Mawson Coast

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The Mawson Coast is that portion of the coast of Mac. Robertson Land, Antarctica, lying between William Scoresby Bay, at 59°34′E, and Murray Monolith, at 66°54′E. The coast was sighted during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE), 1929–30, under Sir Douglas Mawson. Further exploration and landings at Cape Bruce and Scullin Monolith were made during BANZARE, 1930–31. Mawson Coast was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia after Mawson in recognition of his great contribution to Antarctic exploration. [1]

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Further reading

• Ute Christina Herzfeld, Atlas of Antarctica: Topographic Maps from Geostatistical Analysis of Satellite Radar Altimeter Data , PP 86 - 87
• International Symposium on Antarctic Earth, Geological Evolution of Antarctica , Sciences 5th : 1987 : Cambridge, England, PP 25 - 30
• Graham G. Robertson, THE FORAGING ECOLOGY OF EMPEROR PENGUINS (APTENODYTES FORSTERI) AT TWO MAWSON COAST COLONIES, ANTARCTICA , A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, UNIVERSITY OF TASMANIA, August 1994, PP 25 - 30
• Alan M. Goodwin, Precambrian Geology: The Dynamic Evolution of the Continental Crust , P 449

Related Research Articles

Scullin Monolith is a crescent-shaped rock fronting the sea 6 km (3.7 mi) west of the similar Murray Monolith, and 8 km (5.0 mi) from Torlyn Mountain, in Mac. Robertson Land, Antarctica. Early in January 1930 the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Douglas Mawson made an aerial flight from the ship over the area. Mawson set foot on the rock on 13 February 1931 and named it for James Scullin, Prime Minister of Australia in 1929 - 31. The rock was charted in January and February 1931 from Norwegian whale catchers exploring the coast, and named "Mount Klarius Mikkelsen" for Captain Klarius Mikkelsen, master of the whale catcher Torlyn. Mikkelsen Peak is retained as the name of the highest peak of the outcrop.

British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition research expedition

The British Australian (and) New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) was a research expedition into Antarctica between 1929 and 1931, involving two voyages over consecutive Austral summers. It was a British Commonwealth initiative, driven more by geopolitics than science, and funded by the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand.

Banzare Coast, part of Wilkes Land, is that portion of the coast of Antarctica lying between Cape Southard, at 122°05′E, and Cape Morse, at 130°10′E.

Scott Mountains (Antarctica) mountain range in Antarctica

The Scott Mountains are a large number of isolated peaks lying south of Amundsen Bay in Enderby Land of East Antarctica, Antarctica. Discovered on 13 January 1930 by the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Sir Douglas Mawson. He named the feature Scott Range after Captain Robert Falcon Scott, Royal Navy. The term mountains is considered more appropriate because of the isolation of its individual features.

Enderby Land geographical object

Enderby Land is a projecting land mass of Antarctica. Its shore extends from Shinnan Glacier at about 67°55′S44°38′E to William Scoresby Bay at 67°24′S59°34′E, approximately ​124 of the earth's longitude. It was first documented in western and eastern literature in February 1831 by John Biscoe aboard the whaling brig Tula, and named after the Enderby Brothers of London, the ship's owners who encouraged their captains to combine exploration with sealing.

Kemp Land is a thin sliver of Antarctica including, and lying inland from, the Kemp Coast. Part of the Australian Antarctic claim it is defined as lying between 56° 25' E and 59° 34' E, and, as with other sectors of the Antarctic, is deemed as being limited by the 60° S parallel. It is bounded in the east by Mac. Robertson Land and in the west by Enderby Land. Kemp Land includes one major group of islands, the Øygarden Group.

Torlyn Mountain is an elongated mountain, of which Murray Monolith is the detached front, standing 4 miles (6 km) east of Scullin Monolith on the coast of Mac. Robertson Land, Antarctica.

Murray Monolith is a detached part of Torlyn Mountain in Mac.Robertson Land, Antarctica. It was discovered during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE), led by Douglas Mawson, 1929–1931, and named after Sir George Murray, Chief Justice of South Australia Chancellor of the University of Adelaide and a patron of the expedition.

