|City of McKinney|
One of McKinney's water towers in 2009.
"Unique by nature"
|• Mayor||George Fuller|
|• City Council|
|• Total||62.9 sq mi (162.9 km2)|
|• Land||62.2 sq mi (161.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)|
|Elevation||630 ft (192 m)|
|• Total||168,358 (US: 147th)|
|• Density||2,494/sq mi (962.9/km2)|
|Demonym(s)||McKinnian[ citation needed ]|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1341241|
McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas, 32 miles (51 km) north of Dallas.United States. It is Collin County's second-largest city, after Plano. Part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, McKinney is about
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.
Collin County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 782,341, making it the seventh-most populous county in Texas and the 63rd-largest county by population in the United States. The 2017 Census Bureau estimate for Collin County's population is 969,603. Its county seat is McKinney.
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.
The Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest-growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007, it was ranked second-fastest-growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third-fastest.In the 2010 census, the city's population was 131,117, making it Texas's 19th-most populous city. The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2019, is 187,802. As of May 2017, McKinney City was the third-fastest-growing city in the United States.
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.
In 2014, McKinney was rated #1 by Money Magazine as "Best Place to Live" in America.
On March 24, 1849, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres (12 km2) where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) for the townsite. Ten years later, McKinney incorporated, and in 1913, the town adopted the commission form of government.
For the first 125 years of its history, McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour, corn, and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress, and a cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, churches, schools, newspapers, and from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses also came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, and a garment-manufacturing company. The population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953, McKinney had a population of more than 10,000 and 355 businesses. The town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s.
By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s, the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985, it had a population of just over 16,000 and supported 254 businesses. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses and in the 2010 census the population had more than doubled to 131,117 residents.The Census Bureau's most recent estimated population for McKinney (July 1, 2015) is 162,898. The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2017, is 168,358.
Plano is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, located approximately twenty miles north of downtown Dallas. The city of Plano is a part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. Plano lies mostly within Collin County, but includes a small portion that extends into Denton County.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.
Both the city and the county were named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas. He was the author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state.
Collin McKinney was a land surveyor, merchant, politician, and lay preacher. He is best known as an important figure in the Texas Revolution, as one of the five individuals who drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest person to sign it.
The Texas Declaration of Independence was the formal declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico in the Texas Revolution. It was adopted at the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 2, 1836, and formally signed the next day after mistakes were noted in the text.
The Republic of Texas was a sovereign state in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846. It was bordered by Mexico to the west and southwest, the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast, the two U.S. states of Louisiana and Arkansas to the east and northeast, and United States territories encompassing parts of the current U.S. states of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, and New Mexico to the north and west. The citizens of the republic were known as Texians.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.9 square miles (162.9 km2), of which 62.2 square miles (161.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square mile (1.7 km2), or 1.07%, is covered by water.
McKinney is considered part of the humid subtropical region.
It is also part of the Texas blackland prairies, which means it gets hot summers because it is in the Sun Belt. Humidity makes temperatures feel higher, and winters are mild and are usually rainy; snowstorms occasionally occur. Spring is the wettest part of the year, which brings winds from the Gulf Coast.
|Climate data for McKinney, Texas|
|Record high °F (°C)||87|
|Average high °F (°C)||52.5|
|Average low °F (°C)||31.1|
|Record low °F (°C)||−7|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.43|
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||.8|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.3||6.3||7.6||7.1||8.9||7.0||4.5||4.1||5.9||6.3||6.6||6.6||78.2|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||.8||1.0||.1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||.1||.2||2.2|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: The Weather Channel|
As of the 2010 census McKinney had a population of 131,117. The median age was 33. The racial composition of the population was 74.8% White, 10.5% Black, 0.7% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 3.1% reporting two or more races. About 18.6% of residents were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 28,186 households, 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were not families; 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city, the population was distributed as 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $63,366, and for a family was $72,133. Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
Between 1970 and 1990, McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic.In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 and to 131,117 in the 2010 census.
As of the 2000 U.S. Census, 64% of the foreign-born residents of McKinney originated from Mexico. As of 2009, 70% of McKinney's total population born outside of the United States had arrived to the U.S. in the 1990s.In May 2017, the US Census Bureau reported that McKinney City, Texas was the third fastest-growing city in the United States. It had a 5.9% growth rate between 2015 and 2016.
