McMahon Stadium

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McMahon Stadium
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McMahon Stadium aerial photo during game action, 2009
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McMahon Stadium
Location in Calgary
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McMahon Stadium
Location in Alberta
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McMahon Stadium
Location in Canada
Address1817 Crowchild Trail NW
Location Calgary, Alberta
Coordinates 51°4′13″N114°7′17″W / 51.07028°N 114.12139°W / 51.07028; -114.12139 Coordinates: 51°4′13″N114°7′17″W / 51.07028°N 114.12139°W / 51.07028; -114.12139
Public transit BSicon TRAM1.svg CTrain light rail
at Banff Trail station
Owner University of Calgary
OperatorMcMahon Stadium Society
Capacity Canadian football: 35,400 [1] (46,020 with temporary seating)
Record attendance60,000 (1988 Winter Olympics)
SurfaceGrass (1960–1974)
AstroTurf (1975–2005)
FieldTurf (2006–present)
Construction
Broke groundApril 4, 1960
OpenedAugust 15, 1960 (≈22,000)
Renovated2001 (37,317)
2005 (35,650)
Expanded1969 (≈25,000)
1973 (≈28,000)
1975 (32,454)
1988 (38,205)
Construction cost$1.05 million (1960 Canadian dollars)
($9.28 million in 2020 dollars [2] )
Architect Rule Wynn and Rule
Tenants
Calgary Stampeders (CFL) (1960–present)
Calgary Dinos (U Sports) (1960–present)
Calgary Colts (CJFL) (1967–present)
Calgary Boomers (NASL) (1981)

McMahon Stadium /məkˈmæn/ is a Canadian football stadium in Calgary, Alberta. The stadium is owned by the University of Calgary and operated by the McMahon Stadium Society.

Contents

The stadium is between the downtown core and the University of Calgary, north of 16 Avenue NW between Crowchild Trail and University Drive. It is within walking distance of the Banff Trail C-Train station.

It is the home venue for the University of Calgary Dinos, Calgary Colts of the Canadian Junior Football League, Calgary Gators and Calgary Wolfpack of the Alberta Football League, and the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League, who played at Mewata Stadium from 1935 to 1959. The stadium also was the open-air venue (as an ice rink) for the National Hockey League's 2011 Heritage Classic match between the Calgary Flames and the Montreal Canadiens.

The stadium was also the location of the 1988 Winter Olympics opening and closing ceremonies, [3] serving as the Olympic Stadium.

History

From 1945 to 1960, the Calgary Stampeders and other athletic organizations operated out of the Mewata Park Stadium, a 10,000-person facility, which was expanded to 16,700 [4] located in the Downtown west end. An early proposal for a new stadium came in 1954 when the Stampeders proposed a new 20,000-person facility south of Victoria Park. [5] The rush for a new stadium came with construction of a new bridge for 14th Street, which was believed to require land adjacent to the Mewata Park Stadium. The Victoria Park Stadium proposal had limited support from the Calgary Stampede and Exhibition board. [6]

In February 1957, it was announced that a new stadium was planned near the University of Alberta (Calgary) with an estimated cost of $1 million. [4] The planning sketches detailed a 20,000-person facility on an 32-hectare (80-acre) tract of land near the site of a 49-hectare (120-acre) tract of land set aside for the university. The initial plan sought financing through provincially or city issued bonds. [4]

The city and province failed to back the stadium plan. On January 1, 1960, the team General Manager Jim Finks, play-by-play commentator Eric Bishop and Calgary Herald columnist Gorde Hunter approached the McMahon brother to finance the stadium, which they agreed to. [7] The stadium was designed by architect Peter Rule and constructed by Red Dutton's firm Burns and Dutton Concrete and Construction Company on the then University of Alberta (Calgary) campus using pre-cast concrete over 103 days with groundbreaking beginning on April 4, 1960, for a cost of $1.05 million. [7] [8] George McMahon and Dutton wagered $1,500 on whether the construction would finish on time, and when the project finished on time 103 days later, Dutton paid McMahon with one-dollar bills. [7] The original stadium capacity was 19,536 [9] and the university hoped that the structure could be expanded to 45,000 at some point in the future. [10] McMahon stadium repurposed bleachers from Mewata Stadium around the end zone to provide seating for youth football program members, and the Mewata scoreboard was also relocated to the new stadium. [11] [12]

The University Board of Governors announced the stadium would be named after Calgary residents Frank McMahon and his brother, George McMahon, in August 1960. [7] [10] The McMahon brothers donated CA$300,000 to the university and the citizens of Calgary, and guaranteed the balance of money for the stadium's construction. Another name commonly considered was "Devil's Head Stadium" after Devils Head a mountain summit in Alberta. [7] The stadium opened on August 15, 1960, with a Canadian Football League game seeing the Stampeders fall to the Winnipeg Blue Bombers 38–23. George McMahon kicked the ceremonial kickoff with a ball held by university president Walter H. Johns. Defensive Tackle Don Luzzi scored the first touchdown on a fumble recovery. [13] [14]

McMahon Stadium was expanded multiple times, first in 1967 with 2,600 seats for a capacity of 22,136, then in 1973 adding 3,500 seats to 25,636, and in 1975 with a $1.125-million expansion to 32,454 in time for the 63rd Grey Cup. [9] Additional expansions occurred in 1978 at a cost of $4.5 million to 33,386, [8] and in 1987 saw major expansion and upgrades at a cost of $17 million with 11,000 theatre-style seats added with capacity raised to 38,205. [9] [8] Skyboxes were added in 1993, lowering capacity to 37,211, with more skyboxes added in 2000 to lower capacity again to 35,967. [9] Throughout the stadium's history temporary bleachers were employed for major events, including a record 60,000 at the opening and closing ceremonies for the 1988 Winter Olympics, and 50,000 for the 81st Grey Cup. [9]

The university acquired complete ownership of the stadium and land in 1985 after the original financing was retired (1973) and a land exchange agreement was signed with the City of Calgary. [15] [16]

McMahon Stadium Society

The stadium is operated by the McMahon Stadium Society. The society was incorporated as a non-profit society in Alberta in 1960 with its objectives to operate, improve and manage the stadium and its facilities, for sports, recreation and other useful purposes.

