Mauritshuis

Last updated
Mauritshuis
Mauritshuis museum logo.png
2010-05-22-den-haag-by-RalfR-48.jpg
Mauritshuis in 2005
2010-NL-P08-Zuid-Holland-positiekaart-gemnamen.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location in South Holland in the Netherlands
Established1822 [1]
Location Plein 29 [2]
The Hague, Netherlands
Coordinates 52°04′50″N4°18′52″E / 52.080556°N 4.314444°E / 52.080556; 4.314444 Coordinates: 52°04′50″N4°18′52″E / 52.080556°N 4.314444°E / 52.080556; 4.314444
Type Art museum
Collection size854 objects [3]
Visitors416.334 (2018) [4]
DirectorEmilie E. S. Gordenker [5]
PresidentLokke Moerel [5]
CuratorQuentin Buvelot [4]
OwnerState of the Netherlands
Website www.mauritshuis.nl

The Mauritshuis (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmʌurɪtsɦœys] ; English: Maurice House) is an art museum in The Hague, Netherlands. The museum houses the Royal Cabinet of Paintings which consists of 854 objects, mostly Dutch Golden Age paintings. The collections contains works by Johannes Vermeer, Rembrandt van Rijn, Jan Steen, Paulus Potter, Frans Hals, Jacob van Ruisdael, Hans Holbein the Younger, and others. Originally, the 17th century building was the residence of count John Maurice of Nassau. It is now the property of the government of the Netherlands and is listed in the top 100 Dutch heritage sites.

Art museum Building or space for the exhibition of art

An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the display of art, usually from the museum's own collection. It might be in public or private ownership and may be accessible to all or have restrictions in place. Although primarily concerned with visual art, art galleries are often used as a venue for other cultural exchanges and artistic activities, such as performance arts, music concerts, or poetry readings. Art museums also frequently host themed temporary exhibitions which often include items on loan from other collections.

The Hague City and municipality in South Holland, Netherlands

The Hague is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland. It is also the seat of government of the Netherlands and it houses one of the most important courts in the world.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands, sometimes informally called Holland, is a country located in Northwestern Europe with some overseas territories in the Caribbean. In Europe, it consists of 12 provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian. In the northern parts of the country, Low German is also spoken.

Contents

History

The Mauritshuis in 1825. Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove, Het Mauritshuis te Den Haag.jpg
The Mauritshuis in 1825.

In 1631, John Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen, a cousin of stadtholder Frederick Henry, bought a plot bordering the Binnenhof and the adjacent Hofvijver pond in The Hague, [6] at that time the political centre of the Dutch Republic. On the plot, the Mauritshuis was built as a home between 1636 and 1641, during John Maurice's governorship of Dutch Brazil. The Dutch Classicist building was designed by the Dutch architects Jacob van Campen and Pieter Post. [7] The two-storey building is strictly symmetrical and contained four apartments and a great hall. Each apartment was designed with an antechamber, a chamber, a cabinet, and a cloakroom. Originally, the building had a cupola, which was destroyed in a fire in 1704. [8]

John Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen Dutch soldier and administrator

John Maurice of Nassau was called "the Brazilian" for his fruitful period as governor of Dutch Brazil. He was Count and Prince of Nassau-Siegen, and Grand Master of the Order of Saint John.

Stadtholder title used in parts of Europe

In the Low Countries, stadtholder was an office of steward, designated a medieval official and then a national leader. The stadtholder was the replacement of the duke or earl of a province during the Burgundian and Habsburg period.

Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of Holland

Frederick Henry, or Frederik Hendrik in Dutch, was the sovereign Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1625 till his death in 1647. The last seven years of his life he also was the Stadtholder of Groningen (1640-1647). He was the grandfather of William III of England.

After the death of Prince John Maurice in 1679, the house was owned by the Maes family, who leased the house to the Dutch government. In 1704, most of the interior of the Mauritshuis was destroyed by fire. The building was restored between 1708 and 1718. [9]

In 1774, an art gallery open to the public was formed in what is now the Prince William V Gallery. That collection was seized by the French in 1795 and only partially recovered in 1808. The small gallery space soon proved to be too small, however, and in 1820, the Mauritshuis was bought by the Dutch state for the purpose of housing the Royal Cabinet of Paintings. [10] In 1822, the Mauritshuis was opened to the public and housed the Royal Cabinet of Paintings and the Royal Cabinet of Rarities. In 1875, the entire museum became available for paintings. [1]

Prince William V Gallery Art museum in The Hague

The Prince William V Gallery is an art gallery on the Buitenhof in The Hague that currently shares an entrance with the Gevangenpoort museum. It is a modern recreation of the gallery Galerij Prins Willem V once founded there by William V, Prince of Orange in 1774. The collection is part of the Mauritshuis.

