McKinney, Texas

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McKinney, Texas
City of McKinney
Mckinneywater.jpg
One of McKinney's water towers in 2009.
McKinney, Texas - logo.png
Motto(s): 
"Unique by nature"
Collin County Texas Incorporated Areas McKinney highlighted.svg
Location of McKinney in Collin County, Texas
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
McKinney, Texas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°11′50″N96°38′23″W / 33.19722°N 96.63972°W / 33.19722; -96.63972 Coordinates: 33°11′50″N96°38′23″W / 33.19722°N 96.63972°W / 33.19722; -96.63972
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Texas.svg  Texas
County Flag of Collin County, Texas.svg Collin
Incorporated1848
Government
  Type council-manager
   Mayor George Fuller [1]
   City Council
Area
  Total62.9 sq mi (162.9 km2)
  Land62.2 sq mi (161.1 km2)
  Water0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
Elevation
630 ft (192 m)
Population
(2017 Estimate [2] )
  Total168,358 (US: 147th)
  Density2,494/sq mi (962.9/km2)
Demonym(s) McKinnian[ citation needed ]
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
75069-75072
Area code(s) 214/469/972
FIPS code 48-45744 [3]
GNIS feature ID1341241 [4]
Website www.mckinneytexas.org

McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas, [5] United States. It is Collin County's second-largest city, after Plano. Part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, McKinney is about 32 miles (51 km) north of Dallas.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Collin County, Texas County in the United States

Collin County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 782,341, making it the seventh-most populous county in Texas and the 63rd-largest county by population in the United States. The 2017 Census Bureau estimate for Collin County's population is 969,603. Its county seat is McKinney.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

Contents

The Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest-growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007, it was ranked second-fastest-growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third-fastest. [6] In the 2010 census, the city's population was 131,117, making it Texas's 19th-most populous city. [7] The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2019, is 187,802. [2] As of May 2017, McKinney City was the third-fastest-growing city in the United States. [8]

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

In 2014, McKinney was rated #1 by Money Magazine as "Best Place to Live" in America. [2]

History

On March 24, 1849, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres (12 km2) where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) for the townsite. Ten years later, McKinney incorporated, and in 1913, the town adopted the commission form of government.

Old Collin County Courthouse in Courthouse Square, 2016. Old Collin County Courthouse.jpg
Old Collin County Courthouse in Courthouse Square, 2016.

For the first 125 years of its history, McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour, corn, and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress, and a cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, churches, schools, newspapers, and from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses also came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, and a garment-manufacturing company. The population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953, McKinney had a population of more than 10,000 and 355 businesses. The town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s.

By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s, the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985, it had a population of just over 16,000 and supported 254 businesses. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses and in the 2010 census the population had more than doubled to 131,117 residents. [9] The Census Bureau's most recent estimated population for McKinney (July 1, 2015) is 162,898. [9] The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2017, is 168,358. [2]

Plano, Texas City in Texas, United States

Plano is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, located approximately twenty miles north of downtown Dallas. The city of Plano is a part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. Plano lies mostly within Collin County, but includes a small portion that extends into Denton County.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Both the city and the county were named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas. He was the author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state. [10]

Collin McKinney was a land surveyor, merchant, politician, and lay preacher. He is best known as an important figure in the Texas Revolution, as one of the five individuals who drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest person to sign it.

Texas Declaration of Independence Document of Texan Indpendence from Mexico

The Texas Declaration of Independence was the formal declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico in the Texas Revolution. It was adopted at the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 2, 1836, and formally signed the next day after mistakes were noted in the text.

Republic of Texas independent sovereign nation in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846

The Republic of Texas was a sovereign state in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846. It was bordered by Mexico to the west and southwest, the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast, the two U.S. states of Louisiana and Arkansas to the east and northeast, and United States territories encompassing parts of the current U.S. states of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, and New Mexico to the north and west. The citizens of the republic were known as Texians.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.9 square miles (162.9 km2), of which 62.2 square miles (161.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square mile (1.7 km2), or 1.07%, is covered by water. [11]

Climate

McKinney is considered part of the humid subtropical region.

It is also part of the Texas blackland prairies, which means it gets hot summers because it is in the Sun Belt. Humidity makes temperatures feel higher, and winters are mild and are usually rainy; snowstorms occasionally occur. Spring is the wettest part of the year, which brings winds from the Gulf Coast.