Its membership consists of: two persons appointed by the University of Calgary; from the City of Calgary, the Commissioner of Finance and the Commissioner of Planning and Community Services; and two other persons appointed by the four other members. The two other members were appointed by the McMahon brothers until the financing guaranteed by the McMahons was retired in 1973.

The society operates the stadium under two leases and a four-year, three-month agreement with the City of Calgary, approved on January 7, 2007. [17]

Seating

With permanent seating totalling 35,650, the stadium is the fifth-largest stadium in Canada. It was expanded in several stages from its original 22,000-seat capacity in 1960 to 38,205 in 1988.

More recent renovations in 2001 and 2005, in which luxury boxes replaced bleacher seating in the higher rows of the grandstands, reduced the capacity to 37,317 in 2001, and to its current 35,650 in 2005. In 2007, Calgary Stampeders president Ted Hellard proposed a further reduction of the stadium's capacity by approximately 4,200 seats to accommodate further luxury boxes, with renovations to be underwritten with personal seat licenses. [18]

For special events such as Grey Cup games, temporary bleachers have been built in the facility's end zones. These seats accounted for a stadium attendance record 46,020 spectators at the 97th Grey Cup, between the Montreal Alouettes and Saskatchewan Roughriders on November 29, 2009. [19]

Field

The stadium features an infilled artificial FieldTurf field installed in 2006. Previously, the stadium installed its first AstroTurf artificial playing surface in 1975 amid concerns the original grass field (which was in place from the stadium's opening) would not withstand an intended increase in use of the stadium facilities by professional, amateur and recreational teams.

Notable events

Football

Hockey

It was the site of the 2011 NHL Heritage Classic regular season game between the Calgary Flames and Montreal Canadiens on February 20, 2011. [20] [21]

Olympics

The stadium was also used for the opening and closing ceremonies of the 1988 Winter Olympics, which required major expansion of its seating area.

Concerts

Other events

The stadium hosted a Billy Graham Crusade in 1981.

Nitro Circus Live came to the stadium in 2017.

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Status of CFL Stadiums on CFLDB".
  2. 1688 to 1923: Geloso, Vincent, A Price Index for Canada, 1688 to 1850 (December 6, 2016). Afterwards, Canadian inflation numbers based on Statistics Canada tables 18-10-0005-01 (formerly CANSIM 326-0021) "Consumer Price Index, annual average, not seasonally adjusted". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 17, 2021. and table 18-10-0004-13 "Consumer Price Index by product group, monthly, percentage change, not seasonally adjusted, Canada, provinces, Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  3. 1988 Winter Olympics official report. Archived January 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Part 1. pp. 166–73.
  4. 1 2 3 Nightscales, Jack (February 26, 1957). "New Football Stadium Planned For Calgary". Calgary Herald . p. 1. ProQuest   2253606757.
  5. Senter, Jim (March 4, 1954). "20,000-Seat Sports Stadium May Be Built By Stampeders". Calgary Herald . p. 1.
  6. "Fair Officials Won't Comment On Football Plan". Calgary Herald . August 5, 1955. p. 1. ProQuest   2253381522.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 Seskus, Tony (August 15, 2010). "History repeats itself on Calgary's field of dreams". Calgary Herald . p. E3. ProQuest   2263894512.
  8. 1 2 3 Bobrovitz, Jennifer (January 31, 1999). "Stamps' stomping grounds have evolved through the years". Calgary Herald . p. E5. ProQuest   2263008556.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 "Fifty years of McMahon memories". Calgary Herald . August 15, 2010. p. E4. ProQuest   2263897152.
  10. 1 2 "New Football Stadium Named 'McMahon'". Calgary Herald . August 8, 1960. p. 1. ProQuest   2253579941.
  11. "Not Biggest But Best". Calgary Herald . August 10, 1960. p. 7. ProQuest   2253392560.
  12. "Old Scoreboard Moved To McMahon Stadium". Calgary Herald . August 10, 1960. p. 10. ProQuest   2253392560.
  13. "Dream Comes True: Stadium A Reality". Calgary Herald . August 10, 1960. p. 4. ProQuest   2253392560.
  14. Hunter, Gorde (August 16, 1960). "Bud's Blue Bombers Mar McMahon Opener". Calgary Herald . p. 6. ProQuest   2253468696.
  15. "Stadium History". February 2, 2008. Archived from the original on February 2, 2008. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  16. "Stamps explore selling rights". Calgary Sun. May 5, 2005. Retrieved October 31, 2008.
  17. "Stadium Lease". Bcconline.calgary.ca. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  18. "CFL Special Report: Stamps planning McMahon overhaul". Canada.com. September 1, 2007. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
  19. "CFL.ca: Schedule 2009" Archived July 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine . Canadian Football League. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
  20. "NHL to announce outdoor games in Pittsburgh, Calgary on Friday". Tsn.ca. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  21. MacFarlane, Steve (May 27, 2010). "Flames to host outdoor game". Calgary Sun. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  22. https://calgaryherald.com/entertainment/Aerosmith+cancels+entire+summer+tour/1893392/story.html . Retrieved September 17, 2009.Missing or empty |title= (help)[ dead link ]