsky, Jim Henson, and Michael Mann. Although not especially well known outside the film world, he has composed for numerous films and his music has been critically acclaimed for both its depth and emotion, and he has been nominated for two Golden Globe Awards and three BAFTA Awards for Best Film Music.
Lawrence of Arabia is a 1962 British epic historical drama film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence. It was directed by David Lean and produced by Sam Spiegel, through his British company Horizon Pictures, and distributed by Columbia Pictures. The film stars Peter O'Toole as Lawrence with Alec Guinness playing Prince Faisal. The film also stars Jack Hawkins, Anthony Quinn, Omar Sharif, Anthony Quayle, Claude Rains, and Arthur Kennedy. The screenplay was written by Robert Bolt and Michael Wilson.
Jean-Michel André Jarre is a French composer, performer and record producer. He is a pioneer in the electronic, ambient and new-age genres, and is known for organising outdoor spectacles featuring his music, vast laser displays, large projections and fireworks.
Sir David Lean was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor. Widely considered one of the most influential directors of all time, Lean directed the large-scale epics The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965), and A Passage to India (1984). He also directed two adaptations of Charles Dickens novels, Great Expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948), as well as the romantic drama Brief Encounter (1945).
The Academy Award for Best Original Score is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. Some pre-existing music is allowed, though, but a contending film must include a minimum of original music. This minimum since 2020 is established in 60% of the music, which is raised to 80% for sequels and franchise films. Fifteen scores are shortlisted before nominations are announced.
Doctor Zhivago is a 1965 epic romantic drama film directed by David Lean with a screenplay by Robert Bolt. It is set in Russia between the years before World War I and the Russian Civil War of 1918–1922, and is based on the 1957 Boris Pasternak novel Doctor Zhivago. While immensely popular in the West, the book was banned in the Soviet Union for decades. For this reason, the film could not be made in the Soviet Union and was instead filmed mostly in Spain.
Michel Jean Legrand was a French musical composer, arranger, conductor, and jazz pianist. Legrand was a prolific composer, having written over 200 film and television scores, in addition to many songs. His scores for the films of French New Wave director Jacques Demy, The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964) and The Young Girls of Rochefort (1967), earned Legrand his first Academy Award nominations. Legrand won his first Oscar for the song "The Windmills of Your Mind" from The Thomas Crown Affair (1968).
Omar Sharif was an Egyptian film and television actor. He began his career in his native country in the 1950s, but is best known for his appearances in British, American, French, and Italian productions. His films include Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965), and Funny Girl (1968). He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Lawrence of Arabia. He won three Golden Globe Awards and a César Award.
Jerrald King Goldsmith was an American composer and conductor, most known for his work in film and television scoring. He composed scores for five films in the Star Trek franchise and three in the Rambo franchise, as well as for Logan's Run, Planet of the Apes, Patton, Chinatown, Poltergeist, Gremlins, Hoosiers, Total Recall, Air Force One, L.A. Confidential, Mulan, and The Mummy. In May 1997, with the release of The Lost World: Jurassic Park, he gained more popularity with his fanfare of the 1997 Universal Pictures opening logo.
Ludovico Maria Enrico Einaudi OMRI is an Italian pianist and composer. Trained at the Conservatorio Verdi in Milan, Einaudi began his career as a classical composer, later incorporating other styles and genres such as pop, rock, folk, and world music.
Jarre may refer to:
A Passage to India is a 1984 epic historical drama film written, directed and edited by David Lean. The screenplay is based on the 1960 play of the same name by Santha Rama Rau, which was in turn based on the 1924 novel of the same name by E.M. Forster.
Norman Gimbel was an American lyricist of popular songs, television and movie themes. He wrote the lyrics for songs including "Killing Me Softly with His Song", "Ready to Take a Chance Again" and "Canadian Sunset". He also wrote English-language lyrics for many international hits, including "Sway", "Summer Samba", "The Girl from Ipanema", "How Insensitive", "Drinking-Water", "Meditation", "I Will Wait for You" and "Watch What Happens". Of the movie themes he co-wrote, five were nominated for Academy Awards and/or Golden Globe Awards, including "It Goes Like It Goes", from the film Norma Rae, which won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for 1979. Gimbel was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1984.
The Voice of the Guns (1917) is a British military march composed by Kenneth Alford during World War I. It was written as a tribute to British artillerymen serving in the war, hence its name, though later became widely adopted by the entire British army.
Alexandre Michel Gérard Desplat is a French film composer. He has won two Academy Awards, for his musical scores to the films The Grand Budapest Hotel and The Shape of Water, and has received nine additional Academy Award nominations, ten César nominations, ten BAFTA nominations, eleven Golden Globe Award nominations, and ten Grammy nominations.
"Lara's Theme" is the name given to a leitmotif written for the film Doctor Zhivago (1965) by composer Maurice Jarre. Soon afterward, the leitmotif became the basis of the song "Somewhere, My Love".
Larry Alderman Johnson was an American film and music producer, director, and editor best known for his long association with musician Neil Young.
Jazz Impressions of Lawrence of Arabia is an album led by vibraphonist and composer Walt Dickerson featuring theme music from the film Lawrence of Arabia (1962) which was recorded in 1963 and first released on the Dauntless label. It was later released on the Audio Fidelity label under the title, Vibes in Motion.
Phyllis Dalton, MBE, is a British costume designer known for her work on Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago, Oliver!, The Princess Bride, Henry V and Much Ado About Nothing. She has received two Academy Awards, a BAFTA and an Emmy for her designs.
Norman Savage (1930–1973) was an English film editor. He is credited as the principal editor on seven feature films, and as the sound editor on another four. He worked with the director David Lean on four films that spanned Savage's entire career. Lean has been noted as possibly "the best British film director ever", and was himself a masterful editor. Savage started his career as an assistant editor on Lean's Hobson's Choice (1954). Savage was Anne V. Coates' first assistant editor for Lean's Lawrence of Arabia (1962). He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Film Editing for Lean's 1965 film Doctor Zhivago, and was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Editing for Lean's 1970 film Ryan's Daughter. Savage died of leukemia while editing the film Lady Caroline Lamb (1972). That film is the only one directed by Robert Bolt, a playwright and screenwriter who had worked on several films directed by Lean.
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