Climate data for McKinney, Texas
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)87
(31)
95
(35)
97
(36)
100
(38)
105
(41)
108
(42)
112
(44)
118
(48)
110
(43)
99
(37)
93
(34)
89
(32)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C)52.5
(11.4)
58.1
(14.5)
65.6
(18.7)
73.3
(22.9)
80.2
(26.8)
87.7
(30.9)
92.7
(33.7)
92.6
(33.7)
85.4
(29.7)
75.7
(24.3)
63.2
(17.3)
54.8
(12.7)
73.5
(23.1)
Average low °F (°C)31.1
(−0.5)
34.9
(1.6)
42.2
(5.7)
51.2
(10.7)
60.8
(16.0)
68.5
(20.3)
72.0
(22.2)
70.6
(21.4)
64.2
(17.9)
53.0
(11.7)
42.4
(5.8)
34.1
(1.2)
52.1
(11.2)
Record low °F (°C)−7
(−22)
−5
(−21)
7
(−14)
25
(−4)
27
(−3)
44
(7)
50
(10)
53
(12)
39
(4)
15
(−9)
11
(−12)
−4
(−20)
−7
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.43
(62)
2.91
(74)
3.37
(86)
3.65
(93)
5.68
(144)
4.11
(104)
2.36
(60)
2.16
(55)
3.15
(80)
4.24
(108)
3.71
(94)
3.24
(82)
41.01
(1,042)
Average snowfall inches (cm).8
(2.0)
1.0
(2.5)
.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.2
(0.51)
.2
(0.51)
2.3
(5.77)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)7.36.37.67.18.97.04.54.15.96.36.66.678.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in).81.0.10000000.1.22.2
Source #1: NOAA
Source #2: The Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 315
1870 503
1880 1,479194.0%
1890 2,48968.3%
1900 4,34274.4%
1910 4,7148.6%
1920 6,67741.6%
1930 7,3079.4%
1940 8,55517.1%
1950 10,56023.4%
1960 13,76330.3%
1970 15,19310.4%
1980 16,2497.0%
1990 21,28331.0%
2000 54,369155.5%
2010 131,117141.2%
Est. 2017181,330 [12] 38.3%
[13]

As of the 2010 census McKinney had a population of 131,117. The median age was 33. The racial composition of the population was 74.8% White, 10.5% Black, 0.7% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 3.1% reporting two or more races. About 18.6% of residents were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [14]

Of the 28,186 households, 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were not families; 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city, the population was distributed as 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,366, and for a family was $72,133. Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Population growth and foreign-born population

Between 1970 and 1990, McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. [6] In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 and to 131,117 in the 2010 census.

As of the 2000 U.S. Census, 64% of the foreign-born residents of McKinney originated from Mexico. As of 2009, 70% of McKinney's total population born outside of the United States had arrived to the U.S. in the 1990s. [15] In May 2017, the US Census Bureau reported that McKinney City, Texas was the third fastest-growing city in the United States. It had a 5.9% growth rate between 2015 and 2016. [8]

Economy

According to the city's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [16] the top 10 employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Raytheon Space & Airborne Systems 2,725
2 Collin College 2,631
3 McKinney Independent School District 2,500
4 Torchmark Corporation 1,640
5Encore Wire Corporation1,350
6City of McKinney1,271
7 Medical Center of McKinney 1,000
8Baylor Scott & White Medical Center - McKinney738
9TimberBlindsMetroShade450
10Watson & Chalin Mfg Inc.350

Government

Map from 1876 Old map-McKinney-1876.jpg
Map from 1876

Local government

The Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (2016) states that the city's various funds had $324.6 million in total revenues, $247.9 million in total expenditures, $1,360.8 million in total assets, $437.6 million in total liabilities, and $363.9 million in cash and investments. [17]

The McKinney City Council has seven members. Two council members and the mayor are elected at large, and four council members are elected to single-member districts.

McKinney's City Manager serves under the direction of the City Council, and administers and coordinates the implementation of procedures, policies, and ordinances. [18]

The city of McKinney is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

State government

McKinney is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Angela Paxton, District 8, and Republican Pat Fallon, District 30. McKinney is also represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Scott Sanford, District 70.

Federal government

At the federal level, the two U.S. senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz. McKinney is part of Texas's U.S. Congressional 3rd District, which is represented by Republican Van Taylor.