Mount Elkins

Mount Elkins, also known as Jökelen is a dark, steep-sided mountain with three major peaks, the highest 2,300 meters (7,500 ft) above sea level, in the Napier Mountains of Enderby Land. Enderby Land part of East Antarctica, and is claimed by Australia as part of the Australian Antarctic Territory. The mountain was named after Terence James Elkins, an ionospheric physicist with the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions at Mawson Station in 1960.

Cape Batterbee is a small, rocky point on the coast, the most northerly cape of Enderby Land. It is located 92 km north of Mount Elkins.

Campbell Head is a bold headland on the western side of Oom Bay, Mawson Coast, Antarctica. Discovered in February 1931 by the British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Douglas Mawson, who named it for Flight Lieutenant Stuart Campbell, RAAF, pilot with the expedition.

Oom Bay is a well-defined bay, 2 mi wide, indenting the Mawson coast between Cape Bruce and Campbell Head. Discovered in February 1931 by the British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Douglas Mawson, who named it for Lieutenant K.E. Oom, RAN, cartographer with the expedition.

Allison Bay, also known as Isvika, is a small bay immediately west of the Utstikkar Glacier and about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) east of the Lachal Bluffs and Ufs Island, on the Mawson Coast of Mac. Robertson Land in Antarctica. It was mapped by Norwegian cartographers from air photos taken by the Lars Christensen Expedition, 1936–37, and named Isvika ; it was renamed by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for Dr. Robert Allison, medical officer at Mawson Station in 1955.

Neill Peak is a mountain, 460 m, standing 3 nautical miles (6 km) southwest of Scullin Monolith in Mac. Robertson Land. Discovered on February 13, 1931 by British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Mawson, who presumably applied the name.

The Gustav Bull Mountains are a small group of bare, rugged mountain peaks and nunataks, lying 4 nautical miles (7 km) inland from the coast and 10 nautical miles (19 km) southwest of Scullin Monolith in Mac. Robertson Land, Antarctica. In January and February 1931 several Norwegian whale catchers, exploring this coast, made sketches of the land from their vessels and named this group the Gustav Bull Mountains for Captain Gustav B. Bull, at that time whaling manager of the Thorshammer. The British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (1929–31), under Douglas Mawson, made an airplane flight over this area in January 1930, returning for further exploration in February 1931, and giving names to individual features in the group.

Mount Henderson is a massive mountain, 970 metres (3,180 ft) high, rising through the ice sheet 5 nautical miles (9 km) southeast of Holme Bay and a like distance northeast of the north end of the Masson Range, Antarctica. It was First sighted from the crow's nest of the Discovery on 3 January 1930, during British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (1929-31) and again seen from the airplane on 5 January 1930. The position was first plotted and the mountain named by BANZARE on 14 February 1931 by the leader of the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition - Mawson, who named it after in 1929 W. Henderson, Director of the Australian Department of External Affairs, and a member of the Australian Antarctic Committee.

Mount Rivett is a bare rock mountain, the northeasternmost feature of the Gustav Bull Mountains in Mac. Robertson Land, Antarctica. On February 13, 1931, the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) (1929–31) under Douglas Mawson made a landing on nearby Scullin Monolith. They named this mountain after Sir David Rivett, Deputy Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Australian Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, 1927-45.

The Lachal Bluffs are a group of rocky headlands located just south of Ufs Island and east of Howard Bay, and about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) west of Allison Bay, on the Mawson Coast of Mac. Robertson Land, Antarctica. They were mapped by Norwegian cartographers from air photos taken by the Lars Christensen Expedition, 1936–37, and named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for R. Lachal, an assistant cook at Mawson Station, who acted as a geological field assistant, 1965.

Landmark Point is a rocky point lying 1 kilometre (0.5 nmi) southeast of Safety Island, on the coast of Mac. Robertson Land, Antarctica. It was mapped from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions surveys and air photos, 1956–66, and was so named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia because it is almost due south from Auster Rookery and affords an excellent landmark if approaching the rookery along the coast from Mawson Station.

Cape Rouse is an ice-covered cape 8 nautical miles (15 km) east of Murray Monolith on the coast of Mac. Robertson Land. Discovered on 12 February 1931 by the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Mawson, and named for Edgar J. Rouse of Sydney, who assisted the expedition with photographic equipment.

References

  1. "Mawson Coast". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2013-08-30.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Mawson Coast" (content from the Geographic Names Information System ). Coordinates: 67°40′S63°30′E / 67.667°S 63.500°E / -67.667; 63.500