Mazda Familia

Last updated
Mazda Familia
2003 Mazda 323 (BJ II) Protege Shades sedan (2015-08-07) 01.jpg
2003 Mazda 323 (BJ) sedan
Overview
Manufacturer Mazda
Production1963–2003
Body and chassis
Class
Layout
Chronology
Successor Mazda Familia Wagon (BG generation, station wagon version)
Mazda3/Mazda Axela

The Mazda Familia (Japanese: マツダ ファミリア, Matsuda Famiria), also marketed prominently as the Mazda 323 and Mazda Protegé, is a small family car that was manufactured by Mazda between 1963 and 2003. The Familia line was replaced by the Mazda3/Axela for 2004.

Contents

It was marketed as the Familia in Japan, which is means "family" in Italian. [1] For export, earlier models were sold with nameplates including: "800", "1000", "1200", and "1300". In North America, the 1200 was replaced by the Mazda GLC, with newer models becoming "323" and "Protegé". In Europe, all Familias sold after 1977 were called "323".

The Familia was also rebranded as the Ford Laser and Ford Meteor in Asia, Oceania, Southern Africa, some Latin American countries and, from 1991, as the Ford Escort and Mercury Tracer in North America. In addition, the Familia name was used as the Mazda Familia Wagon/Van , a badge-engineered version of the Nissan AD wagon (1994-2017) and Toyota Probox (2018–present).

Mazda Familias were manufactured in the Hiroshima Plant and also assembled from "knock-down kits" in various countries including Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Colombia, and New Zealand. Some of these plants kept manufacturing the Familia long after it was discontinued at home.

First generation (1963–1968)

First generation
Mazda-FAMILIA-1st-generation01.jpg
1963–1967 Mazda Familia 800 2-door sedan (SSA)
Overview
Also calledMazda 800/1000
Production1963.101968.02
AssemblyJapan: Hiroshima Assembly, Hiroshima
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,140 mm (84 in) (van/wagon)
  • 2,190 mm (86 in) (sedan/coupé)
  • 2,340 mm (92 in) (truck/box truck)
Length
  • 3,635 mm (143 in) (van/wagon)
  • 3,700 mm (146 in) (coupé)
  • 3,700–3,765 mm (146–148 in) (sedan)
  • 3,820 mm (150 in) (truck)
  • 3,840 mm (151 in) (box truck)
Width
  • 1,465 mm (58 in)
  • 1,475 mm (58 in) (box truck)
Height
  • 1,340 mm (53 in) (coupé)
  • 1,385 mm (55 in) (sedan)
  • 1,390–1,395 mm (55–55 in) (wagon/van)
  • 1,450 mm (57 in) (truck)
  • 1,770 mm (70 in) (box truck)
Curb weight 715–865 kg (1,576–1,907 lb)

Mazda's automotive plans for the early sixties consisted of growing alongside the Japanese economy. To achieve this goal, they began by building an extremely affordable kei car, the R360 in 1960, planning on introducing gradually larger and pricier cars as the Japanese customers became able to afford them. [2] As a preview, testing the waters, a larger "Mazda 700" prototype was shown at the eighth Tokyo Motor Show in 1961, and formed the basis for the upcoming Mazda Familia. Meanwhile, the four door version of the R360 was introduced as the Mazda Carol, which appeared in 1962, and discontinued in 1964. [2]

MAZDA FAMILIA VAN.jpg
Familia 800 van (BSAVD)
Mazda Familia 1000 Van DX rear.jpg
Familia 1000 van (BPAV)
1966 Mazda Familia SSA four-door sedan.jpg
Familia 800 4-door sedan (SSA)

The first production Familia, styled by a young Giorgetto Giugiaro while working at Carrozzeria Bertone, appeared in October 1963. [1] In line with Mazda's policy of only gradually approaching the production of private cars (a luxury in Japan at the time), the first Familia was initially only available as a commercial two-door wagon called the Familia van. The van was joined in April 1964 by a plusher Familia wagon, in October by a four-door sedan, and in November by a two-door sedan. The "flat deck" design of the sedan versions was reportedly inspired by the Chevrolet Corvair. [3] Private car versions received foglights in the grille as well as more chrome trim. The Familia was sold in other markets as the 800.

The Familia was introduced to the Japanese market in time for the 1964 Summer Olympics which began in October.

MHV Mazda Familia 800 Pickup 1967 01.jpg
MHV Mazda Familia 800 Pickup 1967 02.jpg
Mazda Familia 800 pickup (BSA55)

The cars used a 782 cc, "SA" four-stroke aluminum straight-four engine, also known as the "white engine". There was also a pickup version available from November 1964, [1] a box truck was added in early or mid 1965. [4]

1965 Mazda Familia Coupe 1000.jpg
1966 Mazda 1000 coupe (6107237061).jpg
Mazda Familia 1000 coupé (MPA)

A new Familia 1000 coupé arrived in November 1965, with a 985 cc SOHC "PC" engine, and was joined by the larger Mazda Luce in 1966. Around the same time, the 800 engine was upgraded, adding three horsepower. As a number of new 1 liter vehicles were introduced by Mazda's competitors, another 987 cc OHV engine (PB) appeared in January 1967, powering new 1000 sedan and van versions. [5] The 1 liter sedans and vans are recognizable by their broader, rounded-off rectangular headlights. Production of the sedan continued until November 1967, while the van versions continued until they were replaced in February 1968. Around 400,000 of the first Familias were built, 130,473 of which were sedans and coupés. [6] Around 10,000 of the first generation Familias were exported, mainly to Australia and Oceania. [3]

Mazda Familia (15278522943).jpg
Mazda Familia 1000 DeLuxe 4-door sedan (1967)
Mazda Familia 1000 Van DX.jpg
Mazda Familia 1000 van (1967)
Data

Primary sources below are listed at the head of each column, information sourced elsewhere is referenced directly in the relevant cells. Data is for models as marketed in the Japanese domestic market.

Mazda Familia (1st generation)
Familia (800) van and wagon [7] Familia 800 sedan [7] Familia 1000 van [8] Familia 1000 sedan [7] Familia 1000 coupe [7]
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive
Transmission4-speed manual4MT, 2-spd automatic [1] 4-speed manual4MT, 2-spd automatic [1] 4-speed manual
Suspension F/R Coil sprung independent by double wishbones  / Live axle and semi-elliptic leaf springs [9]
Brakes F/R drums  / drums discs  / drums
Wheelbase2,140 mm (84.3 in)2,190 mm (86.2 in)2,140 mm (84.3 in)2,190 mm (86.2 in)
Length3,635 mm (143.1 in)3,700 mm (145.7 in)
DX: 3,765 mm (148.2 in)
3,635 mm (143.1 in)3,700 mm (145.7 in)
DX: 3,765 mm (148.2 in)
3,700 mm (145.7 in)
Width1,465 mm (57.7 in)
Height1,390 mm (54.7 in)1,385 mm (54.5 in)1,395 mm (54.9 in)1,385 mm (54.5 in)1,340 mm (52.8 in)
Empty weightVan: 715 kg (1,576 lb)
Wagon: 760 kg (1,676 lb)
720 kg (1,587 lb)
DX: 745 kg (1,642 lb)
725 kg (1,598 lb) (deLuxe)720 kg (1,587 lb)
DX: 740 kg (1,631 lb)
790 kg (1,742 lb)
Engine SA PB PC
Water-cooled OHV inline-4, two valves per cylinder SOHC inline-4
Displacement782 cc (58.0 x 74.0 mm)987 cc (68.0 x 68.0 mm)985 cc (70.0 x 64.0 mm)
Compression8.5:1 (1966–67: 9.0:1) [9] 8.6:110.0:1
Power (SAE)42 PS (31 kW; 41 hp) at 6,000 rpm
1966–67: 45 PS (33 kW; 44 hp) [3]
52 PS (38 kW; 51 hp) at 5,500 rpm58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) at 6,000 rpm68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) at 6,500 rpm
Torque6.0 kg⋅m (59 N⋅m; 43 lb⋅ft) at 3,200 rpm
1966–67: 6.3 kg⋅m (62 N⋅m; 46 lb⋅ft) at 3,200 rpm
8.0 kg⋅m (78 N⋅m; 58 lb⋅ft) at 3,000 rpm7.9 kg⋅m (77 N⋅m; 57 lb⋅ft) at 3,500 rpm8.1 kg⋅m (79 N⋅m; 59 lb⋅ft) at 4,600 rpm
Top speed105 km/h (65 mph) [6] 115 km/h (71 mph)125 km/h (78 mph)135 km/h (84 mph)145 km/h (90 mph)
TiresWagon: 6.00 x 12 4PR
Van (f): 5.00 x 12 4PR
Van (r): 5.00 x 12 6PR
6.00 x 12 4PRfront: 5.00 x 12 4PR
rear: 5.00 x 12 6PR
6.00 x 12 4PR6.15 x 13 4PR

Second generation (FA2/FA3 series 1; 1967–1977)

Second generation
( FA2/FA3 series 1)
1970 Mazda 1200 2-door (Norway).jpg
1967–1970 Mazda 1000 2-door sedan (Europe)
Overview
Also called
  • Mazda 1000/1200/1300
  • Mazda F-1000/1300 (pickup)
  • Mazda Familia Super Cab (pickup, Thailand)
  • Mazda R100 (Rotary engined coupé)
  • Mazda Marella (Finland)
  • Kia Brisa
  • Kia Master (pickup)
Production1967–1973 (up until 1977 for wagon/van and late 1990s for pickup truck)
AssemblyJapan: Hiroshima Assembly, Hiroshima
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine
  • 982 cc 10A rotary [11]
  • 985 cc PC I4 (MP3/SP3)
  • 987 cc PB I4 (BPC/BPB)
  • 1169 cc TB I4 (BTA, pre-facelift)
  • 1272 cc TC I4 (MT2/ST2)
  • 1415 cc UC I4 (Thailand)
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,260 mm (89.0 in)
2,340 or 2,465 mm (92.1 or 97.0 in) (pickup) [12]
Length3,700 mm (145.7 in) (wagon/van)
3,795–3,830 mm (149.4–150.8 in) (coupé/sedan)
3,845–4,160 mm (151.4–163.8 in) (pickup)
Width1,480 mm (58.3 in)
Height1,345 mm (53 in) (coupé)
1,390 mm (55 in) (sedan)
1,405 mm (55.3 in) (wagon/van)
Curb weight 740–865 kg (1,631–1,907 lb)

1967–1970 (FA2)

Finland Mazda 1200 with old 1960s license plate.jpg
1967–1970 Mazda 1200 4-door sedan (Europe)
1971 Mazda 1200 Wagon.jpg
1967–1970 Mazda 1200 3-door wagon (Australia)
Mazda Familia Pickup 002.JPG
Mazda Familia 1300 pickup long bed (FA2T65)

The new Familia appeared in November 1967 with the same pushrod 987 cc engine as used in the previous generation sedans. It was sold as the "Mazda 1000" in some markets. In July 1968 the rotary-engined version (R100) was introduced, along with a new coupé bodywork which was also available with the 1200 cc piston engine. [13] After an April 1970 facelift (called the "Familia Presto" in the domestic Japanese market), the slightly different OHC "PC" 1-liter engine was also offered. A larger 1169 cc straight-four engined version came along in February 1968, becoming the "Mazda 1200" for export. In this form, the car was first exhibited in Europe at the 1968 Paris Motor Show in the autumn of that year. [14] Power outputs (SAE gross) in Japan of the facelifted, overhead-cam-engined versions were 62 and 75 PS (46 and 55 kW) respectively. [15] The Van (wagon) model was available with either three or five doors, although most export markets only received the five-door version.