According to the city's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,the top 10 employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Raytheon Space & Airborne Systems||2,725|
|3||McKinney Independent School District||2,500|
|5||Encore Wire Corporation||1,350|
|6||City of McKinney||1,271|
|7||Medical Center of McKinney||1,000|
|8||Baylor Scott & White Medical Center - McKinney||738|
|10||Watson & Chalin Mfg Inc.||350|
The Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (2016) states that the city's various funds had $324.6 million in total revenues, $247.9 million in total expenditures, $1,360.8 million in total assets, $437.6 million in total liabilities, and $363.9 million in cash and investments.
The McKinney City Council has seven members. Two council members and the mayor are elected at large, and four council members are elected to single-member districts.
McKinney's City Manager serves under the direction of the City Council, and administers and coordinates the implementation of procedures, policies, and ordinances.
The city of McKinney is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.
McKinney is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Angela Paxton, District 8, and Republican Pat Fallon, District 30. McKinney is also represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Scott Sanford, District 70.
At the federal level, the two U.S. senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz. McKinney is part of Texas's U.S. Congressional 3rd District, which is represented by Republican Van Taylor.
The McKinney Police Department is the primary municipal law enforcement agency that serves the city. Chief Greg Conley is the head of the department and for fiscal year 2016–17 there was an authorized total of 201 sworn peace officers and 59 non-sworn civilian positions.The department was awarded national accredited status from the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) and is also a Texas Police Chief's Association Foundation (TPCAF) Recognized Agency, making it only the third agency in Texas to receive both state and national accreditation. Notable recent incidents in the department's history include the high-profile investigation of a 2004 quadruple homicide that claimed the lives of two adults and two high school football players, a 2010 attack on the police department headquarters by a gunman who fired over 100 rifle rounds at the building and employees after attempting to detonate a truck and trailer full of explosives, and protests and media attention in 2015 after a video was released showing an officer pinning a girl at a pool party in McKinney to the ground with his knees. The department has lost three officers in the line of duty: City Marshal Samuel Burks in 1902, Officer Marion Taylor in 1938, and Officer Milligan Burk in 1970.
McKinney is the home of the Central Park Campus of Collin College near the city's center at US 75 and US 380, which opened in 1985 as the initial campus for the community college district.The Collin Higher Education Center campus of Collin College opened in southern McKinney in 2010 and offers select bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree programs in partnership with Texas A&M University-Commerce, Texas Woman's University, The University of Texas at Dallas, and the University of North Texas.
Two-thirds of McKinney residents are within the McKinney Independent School District; the remaining third are part of Frisco Independent School District, Prosper Independent School District, Allen Independent School District, Melissa Independent School District, Lovejoy Independent School District, or Celina Independent School District.
Five of the seven school districts serving the city placed in the top 5% in the Niche 2018 Best School Districts in America rankings; Allen ISD ranked #33 nationally, Frisco ISD ranked #60, Prosper ISD ranked #73, Lovejoy ISD ranked #78, and McKinney ISD ranked #268.
For high school, the two thirds of the city's students who are in McKinney ISD attend McKinney High School, McKinney North High School, McKinney Boyd High School, or Serenity High School. The remaining third of McKinney students attend Liberty High School, Independence High School, Heritage High School, Prosper High School, Allen High School, Melissa High School, Lovejoy High School, or Celina High School.
In the 2018 U.S. News & World Report High School Rankings, Lovejoy High School ranked #49 in Texas rankings and #283 in National rankings; McKinney North High School ranked #76 and #627, respectively, McKinney Boyd High School ranked #85 and #722, respectively, Frisco Liberty High School ranked #92 and #770, respectively, Prosper High School ranked #124 and #1100, respectively, and Allen High School ranked #130 and #1228, respectively.
Imagine International Academy of North Texas is a no-tuition open-enrollment public charter school for grades K–12 in McKinney. It is open to students within any school district that serves McKinney residents. It is state-funded, independently run, and not part of any school district.
There are two private schools in the city that serve all grades from K–12, McKinney Christian Academy and Cornerstone Christian Academy.
The McKinney Courier-Gazette is a daily newspaper published in McKinney, Texas, covering Collin County.It is owned by American Community Newspapers.
The newspaper has a daily circulation of 4,400 and a Sunday circulation of 26,400.
McKinney is served by two U.S. Highways: US 75 and US 380. The city is also bordered by the Sam Rayburn Tollway, a toll road administered by the North Texas Tollway Authority that runs to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.
McKinney no longer has public transit after financial troubles caused Texoma Area Paratransit System (TAPS) to stop offering contracted service in the city in 2015.As of late 2016 the city is pursuing a designation as an Urban Transit District to allow it to directly receive state and federal funds to re-establish some form of public transit.
