Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"

Last updated
Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"
Defense of the caucasus OBVERSE.jpg
Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" (obverse)
Awarded by Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
TypeCampaign medal
EligibilityCitizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded forParticipation in the defence of the Caucasus
StatusNo longer awarded
Statistics
EstablishedMay 1, 1944
Total awarded870,000
Precedence
Next (higher) Medal "For the Defence of Kiev"
Next (lower) Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic"
Defcaucasus rib.png
Ribbon of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"
Obverse and reverse sides of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" Medal kaukaz USSR.jpg
Obverse and reverse sides of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" (Russian : Медаль «За оборону Кавказа») was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union.

Contents

Medal history

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was established on May 1, 1944 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. [1] Its statute was modified by multiple resolutions of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, on May 16, 1944, [2] June 2, 1944, [3] June 5, 1944, [4] March 10, 1945, [5] March 15, 1945, [6] and lastly by decree № 2523-X of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980. [7]

Medal statute

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was awarded to all participants in the defence of the Caucasus - soldiers of the Red Army, sailors of the Navy, troops of the NKVD, as well as persons from the civilian population who took part in the defence of the Caucasus during the battle for the Caucasus. [1]

Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the defence of the Caucasus issued by the unit commander, the chief of the military medical establishment or by a relevant provincial or municipal authority of the Stavropol or of the Krasnodar Soviets of People's Deputies, of the Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR, of the Azerbaijan SSR, of the North Ossetian ASSR or of the Kabardin ASSR. Serving military personnel received the medal from their unit commander, retirees from military service received the medal from a regional, municipal or district military commissioner in the recipient's community, members of the civilian population, participants in the defence of the Caucasus received their medal from regional or city Councils of People's Deputies of the Stavropol and Krasnodar territories Soviets of Workers' Deputies, from the Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR, of the Azerbaijan SSR, of the North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic or from the Kabardin ASSR. [4] For the defenders who died in battle or prior to the establishment of the medal, it was awarded posthumously to the family. [1]

The statute of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was amended to include members of the civilian population of the Dagestan ASSR, [2] of the Grozny Region, [3] of the Armenian SSR [5] and of the Rostov region [6] as eligible recipients for their participation in the defence of the Caucasus.

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other awards of the USSR, was located immediately after the Medal "For the Defence of Kiev". [7] If worn in the presence or Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [8]

Medal description

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim. On the obverse in the center, the relief image of Mount Elbrus, at its foot, oil derricks and a group of three tanks moving to the left; over the mountains, three aircraft flying towards the left. A 3mm wide band covered with relief images of clusters of grapes and flowers went around the entire circumference of the medal, at the very top, a relief five pointed star, at the bottom, a scroll with the relief inscription "SSSR" (Russian : «СССР») bisected by the image of the hammer and sickle. On the reverse near the top, the relief image of the hammer and sickle, below the image, the relief inscription in three rows "FOR OUR SOVIET MOTHERLAND" (Russian : «ЗА НАШУ СОВЕТСКУЮ РОДИНУ»). [1] The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount covered by a 24mm wide olive green silk moiré ribbon with 2.5mm wide blue edge stripes, in the middle, two 2mm wide white stripes bordered by 1mm blue and red stripes separated by a 2mm olive stripe. [1]


Recipients (partial list)

The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus".

See also

Related Research Articles

Medal "For the Victory over Japan" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Victory over Japan" was a campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on September 30, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union to commemorate the Soviet victory over the Empire of Japan in the Soviet–Japanese War at the end of World War II. The medal's statute was later amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR"

The Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR" was a military decoration of the Soviet Union established to recognise outstanding deeds related to state frontier security by members of Soviet Border Troops, servicemen and civilians.

Jubilee Medal "Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" Commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" was a state commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on April 25, 1975 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the thirtieth anniversary of the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany in World War II.

Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" was a state commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on April 12, 1985 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the fortieth anniversary of the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany in World War II.

Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" award

The Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was a long service award of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union established on May 20, 1976 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and awarded for twenty-five years of impeccable service to troops of the army, navy, of internal forces and of border troops. Its statute was twice amended by further decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, first on July 18, 1980 and lastly on January 10, 1984.

Jubilee Medal "40 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" Commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "40 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was a state military commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on December 18, 1957 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the fortieth anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Armed Forces. Its statute was later amended by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980.

Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was a state military commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on January 28, 1988 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the seventieth anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Armed Forces.

Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin" Commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin" was a state commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on November 5, 1969 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Lenin. Its statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. It was awarded to eminent members of Soviet society, the military leadership and foreign members of the international communist and labour movements.

Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on December 22, 1942 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to recognise the valour and hard work of the Soviet civilian and military defenders of Leningrad during the 872-day siege of the city by the German armed forces between September 8, 1941 and January 27, 1944. The medal's statute was later amended by Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on March 8, 1945. and again one last time on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Odessa" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on December 22, 1942 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to reward the participants of the defence of the port city of Odessa from the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad" Military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union.

Medal "For the Defence of Moscow" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Moscow" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union awarded to military and civilians who had participated in the Battle of Moscow.

Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union.

Medal "For the Defence of Kiev" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of Kiev" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 21, 1961 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to be awarded to the participants of the defence of the city of Kiev during the 1941 invasion of the USSR by NAZI Germany.

Medal "For the Capture of Budapest" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Capture of Budapest" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on 9 June 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defense of the Soviet Union to recognise and reward the participants of the battle for the capture of the city of Budapest from the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on 18 July 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Capture of Königsberg" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Capture of Königsberg" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defense of the Soviet Union for recognition of the participants of the battle to capture the city of Königsberg from the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Capture of Vienna" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Capture of Vienna" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defense of the Soviet Union to reward the participants of the battles for the capture of the city of Vienna from the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.

Medal "For the Liberation of Prague" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Liberation of Prague" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defence of the Soviet Union to adequately reward the participants of the battles for the liberation of the city of Prague from the armed forces of Nazi Germany.

Medal "For the Liberation of Warsaw" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Liberation of Warsaw" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defence of the Soviet Union.

Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union. It was established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defence of the Soviet Union.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 1, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-05-01. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  2. 1 2 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 16, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-05-16. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  3. 1 2 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of June 2, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-06-02. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  4. 1 2 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of June 5, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-06-05. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  5. 1 2 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 10, 1945" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1945-03-10. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  6. 1 2 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 15, 1945" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1945-03-15. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  7. 1 2 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980 № 2523-X" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1980-07-18. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  8. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-03-04.