1970–1973 (Familia Presto FA3 series 1)

1970 Mazda 1300 (9133853023).jpg
1970–1972 Mazda 1300 4-door sedan (Europe)
Mazda 1300 Coupe (9847673783).jpg
1970–1972 Mazda 1300 coupé (Australia)
Old car on Crete.JPG
Post-1970 Mazda 1000 truck (Europe)

From April 1970, the Presto nameplate was added into the entire Familia range, "Presto" means "quick" in Italian. [16] Brand new overhead camshaft 1.3-liter TC engine also appeared, derived from the smaller 1.0-liter OHC engine already seen in the first generation Familia coupé. At the same time, the range received a light facelift including a chrome strip around the front grille. Unlike the truck, the vans also used the "Familia Presto" name. Chassis codes are SPCV for the 1.0-litre and STBV for the 1.3-litre, with power outputs as for the sedan/coupé. Standard and Deluxe versions were available, with the Deluxe also offering five-door bodywork. [17]

Mazda Familia 2nd sedan.jpg
1972–1973 Mazda Familia Presto 4-door sedan (Japan)
1973-1974 Mazda 1300.jpg
1972–1973 Mazda 1300 4-door sedan (Europe)
1973-1974 Mazda 1300 sedan rear.jpg
Rear view of late model Mazda 1300 sedan (Europe)
Mazda 1300 Wagon 1977 (45957240722).jpg
1973–1978 Mazda 1300 5-door wagon (Chile)

The Familia was exported as the "Mazda 1300", and replaced the previous generation 1200 model in most markets. In Finland, the Familia Presto was marketed as the "Mazda Marella." The sedan and coupé were updated in 1972 in Japan and in the autumn of 1973 for export market, but the truck and wagon/van versions continued with little change. The vans and pickup trucks actually soldiered on until 1978, by which time a wagon version of the succeeding FA4 Familia (323/GLC) had been introduced. The later pickup versions were also available in a long-wheelbase version, and still featured an 85 PS (63 kW) (SAE gross) version of the 1.3-litre TC engine, unaffected by the tighter Japanese emissions standards for passenger cars. [12]

Mazda pickup in Ratchaburi Thailand 01.jpg
1980s Mazda Familia Super Cab truck (Thailand)
Mazda pickup in Ubon Thailand.jpg
1990s Mazda Familia Super Cab truck (Thailand)

The pickup models were built until 1991 for markets such as South Africa, Zimbabwe, and the Philippines. [18] In South Africa, the little bakkie was sold as the "Mazda F-1000" or "F-1300". [19] In Thailand, a version of the pickup was produced in small numbers until the late 1990s as the Familia Super Cab. [20]

Engines (export power outputs, DIN):

The pickup received the BPB55, BTA55/65, or FA2T55/65/66 model codes respectively when fitted with the OHV 1.0 or 1.2, or the OHC 1.3. [18] FA2T55 was a short bed with 500 kg (1,100 lb) max load, 65 was a long bed with the same capacity, while the 66 upped that to 600 kg (1,300 lb). All three models were available as either Standard or Deluxe. [21] The 1000 Van (Japanese terminology for the station wagon, which was intended for commercial use there) received either BPCV or BPBV chassis codes, signifying three- or five-door versions. [22] The Familia Presto Van, with OHC engines, received chassis numbers MP3xV/SP3xV for the 1000 (3-door/5-door) and MT2xV/ST2xV for the 1200. The five-door Van range was gradually expanded downwards as the three-door models dropped in popularity. [23] The Familia Presto Van continued largely unchanged until the summer of 1978, aside from the 1.3 losing two horsepower along the way. [24]

The "1200" was offered in the United States in 1971 and again for the 1973 model year. US-market models had round sealed-beam headlamps mounted in pill-shaped bezels fitting the original openings. The 1971 version was the first piston-powered Familia sold in the United States and arrived in two- and four-door forms alongside its rotary Mazda R100 coupé counterpart. It was replaced by the somewhat larger 808 (Grand Familia) the next year. The 1200 model returned for 1973 as the base-model economy Mazda. The company then focused on performance for the next two years, dropping the economy car. After the gas crisis they returned to the economy sector with the Mizer in 1976, a rebadged 808/818.

Engine (US):

Familia Rotary/R100

Mazda Familia Rotary Coupe.jpg
Mazda Familia Rotary Coupe rear.jpg
Mazda Familia Rotary (R100) coupé (Japan)
1972 Mazda Familia Presto Rotary TSS RE10.jpg
1972 Mazda Familia Presto Rotary TSS RE10 rear.jpg
Mazda Familia Presto Rotary 4-door sedan (Japan)

In July 1968 Mazda added a Familia Rotary model to the range, offered in both two-door coupé and four-door sedan variants. [13] [11] Sedan models were given an additional "SS" nameplate. The Familia Rotary was powered by a 982 cc 10A rotary engine [11] and the coupé version was sold outside Japan as the "Mazda R100". [25] After an April 1970 update (known colloquially in Australia as the Series 2) it was known as the "Familia Presto Rotary" in Japan as the Presto nameplate was added into the entire Familia range. Power was rated at just 100 PS (74 kW) due to a small carburetor (thus the "R100" name). The rotary engined R100 has a unique front end design, with a more prominent pointed hood, grille, and bumper. The rear also gained its own design with twin round tail lights, which became for a time a signature design element for the rotary engined versions of Mazda's cars. Inside, the cars were more sumptuously appointed with plusher seats and chrome plated accents, full sized interior door trim panels, a floor mounted handbrake lever, and a unique cockpit styled dashboard with full instrumentation. Mazda referred to this dashboard as the "T-Dash", and fitted it to top spec piston engined variants of the Familia on the Japanese market as well as the rotary models.

In Japan, the installation of a rotary engine gave Japanese buyers a financial advantage when it came time to pay the annual road tax in that they bought a car that was more powerful than a traditional inline engine, but without having the penalty for having an engine in the higher 1.0-litre tax bracket. This was the only generation of the Familia that had the rotary engine offered. When Mazda updated the rotary engine to single distributor design in late 1973 with a raft of improvements to improve reliability and fuel economy, the smaller 10A engine was discontinued. Upgrading the Familia Rotary to the 12A engine would have cost the car its tax advantage in Japan, and the decision to discontinue it was made, despite the Familia body continuing production for some years to follow.

The R100 was one of the first Mazda cars imported into the United States for the new Mazda Motors of America, sold in model years 1971 and 1972. Due to US regulations it was released in North America with round headlights fitted in place of the rectangular lights fitted in all other markets. It was a surprising hit with the American public, though sales were limited to some Northwestern states initially. [26]

Following on the success of the Cosmo Sports at Nürburgring in 1968, Mazda decided to race another rotary car. The Familia Rotary coupé won its first outing, at the Grand Prix of Singapore, in April 1969. Next, the company took on the touring car endurance challenge at Spa, the Spa 24 Hours. For 1969, Mazda entered a pair of Familia Rotary coupés. The cars came fifth and sixth the first year after a quartet of Porsche 911s. The Familia also placed fifth at the Marathon de la Route at Nürburgring in 1969, the same race that the Cosmo had bowed at the previous year. Finally, Mazda took the Familia home for the Suzuka All-Japan Grand Cup, where it won easily. For 1970, the Familia placed eighth at the RAC Tourist Trophy in June, followed by a fourth place at the West German Touring Car race in July. At Spa, four Familias were present, battling with BMW Alpinas, and Alfa Romeos for the podium. This time, three of the Mazdas retired, with the fourth claiming the fifth position. Mazda also turned its attention to Le Mans in 1970 with rotary-powered prototypes. The company finally won that race 21 years later with the 787B.

Kia Brisa

1976 Kia Brisa S1000 gia beurisa.jpg
Kia Brisa S-1000 (pre-facelift)
20141005 Kia Brisa 01.jpg
20141005 Kia Brisa 02.jpg
Kia Brisa S-1000 (Facelift)
20150920 Kia Brisa Pick Up 1.jpg
20150920 Kia Brisa Pick Up 2.jpg
Kia Master pickup truck

From October 1974 until 1981, Kia Motors manufactured a pick up variant of the second generation Familia as the "Kia Brisa" at their first integrated automobile manufacturing facility, the Sohari Plant in Gwangmyeong, South Korea. [27] Production originally commenced in 1973 in the form of the Brisa B-1000 pickup truck, but passenger car production (originally as the "Brisa S-1000") only commenced later. [28] Brisa comes from the Spanish/Portuguese word for "breeze". The Brisa was equipped with a 62 PS (46 kW) 1.0-liter Mazda engine, a bigger 1.3-liter engine was later added to the line up. [29] Production came to an end after the new military dictator Chun Doo-hwan enforced industry consolidation, meaning Kia had to give up passenger cars and focus entirely on light trucks. [29]

The original version of the Brisa received a slightly different front end from the original Familia, featuring twin headlights. Later, single headlights were used. In total, 31,017 Brisa passenger cars were built. [30] Including the pickups increases the totals to 75,987, [29] of which a total of 1,526 were exported. [28] Exports, Kia's first, began with a shipment of 31 Brisa B-1000 pickups to Qatar in 1975. [29] [31] The Brisa (along with the pickup model, called "Master") was also exported to Colombia. [32]

Mazda Grand Familia/Savanna/808/818/RX-3

Mazda 818 sedan Mazda 818 DeLuxe in Portugal, pic2 at the SPECIAAL Auto Evenement Nijkerk 2011.JPG
Mazda 818 sedan

In September 1971, Mazda introduced the "Mazda Grand Familia" and the Mazda Savanna to better compete with the Toyota Corolla, and the Nissan Sunny in North America. The Grand Familia/Savanna was intended to replace the smaller Familia. But with the advent of the 1970s energy crisis, the Familia began to experience an increase in sales due to better fuel economy, so the Familia remained in Japan and Europe, and Mazda decided to offer the Grand Familia and Savanna as larger, performance enhanced alternatives. It is better known by its export market names Mazda 808, 818, and RX-3. The Grand Familia was also built by Kia with the 1272 cc engine from October 1975, [28] originally as the Brisa II and later as the K303.

Third generation (FA3 series 2; 1973–1977)

Third generation
(FA3 series 2)
Mazda-FAMILIA-3rd-generation01.JPG
1973–1976 Mazda Familia Presto 4-door sedan (Japan)
Overview
Also called
  • Mazda 1000/1300
  • Mazda Marella (Finland)
Production1973–1977
AssemblyJapan: Hiroshima Assembly, Hiroshima
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,260 mm (89 in)
Length3,855 mm (152 in)
Width1,540 mm (61 in)
Height
  • 1,350 mm (53 in) (coupé)
  • 1,385 mm (55 in) (sedan)
Curb weight 755–845 kg (1,664–1,863 lb)
Mazda 1000 arriving Schaffen-Diest 2018.jpg
Mazda 1000 2-door sedan (Europe)
1975 Mazda 1300 (FA3TS) Deluxe 4-door sedan (25595476361).jpg
Mazda 1300 4-door sedan (Australia)

The third generation Familia was announced in September 1973, a month before the 1973 oil crisis. [16] [34] It was basically an updated version of the 1970 Familia Presto, reintroduced with 60 mm wider bodywork and reworked front and rear designs. It was promoted and marketed as the "Widebody" in Japan. [16] These changes were made only to the sedans and coupé, while the second generation van/wagon and trucks remained in production and retaining the original narrower bodywork with minor changes. Familia Presto continued using "Mazda 1000/1300" name in export market, "Mazda Marella" name was also retained in Finland.

