Medal "For Battle Merit"

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Medal "For Battle Merit"

Medal for Merit in Combat.jpg

Medal "For Battle Merit" and its ribbon (obverse)
Awarded by Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Type Military medal
Eligibility Citizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded for "Combat action resulting in a military success, courageous defense of the state borders, or successful military and political training and preparation"
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established October 17, 1938
Total awarded 5,210,000
Precedence
Next (higher) Medal of Ushakov
Next (lower) Medal of Nakhimov
CombatRibbon.png
Ribbon of the Medal "For Battle Merit

The Medal "For Battle Merit" (Russian : Медаль «За боевые заслуги») was a Soviet military medal awarded for "combat action resulting in a military success", "courageous defense of the state borders", or "successful military and political training and preparation".

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Medal round piece of metal, often used as an award

A medal or medallion is a small portable artistic object, a thin disc, normally of metal, carrying a design, usually on both sides. They typically have a commemorative purpose of some kind, and many are given as awards. They may be intended to be worn, suspended from clothing or jewellery in some way. They are traditionally struck like a coin by dies.

Combat purposeful violent conflict, typically refers to armed conflict or melee

Combat is a purposeful violent conflict meant to weaken, establish dominance over, or kill the opposition, or to drive the opposition away from a location where it is not wanted or needed.

It was created on October 17, 1938 by the decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. Like the Medal "For Courage", its status was revised to prevent the medal from being given for years of service (a practice that was rampant in the USSR) rather than actual bravery during a battle. More than 5,210,000 medals were awarded between 1938 and 1991.

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet Soviet governmental institution

The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was a Soviet governmental institution – a permanent body of the Supreme Soviets (parliaments). This body was of the all-Union level, as well as in all Soviet republics and autonomous republics. Structure and functions of the presidiums in these republics were virtually identical. The presidiums were elected by the Supreme Soviet to act on its behalf while the Supreme Soviet was not in session. By the 1936 and 1977 Soviet Constitution the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet served as the collective head of state of the USSR.

Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union

The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union was the most authoritative legislative body of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) beginning 1936, and the only one with the power to approve constitutional amendments. It elected the Presidium, served as the collective head of state of the USSR, and appointed the Council of Ministers, the Supreme Court, and the Procurator General of the USSR.

Medal "For Courage" (Russia) medal USSR

The Medal "For Courage" or Medal "For Valour" is a state decoration of the Russian Federation that was retained from the Soviet awards system following the dissolution of the USSR.

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References