The Mauritshuis was privatised in 1995. The foundation set up at that time took charge of both the building and the collection, which it was given on long-term loan. This building, which is the property of the state, is rented by the museum. In 2007, the museum announced its desire to expand. In 2010, the definitive design was presented. [11] The museum would occupy a part of the nearby Sociëteit de Witte building. The two buildings would be connected via a tunnel, running underneath the Korte Vijverberg. [12] The renovation started in 2012 and finished in 2014. [13] [14] During the renovation, about 100 of the museum's paintings were displayed in the Gemeentemuseum in the Highlights Mauritshuis exhibition. [15] About 50 other paintings, including the Girl With the Pearl Earring , were on loan to exhibitions in the United States and Japan. The museum was reopened on 27 June 2014 by King Willem-Alexander. [16]

Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands King of the Netherlands

Willem-Alexander is the King of the Netherlands, having ascended the throne following his mother's abdication in 2013.

Collection

The collection of paintings of stadtholder William V, Prince of Orange was presented to the Dutch state by his son, King William I. This collection formed the basis of the Royal Cabinet of Paintings of around 200 paintings. The collection is currently called the Royal Picture Gallery. The current collection consists of almost 800 paintings [17] and focusses on Dutch and Flemish artists, such as Pieter Brueghel, Paulus Potter, Peter Paul Rubens, Rembrandt van Rijn, Jacob van Ruisdael, Johannes Vermeer, and Rogier van der Weyden. There are also works of Hans Holbein in the collection in the Mauritshuis. [18] [19] [20]

William V, Prince of Orange Prince of Orange, General Stadtholder of the United Provinces

William V was a Prince of Orange and the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. He went into exile to London in 1795. He was furthermore ruler of the Principality of Orange-Nassau until his death in 1806. In that capacity he was succeeded by his son William.

William I of the Netherlands King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg 1815 - 1840

William I was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

Paulus Potter Dutch painter

Paulus Potter was a Dutch painter who specialized in animals within landscapes, usually with a low vantage point.

Selected works

Administration

The Mauritshuis seen next to the Torentje Den Haag Binnenhof Mauritshuis & Skyline 1.jpg
The Mauritshuis seen next to the Torentje

The Mauritshuis was a state museum until 1995, when it became independent. The Prince William V Gallery is also managed by the organization. [5]

The museum has a staff of around 50 people. Emilie E. S. Gordenker has been the museum director since 2008, and Victor Moussault has been the deputy director since 2007. [5]

In the period 2005–2011, the Mauritshuis had between 205,000 and 262,000 visitors per year. [21] [22] [23] In 2011, the museum was the 13th most visited museum in the Netherlands. [24] In 2012, when the museum closed for renovation on 1 April, it received 45,981 visitors. [25] The museum was closed all of 2013 and was reopened on 27 June 2014. [16] [26]

Visitors

YearVisitors YearVisitors YearVisitors
2005222,477 (est.) [21] 2010231,795 [22] 2015500.476 [27]
2006244,610 (est.) [21] 2011261,127 [23] 2016414.239 [28]
2007230,000 (est.) [21] 201245,981 [25] 2017417.227 [29]
2008240,000 (est.) [21] 2013closed [26] 2018416.334 [4]
2009205,678 [22] 2014322,000 (est.) [30] 2019--

Related Research Articles

Rijksmuseum National museum, Art museum, History museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands

The Rijksmuseum is a Dutch national museum dedicated to arts and history in Amsterdam. The museum is located at the Museum Square in the borough Amsterdam South, close to the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, and the Concertgebouw.

Johannes Vermeer 17th-century Dutch painter

Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch Baroque Period painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle class life. He was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime but evidently was not wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings.

Van Gogh Museum Art museum, National museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands

The Van Gogh Museum is an Dutch art museum dedicated to the works of Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries in Amsterdam; it is located at the Museum Square in the borough Amsterdam South, close to the Stedelijk Museum, the Rijksmuseum, and the Concertgebouw. The museum opened on 2 June 1973, and its buildings were designed by Gerrit Rietveld and Kisho Kurokawa.