The Rotary Presto sedan/coupé was discontinued in Japan, having been replaced by the larger Grand Familia-based Mazda Savannah. The piston-engined 1000/1300 and rotary-engined R100 coupés were also replaced by 808/818/RX-3 coupé for export market. This generation was not available in North America and replaced by the bigger 808/Mizer/RX-3. Developed to face the global oil crisis, the Presto featured the fuel efficient 985 cc "PC" and 1272 cc "TC" OHC engines from previous Familia Presto. Power outputs in Japan (JIS gross) were 62 PS (61 hp; 46 kW) and 87 PS (86 hp; 64 kW) respectively, 50 PS (49 hp; 37 kW) and 66 PS (65 hp; 49 kW) (DIN) for export market. [33]

Production of the third generation Familia ended in January 1977, but not before another minor facelift and emissions scrubbing had taken place in February 1976. [35] This changes were not applied for export market. After this change, only the larger engine with lean-burn technology was available, now with 72 PS (71 hp; 53 kW) (JIS gross) and labelled Familia Presto 1300AP (for "Anti Pollution"). [35]

Fourth generation (FA4; 1977–1980)

Fourth generation
Mazda 323 1980.jpg
1977–1979 Mazda 323 3-door hatchback (Europe)
Overview
Also called
  • Mazda 323 (export)
  • Mazda GLC (North America)
  • Mazda MR90/Baby Boomers (5-door hatchback; Indonesia)
  • Mazda Vantrend (wagon/pickup truck; Indonesia)
Production
  • January 1977–1980 (hatchback)
  • June 1978–1986 (wagon)
  • 1978–1980, 1990–1997 (Indonesia)
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine
  • 985 cc PC I4 (FA4PS)
  • 1272 cc TC I4 (FA4TS)
  • 1415 cc UC I4 (FA4US)
  • 1490 cc E5 I4 (wagon only)
  • 1597 cc 4G32 I4 (South Africa)
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,315 mm (91.1 in)
Length
  • Hatchback:
  • *3,835 mm (151.0 in)
  • *3,920–3,975 mm (154.3–156.5 in) (North America)
  • *3,970 mm (156.3 in) (MR90)
  • Pickup truck: 3,985 mm (156.9 in)
  • Wagon/van:
  • *4,010–4,110 mm (157.9–161.8 in)
  • *4,145–4,205 mm (163.2–165.6 in) (North America)
  • *4,125–4,145 mm (162.4–163.2 in) (Vantrend)
Width
  • 1,595–1,605 mm (62.8–63.2 in)
Height
  • Hatchback: 1,375 mm (54.1 in)
  • Wagon/van: 1,425–1,775 mm (56.1–69.9 in)
  • Pickup truck: 1,450 mm (57.1 in)
Curb weight
  • Hatchback: 810–920 kg (1,786–2,028 lb)
  • Wagon/van: 845–980 kg (1,863–2,161 lb)
  • Pickup truck: 835 kg (1,841 lb)
MHV Mazda 323 02.jpg
1977–1979 Mazda 323 5-door hatchback (Europe)
1978-1981 Mazda 323 (FA4UV) Deluxe 1.4 station wagon (20423106080).jpg
1978–1981 Mazda 323 5-door station wagon (Australia)

The Familia AP (323 in most of the world, GLC for "Great Little Car" in North America) debuted in January 1977 [38] as a rear-wheel-drive subcompact, replacing both the Grand Familia (818) and the preceding Familia (1000/1300). There was a choice of hatchbacks and station wagon bodies, both available with a three- or five-door bodystyle. The station wagon version was a bit later, first being introduced in June 1978, which also meant that the commercial versions based on the 1970 Familia could finally be retired. Three Mazda engines were available, the 985 cc PC, 1,272 cc TC, and the 1415 cc UC (introduced in March 1978). The 1.0-liter unit was only made for export markets. The new Familia shared many parts with the older Mazda Grand Familia. This was the first appearance of the 323 name, for export markets only.

The Familia AP was marketed to a new kind of youthful Japanese consumer, and sold very well at home as well as abroad. Nonetheless, the cars traditional rear-wheel-drive underpinnings limited interior space and betrayed themselves in having a very narrow track when compared to the body. [39] The FA4 was somewhat of an interim solution while Mazda worked on a front-wheel-drive car, but still managed to sell around 890,000 examples in its three full years of production.

1979-1980 Mazda 323 1.4 hatchback 01.jpg
1979-1980 Mazda 323 (FA4TS) 1.4 hatchback 06.jpg
1979–1980 Mazda 323 1.4 5-door (FA4US, Australia)

In June 1979 the 323/Familia underwent a facelift, replacing the previous round headlights with rectangular units which were designed as a single unit along with the grille. The new style was in line with that of the recently released Mazda Capella/626 (CB). [40] Other minor differences occurred along with the facelift. [41]

The range was replaced in 1980, however, the station wagon models continued in production until 1986.

The FA4-series Familia/323 was available in several body variants:

Several of these were available in multiple trim levels.

Engines:

In Australia the 1.3 had 45 kW (61 PS; 60 hp) at 5700 rpm while the bigger 1.4, introduced in July 1978, offered 48 kW (65 PS; 64 hp) at a somewhat lower engine speed of 5500 rpm. The 1.4 was accompanied by the new, better-equipped CS model which was only available with five-door bodywork. [43]

Van engines:

A five-speed manual gearbox was introduced later as an alternative to the original four-speed manual gearbox. At the same time the original 7-inch (178 mm) round sealed beam headlights were replaced with square sealed beam units on all models except the van, together with a general styling and mechanical upgrade. A three-speed automatic gearbox was also available on the bigger engined models, it was first introduced (on the 1400) at the end of June 1978. [46]

1985 Mazda 323 (FA45V) Deluxe station wagon (2015-11-11).jpg
1981–1986 Mazda 323 5-door wagon (Australia)
1984 Mazda 323 (FA4) panel van (16420246813).jpg
1981–1986 Mazda 323 3-door van (Australia)

When the next generation front-wheel-drive Familia/323/GLC models were released in 1980, the wagon and van models continued unchanged, due to Mazda not developing wagon models for the newer range. A facelift however was given to the wagons in 1981, which gave the models the front clip (albeit with different bumpers) of the front-wheel-drive models. Production of the wagons continued to 1986, when a new front-wheel-drive model was introduced. Originally available with the 1.3- TC and 1.4-liter UC engines, in export markets the larger unit was replaced with the new 1.5-liter E5 engine for the 1983 model year. [45]

North America

For the United States, the GLC, advertised as the Great Little Car, was only offered with one engine at a time. The new GLC overlapped with the old-style Mizer for part of 1977 and was produced through 1980 before being replaced by the next-generation GLC. The marketing campaign in the U.S. had the words "Great Little Car" set to the tune of Spanish Flea. Thanks to the safety bumpers mandated by federal regulations, the 1979 base GLC three-door weighed in at 1,995 lb (905 kg) and was 154.3 in (3,920 mm) long. [47] The station wagon continued to be offered until the 1986 model year.

For the 1979 model year, the original 52 hp (39 kW) 1272 cc four was replaced with a 1415 cc engine producing 65 hp (48 kW). [47] In addition to there- and five-door hatchbacks, as well as the wagon, there was also a GLC Sport version which offered a five-speed rather than the four-speed manual or the three-speed automatic installed in other versions. [47] After the introduction of the front-wheel-drive GLC the carry-over station wagon's engine was replaced with the new E5 model of 1490 cc, although claimed power dropped somewhat, to 63 hp (47 kW).

South Africa

In South Africa, the five-door-only 323 proved an immediate success. The 1.3 was gradually replaced by the larger 1.4 from July 1978, while a Special and a CS model were added at the low and high ends of the lineup respectively, complementing the existing De Luxe models. [48] Well-equipped versions of the 1978 facelift model were sold as the "323 GLC" in South Africa. A 1600 cc model was also available in South Africa – however this model did not have a Mazda engine, unlike the rest of the range. To satisfy that country's local content regulations, a locally built Mitsubishi Saturn 1.6-liter unit was used. This produces 77 PS (57 kW) and was the most powerful engine to be installed in the FA-series Familia/323. [49] It arrived in early 1979, but period testers felt that the less revvy 1.6 provided very little that the 1.4 did not offer, and could not be considered to be worth the price. Fuel consumption dropped, while top speed of 148 km/h (92 mph) was only marginally higher than the 145 km/h (90 mph) of the smaller version. [50] Sigma also fielded a rotary-engined 323 in the South African national rally championship. [51]

Indonesia
Mazda MR90 (front), Denpasar.jpg
Mazda MR90.jpg
Mazda MR90
Mazda Baby Boomers.jpg
Mazda Baby Boomers
Mazda VanTrend (front), Tuban.jpg
Mazda Vantrend

In Indonesia the fourth generation Familia was marketed by Indomobil Group twice, the first time as the 323 hatchback from 1977 to 1980, and the second time around as the low-cost alternative of the popular Toyota Kijang and fellow Indomobil Group product's Suzuki Carry Extra/Futura; low-price "Mazda MR90" (hatchback) between December 1990 [52] [53] to 1993, "Mazda Baby Boomers" (hatchback) between 1993 to 1995, and as the "Mazda Vantrend" (station wagon and special limited order as high roof van or pickup truck) [37] between 1993 to 1997. The name MR90 stands for "Mobil Rakyat 90" (people's car for the 1990s) as it was intended to become a national car project. [36] This was scuppered by the appearance of the Timor 515 project. [36] The MR90 and its successors did see limited exports to small markets such as Fiji [54] and Sri Lanka. There was also a better equipped GLX version available. [54] The Baby Boomers was a lightly facelifted variant with new bumpers and a rear spoiler, for a more sporty appearance overall.

The 1990s versions built by Indomobil have modernized headlights (same as on the Mazda 626 (GC), while Vantrend adopted the pre-facelift North American market quad headlights version) and bumpers. These alterations mean that the overall length increased, up to 3,970 mm (156 in) for the MR90 hatchback. [53] Only the 70 PS (51 kW) UC 1.4-liter engine was offered, in combination with a five-speed transmission. The project was suggested to and given the green light by Mazda's Senior Managing Director Keiji Asano while he was on a trip to Indonesia in 1986. [55] Sold alongside the seventh generation 323, an MR90 cost less than half the price of the newer model, but still more expensive than Toyota Kijang and Suzuki Carry "minibuses" as the country imposed 30% tax for sedans. [36] In the past hatchback and wagon were classified as sedan Indonesia, but then revised as "minibus" in early 2000s. This changes boosting the sales of hatchbacks and started the downfall of sedans popularity in Indonesia.

