Medal "For Distinction in Military Service"

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Medal "For Distinction in Military Service"

Soviet For Distinction in Military Service 1st class.jpg

Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" 1st class (obverse)
Awarded by Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Flag of Russia.svg  Russian Federation
Type Military Decoration
Eligibility Citizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded for Excellence in combat and political training
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established October 28, 1974
First awarded March 24, 1975
Last awarded 1995
Total awarded 1st class ~ 20,000
2nd class ~ 120,000

The Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" (Russian : Медаль «За отличие в воинской службе») was a military decoration awarded in two classes by the Soviet Union and later by the Russian Federation (until 1995), to deserving military personnel of the Ministry of Defense, of internal troops and of border troops of both the USSR and Russian Federation. It was gradually phased out following the dissolution of the USSR being replaced by various ministerial awards.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

Contents

Award history

The Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" was established on October 28, 1974 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. [1] Its statute was later amended by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 2523-X on July 18, 1980. [2]

The award was one of the very few Soviet decorations to be retained "as is" following the dissolution of the USSR. This was confirmed by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation № 2424-1 of March 2, 1992. [3] It was last awarded in 1995 being replaced by various ministerial decorations such as the decoration "For Distinction in Service of Interior Troops of Russia" also awarded in two classes.

Award statute

The Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" was awarded to soldiers of the Soviet Army, Navy, border and internal troops: for excellent performance in combat and political training; for special distinction in exercises and manoeuvres in combat service and combat duty; for bravery, selflessness, and other services, displayed during military service. [1]

Red Army 1917–1946 ground and air warfare branch of the Soviet Unions military

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, frequently shortened to Red Army was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The army was established immediately after the 1917 October Revolution. The Bolsheviks raised an army to oppose the military confederations of their adversaries during the Russian Civil War. Beginning in February 1946, the Red Army, along with the Soviet Navy, embodied the main component of the Soviet Armed Forces; taking the official name of "Soviet Army", until its dissolution in December 1991.

Soviet Navy naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces

The Soviet Navy was the naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces. Often referred to as the Red Fleet, the Soviet Navy was a large part of the Soviet Union's strategic plan in the event of a conflict with opposing super power, the United States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), or another conflict related to the Warsaw Pact of Eastern Europe. The influence of the Soviet Navy played a large role in the Cold War (1945-1991), as the majority of conflicts centered on naval forces.

The award was divided into two classes, first and second, the first class being the highest. They were awarded sequentially for continued merit. Each medal came with an attestation of award, this attestation came in the form of a small 8 cm by 11 cm cardboard booklet bearing the award's name, the recipient's particulars and an official stamp and signature on the inside. [1]

Award attestation document of the Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" 1st class (cover and inside pages Distinguished Military Service doc.jpg
Award attestation document of the Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" 1st class (cover and inside pages

The Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" was worn on the right side of the chest following the orders of the USSR. When not worn, its ribbon's order of precedence in the ribbon bar is immediately after the ribbon of the Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR". [1] If worn with honorary titles or Orders of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [4]

Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR"

The Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR" was a military decoration of the Soviet Union established to recognise outstanding deeds related to state frontier security by members of KGB border troops, servicemen and civilians.

Award description

The Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" was a 38mm wide five pointed convex star. Five shields bearing the emblems of the main branches of the service filled the gaps between its arms. The obverse bore a central concave medallion bearing the relief images of a soldier, sailor and airman. The central medallion was framed by a ring bearing the relief inscription "For Distinction in Military Service" (Russian : «За отличие в воинской службе») on the sides and top, at the bottom of the ring, two laurel branches. The plain reverse only bore the mark of the Moscow Mint "MMD" (Russian : «ММД») at the bottom. [1]

The medal was secured to a 29,5mm wide by 27,5mm square mount by a ring through the suspension loop. The mount was covered by a red silk moiré ribbon with two 3mm green stripes located 3mm from the ribbon edges. [1]

The medal first class, the metallic parts of its ribbon mount and the star device on its ribbon were made of brass. The medal second class, the metallic parts of its ribbon mount and the star device on its ribbon were made of cupronickel. [1]

First ClassSecond ClassReverse
Soviet For Distinction in Military Service 1st class.jpg Soviet For Distinction in Military Service 2nd class.jpg Medal for Distinguished Military Service 2nd class REVERSE.jpg

Recipients (partial list)

Former Prime Minister of Russia Sergei Stepashin, a recipient of both classes of the Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" Sergey Stepashin.jpg
Former Prime Minister of Russia Sergei Stepashin, a recipient of both classes of the Medal "For Distinction in Military Service"

The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "For Distinction in Military Service".

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of October 28, 1974" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1974-10-28. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
  2. "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980 № 2523-X" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1980-07-18. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
  3. "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation of March 2, 1992 № 2424-1" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
  4. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 16, 2011 No 1631" (in Russian). Kremlin News – Site of the President of the Russian Federation. 2011-12-16. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-26.