May 2015 Nepal earthquake

Last updated
May 2015 Nepal earthquake
Nepal rel location map.svg
Bullseye1.png
Green pog.svg
Kathmandu
UTC  time2015-05-12 07:05:19
ISC  event 610588278
USGS-ANSS ComCat
Local date12 May 2015 (2015-05-12)
Local time12:50:19 NST
Magnitude7.3 Mw [1]
Depth18.5 km (11.5 mi)
Epicenter 27°50′13″N86°04′37″E / 27.837°N 86.077°E / 27.837; 86.077 Coordinates: 27°50′13″N86°04′37″E / 27.837°N 86.077°E / 27.837; 86.077 [1]
Type Thrust [1]
Areas affected
Max. intensity VIII (Severe) [1]
Aftershocks5.7Mw on 2015-05-16 11:34:10 (UTC) [4] [5]
Casualties218 dead
3,500+ injured
Aftershocks of 2015 Nepal earthquake 2015 Nepal earthquake.svg
Aftershocks of 2015 Nepal earthquake

A major earthquake occurred in Nepal on 12 May 2015 at 12:50 pm local time (07:05 UTC) with a moment magnitude of 7.3, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Kodari. The epicenter was on the border of Dolakha and Sindhupalchowk, two districts of Nepal. This earthquake occurred on the same fault as the larger magnitude 7.8 earthquake of 25 April, but further east than the original quake. [1] As such, it is considered to be an aftershock of the 25 April quake. [1] It struck at a depth of 18.5 kilometres (11.5 mi). Shaking was felt in northern parts of India including Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. [6] Tremors were felt as far as about 2,400 kilometers away from the epicenter in Chennai. [7] [8]

Nepal country in South Asia located between India and China

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south, east, and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.

Kodari Village in Bagmati Zone, Nepal

Kodari is a border crossing from Nepal into the Tibet Autonomous Region. Kodari is in Sindhupalchok District, Bagmati Zone. The other side is the town Zhangmu, Dram or Khasa, situated in Nyalam County, Shigatse Prefecture of the Tibet.

Dolakha District District in Nepal

Dolakha, often known as Dolkha or Dholkha, a part of Province No. 3, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Charikot as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,191 km² and has a population of 204,229 in 2001 and 186,557 in 2011. It is a district with a strong religious affiliation. It is popularly known amongst most Nepalese for the temple of Dolakha Bhimeshawor.city

Contents

Minutes later, another 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit Nepal with its epicenter in Ramechhap, east of Kathmandu. The earthquake was felt in Bangladesh, China and many other states in India. [9] The impact of these tremors was felt even 1,000 kilometres away in the Indian capital New Delhi, where buildings shook and office workers evacuated. [10]

Kathmandu Capital of Nepal

Kathmandu is the capital city and largest city of Nepal with a population of 1.5 million in the city proper, and 5 million in its wider urban agglomeration across the Kathmandu Valley, which includes the towns of Lalitpur, Kirtipur, Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur and the municipalities across Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu is also the largest metropolis in the Himalayan hill region. Nepali is the most spoken language in the city, while English is widely understood.

Bangladesh Country in South Asia

Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country as well as its most densely-populated, to the exclusion of small island nations and city-states. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port. Bangladesh forms the largest and easternmost part of the Bengal region. Bangladeshis include people from a range of ethnic groups and religions. Bengalis, who speak the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the population. The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country. Islam is the official religion of Bangladesh.

China State in East Asia

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Damage and casualties

USGS ShakeMap May 2015 Nepal earthquake ShakeMap version 3.png
USGS ShakeMap

The aftershock caused mass panic as many people were living in the open air after the 25 April quake. [11] "For the first seconds, it was complete silence. By the fifth second, everybody started to scream", said an eyewitness. "It was really, really intense. Even when the shaking stopped, people were still screaming". [12] The tremor caused fresh landslides, and destroyed some buildings which survived the first quake. [12]

In Nepal, at least 153 people were killed by the earthquake and more than 3,200 people were injured, primarily in mountain regions of the northeast. [13] [14] As of 15 May, 1,700 people were still receiving treatment for their injuries. [14] Thirty-two of the nation's seventy-five districts were affected by the quake. In Kathmandu, the streets were quickly filled as people fled buildings. Within hours of the quake, tents began to fill open areas of the city as residents were afraid to go back inside. [12] The district of Sindhupalchowk, which was also hit hard in the original quake, was among the worst affected areas. Between the two quakes, 95% of the areas houses were destroyed. [14] Areas around Mount Everest also saw fresh damage. [12]

Mount Everest Earths highest mountain, part of the Himalaya between Nepal and China

Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा) and in Tibetan as Chomolungma (ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ), is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The international border between Nepal and China runs across its summit point.