Around this time, a coachbuilder company called PT. Marvia Graha Motor (owned by Marvy Apandi, the executive director of Indomobil Group) built around 50 units replica of Porsche 911 (964) based on MR90 hatchbacks. [56] While retaining the original 1.4-liter engine, 5-speed manual gearbox, suspension and dashboard (later models has 964 dashboard replica), the body was made from fiberglass by using the 964 production tools from VW Group. [56] At that time Indomobil had a trial by assembling two Porsche 964 and planned to build Porsche and Audi in Indonesia to compete with BMW and Mercedes Benz. [56] The plan was terminated because the production quality was below VW Group's standard. [56]

Fifth generation (BD; 1980–1986)

Fifth generation (BD)
1980-1982 Mazda 323 (BD) Deluxe 5-door hatchback (2010-10-02) 01.jpg
Overview
Also called
  • Mazda 323
  • Mazda GLC
Production
  • 1980–1985
  • 1984–1986 (Colombia)
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Mazda BD platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,365 mm (93.1 in)
Length
  • 3,955 mm (155.7 in) (hatchback)
  • 4,155 mm (163.6 in) (sedan)
Width1,630 mm (64.2 in)
Height1,375 mm (54.1 in)
Curb weight 780–830 kg (1,720–1,830 lb)
1980-1982 Mazda 323 (BD) Deluxe 5-door hatchback (2010-10-02) 02.jpg
Hatchback (pre–facelift)
1981-1982 Mazda 323 (BD) Deluxe sedan (8302481590).jpg
Sedan (pre-facelift)
1984 Mazda 323 (BD Series 2) Super Deluxe 5-door hatchback (2015-11-11) 01.jpg
1984 Mazda 323 (BD Series 2) Super Deluxe 5-door hatchback (2015-11-11) 02.jpg
Hatchback (facelift)
1983 Mazda 323 (BD Series 2) Deluxe sedan (2013-05-11).jpg
Sedan (facelift)

The BD Familia, first shown on 2 June 1980, [57] was entirely new – it was Mazda's first front-engine, front-wheel drive subcompact car, and was available as a hatchback and sedan. It was developed with input from Ford, which in 1979 had acquired a stake in the Japanese manufacturer, and had a twin called the Ford Laser (and Ford Meteor, for its four-door sedan model in Australia).

At its introduction in 1980, it won the first Car of the Year Japan Award.

The new Mazda E engine-series, loosely based on the preceding PC/TC/UC series, was developed expressly for the BD and was offered in three different displacements. The smallest 1.1-liter E1 unit was reserved for certain export markets where the tax structures suited it. Chassis codes were BD1011/BD1031/BD1051 depending on the engine installed.

Engines:

The most powerful version was marketed as the "323 GT" in European markets. The Familia/323 underwent a facelift in January 1983. [58]

For the Japanese market other top end models were offered, originally the three-door Familia XGI with a 1,500 cc single cam, multi-point fuel-injected engine. In June 1983 the turbocharged XGI Turbo was added, Mazda's first turbocharged piston engine. It had a particularly small turbocharger, for better low-end response. Period commentators complimented its linear and smooth power delivery. The XG Turbo also received a suitably updated chassis and wheels to handle the 115 PS (85 kW). [59] The Familia sedan and their twin, the Ford Laser S, was also offered with the same specifications but in limited numbers. Claimed outputs in the Japanese market were considerably higher than in export countries, due to the differing JIS standard rather than DIN. Period sources suggest subtracting ten percent from the JIS numbers. [59]

This particular Familia was a strong comeback for Mazda in the Japanese market, even outselling the Toyota Corolla on several occasions. The four-door sedan was equipped with a reverse-rake front grille and lights in the Japanese market, to make it appear more "senior". The same front design was used for the GA/GB Ford Meteor.

The 1980 Familia/323 was the first front-engine, front-wheel-drive vehicle from Mazda since the R130. This generation of 323 was Wheels magazine's car of the year for 1980. The existing station wagon version, simply a facelifted version of the previous rear-drive model (fitted with the square headlights and grille from the new model), was sold in parallel with the BD. The wagon was available with either three or five doors and was equipped either with the old 1272 cc TC engine or the 1415 cc UC. [60] The 1.4 was replaced from 1983 with the newly developed 1490 cc E5 engine. The TC 1.3 produces 60 PS (44 kW) while the larger versions offer 70 PS (51 kW). [45] By 1985, the old 1.3 was replaced by the 1296 cc E3 engine with 68 PS (50 kW); it was only available with the three-door estate body. [61]

Export markets

The front-wheel-drive 323 was introduced in Europe in September 1980, nearly simultaneously to its cousin and competitor the Ford Escort. The four-door sedan version followed in January 1981, and one month later automatic-equipped models became available to European buyers. [62]

1981-1982 Mazda GLC (North American version of the 323) 1981-82 Mazda GLC, front.jpg
1981–1982 Mazda GLC (North American version of the 323)

GLC (1981–1985)

The equivalent American Mazda GLC (Great Little Car) appeared in the 1981 model year, although the rear-wheel drive wagon also continued to be offered. [63] It was only offered with a single engine - the twin-barrel 1.5-liter with 68 hp (51 kW)—and lasted through 1985, after which it was replaced by the next-generation Mazda 323. With this, the GLC nameplate was retired. The BD was the only front-wheel drive Mazda vehicle using the GLC name. Originally it was offered with three- or five-door bodywork, in standard, Custom, Custom L, or Sport equipment levels. The five-door only came as a Custom and were sold only in Hawaii and Puerto Rico. [63] All cars received exposed rectangular sealed-beam units.

The Sport received a steering wheel borrowed from the RX-7, full instrumentation, and a special rear interior which closely integrates the side trim with the rear seat design [64] - an early iteration of a design philosophy taken to its extreme with the 1988 Persona and the 1990 Eunos Cosmo. Unlike the sporting 323s in other markets, the Sport only received special hubcaps, rather than alloy wheels. [65] For 1982, the Sport was made to live up to its name a little bit more, with the installation of a front anti-roll bar and cast aluminum wheels. [66] The five-door GLC gained a fully carpeted trunk for 1982. [66]

Sixth generation (BF; 1985–1994)

Sixth generation (BF)
5th generation Mazda Familia BFMR full time 4WD DOHC turbo.jpg
Mazda Familia GT-X 3 door Hatchback (BF)
Overview
Also called
  • Mazda 323
  • Ford Tonic
  • Sao Penza
Production
  • 1985–1989 (hatchback, sedan, cabriolet and pick-up)
  • 1985-1994 (wagon)
  • 1986–2004 (Colombia)
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout
Platform Mazda BF platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
LengthHatchback: 4,110 mm (161.8 in)
Sedan/wagon: 4,310 mm (169.7 in)
Width1,645 mm (64.8 in)
HeightSedan/hatchback: 1,390 mm (54.7 in)
Wagon: 1,430 mm (56.3 in)
Curb weight 936 kg (2,064 lb)

In January 1985, the sixth generation Familia/323 was fully renewed. It was available as a hatchback (with three or five doors) or four-door sedan only for the first year; wagon and cabriolet models were added in November 1985 and March 1986 respectively. The wagon was commonly sold as a light van in Japan, but for the first time it was also available as a passenger-oriented wagon model in the Japanese domestic market. In January 1987 a personal coupé version with its own bodywork, the Étude, was added. In February 1987 the Familia range underwent a light facelift that included replacing the old E engines with the more modern B series. [67] In some markets, such as Indonesia, the B engine continued to be installed after the facelift.

This generation of the Familia/323 was also available in a version with a turbocharged DOHC engine, with either front- or four-wheel drive, producing 140 PS (103 kW). The 4WD version (sold in either a light-weight GT or fully optioned GT-X grade) introduced in October 1985, saw some success in rally's Group A category. A limited production Japanese-only homologation special, the 4WD GT-Ae, appeared May 1988 and offered an additional ten horsepower and viscous rear limited slip differential (similar to the later BG Familia). Full time four-wheel drive was also available in more pedestrian versions like the 1.5 hatchback. [68]

There was also a 1.7-liter diesel version available with 58 PS (43 kW) at 4300 rpm and 112 N⋅m (83 lb⋅ft) at 2800 rpm. Introduced in July 1985, it is a naturally aspirated indirect injection engine. [69]

As with the earlier 323 Wagon/Familia Van, the wagon (BW) skipped the succeeding generational change and continued to be available alongside the next generation in most markets. It was later updated with a new grille and lights and continued to be available until 1994/95. When the saloons and hatchbacks received new engines in late 1987, the vans continued to use the old E-series units for a little longer.

A factory-built convertible body was introduced in March 1986 in both Mazda 323 and Ford Laser (323 panels from firewall back) versions, initially running the 1.5-liter turbocharged E5T engine but later switching to the 1.6-liter DOHC B6D.

Engines (Japanese domestic market):

Export markets

The 1985 Familia spawned a Ford Laser twin sold in the Asia-Pacific. The Laser sedan and wagon were nearly identical to the Familia but with a Ford grille. By contrast the Laser hatchback model, which was sold in the U.S. as the Mercury Tracer used completely different panels from the Familia's.

Engines (European models unless otherwise noted):

United States

The new 323 arrived in the United States for the 1986 model year and continued to be available through 1989. The naming practice was now aligned with most of Mazda's export markets, with the 323 badge replacing GLC. For 1987 the wagon version was added to the lineup, with the same mechanicals as the hatchbacks and sedans. [71]

South Africa

The model remained in production in South Africa, as an entry-level model until 2003. [72] It was also sold there as the "Midge", the "Sting", and as the "Ford Tonic". A locally designed pick-up based on the Familia front end, called the Rustler was also produced, and sold as the "Ford Bantam". From 1991 to 1994 Samcor also produced and sold the 323 with the 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC FE engine from the Mazda 626 and badged it "200i". Along with the 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC engine there were upgrades to the suspension and braking system. Still, the 1.6-liter GT-Ae homologation car was more powerful.

This South African built model was also sold in Australia between 1989 and 1991 with minor changes, the most noticeable one being the front indicators having a clear color rather than the normal amber. These models were labeled BF as opposed to the next generation's BG.

Sao Penza

The South African-made model was exported to the United Kingdom between 1991 and 1993 as the "Sao Penza" and fitted with a 1.3-liter fuel-injected engine. [73] The importer was Automotive Holdings, a subsidiary of Mazda Cars Ltd, the official Mazda UK importer. It was a rebadged version of the Mazda 323, imported from South Africa, where the 1985 model was still assembled by Samcor (now Ford Motor Company of South Africa), although it had ceased to be imported to the UK in 1989. [74] Both four-door saloon and five-door hatchback versions were available, with fairly basic specifications.