Police department

The McKinney Police Department is the primary municipal law enforcement agency that serves the city. Chief Greg Conley is the head of the department and for fiscal year 2016–17 there was an authorized total of 201 sworn peace officers and 59 non-sworn civilian positions. [19] The department was awarded national accredited status from the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) [20] and is also a Texas Police Chief's Association Foundation (TPCAF) Recognized Agency, [21] making it only the third agency in Texas to receive both state and national accreditation. [19] Notable recent incidents in the department's history include the high-profile investigation of a 2004 quadruple homicide that claimed the lives of two adults and two high school football players, [22] a 2010 attack on the police department headquarters by a gunman who fired over 100 rifle rounds at the building and employees after attempting to detonate a truck and trailer full of explosives, [23] and protests and media attention in 2015 after a video was released showing an officer pinning a girl at a pool party in McKinney to the ground with his knees. [24] The department has lost three officers in the line of duty: City Marshal Samuel Burks in 1902, [25] Officer Marion Taylor in 1938, [26] and Officer Milligan Burk in 1970. [27]

Education

Colleges

McKinney is the home of the Central Park Campus of Collin College near the city's center at US 75 and US 380, which opened in 1985 as the initial campus for the community college district. [28] The Collin Higher Education Center campus of Collin College opened in southern McKinney in 2010 and offers select bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree programs in partnership with Texas A&M University-Commerce, Texas Woman's University, The University of Texas at Dallas, and the University of North Texas. [29]

Public school districts

Two-thirds of McKinney residents are within the McKinney Independent School District; the remaining third are part of Frisco Independent School District, Prosper Independent School District, Allen Independent School District, Melissa Independent School District, Lovejoy Independent School District, or Celina Independent School District. [30]

Five of the seven school districts serving the city placed in the top 5% in the Niche 2018 Best School Districts in America rankings; Allen ISD ranked #33 nationally, Frisco ISD ranked #60, Prosper ISD ranked #73, Lovejoy ISD ranked #78, and McKinney ISD ranked #268. [31]

Public high schools

McKinney Boyd High School MBHS Entrance.jpg
McKinney Boyd High School

For high school, the two thirds of the city's students who are in McKinney ISD attend McKinney High School, McKinney North High School, McKinney Boyd High School, or Serenity High School. The remaining third of McKinney students attend Liberty High School, Independence High School, Heritage High School, Prosper High School, Allen High School, Melissa High School, Lovejoy High School, or Celina High School.

In the 2018 U.S. News & World Report High School Rankings, Lovejoy High School ranked #49 in Texas rankings and #283 in National rankings; McKinney North High School ranked #76 and #627, respectively, McKinney Boyd High School ranked #85 and #722, respectively, Frisco Liberty High School ranked #92 and #770, respectively, Prosper High School ranked #124 and #1100, respectively, and Allen High School ranked #130 and #1228, respectively. [32]

Public charter schools

Imagine International Academy of North Texas is a no-tuition open-enrollment public charter school for grades K–12 in McKinney. It is open to students within any school district that serves McKinney residents. It is state-funded, independently run, and not part of any school district. [33]

Private schools

There are two private schools in the city that serve all grades from K–12, McKinney Christian Academy and Cornerstone Christian Academy.

Media

The McKinney Courier-Gazette is a daily newspaper published in McKinney, Texas, covering Collin County. [34] It is owned by American Community Newspapers.

The newspaper has a daily circulation of 4,400 and a Sunday circulation of 26,400. [35]

Infrastructure

Transportation

McKinney is served by two U.S. Highways: US 75 and US 380. The city is also bordered by the Sam Rayburn Tollway, a toll road administered by the North Texas Tollway Authority that runs to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.

McKinney no longer has public transit after financial troubles caused Texoma Area Paratransit System (TAPS) to stop offering contracted service in the city in 2015. [36] As of late 2016 the city is pursuing a designation as an Urban Transit District to allow it to directly receive state and federal funds to re-establish some form of public transit. [37]

The far southwestern corner of McKinney, in the large Craig Ranch development, has a trolley bus that serves the development and some shopping centers in the surrounding area.

Major highways

Air

McKinney National Airport and Aero Country Airport provide private and business air services.

Railways

Dallas, Garland and Northeastern Railroad (DGNO)

Notable people

See also

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References

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  7. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): All Places within Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
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  10. "Profile for McKinney, Texas, TX". ePodunk. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
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  12. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  13. "Mckinney". Texas Almanac. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  14. 2010 US Census general population and housing characteristics report for McKinney
  15. Brettell, Caroline B. '"Big D" Incorporating New Immigrants in a Sunbelt Suburban Metropolis' (Chapter 3). In: Singer, Audrey, Susan Wiley Hardwick, and Caroline Brettell. Twenty-First Century Gateways: Immigrant Incorporation in Suburban America (James A. Johnson metro series). Brookings Institution Press, 2009. ISBN   0815779283, 9780815779285. Start p. [books.google.com/books?id=bduAC5GaLScC&pg=PA53 53]. CITED: p. 61.
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  17. City of McKinney CAFR Retrieved April 10, 2017
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