Frick Collection art museum in New York City

The Frick Collection is an art museum located in the Henry Clay Frick House on the Upper East Side in Manhattan, New York City at 1 East 70th Street, located at the northeast corner with Fifth Avenue. It houses the collection of industrialist Henry Clay Frick (1849–1919).

Jacob van Ruisdael Dutch landscape painter and engraver ( c. 1629 – 1682)

Jacob Isaackszoon van Ruisdael was a Dutch painter, draughtsman, and etcher. He is generally considered the pre-eminent landscape painter of the Dutch Golden Age, a period of great wealth and cultural achievement when Dutch painting became highly popular.

Alte Pinakothek Art museum in Munich, Germany

The Alte Pinakothek is an art museum located in the Kunstareal area in Munich, Germany. It is one of the oldest galleries in the world and houses a significant collection of Old Master paintings. The name Alte (Old) Pinakothek refers to the time period covered by the collection—from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century. The Neue Pinakothek, re-built in 1981, covers nineteenth-century art, and Pinakothek der Moderne, opened in 2002, exhibits modern art. All three galleries are part of the Bavarian State Painting Collections, an organization of the Free state of Bavaria.

Thomas de Keyser Dutch painter

Thomas de Keyser was a Dutch painter and architect. He excelled as a portrait painter, and was the most in-demand portrait painter in the Netherlands until the 1630s, when Rembrandt eclipsed him in popularity. Rembrandt was influenced by his work, and many of de Keyser's paintings were later falsely attributed to Rembrandt.

Jan Lievens Dutch painter

Jan Lievens was a Dutch Golden Age painter who was associated with his close contemporary Rembrandt, a year older, in the early parts of their careers. They shared a birthplace in Leiden, training with Pieter Lastman in Amsterdam, where they shared a studio for about five years until 1631. Like Rembrandt he painted both portraits and history paintings, but unlike him Lievens' career took him away from Amsterdam to London, Antwerp, The Hague and Berlin.

Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister art gallery in Dresden, Germany

The Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister in Dresden, Germany, displays around 750 paintings from the 15th to the 18th centuries. It includes major Italian Renaissance works as well as Dutch and Flemish paintings. Outstanding works by German, French and Spanish painters of the period are also among the gallery's attractions.

<i>Girl with a Pearl Earring</i> 1665 painting by Johannes Vermeer, in the collection of the Mauritshuis

Girl with a Pearl Earring is an oil painting by Dutch Golden Age painter Johannes Vermeer, dated c. 1665. Going by various names over the centuries, it became known by its present title towards the end of the 20th century after the large pearl earring worn by the girl portrayed there. The work has been in the collection of the Mauritshuis in The Hague since 1902 and has been the subject of various literary treatments. In 2006, the Dutch public selected it as the most beautiful painting in the Netherlands.

Thomas Scott Kaplan is an American billionaire businessman, investor, philanthropist and art collector. An admirer of Rembrandt, Kaplan is known as the world's largest private collector of the Dutch master's works.

<i>View of Delft</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

View of Delft is an oil painting by Johannes Vermeer, painted ca. 1660–1661. The painting of the Dutch artist's hometown is among his most popular, painted at a time when cityscapes were uncommon. It is one of three known paintings of Delft by Vermeer, along with The Little Street and the lost painting House Standing in Delft. The use of pointillism in the work suggests that it postdates The Little Street, and the absence of bells in the tower of the New Church dates it to 1660–1661. Vermeer's View of Delft has been held in the Dutch Royal Cabinet of Paintings at the Mauritshuis in The Hague since its establishment in 1822.

<i>Diana and Her Companions</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

Diana and Her Companions is a painting by Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer completed in the early to mid-1650s, now at the Mauritshuis museum in The Hague. Although the exact year is unknown, the work may be the earliest painting of the artist still extant, with some art historians placing it before Christ in the House of Martha and Mary and some after.

Mikkel Museum Art museum in Tallinn, Estonia

The Mikkel Museum is a branch of the Art Museum of Estonia, located in Kadriorg park in Tallinn. It displays a collection of mainly Western art and ceramics, and Chinese porcelain, donated by art collector Johannes Mikkel in 1994.

