Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic"

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Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic"
Medal For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic OBVERSE.jpg
Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" (obverse)
Awarded by Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Type Campaign medal
Eligibility Citizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded for Participation in the defence of the Soviet Transarctic"
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established December 5, 1944
Total awarded 353,240
DefenceOfTheSovietTransarcticMedalRibbon.png
Ribbon of the Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic"
Reverse of the Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" Medal For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic REVERSE.jpg
Reverse of the Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic"

The Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" (Russian : Медаль «За оборону Советского Заполярья») was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

Contents

Medal History

The Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" was established on December 5, 1944 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR [1] to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat of Defense of the USSR.

Minister of Defence (Soviet Union) in the Soviet Union

The Minister of Defence of the Soviet Union refers to the head of the Ministry of Defence who was responsible for defence of the communist Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1917 to 1922 and the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991.

Medal Statute

The Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" was awarded to all participants in the defence of the Soviet Arctic region - soldiers of the Red Army, Navy and troops of the NKVD, as well as persons from the civilian population who took part in the defence of the North. [1]

Red Army 1917–1946 ground and air warfare branch of the Soviet Unions military

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, frequently shortened to Red Army was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The army was established immediately after the 1917 October Revolution. The Bolsheviks raised an army to oppose the military confederations of their adversaries during the Russian Civil War. Beginning in February 1946, the Red Army, along with the Soviet Navy, embodied the main component of the Soviet Armed Forces; taking the official name of "Soviet Army", until its dissolution in December 1991.

Soviet Navy naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces

The Soviet Navy was the naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces. Often referred to as the Red Fleet, the Soviet Navy was a large part of the Soviet Union's strategic plan in the event of a conflict with opposing super power, the United States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), or another conflict related to the Warsaw Pact of Eastern Europe. The influence of the Soviet Navy played a large role in the Cold War (1945-1991), as the majority of conflicts centered on naval forces.

The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs, abbreviated NKVD, was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.

Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the defence of the Soviet Transarctic issued by the unit commander, the chief of the military medical establishment or by the Murmansk Regional or Urban Councils of People's Deputies. Serving military personnel received the medal from their unit commander, retirees from military service received the medal from a regional, municipal or district military commissioner in the recipient's community, members of the civilian population, participants in the defence of the Soviet Transarctic received their medal from the Murmansk Oblast or city Councils of People's Deputies. For the defenders who died in battle or prior to the establishment of the medal, it was awarded posthumously to the family. [1]

Murmansk City in Murmansk Oblast, Russia

Murmansk is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia. It sits on both slopes and banks of a modest ria or fjord, Kola Bay, an estuarine inlet of the Barents Sea. Its bulk is on the east bank of the inlet. It is in the north of the rounded Kola Peninsula which covers most of the oblast. The city is 108 kilometres (67 mi) from the border with Norway and 182 kilometres (113 mi) from the Finnish border. The city is named for the Murman Coast, an archaic term in Russian for Norway.

Murmansk Oblast First-level administrative division of Russia

Murmansk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia, located in the northwestern part of the country. Its administrative center is the city of Murmansk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 795,409.

The Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other awards of the USSR, was located immediately after the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus". [1] If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [2]

Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" military decoration of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union.

Medal Description

The Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim. On its obverse, the bust of a soldier in a sheepskin coat and fur cap carrying a PPSh sub machine gun. To the left of the soldier, the half hidden image of a warship, on both sides of his head, military aircraft in flight, superimposed on the bottom center and bottom right of his coat, two tanks. Along the entire circumference of the obverse, a 3mm band bearing the relief inscription "FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE SOVIET TRANSARCTIC" (Russian : «ЗА ОБОРОНУ СОВЕТСКОГО ЗАПОЛЯРЬЯ»), at the bottom, a five pointed star bearing the hammer and sickle superimposed on a length of ribbon. On the reverse near the top, the relief image of the hammer and sickle, below the image, the relief inscription in three rows "FOR OUR SOVIET MOTHERLAND" (Russian : «ЗА НАШУ СОВЕТСКУЮ РОДИНУ»). [1]

PPSh-41 Submachine gun

The PPSh-41 ; is a Soviet submachine gun designed by Georgy Shpagin as a cheap, reliable, and simplified alternative to the PPD-40. Common nicknames are "pe-pe-sha" from its three-letter acronym and "papasha", meaning "daddy".

Hammer and sickle Communist symbol

The hammer and sickle is a far-left symbol meant to represent a union between the peasantry and working-class, that was first adopted – as Russian: серп и мо́лот, translit. serp i mólot: "sickle and hammer" – during the Russian Revolution. At the time of its creation, the hammer stood for the proletariat and the sickle for the peasantry—combined they stood for the worker-peasant alliance for socialism. The sickle symbol resembles a sickle used to harvest grain crops and the hammer is one that would be used to make a razor sharp edge on a sickle or scythe.

The Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic" was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount covered by a 24mm wide blue silk moiré ribbon with 2mm white edge stripes and a white 6mm central stripe with 1mm white edge stripes. [1]

Recipients (partial list)

The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic".

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 5, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-12-05. Retrieved 2012-03-05.
  2. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-03-05.