Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway"

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Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway"
MbamA.jpg
Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" (obverse)
Awarded by Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
TypeCivilian medal
EligibilitySoviet citizens
Awarded forThree years of dedicated work in the construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway
StatusNo longer awarded
Statistics
EstablishedOctober 8, 1976
Total awarded170,030
Baikal-AmurRailwayRibbon.png
Ribbon of the Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway"
Reverse of the Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway REVERSE.jpg
Reverse of the Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway"
1st President of the Republic of Sakha, Mikhail Nikolayev, a recipient of the Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" NikolaevME.jpg
1st President of the Republic of Sakha, Mikhail Nikolayev, a recipient of the Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway"

The Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" (Russian : Медаль «За строительство Байкало-Амурской магистрали») was a civilian award of the Soviet Union established on October 8, 1976 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR [1] to recognise active participation in the construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway, a huge multi year project under the leadership of then Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X. [2]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres (6,200 mi) east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres (4,500 mi) north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

Leonid Brezhnev 20th-century General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was a Soviet politician. The fifth leader of the Soviet Union, he was General Secretary of the Central Committee of the governing Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1964 until his death in 1982. Ideologically, he was a Marxist-Leninist. He presided over the Soviet Union's greatest involvement in world affairs, including détente with the West. But he also increasingly confronted the Sino-Soviet split, which divided and weakened communist parties across the world. In domestic affairs, he presided over a steady decline in morale, marked by corruption, inefficiency, and rapidly widening weakness in technological advances, especially computers. Nevertheless, he was a force for political stability inside the Kremlin, maintaining his power despite his rapidly declining health after 1975.

Contents

Medal statute

The Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" was awarded to active participants in the construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway, on the rail section BamTyndaBerkakit, on the second rail section TaishetLena, in the production facilities, in the building of housing for the civilian workers, for good work in construction, for high-quality designs and survey work, for honest work at enterprises, institutions and organizations directly supporting the construction efforts and the workers. The medal was usually awarded to workers, engineering-technical workers and employees who worked on the project in its construction, design or for its maintenance for at least three years. [1]

Bam, Iran City in Kerman, Iran

Bam is a city and capital of Bam County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 73,823, in 19,572 families.

Tynda Town in Amur Oblast, Russia

Tynda is a town in Amur Oblast, Russia, located 568 kilometers (353 mi) northwest of Blagoveshchensk. It is an important railway junction, informally referred to as the capital of the Baikal-Amur Mainline. Its population has declined sharply in recent years: 36,275 (2010 Census); 40,094 (2002 Census); 61,996 (1989 Census).

Berkakit Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Berkakit is an urban locality in Neryungrinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) from Neryungri, the administrative center of the district. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 4,291.

Recommendations for award of the Medal "For construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" were made by the Party administration, trade union and Komsomol organizations, enterprises, institutions and organizations, and sent to the Ministry of Transport Construction of the USSR for review. The names of the recipients was then forwarded to the executive committees of the Amur Oblast, Irkutsk Oblast, Chita Oblast, Khabarovsk Regional Council of People's Deputies and to the Supreme Soviet Presidium of the Buryat and Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics, which, after final consideration, awarded the medal on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR in the communities of the recipients. [1]

Komsomol youth division of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

The All-Union Leninist Young Communist League, usually known as Komsomol, was a political youth organization in the Soviet Union. It is sometimes described as the youth division of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), although it was officially independent and referred to as "the helper and the reserve of the CPSU".

Amur Oblast First-level administrative division of Russia

Amur Oblast is a federal subject of Russia, located on the banks of the Amur and Zeya Rivers in the Russian Far East. The administrative center of the oblast, the city of Blagoveshchensk, is one of the oldest settlements in the Russian Far East, founded in 1856. It is a traditional center of trade and gold mining. The territory is accessed by two railways: the Trans-Siberian Railway and the Baikal–Amur Mainline. As of the 2010 Census, the oblast's population was 830,103.

Irkutsk Oblast First-level administrative division of Russia

Irkutsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia, located in southeastern Siberia in the basins of the Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska Rivers. The administrative center is the city of Irkutsk. It had a population of 2,428,750 at the 2010 Census.

The Medal "For construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other medals of the USSR, immediately after the Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands". [2] If worn in the presence of awards of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [3]

Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands"

The Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands" was a civilian award of the Soviet Union established on October 26, 1956 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to recognise individuals who displayed superior performance in labour over two years connected with the Virgin Lands Campaign started in 1954 by Nikita Khrushchev to cultivate 36,000,000 hectares of previously uncultivated lands in Kazakhstan, Siberia, the Urals, the Volga area and the northern Caucasus, it was intended to serve as an example for good achievements in the performance of civic duties.

Each medal came with an attestation of award, this attestation came in the form of a small 8 cm by 11 cm cardboard booklet bearing the award's name, the recipient's particulars and an official stamp and signature on the inside. Following the death of the recipient, the medal and attestation of award certificate remained with the family as a memento. [1]

Medal description

The Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" was a 32 mm in diameter brass circular medal with a raised rim. On its obverse, in the background in the left half of the medal, the relief image of hills and a train going left across a bridge over a river, under the bridge, the relief inscription on five lines "For the construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" (Rusyn : «За строительство Байкало-Амурской магистрали»), in the right half of the medal, the left profiles of a man and a woman, the man wearing a construction helmet, the woman being closer and slightly to the right. On the reverse, the Sun over railroad tracks intersected by a ribbon bearing the inscription "BAM" (Russian : «БАМ») framed by a laurel wreath with the hammer and sickle at the top. [1]

Rusyn language East Slavic language

Rusyn, also known in English as Ruthene, is a Slavic language spoken by the Rusyns of Eastern Europe.

The medal was secured to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount by a ring through the medal suspension loop. The mount was covered by a 24 mm wide overlapping silk moiré ribbon with 1 mm wide light green edge stripes, three 3 mm wide central yellow stripes separated by two 0,5 mm grey stripes, bordered by two 6 mm wide dark green stripes. [1]

Recipients (partial list)

The individuals below were recipients of the Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway". [4] [5]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of October 8, 1976" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1976-10-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  2. 1 2 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980 № 2523-X" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1980-07-18. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  3. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  4. "List of recipients of the Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" compiled from ru.Wikipedia". Russian Wikipedia.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  5. "List of recipients of the Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway" compiled from en.Wikipedia". English Wikipedia.Missing or empty |url= (help)