Medal "For Distinguished Labour"

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Medal "For Distinguished Labour"

Soviet Medal For Distinguished Labour OBVERSE.jpg

Medal "For Distinguished Labour" (obverse)
Awarded by Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Type Civilian efficiency medal
Eligibility Soviet citizens and foreign nationals
Statistics
Established December 27, 1938
First awarded January 15, 1939
Total awarded 2,146,400
DistinguishedLabourRibbon.png
Ribbon of the Medal "For Distinguished Labour"
Chess Grandmaster Nona Gaprindashvili, a recipient of the Medal "For Distinguished Labour" Nona Gaprindaschwili 1982 Kissingen.jpg
Chess Grandmaster Nona Gaprindashvili, a recipient of the Medal "For Distinguished Labour"
Cosmonaut Georgy Grechko, a recipient of the Medal "For Distinguished Labour" Georgy Grechko.jpg
Cosmonaut Georgy Grechko, a recipient of the Medal "For Distinguished Labour"

The Medal "For Distinguished Labour" (Russian : Медаль «За трудовое отличие») was a civilian labour award of the Soviet Union bestowed to especially deserving workers to recognise and honour high performances in labour or contributions in the fields of science, culture or the manufacturing industry. In just over fifty years of existence, it was bestowed to over two million deserving citizens. It was established on December 27, 1938 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. [1] Its statute was amended three times by further decrees, first on June 19, 1943 [2] to amend its description and ribbon, then on December 16, 1947 [3] to amend its regulations, and finally on July 18, 1980 [4] to confirm all previous amendments. The medal ceased to be awarded following the December 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union.

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Contents

Medal statute

The Medal "For Distinguished Labour" was awarded to workers, farmers, specialists of the national economy, workers of science, culture, education, health and to other to citizens of the USSR, and in exceptional cases, to foreign nationals, for: [1]

The Medal "For Distinguished Labour" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other medals of the USSR, immediately after the Medal "For Labour Valour". [3] If worn in the presence of awards of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [5]

Medal "For Labour Valour" civilian labour award of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For Labour Valour" was a civilian labour award of the Soviet Union bestowed to especially deserving workers to recognise and honour dedicated and valorous labour or significant contributions in the fields of science, culture or the manufacturing industry. It was established on December 27, 1938 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. During its existence, its statute was amended three times by further decrees, first on June 19, 1943 to amend its description and ribbon, then on December 16, 1947 to amend its regulations, and finally on July 18, 1980 to confirm all previous amendments. During its existence of just over fifty years, it was bestowed to almost two million deserving citizens. The medal ceased to be awarded following the December 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Medal description

The Medal "For Distinguished Labour" was a 32 mm in diameter circular medal struck from .925 silver with a raised rim on both sides. In the upper 3/4 of the obverse, a 21 mm high by 20 mm wide ruby-red enamelled image of the hammer and sickle over the relief inscription "USSR" (Russian : «СССР») in 3.5 mm high letters. In the lower quarter of the obverse below the hammer and sickle, the sunken and red enamelled inscription on two rows "FOR DISTINGUISHED LABOUR" (Russian : «ЗА ТРУДОВОЕ ОТЛИЧИЕ») in 2 mm high letters. On the otherwise plain reverse, the relief inscription on two rows of 2.5 mm high letters "LABOUR IN THE USSR - A MATTER OF HONOUR" (Russian : «ТРУД В СССР — ДЕЛО ЧЕСТИ»). [2] The medal was numbered until 1945. [4]

Hammer and sickle Communist symbol

The hammer and sickle is a far-left symbol meant to represent a union between the peasantry and working-class, that was first adopted – as Russian: серп и мо́лот, translit. serp i mólot: "sickle and hammer" – during the Russian Revolution. At the time of its creation, the hammer stood for the proletariat and the sickle for the peasantry—combined they stood for the worker-peasant alliance for socialism. The sickle symbol resembles a sickle used to harvest grain crops and the hammer is one that would be used to make a razor sharp edge on a sickle or scythe.

Early awards hung from a small triangular mount covered with a red ribbon with a threaded stub and screw for attachment to clothing. [1] Following the 1943 decree, [2] the Medal "For Labour Valour" was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount covered by a 24mm wide lilac coloured silk moiré ribbon with 2 mm wide yellow edge stripes.

1938 - 19431938 - 19431943 - 19911943 - 1991
Obverse TOt00752.jpg
Obverse
Reverse TOt00752R.jpg
Reverse
Obverse Soviet Medal For Distinguished Labour OBVERSE.jpg
Obverse
Reverse Soviet Medal For Distinguished Labour REVERSE.jpg
Reverse

Recipients (partial list)

The first investiture took place on January 15, 1939 where the Medal "For Distinguished Labour" was presented to 19 employees of the Kalinin armaments plant number 8 for exceptional service to the country in the creation and development of new weapons for the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army.

The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "For Distinguished Labour".

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 27, 1938" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1938-12-27. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  2. 1 2 3 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of June 19, 1943" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1943-06-19. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  3. 1 2 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 16, 1947" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1943-06-19. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  4. 1 2 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980 № 2523-X" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1980-07-18. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  5. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-04-09.