<i>The Goldfinch</i> (painting) Painting by Carel Fabritius

The Goldfinch is a 1654 animal painting by Carel Fabritius of a chained goldfinch. It is an oil painting on panel of 33.5 by 22.8 cm. The work belongs to the collection of the Mauritshuis in The Hague, Netherlands.

Walter Arthur Liedtke, Jr. was an American art historian, writer and Curator of Dutch and Flemish Paintings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. He was known as one of the world's leading scholars of Dutch and Flemish paintings. He died in the 2015 Metro-North Valhalla train crash.

<i>Windmill at Wijk bij Duurstede</i> painting by Jacob van Ruisdael

The Windmill of Wijk bij Duurstede is an oil on canvas painting by the Dutch painter Jacob van Ruisdael. It is an example of Dutch Golden Age painting and is now in the collection of the Amsterdam Museum, on loan to the Rijksmuseum.

Haerlempjes type of painting that includes a view of Haarlem

Haerlempjes refer to a specific genre of landscape painting that includes a view of Haarlem. It is used most often to refer to Jacob van Ruisdael's panoramic views of the city, but the term is derived from mentions in Haarlem archives as a type of painting included in household inventories. The diminutive suffix "pje" would denote a small, cabinet-sized painting, but even the largest landscapes may be referred to as Haerlempjes today.

<i>View of the Dam and Damrak at Amsterdam</i> (Boymans van Beuningen) painting by Jacob van Ruisdael

View of the Dam and Damrak at Amsterdam, also known as The Damrak in Amsterdam, is a 17th-century oil on canvas painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Jacob van Ruisdael. Since 1866 it is in the collection of the Museum Boymans van Beuningen in Rotterdam.

<i>View of the Dam and Damrak at Amsterdam</i> (Frick Collection) painting by Jacob van Ruisdael

View of the Dam and Damrak at Amsterdam, also known as Quay at Amsterdam, is a 17th-century oil on canvas painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Jacob van Ruisdael. It is since 1910 in the Frick Collection in New York. It is currently not on view.

References

  1. 1 2 "The Mauritshuis is turned into a museum". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on August 23, 2006. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  2. Address and directions, Mauritshuis. Retrieved on 16 June 2014.
  3. Search the collection, Mauritshuis. Retrieved on 2 August 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 Mauritshuis Museum: Annual Report 2018. Retrieved on 2 August 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Who we are, Mauritshuis. Retrieved on 2 August 2019.
  6. "Location and garden". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on March 6, 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  7. "The building". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on June 18, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  8. "The 17th-century interior". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  9. "Fire and restoration". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  10. "The Mauritshuis is turned into a museum". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  11. "Mauritshuis presenteert voorlopig ontwerp". Architectuur.org (in Dutch). 22 June 2010.
  12. "Mauritshuis aast op De Witte" (PDF). Den Haag Centraal. 3 August 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 31, 2013.
  13. "Mauritshuis vanaf morgen voor twee jaar gesloten". Trouw (in Dutch). Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  14. "Mauritshuis wordt nooit een hal". De Volkskrant. 23 June 2010. Archived from the original on June 26, 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  15. "Highlights Mauritshuis". Gemeentemuseum. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  16. 1 2 (in Dutch) Nando Kasteleijn, "Het Mauritshuis is weer open. Dit moet je weten over het vernieuwde museum", NRC Handelsblad , 2014. Retrieved on 28 June 2014.
  17. "History of the collection". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on June 18, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  18. "Prince Willem V". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  19. "Royal acquisitions". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  20. "Acquisitions policy". Mauritshuis. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 (in Dutch) Top 55 Museumbezoek 2010, Museumvereniging. Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  22. 1 2 3 (in Dutch) Musea, erfgoed, Municipality of The Hague. Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  23. 1 2 Annual Report 2011, Mauritshuis. Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  24. (in Dutch) Top 55 Museumbezoek 2011, Museumvereniging. Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  25. 1 2 Annual Report 2012, Mauritshuis. Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  26. 1 2 Mauritshuis Opening on 27 June 2014 (press release), Mauritshuis, 2013. Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  27. Mauritshuis Museum: Annual Report 2015.
  28. Mauritshuis Museum: Annual Report 2016.
  29. Mauritshuis Museum: Annual Report 2017.
  30. Successful inaugural year for Mauritshuis (press release), Mauritshuis, 2014. Retrieved on 23 June 2015.