The far southwestern corner of McKinney, in the large Craig Ranch development, has a trolley bus that serves the development and some shopping centers in the surrounding area.
McKinney National Airport and Aero Country Airport provide private and business air services.
Dallas, Garland and Northeastern Railroad (DGNO)
Rockwall County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. At 149 square miles, Rockwall County has the smallest area of any Texas county. As of the 2014 U.S. census estimate, its population was 87,809. Its county seat is Rockwall. The county and city are named for a wall-like subterranean rock formation that runs throughout the county.
Hunt County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 86,129. The 2017 Census Bureau estimate for Hunt County's population is 93,872. Its county seat is Greenville. The county is named for Memucan Hunt, Jr., the first Republic of Texas Minister to the United States from 1837 to 1838 and the third Texas Secretary of the Navy from 1838 to 1839.
Denton County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 662,614, making it the ninth-most populous county in Texas. The county seat is Denton. The 2017 Census Bureau estimate for Denton County's population is 836,210. The county, which was named for John B. Denton, was established in 1846.
Allen is a city in Collin County, Texas, United States, a northern suburb of Dallas. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 84,246.
Fairview is a town in Collin County, Texas, United States. It is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 7,248. The estimated population in 2014 was 8,361. The town is adjacent to the 289-acre (1.17 km2) Heard Wildlife Sanctuary.
Melissa is a city in Collin County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,695 at the 2010 census, up from 1,350 at the 2000 census.
Murphy is a city in suburban Collin County, Texas, United States. The 2010 census reported the population as 17,708, compared to 3,099 in 2000. Murphy is located northeast of Dallas and has a history that goes back to the late 1800s.
Prosper is a suburban town located in Collin and Denton counties within the state of Texas, United States. The town is located within the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,423; As of 2019, the estimated population was 25,670.
Weston is a city in Collin County, Texas, United States. The population was 563 at the 2010 census.
Balch Springs is a city in Dallas County, Texas, United States. It is an inner-ring suburb of Dallas and part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The population was 23,728 at the 2010 census.
Little Elm is a city in Denton County, Texas, United States, and a part of the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. It is an extended suburb of Dallas. The population was 3,646 at the 2000 census. By the 2010 census, the city total had jumped to 25,898, making Little Elm one of the fastest growing municipalities in Texas since 2000 in terms of percentage. At the entrance to the city limits, population signs reflect a size of more than 31,000 as of 2013.
Hurst is a city in the U.S. state of Texas located in the densely populated portion of northeastern Tarrant County and is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan area. It is considered a Dallas and Fort Worth suburb and is part of the Mid-Cities region. It is 13 miles from the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 37,337.
Frisco is a city in Collin and Denton counties in Texas. It is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, and is approximately 25 miles (40 km) from both Dallas Love Field and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.
Richardson is a principal city in Dallas and Collin counties in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2015 American Community Survey, the city had a total population of 106,123. Richardson is an affluent inner suburb of Dallas. It is home to The University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) and the Telecom Corridor®, with a high concentration of telecommunications companies. More than 5,000 businesses have operations within Richardson's 28 square miles (73 km2), including many of the world's largest telecommunications/networking companies: AT&T, Verizon, Cisco Systems, Samsung, ZTE, MetroPCS, Texas Instruments, Qorvo, and Fujitsu. Richardson's largest employment base is provided by the insurance industry, with Blue CrossBlue Shield of Texas' headquarters located in the community along with a regional hub for GEICO, regional offices for United Healthcare, and one of State Farm Insurance's three national regional hubs.
Sachse is a city in Collin and Dallas counties in the U.S. state of Texas and is part of the DFW Metroplex. A northeastern suburb of Dallas, the city population was 20,329, as of the 2010 census with an estimated population of around 25,000 people today. Sachse is located off Texas State Highway 78 and is approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the President George Bush Turnpike and Firewheel Town Center.
Grand Prairie is a city in Dallas County, Tarrant County, and Ellis County, Texas, in the United States. It is part of the Mid-Cities region in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. It has a population of 175,396 according to the 2010 census, making it the fifteenth most populous city in the state.
Collin College is a community college district which serves Collin and Rockwall counties, located north and northeast of Dallas. Founded in 1985, the district has grown as the county has grown from around 5,000 students in 1986 to more than 55,000 credit and continuing education students annually.
McKinney High School (MHS) is located at 1400 Wilson Creek Parkway in McKinney, Texas, and is within the McKinney Independent School District. MHS is the oldest high school in McKinney and the current building opened in 1986, after moving from what is now Faubion Middle School.
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