Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

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Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

MVeterVSA.jpg

Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (obverse)
Awarded by Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Type Service medal
Eligibility Citizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded for 25 years service in the Soviet Armed Forces
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established May 20, 1976
Total awarded ~800,000
MilitaryVeteranRibbon.png
Ribbon of the Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
Marshal of the Soviet Union Sergey Akhromeyev, a recipient of the Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" Marshal Sergey F. Akhromeyev in 1988.JPEG
Marshal of the Soviet Union Sergey Akhromeyev, a recipient of the Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
Army General Anatoly Kvashnin, a recipient of the Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" General of the Army Anatoly V. Kvashnin in 1998.JPEG
Army General Anatoly Kvashnin, a recipient of the Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
Marshal of the Russian Federation Igor Sergeyev, a recipient of the Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" ID-Sergeyev-01.jpg
Marshal of the Russian Federation Igor Sergeyev, a recipient of the Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

The Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (Russian : Медаль «Ветеран Вооружённых Сил СССР») was a long service award of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union established on May 20, 1976 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR [1] and awarded for twenty-five years of impeccable service to troops of the army, navy, of internal forces and of border troops. Its statute was twice amended by further decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, first on July 18, 1980 [2] and lastly on January 10, 1984. [1]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Soviet Armed Forces 1912-1991 combined military forces of the Soviet Union

The Soviet Armed Forces, also called the Armed Forces of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Armed Forces of the Soviet Union were the armed forces of the Russian SFSR (1917–1922), the Soviet Union (1922–1991) and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1912–1991) from their beginnings in the aftermath of the Russian Civil War to its dissolution on 26 December 1991.

Contents

Medal statute

The Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was awarded to soldiers of the Soviet Army, of the Soviet Navy, of Border Troops and of Internal Troops, who impeccably served in the Armed Forces of the USSR for 25 years or more. The medal could also be awarded to persons already retired from the service prior to the issuance of the Decree establishing it, who impeccably served in the Armed Forces of the USSR for 25 years or more. [1]

Soviet Army name given to the main part of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union between 1946 and 1992

The Soviet Army is the name given to the main land-based branch of the Soviet Armed Forces between February 1946 and December 1991, when it was replaced with the Russian Ground Forces, although it was not fully abolished until 25 December 1993. Until 25 February 1946, it was known as the Red Army, established by decree on 15 (28) January 1918 "to protect the population, territorial integrity and civil liberties in the territory of the Soviet state." The Strategic Missile Troops, Air Defense Forces and Air Forces were part of the Soviet Army in addition to the Ground Forces.

Soviet Navy naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces

The Soviet Navy was the naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces. Often referred to as the Red Fleet, the Soviet Navy was a large part of the Soviet Union's strategic plan in the event of a conflict with opposing super power, the United States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), or another conflict related to the Warsaw Pact of Eastern Europe. The influence of the Soviet Navy played a large role in the Cold War (1945-1991), as the majority of conflicts centered on naval forces.

Soviet Border Troops military border guard service of the Soviet Union

Soviet Border Troops were the militarized border guard of the Soviet Union, subordinated to its subsequently reorganized state security agency: first to Cheka/OGPU, then to NKVD/MGB and, finally, to KGB. Accordingly, they were known as NKVD Border Troops and KGB Border Troops. Unlike border guards of many other countries, Soviet Border Troops also included the maritime border guarding units.

The medal was awarded on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR by the Ministry of Defence of the USSR, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR and by the State Security Committee of the USSR. [1]

Minister of Defence (Soviet Union) in the Soviet Union

The Minister of Defence of the Soviet Union refers to the head of the Ministry of Defence who was responsible for defence of the communist Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1917 to 1922 and the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991.

Ministry of Internal Affairs (Russia) Russian government ministry responsible for security and law enforcement within Russian borders

The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation is the interior ministry of Russia. Emperor Alexander I of Russia founded its predecessor in 1802 in Imperial Russia. The Ministry has its headquarters in Moscow.

The Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was worn on the left side of the chest and when in the presence of other Orders and medals of the USSR, was located immediately after the Medal "Veteran of Labour". [1] If worn in the presence of awards of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [3]

Medal description

The Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was a 32mm in diameter silver-plated tombac circular medal with a raised rim. The obverse was oxidised, it bore at its upper section a ruby-red enamelled five pointed star superimposed on the relief image of the hammer and sickle, just below in the center, the relief inscription "USSR" (Russian : «СССР») over a curled laurel branch; at the bottom along the medal circumference, a relief scroll with the inscription in prominent letters "VETERAN OF THE ARMED FORCES" (Russian : «ВЕТЕРАН ВООРУЖЕННЫХ СИЛ»). The reverse was plain with a matte finish. [1]

Tombac copper-zinc alloy

Tombac, as it is spelled in French, or tombak, is a brass alloy with high copper content and 5–20% zinc content. Tin, lead or arsenic may be added for colouration. It is a cheap malleable alloy mainly used for medals, ornament, decoration and some munitions. In older use, the term may apply to brass alloy with a zinc content as high as 28–35%.

The medal was secured to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount by a ring through the medal suspension loop. The mount was covered by a 24mm wide grey silk moiré ribbon with four orange and three black stripes alternating along its right edge and two red stripes along its left edge. The width of the orange and black stripes was 1mm except for the outermost orange stripe which was 2mm, the red stripes were respectively of 3mm and 1mm with a spacing of 2mm. [1]

Recipients (partial list)

The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR".

See also

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Medal "For Impeccable Service" award

The Medal "For Impeccable Service" was a Soviet military award for long service awarded to deserving members of the military personnel of the armed forces of the USSR, of the Interior Ministry of the USSR and of the Ministry for the Protection of Public Order of the USSR, to recognise ten, fifteen and twenty years of faithful and impeccable service to the state.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 20, 1976" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1975-04-25. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  2. "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980 № 2523-X" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1980-07-18. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  3. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-03-01.