It went on sale in the United Kingdom in July 1991, with 1200 vehicles expected to be sold that year. [75] Marketed as "Japanese technology you can afford", it was sold at £7,500 - around £2,000 cheaper than the equivalent version of the new Mazda 323. [73] However, it struggled to compete in a segment of the market dominated by South Korean and Eastern European models. [76] Its prices were not low enough to attract strong sales and it was withdrawn from sale in 1993. [77] Just over 1,000 were sold and as of 2019 there is just one MOT'd car left on the road (a blue 1.3L 5-door) [78]

The car uses the 1.3 L (1,324 cc) Mazda B3 four-cylinder engine. Maximum power is 65 hp (48 kW) at 5500 rpm, providing a top speed of 150 km/h (93 mph). [79]

Seventh generation (BG; 1989–1994)

Seventh generation (BG)
1995 Mazda 323 (BG Series 2) 1.6 sedan (2015-07-15) 01.jpg
1995 Mazda 323 (facelift)
Overview
Also called
  • Mazda 323
  • Mazda Protegé
  • Haima CA6430/CA7130/CA7160 (China)
Production
  • 1989–1994
  • 1989–1997 (Indonesia)
  • 1998–2004 (China)
Assembly
Designer Norihiko Kawaoka (1987) [80] [81]
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout
Platform Mazda BG platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase Hatchback: 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Sedan/F: 2,500 mm (98.4 in)
LengthHatchback: 3,995–4,035 mm (157.3–158.9 in)
Sedan: 4,215–4,355 mm (165.9–171.5 in)
Width1,670–1,690 mm (65.7–66.5 in)
Height1,340–1,405 mm (52.8–55.3 in)
Curb weight 910–1,210 kg (2,006–2,668 lb)

The seventh generation Familia (BG) included three-door hatchback, five-door fastback, and four-door sedan variants, none of which share any body panels. The new five-door fastback version was called the Familia Astina in Japan and was sold as the 323F or 323 Astina elsewhere. The BF wagon (originally introduced in 1985) was carried over in facelifted form, although Ford marketed a wagon on the new platform as part of the North American Escort line.

The BG Familia was available with front- or all-wheel drive and a 1.3 L, 1.5 L, 1.6 L, or 1.8 L gas or 1.7 L diesel engine. Later, a turbocharged engine was added, especially developed for homologation purposes for the World Rally Championship, Group A category. The four-wheel drive models (including the turbocharged GT-X) were introduced in August 1989. In Japan, the SOHC 1.6 was only available coupled to four-wheel drive. With a carburettor, it offered 91 PS (67 kW), the same as the lower-spec 1.5, but with a somewhat larger torque curve. [82] In Europe, only the 1.8 (in naturally aspirated, 106 PS form or either of the turbocharged variants) was offered with four-wheel-drive.

1991-1994 Mazda 323 (BG) sedan (Australia) 1996 Mazda 323 (BG Series 2) 1.6 sedan (2015-07-09) 02.jpg
1991–1994 Mazda 323 (BG) sedan (Australia)

Trim lines in Japan included "Clair", "Interplay", "Supreme", "Pepper", and "GT-X". The Supreme model was only available in saloon form and features the larger bumpers and bootlid-mounted number plate recess of the American market Protegé. Carburetted models were mostly dropped in 1991, replaced by single-point fuel injection.

In North America, the 323 sedan became the Protegé, while the 323 hatchback kept its name. There, and in the Philippines, base (SE/DX), 4WD and top-line LX models were available. The 1990 base model has the SE name and uses the B8 1.8l SOHC engine that has 16 valves and hydraulic lifters. In 1991, the base model name was changed to "DX". 4WD models existed for the 1990 and 1991 model years, with the SOHC engine and rear disc brakes. The LX version of the Protegé included a BP 1.8l DOHC 16-valve engine 125 hp (93 kW). LX models also have power windows and door locks and 14 inch wheels. Vented front and solid rear disc brakes, larger front brakes, larger clutch, equal-length driveshafts, dual outlet muffler, body-color door handles and mirrors, fold-down rear center armrest, driver's vanity mirror, and larger stabilizer bars. A sunroof and 14 inch aluminum alloy wheels were options on LX models.

BG models that were assembled in New Zealand came with glass headlights instead of plastic, and a 240 km/h speedometer.

Production of the BG Familia mostly ended on 24 May 1994, although the 1.3-liter hatchback was kept in production until October 1996 as there was originally no 1.3 option in the following generation. In Australia, the BG model continued-to be sold until 1996 as a more affordable alternative to the newer BH model.

In China, the BG model was sold as the Haima CA7130 and the CA7160. They were produced from 1998 to 2004. Power came from the 1.3 litre 8A-FE or 1.6-litre B6 sourced from Toyota and Mazda respectively. [83]

Engines (Japan)

Familia Infini

The Mazda Familia Infini was produced from 1989 to 1990 as a special Japan only special sport trim line of the four-door Familia. [84] [85] Much of the Infini trim is similar to the American LX version, equipped with the 1.8 DOHC BP-ZE engine and 5-speed manual. The Infini was upgraded with a viscous limited slip differential, tightened suspension package, and bonnet/headlight style similar to the 323 hatchbacks. In 1994, these were facelifts were adopted on all Familia sedan models. The Infini came only in dark green color with unique Infini trim grille, rear spoiler, "lightweight" carpet, without sound deadener, and with Infini (∞) logos on horn button, front grille, wheel caps, and bootlid. There were also unique factory front clear indicators, a Momo steering wheel, BBS 15" rims, suede interior with GTX style seat trim, leather gearboot & knob, front and rear strut braces, 22 mm sway bars front and rear, rear tie bar, and a 7100 rpm redline tachometer, as well as 250 mm four-wheel disc brakes. Around 1,000 Infinis were produced, and preceded Mazda's ɛ̃fini Japanese dealership network.

Familia GT-X, GT-R and GT-Ae

The JDM GTX model featured four-wheel drive, viscous limited slip differentials and a turbocharged 1.8 L BP engine. In the U.S. the Protegé came with a 1.8 L SOHC non-turbocharged engine, along with 4WD. The JDM GT-R rally homologation version was added in 1992, featuring a number of enhancements over the GTX model: an aggressive front bumper, grill and bonnet vents, updated rear bumper, wheel flares, stiffer suspension and anti-roll bars with thicker cross members, and homologated five-stud wheel hubs with larger brakes. The interior was fitted with leather and suede seats, and had the option of replacing the cupholder with a 3 gauge cluster. In addition, the GTR has stronger connecting rods and pistons, larger oil squirters, larger nose crank, larger oil cooler, sodium filled valves, a baffled inlet manifold, larger injectors (from 360cc (black) to 440cc (orange)), removed boost cut, front-mounted intercooler, and an IHI VJ-23 ball bearing water-cooled turbocharger. Both the GTX and GTR models were limited to a top speed of 180 km/h. However, removing a screw on the back of the instrument cluster, labeled 180 km/h, meant that the speed limiter was removed.

The GT-R produced 210 PS (154 kW) compared to the GTX with 185 PS (136 kW). 300 special version GT-R's were produced known as GT-Ae's. These shared the power output of the GT-R, but were 30 kg (66 lb) lighter, fitted with closer ratio gearboxes, and featured a larger top spoiler with a gap between the hatch and the spoiler to direct air to the new lower spoiler. The wiring for ABS, A/C, power mirrors, power windows, power locks, and sunroof was removed. Instead of using the GTR's leather interior, the lighter cloth interior of the GTX was used.

Astina/323F

A sporty, five-door fastback version was called the Familia Astina in Japan. Elsewhere, it was called 323F and 323 Astina. A luxury version was also sold in Japan as the Eunos 100. The car was produced from 1989 until 1994 before being replaced by the Lantis. A key feature of the Astina/F is the distinct front end with its pop-up headlights. There were carbureted or fuel injected SOHC versions available of the 1.5-, 1.6- and 1.8-liter engines, as well as a version of the 1.8 with DOHC and fuel injection. Unlike the standard Familia saloons and three-door hatchback, the Astina never came from the factory with a turbo or with four-wheel drive.

Taillight arrangement varies from market to market, the main difference being the third brake light in the spoiler and two brake lights per cluster (Japanese spec), rather than one.

In the UK the 323F was launched with 1.6L 16v in either LX or GLX trim or as 1.8i 16vGT. In Indonesia it is called Astina GT and RX3 (Special model made in Indonesia like as front & rear bumper and side skirt) with BP05 engine 1.8L

Eighth generation (BH; 1994–1998)

Eighth generation (BH/BA)
Mazda Familia 001.JPG
1994–1996 Mazda Familia sedan (Japan)
Overview
Also called
  • Mazda 323
  • Mazda Allegro
  • Mazda Artis
  • Mazda Lantis
  • Mazda Protegé
  • Mazda Étude
Production
  • 1994–1998
  • 1995–1999 (Colombia)
  • 1995–2000 (Indonesia)
  • 1996–2000 (Philippines)
Assembly
Designer Yujiro Daikoku (1992)
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout
Platform Mazda BH platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • Coupé/Hatchback: 2,505 mm (99 in)
  • Sedan: 2,605 mm (103 in)
Length
  • Coupé: 4,030 mm (159 in)
  • Hatchback: 4,040 mm (159 in)
  • Sedan: 4,335 mm (171 in)
  • Sedan: 4,440 mm (175 in) (AWD/North America)
Width
  • 1,710 mm (67 in) (International)
  • 1,695 mm (67 in) (Japan)
Height
  • Coupé/Hatchback: 1,405–1,420 mm (55–56 in)
  • Sedan: 1,420–1,440 mm (56–57 in)
Curb weight
  • Hatchback: 980–1,105 kg (2,161–2,436 lb)
  • Coupé: 1,010–1,030 kg (2,227–2,271 lb)
  • Sedan: 1,040–1,270 kg (2,293–2,800 lb)

The eighth generation was released for the Japanese domestic market in June 1994 with front-wheel drive. [86] [87] The sedan version was again sold as the "Mazda Protegé" in North America, as the Mazda Artis in some South American markets, as the "Mazda Étude" in South Africa and as Mazda Allegro in Colombia. Originally there was a three-door coupé (323C/Familia Neo) available, but after sluggish sales, a hatchback version based on the facelifted Familia sedan replaced it.

An unusual JDM station wagon model appeared in September 1994, [87] with the discontinuation of the 1985-generation station wagon. The Mazda Familia Van offered after this year was a rebadged Nissan AD/Wingroad/Sunny California, which was essentially the station wagon version of the Nissan Sunny/Sentra/Pulsar (N14). [88] A new model appeared in the same month, when a lean-burn version called the GS-L arrived: its Z5-DEL engine produces 94 PS (69 kW), [87] three down on the regular Z5-DE, but gas mileage improved by ten to fifteen percent. Another loan was the 1.7-liter intercooled turbodiesel engine purchased from Isuzu for use in sedans since October 1994. [87] These models have a prominent hood scoop. [89] At about the same time a all-wheel-drive model was introduced in Japan, either with a 1.6-liter petrol or the Isuzu turbodiesel. [86] The 4WD cars can be easily identified by having been equipped with the federalized front (but not rear) bumper, including side marker lights. [89]

This generation grew considerably, with the four-door sedan's wheelbase only 5 millimetres short of the then-current Mazda 626, a mid-size car. The car was not originally offered with a 1.3-liter engine in Japan, with the lineup beginning with the bigger 1.5-liter. To close this gap in the lineup, the BG hatchback with the 1.3-liter engine was kept available until October 1996, when the new hatchback model was introduced (323P) and the smaller engine was made available. [86]

The rare North American ES model came with the Miata (NA)'s 1.8-liter twin-cam engine (though the internals were not entirely the same), all-wheel disc brakes, and dual stabilizer bars. [90] The same car went on sale in Australia in the second half of 1994 with a fully featured BP-ZE engine. The Protegé became classified as a "compact car" for the 1995 model year in North America.

A version with Mazdaspeed accessories was released in Japan and Philippines. It came equipped with Mazdaspeed wrap around bodykit, Mazdaspeed rear spoiler, Momo steering wheel, 15-inch Rota Astral wheels wrapped in 195/55R15 Bridgestone Potenza RE01 tires, Mazdaspeed strut tower bar, Eibach springs, gas-charged shock absorbers, swaybars and Mazdaspeed exhaust made by Yumex.

