Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"

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Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"
Medal250Leningrad.jpg
Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad" (obverse)
Awarded by Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
TypeCommemorative medal
EligibilityCitizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded forWartime and peacetime service to the city of Leningrad
StatusNo longer awarded
Statistics
EstablishedMay 16, 1957
Total awarded1,445,900
Soviet 250th Anniversary Of Leningrad Ribbon.jpg
Ribbon of the Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"
Reverse of the Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad" 250 years Leningrad REVERSE.jpg
Reverse of the Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"
Boris Piotrovsky, a recipient of the Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad" Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078401-0011, Boris Borissowitsch Piotrowskij.jpg
Boris Piotrovsky, a recipient of the Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"
Dmitry Yazov, a recipient of the Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad" Dmitriy Yazov.jpg
Dmitry Yazov, a recipient of the Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"

The Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad" (Russian : Медаль «В память 250-летия Ленинграда») was a state commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on May 16, 1957 [1] to commemorate the 250th anniversary of the city of Leningrad. It was awarded to prominent members of Soviet society including veterans of the Great Patriotic War and serving members of the armed forces for wartime and peacetime services to the Hero-City of Leningrad.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

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Medal Statute

The Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad" was awarded to: workers, technicians and employees of industrial enterprises, transportation and urban development of Leningrad; to people working in science, technology, the arts, literature, education and health; to employees of state institutions, party, trade unions, Komsomol and other public organizations; who distinguished themselves in working in the reconstruction of the city and ensured the development of its own labour in industry, transportation, urban development, and in academic and cultural institutions; to soldiers and pensioners, to war or labour related invalids; to housewives who took an active part in the improvement of the city and in the work of schools and childcare facilities. Award was conditional to having resided in the city of Leningrad or its suburbs for a minimum of 5 years. [1]

The Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad" was awarded on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR by the Executive Committee of the Council of People's Deputies of the City of Leningrad. [1]

It was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other orders and medals of the USSR, immediately after the Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow". [1] When worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [2]

Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow"

The Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow" was a state commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on September 20, 1947 and bestowed to prominent Soviet citizens and veterans in commemoration of the 800th anniversary of the first Russian reference to Moscow, dating to 1147 when Yuri Dolgorukiy called upon the prince of the Novgorod-Severski to "come to me, brother, to Moscow". Its statute was amended by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on July 17, 1980.

Medal Description

The Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad" was a 32mm in diameter gilt circular medal designed by NA Sokolov. On the obverse in relief, the Lenin Monument at the Finlyandsky Rail Terminal with the Neva River and Russian Admiralty in the background. Below Lenin, the image of the hammer and sickle with a laurel branch at its left and unfolded banners at its right. Above Lenin's outstretched arm, a five-pointed star with radiating beams. At the top, along the circumference of the medal, the inscription "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad" (Russian : «В память 250-летия Ленинграда». On the reverse, the Smolny Institute, just below the building, the number "250". At the top, within a wreath of oak and laurel branches, the Order of Lenin and the Order of the Red Banner, below the orders, the inscription "GLORY TO THE HERO-CITY!" (Russian : «ГОРОДУ-ГЕРОЮ СЛАВА!»).

Neva River river in Russia connecting Lake Ladoga and the Baltic Sea

The Neva is a river in northwestern Russia flowing from Lake Ladoga through the western part of Leningrad Oblast to the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland. Despite its modest length of 74 kilometres (46 mi), it is the fourth largest river in Europe in terms of average discharge.

Admiralty building, Saint Petersburg

The Admiralty building is the former headquarters of the Admiralty Board and the Imperial Russian Navy in St. Petersburg, Russia and the current headquarters of the Russian Navy.

Smolny Institute school building

The Smolny Institute is a Palladian edifice in St Petersburg that has played a major part in the history of Russia.

The medal was secured to a standard Russian pentagonal mount by a ring through the medal suspension loop. The mount was covered by a 24 mm wide silk moiré blue ribbon with 2 mm white edge stripes and a central 4 mm red stripe flanked by three 1 mm yellow, red and yellow stripes.

Recipients (partial list)

The individuals listed below were recipients of the Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad".

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 16, 1957" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1957-05-16. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
  2. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-02-28.

See also