Mayors and Independents

Last updated

Mayors and Independents
Starostové a nezávislí
Leader Vít Rakušan
Deputy Leaders Jan Farský
Věra Kovářová
Petr Gazdík
Věslav Michalik
Stanislav Polčák
Chamber of Deputies Leader Jan Farský
Senate Leader Petr Holeček
Founded2004
NewspaperSTANoviny
Think tank Institute of Modern Politics iSTAR
Youth wing Young Mayors and Independents
Membership (2021)1,921 [1]
Ideology Liberalism [2] [3] [4]
Political position Centre [5] to centre-right [6]
National affiliation Pirates and Mayors
European Parliament group European People's Party
ColoursSky blue, yellow, Atlantis green, red, white, gray
Chamber of Deputies
33 / 200
Senate
19 / 81
European Parliament
1 / 21
Regional councils
91 / 675
Regional governors
4 / 13
Local councils
3,073 / 62,300
Website
www.starostove-nezavisli.cz

The Mayors and Independents (Czech : Starostové a nezávislí), abbreviated to STAN, is a liberal political party in the Czech Republic that is focused on localism [7] and subsidiarity. The party grew out of four minor parties, including Independent Mayors for the Region, [8] which allied itself with the liberal-conservative SNK European Democrats, and cooperated with the similarly liberal-conservative TOP 09 until 2016. It holds 33 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the third strongest party by number of seats following the 2021 election.

Contents

In the 2013 election to the Chamber of Deputies, STAN won five seats on the TOP 09 list: Jan Farský, Stanislav Polčák, Věra Kovářová, František Vácha and acting leader Petr Gazdík. In the Czech Senate, STAN has four members. The party competes separately in local government elections. In the 2010 local elections, the party won 1,243 councillors, making it the sixth-largest party on local councils. [9] In the 2017 election to the Chamber of Deputies, STAN won six seats: Petr Gazdík, Jan Farský, Věra Kovářová, Vít Rakušan, Martin Půta (who was replaced by Petr Pavek) and Jana Krutáková.

The party contested the 2021 Czech parliamentary election as part of the coalition Pirates and Mayors with the Czech Pirate Party.

History

STAN grew out of NSK (Nezávislí starostové pro kraj, Independent Mayors for the Region), founded in 2004 and transformed in 2009. Led by its first Leader Petr Gazdík and Deputy Leader Stanislav Polčák elected in 2009, STAN started co-operating with the liberal-conservative TOP 09 at all political levels; with Petr Gazdík leading the TOP 09 and STAN parliamentary group. In 2013, the said co-operation was de facto curtailed to the parliamentary level, i.e. was continued only in the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. In 3/2014, Petr Gazdík was succeeded in the STAN leadership by Martin Půta (Governor, Liberecký Region); and became the First Deputy Leader deputised by Stanislav Polčák. Sharing common candidates standing in the 2014 European Parliament election, STAN and TOP 09 polled 15.95% of the votes and gained four seats with one being taken by STAN Deputy Leader Stanislav Polčák. In 2016, Martin Půta was succeeded by Petr Gazdík leading STAN into the regional and Senate elections. In 2019 Vít Rakušan was elected as a new leader. In 2020 STAN won the Senate elections (with 11 seats of 27 contested).

Manifesto

The party's top priorities include: good stewardship, high-quality education, environmental care and heritage protection – investing in education is key to the future prosperity that, however, must be built on the principles of good stewardship (management of public funds, use of energy resources and prudential landscape interventions). In promoting the principle of subsidiarity, STAN encourages localism, decentralisation, reduced bureaucracy and corruption clampdown. [7] STAN further promotes: European integration, high-quality education, investments in science, state economy driven by the principles of a free market with the social aspect and sanctity of private property in mind, and environment protection.

Election results

Leader of the movement Vit Rakusan Vit Rakusan 2015.JPG
Leader of the movement Vít Rakušan

Chamber of Deputies

YearVoteVote %Seats±PlacePosition
2010 873,83316.70
5 / 200
New6thCoalition
Ran on TOP 09 list, which won 41 seats in total
2013 596,35712.00
4 / 200
Decrease2.svg 18thOpposition
Ran on TOP 09 list, which won 26 seats in total
2017 262,1575.2
6 / 200
Increase2.svg 29thOpposition
2021 839,44815.61
33 / 200
Increase2.svg 273rdCoalition
Part of Pirates and Mayors coalition, which won 37 seats in total
Billboard in Prague Predvolebni billboard na Praze 4 (Lukas Zicha - Starostove).jpg
Billboard in Prague