The Familia/Protegé/323 was facelifted in October 1996, [87] with a newer somewhat calmer style. This generation was discontinued in 1998 in most markets, but continued to be available in some markets until 1999 or 2000. For example, the 3-door hatchback was available in Europe until October 2000. [91]

Models

Familia Neo/323C/323 Neo

The Familia Neo started production for the Japanese domestic market in 1994 (axed in 1996), and was also sold as the 323C in Europe and the 323 Neo in Canada. Ford released a rebadged version which was mechanically the same although different bumpers, headlights and bonnet were fitted, badged as the Ford Laser Lynx in Japan and Australia, and the Ford Aztec in Taiwan. This model was only available as the Ford Laser-Lynx in the Australian market, as Mazda already had the 323 Astina Hatch filling the gap for a hatchback in the Mazda range. To contradict this, Mazda Australia also offered two 323 sedans, the Astina/Lantis hardtop and the 323 Protegé until production of both models ceased in 1998.

It featured a rear hatch with a divided glass, much like the Honda CR-X. Aesthetically the Familia Neo was very close in looks to a Mazda Lantis/323F and equated to a three-door version and also shared the Lantis suspension. The top specced Familia Neo was fitted with a DOHC 1839 cc BP-ZE engine which produced around 114–135 PS (84–99 kW) (depending on the market), and this was the same engine fitted to the base model Mazda Lantis. It was also sold for a single year (1995) in Canada as 323 Neo GS. In Europe it was named Mazda 323C (for coupé), available for sale until September 1998 [92] and it was equipped with 1.3 L SOHC, 1.5 L DOHC 16V, and 1.8 L DOHC 16V engine.

Engines

Petrol:

  • 1.3 L (1,323 cc) B3-ME , I4 16-valve SOHC, FI, 73–84 PS (54–62 kW; 72–83 hp) / 104–110 N⋅m (77–81 lb⋅ft) (1994–2000)
  • 1.5 L (1,489 cc) Z5-DE , I4 16-valve DOHC, FI, 88–110 PS (65–81 kW; 87–108 hp) / 130–137 N⋅m (96–101 lb⋅ft) (1994–2000)
  • 1.5 L (1,489 cc) Z5-DEL , I4 16-valve DOHC, FI, lean burn, 94 PS (69 kW; 93 hp) / 132 N⋅m (97 lb⋅ft) (1996–1998)
  • 1.5 L (1,498 cc) B5-ZE , I4 16-valve DOHC, FI, 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) / 129 N⋅m (95 lb⋅ft) (1994–1996)
  • 1.6 L (1,597 cc) B6D , I4 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) / 140 N⋅m (103 lb⋅ft) (1996–1998)
  • 1.8 L (1,839 cc) BP-ZE , I4 16-valve DOHC, FI, 114–140 PS (84–103 kW; 112–138 hp) / 157–163 N⋅m (116–120 lb⋅ft) (1995–2000)

Diesel:

  • 1.7 L (1,686 cc) 4EE1-T , I4 8-valve SOHC, turbodiesel, 82–88 PS (60–65 kW; 81–87 hp) / 167–168 N⋅m (123–124 lb⋅ft) (1995–1998)
  • 2.0 L (1,998 cc) RF , I4 8-valve SOHC, 71 PS (52 kW; 70 hp) / 128 N⋅m (94 lb⋅ft) (1996–1999)

Lantis/Astina/323F

Mazda Lantis 5-door hatchback (Japan) Mazda-Lantis.JPG
Mazda Lantis 5-door hatchback (Japan)

A five-door hatchback and four-door sedan, both featuring pillarless doors and distinct sheetmetal from other 323s, was sold in Japan as the Mazda Lantis, in Australia, New Zealand and South Africa as the Mazda 323 Astina, in Colombia as the Mazda Allegro and in Europe as the Mazda 323F.

They were built on platforms distinct from the other 323s and actually appeared nearly a year before the new Familia, in September 1993. [87] The bodyshape was designed by former Porsche designers. The Lantis was on the CB, a minor update of the CA that underpinned the luxury Mazda Xedos 6 and Eunos 500. The European 323F was designated BA, but was actually almost identical to the CB, and had little to do with other B platforms. These models were sold with the 1.5 L 1.6L and 1.8 L engines seen in the rest of the 323 range, as well as a 2.0 L (KF) V6 shared with the Eunos 500. The 2.0L V6 still remains one of the smallest V6 engines put into a production car.

Ninth generation (BJ; 1998–2003)

Ninth generation (BJ)
2003 Mazda 323 (BJ Series 2) Astina SP20 5-door hatchback (20843059699).jpg
Overview
Also called
Production
  • 1998–2003
  • 2003–2008 (Colombia, Iran, Taiwan)
  • 2003–present (China)
Assembly
Designer Tsutomu Toyoda (1996)
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Mazda BJ platform
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,610 mm (102.8 in)
Length1999–2000 Protegé: 174.0 in (4,420 mm)
2001–03 Protegé: 175.3 in (4,453 mm)
Protegé5: 170.5 in (4,331 mm)
2001–03: 4,265 mm (167.9 in)
1999–2000: 4,215 mm (165.9 in)
2001–03 Sedan, 2004–2011 Haima Happin: 4,365 mm (171.9 in)
1999–2000 Sedan: 4,315 mm (169.9 in)
Mazdaspeed & MP3: 4,435 mm (174.6 in)
Haima Family 2006–2010: 4,466 mm (175.8 in)
Width1,705 mm (67.1 in) (Int'l)
1,695 mm (66.7 in) (Japan, 2007–2012 Haima Happin, 2010 Haima Family)
HeightSedan: 1,410 mm (55.5 in)
Wagon: 1,470 mm (57.9 in)
Mazdaspeed & MP3: 55.3 in (1,405 mm)
1,425 mm (56.1 in) (Haima Happin 2012)
Pre-facelift Mazda 323 Protege sedan (Australia) 1998-2001 Mazda 323 (BJ) Protege sedan (2011-11-18).jpg
Pre-facelift Mazda 323 Protegé sedan (Australia)
Pre-facelift Mazda Familia (Japan) Mazda Familia S-Wagon 003.jpg
Pre-facelift Mazda Familia (Japan)
Mazda Familia Sport 20 (Japan) Mazda Familia S-Wagon 001.jpg
Mazda Familia Sport 20 (Japan)

A redesigned ninth generation BJ Familia was introduced on 9 June 1998 and released on 29 September 1998 as a 1999 model. Body styles included a four-door sedan, five-door S-Wagon (sold as the Protegé5 in the United States and Canada, and Astina NU in some Asian countries) and a three-door hatchback. In Japan there was also a traditional five-door Wagon sold, but this car is simply a rebadged Nissan. A 4EC automatic transmission and two five-speed manual transmissions were available. All-wheel drive is optional.

The 1999 BJ platform was updated with a four-door sedan or five-door hatchback chassis based on the larger Mazda Capella and offered with more engine choices. The Japanese Mazda Familia had all-wheel drive as an option. In North America, the ES's engine was still 1.8 liters, but for the eighth generation it was a smaller version of the 626's engine (the FP) rather than the sportier engine shared with the Miata which had been used previously. The rear disc brakes of the ES were downgraded to drums.

Mazda 323s were used as police cars by some police departments such as the Singapore Police Force under Fast Response Car (FRCs) until they were retired in 2016.

The Familia Van and Familia Business Wagon were introduced for 2000, and continued to be supplied by Nissan under an OEM deal, based on the Wingroad.

Facelift

2001-2003 Mazda Protege LX sedan (US) 01-03 Mazda Protege LX.jpg
2001–2003 Mazda Protegé LX sedan (US)

In 2001, the entire line was facelifted with new styling, a revised suspension, and a new audio system. For North America, ES models received rear disc brakes and a stiffer suspension. The 1.8 L engine was increased to 2.0 L for the ES models, and was optional on the LX model, becoming the 2.0LX. The standard 2001 Protegé LX engine was the carryover 1.6 L ZM-DE.

A 2.0 L gas engine appeared in 2001 on the Japanese market Sport 20. In 1999, Ford of Japan ceased to market Mazda-based models, and the Ford Laser, along with the Ixion, Telstar and Festiva, was discontinued.

Mazdaspeed Protegé

For the 2001 model year in North America, Mazda introduced the limited-edition Protegé MP3 featuring a new sport-tuned suspension, 17-inch Racing Hart wheels, and a 10 hp (7 kW; 10 PS) gain for a total of 140 hp (104 kW; 142 PS), which was achieved through a tuned factory ECU which advances ignition timing requiring high octane rating gasoline, cat-back exhaust by Racing Beat, and removal of the Mazda VTCS system. The MP3 also came from the factory with a complete 450-watt Kenwood powered MP3 stereo with 10-inch (250 mm) powered subwoofer. A total of 1,500 were produced – 1,000 finished in blue, and 500 painted yellow.

2001 saw the North American introduction of the hatchback, called Protegé5 with the same 2.0 L engine offering 130 hp (97 kW; 132 PS) / 135 lb⋅ft (183 N⋅m) this year and a slightly revised interior. In 2002, most Protegés (including the 5) received the 2.0 L engine, although the SE in Canada had the 1.6 L.

In 2003, Mazdaspeed introduced the Mazdaspeed Protegé, an update to the Protegé MP3 that had a 170 hp (127 kW; 172 PS) / 160 lb⋅ft (217 N⋅m) turbocharged engine, shared the MP3's full Racing Beat suspension, redesigned 17-inch (430 mm) wheels, larger four-wheel disc brakes, and a Kenwood stereo system that included an amplifier along with a rear-deck mounted 8-inch (200 mm) sub. Mazda then followed with a mid year change dubbed the "2003.5." This model included a different aero-kit, the same 17-inch (430 mm) Racing Hart wheels, but with a darker color, and custom interior pieces. In total, there were 4,500 Mazdaspeed Protegé models produced of which 1,750 were painted Black/Orange for first version and 2,750 of the mid-year model that were finished in Yellow/Titanium/Blue/Silver.

The 2003 ES model received a tiptronic automatic transmission as an option, as well as a new wheel design appearing on models with the 15-inch (380 mm) alloy rim option. This was also the last year of production for the Protegé.

Post-2003

Production ended on 2 October 2003 and the whole Familia line were replaced by the Mazda3 in early 2004. The eighth generation Familia continued to be produced by Ford Lio Ho in Taiwan as the "Mazda Isamu Genki" until 2008 (sold as hatch and sedan and with little or no styling differences to the original 1998 production model). It was also badged as the "Ford Activa", which, unlike the Ford Laser, had no styling changes from the 323, except for the badges. In Southeast Asia, a version of the last Laser continued to be assembled in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines as the Ford Lynx.

This generation remained in production in some South American countries (Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela), badged as the Mazda Allegro. Each Allegro keep in the styling of the last generation 323/Protegé/Astina/Familia. In Colombia, production of the Mazda 323 continued until 2003, built by its local subsidiary, the Compañía Colombiana Automotriz.

Chinese company FAW Haima Automobile Co., Ltd. produces a restyled version of the Familia/323 called Haima Family. It is equipped with a 1.6 L gasoline engine mated with a five-speed manual or a four-speed automatic gearbox. Another version called the Haima Happin went on sale for the 2010–2012 model years. The Happin was equipped with a 1.3 L engine and a five speed manual gearbox.

