Medal "For the Defence of Odessa"

Last updated
Medal "For the Defence of Odessa"
Defence of Odessa OBVERSE.jpg
Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" (obverse)
Awarded by Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
TypeCampaign medal
EligibilityCitizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded forParticipation in the defence of Odessa
StatusNo longer awarded
Statistics
EstablishedDecember 22, 1942
Total awarded38,000
Precedence
Next (higher) Medal "For the Defence of Moscow"
Next (lower) Medal "For the Defence of Sevastopol"
Defodessa.png
Ribbon of the Medal "For the Defence of Odessa"
Reverse of the Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" Defence of Odessa REVERSE.jpg
Reverse of the Medal "For the Defence of Odessa"
Admiral Sergey Gorshkov, a recipient of the Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" SG-Gorshkov.jpg
Admiral Sergey Gorshkov, a recipient of the Medal "For the Defence of Odessa"


The Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" (Russian : Медаль «За оборону Одессы») was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on December 22, 1942 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR [1] to reward the participants of the defence of the port city of Odessa from the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X. [2]

Contents

Medal statute

The Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" was awarded to all participants in the defence of Odessa - soldiers of the Red Army, Navy and troops of the NKVD, as well as persons from the civilian population who took part in the defence of Odessa during its siege by German forces. [1]

Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the defence of Odessa issued by the unit commander, the chief of the military medical establishment or by a relevant provincial or municipal authority. Serving military personnel received the medal from their unit commander, retirees from military service received the medal from a regional, municipal or district military commissioner in the recipient's community, members of the civilian population, participants in the defence of Odessa received their medal from regional or city Councils of People's Deputies. Each medal came with an "attestation of award" certificate. [1]

Attestation of award certificate for the Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" Nagradnoe udostoverenie k medali Za oboronu Odessy.jpg
Attestation of award certificate for the Medal "For the Defence of Odessa"

The Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other awards of the USSR, was located immediately after the Medal "For the Defence of Moscow". [2] If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [3]

Medal description

The Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim. On the obverse in the background, the seashore and a distant lighthouse at right, in the center, the image of a red soldier and a red sailor marching towards the left their rifles at the ready; above the servicemen, the relief inscription "USSR" (Russian : «СССР»). A circular band following the medal's entire circumference bears the relief inscription "FOR THE DEFENCE OF ODESSA" (Russian : «ЗА ОБОРОНУ ОДЕССЫ») at its top, at both ends of the inscription, relief five-pointed stars. On the same band at bottom center, a five-pointed star over a ribbon superimposed over the crossing point of laurel and oak branches going up the band to the two five-pointed stars near the upper inscription. On the reverse near the top, the relief image of the hammer and sickle, below the image, the relief inscription in three rows "FOR OUR SOVIET MOTHERLAND" (Russian : «ЗА НАШУ СОВЕТСКУЮ РОДИНУ»). [1]

The Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount covered by a 24mm wide olive green silk moiré ribbon with a 2mm central light blue stripe. [1]

Recipients (partial list)

The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "For the Defence of Odessa".

See also

Related Research Articles

Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" Soviet campaign medal to contributors for the victory over Nazi Germany

The Medal "For the Victory Over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" was a military decoration of the Soviet Union established on May 9, 1945, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote military participation in the victory of the Soviet armed forces over Nazi Germany in the Great Patriotic War.

Medal "For the Victory over Japan" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Victory over Japan" was a campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on September 30, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union to commemorate the Soviet victory over the Empire of Japan in the Soviet–Japanese War at the end of World War II. The medal's statute was later amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For Strengthening of Brotherhood in Arms" Soviet military decoration awarded to personnel of the Warsaw Pact and friendly socialist states

The Medal "For Strengthening Military Cooperation" was a military award of the Soviet Union established on May 25, 1979 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. Its statute was later confirmed and slightly amended by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 2523-X of July 18, 1980. It was bestowed to recognise outstanding cooperation between the different services and the different armed forces of the various Warsaw Pact countries or of any other friendly socialist state.

Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" award

The Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was a long service award of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union established on May 20, 1976 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and awarded for twenty-five years of impeccable service to troops of the army, navy, of internal forces and of border troops. Its statute was twice amended by further decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, first on July 18, 1980 and lastly on January 10, 1984.

Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers and Peasants Red Army" commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army" was a state military commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on January 24, 1938 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the twentieth anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Armed Forces.

Jubilee Medal "30 Years of the Soviet Army and Navy" Commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "30 Years of the Soviet Army and Navy" was a state military commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on February 22, 1948 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the thirtieth anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Armed Forces. Its statute was later amended by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980.

Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin" Commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin" was a state commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on November 5, 1969 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Lenin. Its statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. It was awarded to eminent members of Soviet society, the military leadership and foreign members of the international communist and labour movements.

Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on December 22, 1942 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to recognise the valour and hard work of the Soviet civilian and military defenders of Leningrad during the 872-day siege of the city by the German armed forces between September 8, 1941 and January 27, 1944. The medal's statute was later amended by Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on March 8, 1945. and again one last time on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Defence of Sevastopol" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Sevastopol" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on December 22, 1942 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to reward the participants of the defence of the port city of Sevastapol against the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad" Military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union.

Medal "For the Defence of Moscow" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Moscow" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union awarded to military and civilians who had participated in the Battle of Moscow.

Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union.

Medal "For the Defence of Kyiv" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Kyiv" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 21, 1961 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to be awarded to the participants of the defence of the city of Kyiv during the 1941 invasion of the USSR by Nazi Germany.

Medal "For the Capture of Berlin" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Capture of Berlin" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defense of the Soviet Union. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Capture of Budapest" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Capture of Budapest" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on 9 June 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defense of the Soviet Union to recognise and reward the participants of the battle for the capture of the city of Budapest from the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on 18 July 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Capture of Königsberg" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Capture of Königsberg" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defense of the Soviet Union for recognition of the participants of the battle to capture the city of Königsberg from the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Capture of Vienna" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Capture of Vienna" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defense of the Soviet Union to reward the participants of the battles for the capture of the city of Vienna from the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For Impeccable Service" award

The Medal "For Impeccable Service" was a Soviet military award for long service awarded to deserving members of the military personnel of the armed forces of the USSR, of the Interior Ministry of the USSR and of the Ministry for the Protection of Public Order of the USSR, to recognise ten, fifteen and twenty years of faithful and impeccable service to the state.

Medal "For Labour Valour" civilian labour award of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For Labour Valour" was a civilian labour award of the Soviet Union bestowed to especially deserving workers to recognise and honour dedicated and valorous labour or significant contributions in the fields of science, culture or the manufacturing industry. It was established on December 27, 1938 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. During its existence, its statute was amended three times by further decrees, first on June 19, 1943 to amend its description and ribbon, then on December 16, 1947 to amend its regulations, and finally on July 18, 1980 to confirm all previous amendments. During its existence of just over fifty years, it was bestowed to almost two million deserving citizens. The medal ceased to be awarded following the December 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Medal "For Transforming the Non-Black Earth of the RSFSR"

The Medal "For Transforming the Non-Black Earth of the RSFSR" was a civilian award of the Soviet Union established on September 30, 1977 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to recognise three years of dedicated work in developing Soviet agriculture in the non-black earth regions of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 22, 1942" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1942-12-22. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  2. 1 2 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980 № 2523-X" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1980-07-18. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  3. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-03-03.