Senate

ElectionFirst roundSecond roundSeats wonSeats overall+/-
Votes%PlacesVotes%Places
2012 4,4600.525th-
0 / 27
0 / 81
Steady2.svg0
2014 11,6137.07th-
0 / 27
0 / 81
Steady2.svg0
2014 15,5761.59th11,0992.39th
2 / 27
2 / 81
Increase2.svg2
2016 43,2344.97th25,3896.06th
3 / 27
5 / 81
Increase2.svg3
2018 27,61533.51st30,33167.111st
1 / 1
6 / 81
Increase2.svg1
2018 76,8177.057th47,31711.313rd
5 / 27
11 / 81
Increase2.svg5
2019 34,51423.532nd7,07059.501st
1 / 1
12 / 81
Increase2.svg1
2020 122,94812.32nd104,53823.11st
11 / 27
19 / 81
Increase2.svg7
Leading the movement Rakusan Gazdik Farsky 2017.jpg
Leading the movement

1 By-election in Zlín district.
2 By-election in Trutnov district.
3 By-election in Prague-9 district.

Presidential election

Indirect ElectionCandidateFirst round resultSecond round resultThird round result
Votes%VotesResultVotes%VotesResultVotes%VotesResult
2008 Jan Švejnar 12849.10Runner-up14147.19Runner-up11144.05Lost
Direct ElectionCandidateFirst round resultSecond round result
Votes%VotesResultVotes%VotesResult
2013 Karel Schwarzenberg 1,204,19523.40Runner-up2,241,17145.20Lost
2018 Jiří Drahoš 1,369,60126.60Runner-up2,701,20648.63Lost

European Parliament

YearVoteVote %SeatsPlace
2009 53,9842.3
0 / 22
8th
2014 Coalition with TOP 09
1 / 21
8th
2019 Coalition with TOP 09
1 / 21
7th

Regional election

YearVote1Vote %1Seats+/-Place
2004 ran only in coalitions
1 / 675
10th
2008 53,4621.83
14 / 675
13 Increase2.svg5th
2012 28,7631.09
38 / 675
24 Increase2.svg5th
2016 101,6964.02
56 / 675
18 Increase2.svg6th
2020 167,4596.04
91 / 675
35 Increase2.svg4th

1 Does not include coalitions

Leaders

Footnotes

  1. televize, Česká. "Členská základna ODS je větší než ČSSD, z mladých uskupení nejvíce roste SPD". ČT24 - Nejdůvěryhodnější zpravodajský web v ČR - Česká televize (in Czech). Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  2. "STAN zakládá vlastní think-tank!" (in Czech). Institut moderní politiky iSTAR. 31 January 2019.
  3. Mortkowitz, Siegfried (25 April 2021). "Babiš under fire after Commission audit published". Politico.
  4. Zachová, Aneta (3 February 2021). "PM Babiš is slowly losing ground, opinion poll shows". Euractiv.
  5. "TABLE-Czech billionaire's ANO party wins big in election". Reuters . 21 October 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  6. "Difficult Coalition Negotiations Following ANO Landslide". BMI Research . 23 October 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  7. 1 2 Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Czechia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  8. Peters, Ingo; Bakke, Elisabeth, eds. (2011). 20 Years since the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Transitions, State Break-Up and Democratic Politics in Central Europe and Germany. p. 241. ISBN   9783830527022.
  9. "Volby Do Obecních zastupitelstev ČR 2010" . Retrieved 24 October 2010.

Related Research Articles

Civic Democratic Party (Czech Republic) Czech political party

The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and soft eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party by number of seats following the 2021 election. It is the only political party in the Czech Republic that has always been represented in the Chamber of Deputies.

TOP 09 Czech political party

TOP 09 is a liberal-conservative political party in the Czech Republic, led by Markéta Pekarová Adamová. TOP 09 holds 14 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and has three MEPs.

Petr Fiala Czech politician

Petr Fiala is a Czech politician and political scientist who has been the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic since November 2021 and leader of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) since 2014. He previously served as the Minister of Education, Youth and Sports from 2012 to 2013.

Jan Farský

Jan Farský is a Czech politician who was a member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from May 2010 to February 2022, and has been vice-chair of the Mayors and Independents (STAN) since April 2019. He was previously a representative in the Liberec Regional Assembly from 2008 to 2010 and again from 2016 to 2018, and the Mayor of Semily from 2006 to 2014.

2021 Czech legislative election Czech Republic election

Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 8 and 9 October 2021. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected, with the leader of the resulting government to become the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. Following the 2017 Czech legislative election, the country has been ruled by a minority government consisting of ANO 2011 (ANO), led by prime minister Andrej Babiš, and the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), led by interior minister Jan Hamáček, with confidence and supply support from the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) until April 2021. The largest opposition party was the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), followed by the Czech Pirate Party. Other parties in the Chamber of Deputies included SPD, TOP 09, STAN, and KDU-ČSL.