Casualties by country
CountryDeathsInjuriesRef.
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal 1533,275 [15]
Flag of India.svg  India 62~200 [15]
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 2~150 [15]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 13 [15]
Total2183,500+

In India, Delhi Metro service was briefly interrupted as people fled their homes and places of employment. [11] At least 17 people were killed by the quake in India. Sixteen of the deaths occurred in Bihar and one in Uttar Pradesh. One woman in the Tibet region of China was killed when falling rocks hit her car. [12]

Delhi Metro rapid transit system serving Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida, and Ghaziabad in the National Capital Region of India

The Delhi Metro is a rapid transit system serving Delhi and its satellite cities of Bahadurgarh, Balramgarh, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurugram, and Noida in the National Capital Region of India. By far the largest and busiest metro in India, and second oldest after the Kolkata Metro it is the world's 8th longest metro system and 16th largest by ridership. The network consists of eight colour-coded regular lines, running 349.5 kilometres (217.2 mi) serving 254 stations. The system has a mix of underground, at-grade, and elevated stations using both broad-gauge and standard-gauge. Delhi Metro operates over 2,700 trips daily, starting at around 05:00 and ending at 23:30 hrs.

Bihar State in Eastern India

Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of eastern, northern, and north-central India. It is the thirteenth-largest Indian state, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur.

Tibet Autonomous Region Autonomous region

The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) or Xizang Autonomous Region, called Tibet or Xizang for short, is a province-level autonomous region in southwest China. It was formally established in 1965 to replace the Tibet Area, an administrative division the People's Republic of China (PRC) took over from the Republic of China (ROC), about five years after the dismissal of the Kashag by the PRC following the 1959 Tibetan uprising, and about 13 years after Tibet's incorporation into the PRC in 1951.

A US military helicopter, UH-1 Huey, carrying six US Marines and two Nepalese soldiers, went missing when on a disaster relief operation in central Nepal. [16] [17] On 14 May the wreckage was found in burned condition in the Gorthali area. [18] Three bodies were recovered from the crash site. [14] On 16 May, when a total of eight bodies were recovered, the Pentagon spokesman Steve Warren said that although the cause of the crash was not yet known, a nearby Indian helicopter had heard radio chatter about a possible fuel problem. [19]

Bell UH-1 Iroquois Family of military utility helicopters

The Bell UH-1 Iroquois is a utility military helicopter powered by a single turboshaft engine, with two-blade main and tail rotors. The first member of the prolific Huey family, it was developed by Bell Helicopter to meet a United States Army's 1952 requirement for a medical evacuation and utility helicopter, and first flew in 1956. The UH-1 was the first turbine-powered helicopter produced for the United States military, and more than 16,000 have been built since 1960.

The Pentagon headquarters of the United States Department of Defense

The Pentagon, in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense. As a symbol of the U.S. military, the phrase The Pentagon is often used as a metonym for the Department of Defense and its leadership.

Rescue and relief

The Nepal Army continued its Operation Sankat Mochan to aid the affected population along with the Indian Army and delivered several tons of relief materials, and rescued stranded people. [20]

According to geophysicist Amy Vaughan, the 12 May quake is likely a sign that more aftershocks are on the way. "Generally, in the days and weeks and months [seismic activity] tapers off", she said. "But ... this is going to temporarily increase [the aftershocks]". [12]

See also

Dust clouds over villages 12 May 2015 NEPAL DISASTER SECOND BIG QUAKE 12 MAY 2015 (5).jpg
Dust clouds over villages 12 May 2015

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References

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  2. 1 2 3 "Fresh earthquake kills scores in Nepal and India". Yahoo News. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  3. Greg Botelho and Jethro Mullen, CNN (12 May 2015). "Another Nepal earthquake: Deaths in 3 nations - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
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