Engines (includes all models from 1998 to 2003)

Related Research Articles

Ford Laser Motor vehicle

The Ford Laser is a compact car, originally a subcompact car in the first three generations, which was sold by Ford in Asia, Oceania, and parts of South America and Africa. It has generally been available as a sedan or hatchback, although convertible, wagon and pick-up versions have also been available in different markets. The sedan, and briefly station wagon, versions were badged Ford Meteor in Australia between 1981 and 1987. The Ford Meteor name was also used in South Africa.

Ford Festiva Motor vehicle

The Ford Festiva is a subcompact car that was marketed by Ford between 1986 and 2002. Festiva was sold in Japan, the Americas, and Australia. The name "Festiva" is derived from the Spanish word for "festive". It was not related to the similarly sized and named Ford Fiesta, and was not replaced by the Ford Ka, which is smaller.

Mazda Capella Motor vehicle

The Mazda Capella, also known as the 626 in North America, is a mid-size car that was manufactured by Mazda from 1970 to 2002. Sold in the Japanese domestic market under the Capella name, the vehicle was also commonly known in other major markets as the Mazda 626. Ford, Mazda's partner at the time, would also use the Capella platform to create the Ford Telstar and Ford Probe. 4,345,279 of the 626 and Telstar models were sold worldwide.

Mazda Luce Motor vehicle

The Mazda Luce is an executive car that was produced by Mazda in Japan from 1966 until 1991. It was widely exported as the Mazda 929 from 1973 to 1991 as Mazda's largest sedan. Later generations were installed with luxury items and interiors as the Luce became the flagship offering. The Luce was replaced by the Sentia in 1991 which was also exported under the 929 nameplate.

Mercury Tracer American car model

The Mercury Tracer is an automobile that was marketed by Mercury from the 1987 through 1999 model years. The successor to the Mercury Lynx, the Tracer also served as the smallest vehicle line sold by the Lincoln-Mercury division. Throughout its production, the Tracer was marketed as a hatchback, four-door sedan, and five-door station wagon.

Mazda F engine Motor vehicle engine

The F engine family from Mazda is a mid-sized inline-four piston engine with iron block, alloy head and belt-driven SOHC and DOHC configurations. Introduced in 1983 as the 1.6-litre F6, this engine was found in the Mazda B-Series truck and Mazda G platform models such as Mazda 626/Capella as well as many other models internationally including Mazda Bongo and Ford Freda clone, Mazda B-series based Ford Courier, Mazda 929 HC and the GD platform-based Ford Probe

The Mazda B-series engine - not to be confused with the Mazda B-Series truck - is a small-sized, iron-block, inline four-cylinder with belt-driven SOHC and DOHC valvetrain ranging in displacement from 1.1 to 1.8 litres. It was used from front-wheel drive economy applications to the turbocharged full-time 4WD 323 GTX and rear-wheel drive Miata as well as numerous other models. The Mazda B-series is a "non-interference" design, meaning that breakage of its timing belt does not result in damage to valves or pistons, because the opening of the valves, the depth of the combustion chamber and the shaping of the piston crown allow sufficient clearance for the open valves in any possible piston position.

The C family was Mazda's first large piston engine design. It is not certain whether Mazda has a name for this collection of engines, and it is uncertain precisely which ones are related.

Mazda E engine Motor vehicle engine

The iron-block, alloy head E family was an evolution of Mazda's xC design. It was released in June 1980 with the introduction of the first front-wheel drive Mazda Familias and Ford Lasers. Some later variants of the E5-powered Mazda Familia and Ford Laser in Japan incorporated a full-time 4WD drivetrain. All E engines were chain-driven, 8-valve SOHC. Notable features include siamesed cylinders, aluminium rocker arms and pistons, thin block walls, and single valve springs - all in the interest of reducing weight.

Mazda Diesel engine Motor vehicle engine

Mazda has a long history of building its own Diesel engines, with the exception of a few units that were built under license.

Mazda3 Motor vehicle

The Mazda3 is a compact car manufactured in Japan by Mazda. It was introduced in 2003 as a 2004 model, replacing the Familia/323/Protegé in the C-segment. A performance-oriented version of the Mazda3 was marketed as the Mazdaspeed3 in North America, Axela in Japan, and the Mazda 3 MPS in Europe.

Nissan Pulsar Motor vehicle

The Nissan Pulsar is a subcompact and compact car produced by the Japanese automaker Nissan from 1978 until 2000, when it was replaced by the Nissan Bluebird Sylphy in the Japanese market. Between 2000 and 2005, the name "Pulsar" has been used in Australia and New Zealand on rebadged versions of the Sylphy. This arrangement continued until the introduction of the Nissan Tiida (C11) in 2005; at this time the Pulsar name was retired. In 2013, Nissan replaced the Tiida in Australia and New Zealand with two new models badged as Pulsar. These were based on the Nissan Sylphy (B17) sedan and Nissan Tiida (C12) hatchback, the latter also sold in Thailand under the Pulsar name. In 2014, a European-only replacement for the Tiida was introduced using the Pulsar nameplate.

Suzuki Cultus Supermini car

The Suzuki Cultus is a supermini car produced by the Japanese manufacturer Suzuki from 1983 to 2003. The nameplate is currently used as a rebadged Suzuki Celerio in Pakistan since 2017. It was first presented at the 25th Tokyo Motor Show, formally introduced to Japan in 1983 and ultimately sold in seven countries across three generations and marketed worldwide as the Suzuki Swift for the first two generations. An alliance formed in 1981 between GM and Suzuki allowed GM to market the Cultus as a captive import internationally under more than a dozen nameplates including the Geo Metro, Chevrolet Sprint, Pontiac Firefly and Holden Barina. It was also known as the M-car within GM.

Toyota Tercel Motor vehicle

The Toyota Tercel is a subcompact car manufactured by Toyota from 1978 to 1999 across five generations, in five body configurations sized between the Corolla and the Starlet. Manufactured at the Takaoka plant in Toyota City, Japan, and sharing its platform with the Cynos and the Starlet, the Tercel was marketed variously as the Toyota Corolla II — sold at Toyota Japanese dealerships called Toyota Corolla Stores — and was replaced by the Platz in 1999. It was also known as the Toyota Corsa and sold at Toyopet Store locations. Starting with the second generation, the Tercel dealership network was changed to Vista Store, as its badge engineered sibling, the Corolla II, was exclusive to Corolla Store locations.

Suzuki Cultus Crescent Car model manufactured by Suzuki

The Suzuki Cultus Crescent is a compact car that was produced by Suzuki in Japan between 1995 and 2002, with South Asian production continuing until 2007. The Cultus Crescent was sold as such in Japan until May 1998, when it was renamed Suzuki Cultus due to the sales discontinuation of the previous Cultus in the Japanese market. The Cultus Crescent was also marketed as the Suzuki Esteem in North America, Philippines and Thailand, and as the Suzuki Baleno throughout Asia, Australasia, Europe, and Latin America. In India where it was manufactured by Maruti Suzuki, the Cultus Crescent was sold as the Maruti Suzuki Baleno. In the Philippines, the facelift model was marketed as the Chevrolet Cassia.

Ford Escort (North America) Car model

The North American variant of the Ford Escort is a compact/small family car introduced by Ford in 1980 for the 1981 model year. Sharing its name with the third-generation European Ford Escort, the model line is the first front-wheel drive Ford developed and sold in North America. The direct successor of the Ford Pinto, as the smallest Ford car in North America, the Escort largely replaced the European-imported Ford Fiesta.

Toyota Corolla (E90) Motor vehicle

The Corolla E90, introduced in 1987 for the 1988 model year, was the sixth generation of cars sold by Toyota under the Corolla nameplate. It was the last generation of Corolla to be classified as a subcompact car and the first to be exclusively front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive; the performance option of rear-wheel drive was dropped.

Toyota Corolla (E110) Motor vehicle

The Corolla E110 was the eighth generation of cars sold by Toyota under the Corolla nameplate.

Honda Civic (third generation) Motor vehicle

The third generation Honda Civic is an automobile which was produced by Honda from 1983 to 1987. It was introduced in September 1983 for model year 1984. The Civic's wheelbase was increased by 2–5 inches (13 cm) to 93.7 inches (hatchback) or 96.5 inches (sedan). A three-door hatchback/kammback, four-door sedan, the five-door "Shuttle" station wagon, and sporting CRX coupé shared common underpinnings. This included MacPherson strut suspension with torsion bars in the front and a rear beam with coil springs. However, the body panels were largely different between models. The Civic-based Honda Quint five-door hatchback also underwent a model change, and became the Honda Quint Integra, available as both a three- and five-door fastback. The Quint Integra was sold at the Japanese Honda Verno dealership along with the CR-X. The Civic in Japan was now exclusive to Honda Primo, along with Honda's kei cars as well as superminis like the Honda City.