Mayors for the Liberec Region Political party in the Czech Republic

Mayors for the Liberec Region is a regionalist party in the Czech Republic that was established prior to the 2008 Czech regional elections. The party won the 2012 regional election in Liberec and its leader Martin Půta became governor of the Liberec Region, the first time a governor had come from outside one of the major parties. The SLK cooperates with the Mayors and Independents party.

Populars and Mayors Political party in the Czech Republic

The Populars and Mayors was an alliance of Czech political parties, consisting of the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL) and Mayors and Independents. Talks about a possible alliance of the two parties started in 2016, with the intention of participating in the 2017 legislative election, and becoming the "third power" of Czech politics. The alliance was dissolved in July 2017, before the election took place.

Democratic Bloc was a parliamentary alliance formed in 2017 by four Centre-right parties. Parties agreed to cooperate in parliament. Czech Pirate Party and Czech Social Democratic Party were also offered participation but both parties declined. It was announced on 15 November 2017 on a Press Conference by Petr Fiala. Fiala stated that Democratic Bloc isn't meant to be a long term coalition but its only task is to take over initiative during negotiations of parliament's body and for constituent meeting. Democratic Bloc was dissolved on 21 December 2017.

2019 European Parliament election in the Czech Republic 2019 election of members of the European parliament for the Czech Republic

The 2019 European Parliament election in the Czech Republic was held on 24 and 25 May 2019, electing the 21 members of the Czech delegation to the European Parliament as part of the European elections held across the European Union.

2018 President of the Senate of the Czech Republic election

Election of the President of the Senate of the Czech Republic was held on 14 November 2018. It was held after 2018 Senate election. Civic Democratic Party nominated Jaroslav Kubera, Mayors and Independents nominated Jan Horník and Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party nominated Václav Hampl. Incumbent President Milan Štěch doesn't seek reelection. It was the first time in the history of the Senate that more than 2 candidates run for the position. Senate factions usually came to an agreement about the new President in the past.

2020 Czech regional elections

Elections to regional councils in the Czech Republic in 13 regions were held on 2–3 October 2020.

November 2020 President of the Senate of the Czech Republic election

Election of the President of the Senate of the Czech Republic was held following 2020 Czech Senate election. Miloš Vystrčil was reelected for his second term.

Next Czech legislative election

The next Czech legislative election will be held in or before October 2025. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic will be elected and the leader of the resultant government will become the Prime Minister.

Vít Rakušan Czech pedagogue and politician

Vít Rakušan is a Czech pedagogue and politician who has served as the leader of the Mayors and Independents (STAN) political party since 2019 and its 1st vice-chairman from 2016 to 2019. He has been a member of the Chamber of Deputies since October 2017; an elected representative of the Central Bohemia Region since 2012, and was the mayor of the City of Kolín from 2010 to 2019. In 2021, he assumed the posts of First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior in the cabinet of Petr Fiala.

Spolu (Czech Republic) Political party in the Czech Republic

Spolu is a Czech centre-right political alliance formed for the 2021 legislative election, composed of the Civic Democratic Party, KDU-ČSL, and TOP 09. As of the 2021 Czech election it governs the Czech Republic in a coalition with the Pirates and Mayors alliance.

Pirates and Mayors Czech political alliance

Pirates and Mayors is a liberal progressive centrist political alliance in the Czech Republic, formed for the 2021 legislative election, consisting of the Czech Pirate Party (Piráti) and Mayors and Independents (STAN). As of the 2021 Czech election it governs the Czech Republic in a coalition with the SPOLU alliance.

2021 Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic election

Election of the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic was held on 10 November 2021.

2021 Mayors and Independents leadership election

A leadership election for the Mayors and Independents (STAN) in 2021 was held on 31 August 2021. The incumbent leader Vít Rakušan was the only candidate and received 96% of votes.

2019 Mayors and Independents leadership election

A leadership election for the Mayors and Independents (STAN) in 2019 was held on 13 April 2019. The incumbent leader Petr Gazdík decided to not run for another term and was replaced by Vít Rakušan.

Young Mayors and Independents, is a political youth organisation in the Czech Republic and is the official youth wing of the Mayors and Independents. It consists of young people who share liberal conservative values. It was founded in 2015. One of most prominent members of the organisation is its current leader Tomáš Pavelka who was elected the youngest Mayor in the Czech Republic. Organisation had 90 members in 2018. mSTAN was very active prior 2021 Czech legislative election when it cooperated with Young Pirates during electoral campaign.