Mazda Grand Familia Motor vehicle

The Mazda Grand Familia is an automobile which was produced by Mazda in Japan from 1971 to 1978. It was sold as the Mazda 808 in some export markets including Asia, Australia, and New Zealand, and as the Mazda 818 in many others. The body style configurations offered were a two-door coupé, a four-door sedan, and a five-door station wagon. The Grand Familia offered only inline four cylinder engines. The largely identical rotary-powered versions were marketed as the Mazda Savanna in Japan, with export markets taking this model as the Mazda RX-3.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "History of Familia: Development Story, p. 2" (in Japanese). Mazda Motor Co. Archived from the original on 20 August 2009.
  2. 1 2 "History of Familia: Development Story, p. 1" (in Japanese). Mazda Motor Co. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 Tanegawa, Takeshi (長谷川) (June 2007). "Mazda Familia Model SSA" (PDF). Letter from Toyota Museum (トヨタ博物館だより) (in Japanese). Toyota Motor Corporation (71): 5–7. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
  4. "1965 Mazda Familia 1st-gen. Panel Van all versions specifications and performance data". www.automobile-catalog.com.
  5. "History of Familia: Development Story, p. 3" (in Japanese). Mazda Motor Co. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013.
  6. 1 2 "Great Car Pavilion: '64 Mazda Familia Wagon". Gazoo.com (in Japanese). Toyota Motor Corporation. Archived from the original on 13 January 2010.
  7. 1 2 3 4 絶版車カタログ 国産車編 Part1 1950~1969 (Eichi Mook)[Japanese Vintage Car Guide: Car Catalog part 1, 1950–1969] (in Japanese). Eichi Publishing (英知出版). 1996. p. 63. ISBN   4-7542-5055-9.
  8. Ishikawa, Makiteru (石川県禧照) (October 1993). Tsuji, Kohju (辻 好樹) (ed.). トップセラーを誇ったタフボーイ[Tough boy boasting top sales]. Nostalgic Hero (in Japanese). Tokyo: Geibunsha Publishing. 39 (10): 17–20. 07311-10.
  9. 1 2 Quattroruote Speciale: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1967 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus. February 1967. p. 846.
  10. Mazda Familia Pickup at japanesenostalgiccar.com. Retrieved 26 July 2011
  11. 1 2 3 Mazda Familia Rotary, 1968–1973 at www.carsinpictures.com. Retrieved 26 July 2011
  12. 1 2 ファミリア1300トラック (Catalog)[Familia 1300 Truck], Toyo Kogyo Co, June 1977, 7706T
  13. 1 2 "トヨタ自動車販売(株)『モータリゼーションとともに. 資料』(1970.11)" [Toyota Motor Sales Co., Ltd. "With Motorization" document (1970.11)]. Shibusawa Shashi Database (in Japanese). Shibusawa Eiichi Memorial Foundation. p. 140. Archived from the original on 2020-01-21.
  14. Howard, Geoffrey; Robson, Graham (10 October 1968). "55th Paris Salon". Autocar. 129 (3791): 90–97.
  15. ファミリア プレスト1000・1300バン[Familia Presto 1000, 1300 Van] (catalog), Toyo Kogyo Motor Co., Ltd, 1970, p. 8
  16. 1 2 3 "History of Familia: Development Story, p. 4" (in Japanese). Mazda Motor Co. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013.
  17. "自動車ガイドブック: Japanese motor vehicles guide book" (in Japanese). 20. Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association. 30 October 1973: 185.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  18. 1 2 Mazda 1000 Pickup, 1200 Pickup, 1300 Pickup (Parts Catalog), Hiroshima, Japan: Mazda Motor Corporation, February 1991, p. 3, GPBD-09
  19. Wright, Cedric, ed. (August 1978). "Light commercial vehicles - Vital statistics". CAR (South Africa). Vol. 22 no. 7. Ramsay, Son & Parker (Pty) ltd. p. 142.
  20. "CC Capsule: 1994 Mazda Familia 1400 Super Cab – The Migrant Familia". Curbside Classic. 2018-01-24.
  21. Mazda Familia Truck (Parts Catalog), 4, Hiroshima, Japan: Toyo Kogyo Ltd., May 1975, p. 3
  22. Mazda New Familia 1000 Van (Parts Catalog), 1, Hiroshima, Japan: Toyo Kogyo Ltd., April 1968, p. 5
  23. Mazda Familia Presto Van (Parts Catalog), 1, Hiroshima, Japan: Toyo Kogyo Ltd., December 1970, p. 3
  24. "自動車ガイドブック [Automobile Guide Book]" (in Japanese). 23. Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association. 20 October 1976: 176–177. 0053-760023-3400.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  25. Development of Low-Emission Rotary Engines Archived 2010-01-16 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved from http://www.mazda.com on 27 July 2011
  26. Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming and Alaska plus Canada; NN (1970). "Mazda R100 Coupe Road Test". Car and Driver. November 1970: 38.
  27. "Kia Models". Edmunds.com. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  28. 1 2 3 Ho-Jeong, Lee (5 October 2009). "Blast From the Past #7: Aiming for broader market, Kia scored big with four-wheeled Brisa". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  29. 1 2 3 4 "Graduate Information Brochure". Kia Motors (UK). 2010. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  30. So, Rachel K. (24 September 2008). "Samsung Transportation Museum". Rachel's Random Ramblings. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
  31. Stern, Joseph J.; Kim, Ji-hong; Perkins, Dwight H.; Yoo, Jung-ho (1995). Industrialization and the State: The Korean Heavy and Chemical Industry Drive. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Institute for International Development. p. 160. ISBN   0-674-45225-9.
  32. Munar Guerrero, Laura Cristina; Quiroga Porras, Johana Patricia; Peña Mayorga, Manuel Fernando (9 October 2012), Análisis estratégico del sector automotriz en Colombia [A strategic analysis of Colombia's automotive sector](PDF) (in Spanish), Bogotá, Colombia: Universidad del Rosario, p. 11
  33. 1 2 "1974 Mazda Familia 3rd-gen. Sedan (FA3 series 2) all versions specifications and performance data". www.automobile-catalog.com.
  34. "History (1930-1979)". www.mazda.com.
  35. 1 2 "1976 Mazda Familia 3rd-gen. Coupe (FA3 series 2) all versions specifications and performance data". www.automobile-catalog.com.
  36. 1 2 3 4 Randy Wirayudha (29 August 2017). "Cerita Pahit Mobil Rakyat Mazda MR90" [Bitter Story of People's Car Mazda MR90]. historia.id (in Indonesian).
  37. 1 2 Charis Alfan (28 July 2015). "Mazda Vantrend". www.mobilmotorlama.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  38. "History of Familia: Development Story, p. 5" (in Japanese). Mazda Motor Co. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013.
  39. Fujimoto, Akira, ed. (January 1978). "Japanese Cars 1978". Title: Car Styling Quarterly. Tokyo, Japan: San-ei Shobo Publishing (21): 54.
  40. Rombauts, Walter, ed. (15 September 1979). "Nieuw 1980" [1980 News]. Keesings Auto Magazine (in Dutch). Antwerp, Belgium. 2 (17): 7.
  41. Costa, André & Georges-Michel Fraichard, ed. (September 1979). "Salon 1979: Toutes les Voitures du Monde". L'Auto Journal (in French). Paris (14 & 15): 180.
  42. 1 2 Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 5, '70s Japanese Cars. Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 93. ISBN   978-4-544-09175-5.
  43. Sullivan, Jim (September 1978). "The punchier 323". Modern Motor . Rushcutters Bay, NSW, Australia: Modern Magazines (Holdings) Ltd. 25 (4): 75.
  44. 1 2 "自動車ガイドブック [Japanese Motor Vehicles Guide Book]" (in Japanese). 25. Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association. 10 October 1978: 196–197. 0053-780025-3400.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  45. 1 2 3 Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (10 March 1983). Automobil Revue '83 (in German and French). 78. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag, AG. p. 360. ISBN   3-444-06065-3.
  46. Automobile Guide Book 1978/1979 , p. 111
  47. 1 2 3 Hogg, Tony (ed.). "Buyer's Guide". Road & Track's Road Test Annual & Buyer's Guide 1979. CBS Publications (January–February 1979): 106.
  48. Wright, Cedric, ed. (August 1978). "World Cars 1978". CAR (South Africa). Vol. 22 no. 7. Ramsay, Son & Parker (Pty) ltd. p. 20.
  49. Ruiz, Marco (1986). 'The Complete History of the Japanese Car: 1907 to the Present. Rome: ERVIN srl. p. 137. ISBN   0-517-61777-3.
  50. Howard, Tony, ed. (June 1979). "Rather pocket the change". SA Auto. Pretoria, South Africa. 1 (10): 32.
  51. Howard, Tony, ed. (June 1979). "Sarel and his Escort rewrite record books". SA Auto. Pretoria, South Africa. 1 (10): 39–40.
  52. "Mazda launches new locally-produced passenger car for Indonesian market. (Mazda MR90) (product announcement)". HighBeam Research: Online Press Releases. PR Newswire Association. 4 December 1990.[ dead link ]
  53. 1 2 Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1992 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. 1992. pp. 472–473.
  54. 1 2 Alfan, Charis (2015-03-22). "Mazda MR90 dan Baby Boomers" (in Indonesian). Mobil Motor Lama. Archived from the original on 2017-03-07.
  55. Kusnaeni, Mohamad (1991-01-21). "Di belakang kemudi" [Behind the wheel]. Mobil & Motor (in Indonesian). Vol. XX no. 21. PT Informedia Indonesia. p. 38. ISSN   0047-7591.
  56. 1 2 3 4 Charis Alfan (7 April 2015). "Marvia Porsche 911". www.mobilmotorlama.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  57. Automobil Revue 1983, p. 359
  58. Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1985). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1985 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 542. ISBN   88-7212-012-8.
  59. 1 2 Dieudonne, Pierre (15 December 1983). "Ballade Japonaise: à la découverte des Mazda Turbo" [Japanese ballad: Discovering the Mazda Turbos]. Le Moniteur de l'Automobile (in French). Vol. 34 no. 784. Brussels, Belgium: Editions Auto-Magazine. pp. 39–40.
  60. Freund, Klaus, ed. (August 1981). Auto Katalog 1982 (in German). 25. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. p. 232.
  61. Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1985 , pp. 548–550
  62. Renaux, Jeab-Jacques (1985-02-07). "Referendum van de eigenaars: Mazda 323" [Owner Survey]. De AutoGids (in Dutch). Vol. 6 no. 140. Brussels, Belgium: Uitgeverij Auto-Magazine. p. 153.
  63. 1 2 Hogg, Tony (ed.). "1981 Buyer's Guide". Road & Track's Road Test Annual & Buyer's Guide 1981. No. January–February 1981. p. 105.
  64. Hogg, Tony (ed.). "Mazda GLC Sport: Perhaps not the Greatest, but certainly Greater". Road & Track's Road Test Annual & Buyer's Guide 1981. No. January–February 1981. p. 134.
  65. Perhaps not the Greatest, but certainly Greater , p. 133
  66. 1 2 Hall, Bob (1981-10-19). "'82 Mazdas get modest changes". Autoweek . Vol. 31 no. 42. Keith E. Crain. p. 4. ISSN   0192-9674.
  67. 1 2 Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 11, '80s Japanese Cars (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 174. ISBN   978-4-544-91018-6.
  68. 1 2 自動車ガイドブック[Japanese Motor Vehicles Guide Book 1985~'86] (in Japanese), 32, Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, 1985-10-30, p. 174, 0053-850032-3400
  69. Automobile Guide Book 1985~'86 , p. 124
  70. 自動車ガイドブック[Japanese Motor Vehicles Guide Book 1986–'87] (in Japanese), 33, Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, 1986-10-20, p. 166, 0053-870034-3400
  71. Csere, Csaba (November 1986). "Japan 1987: Charting the Changes". Car and Driver . Vol. 32 no. 5. CBS Magazines. p. 60.
  72. "End of the road for Mazda 323". CAR South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa. 2003-09-22.
  73. 1 2 BBC Top Gear 10 Forgotten cars - Sao Penza
  74. The Power Report on Automotive Marketing, Volumes 15-17, J.D. Power Associates, 1993, page 134
  75. West Africa, 29 July - 4 August 1991, page 1249
  76. International Motor Business, Volumes 149-152, Economist Intelligence Unit, 1992, pages 85-92
  77. The cars that time forgot, Autocar , 23 May 2018
  78. "Sao Penza". Autoshite. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
  79. Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1992, pp. 415–416
  80. "メンテナンス情報 (Maintenance information) | J-PlatPat/AIPN".
  81. "メンテナンス情報 (Maintenance information) | J-PlatPat/AIPN".
  82. Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (8 March 1990). Automobil Revue 1990 (in German and French). 85. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 385. ISBN   3-444-00495-8.
  83. "Haima CA7130, a rebadged Mazda 323". 19 September 2017.
  84. ファミリア∞ (in Japanese). Geocities.jp. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  85. "323/Protege Factory Service Manuals and Familia Brochures". Ferdster.com. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  86. 1 2 3 "MAZDA FAMILIA Specification - features, specs and pics". www.goo-net-exchange.com.
  87. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "HISTORY(1990~1999)". www.mazda.com.
  88. Sanu, Munehiro (佐野弘宗). "試乗レポート: 新型ADで、ライトバン界の政権奪取を狙え!" [Test drive report: The new AD, aiming at a van world takeover!] (in Japanese). Carview. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  89. 1 2 "1995 Familia KD-BHA7R BF836196". www.beforward.jp. Archived from the original on 12 June 2021.
  90. "1997 Mazda Protegé Sport Sedan". importarchive.com.
  91. "2000 Mazda 323 5th-gen. P Hatchback (BH-series) all versions specifications and performance data". www.automobile-catalog.com.
  92. "1998 Mazda 323 5th-gen. C 3-Door (BH-series) all versions specifications and performance data". www.automobile-catalog.com.
  93. "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Archived from the original on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2010.