Medals of Honor (Japan)

Last updated
Eremedaille Japan Rood.jpg
Eremedaille Japan Groen.jpg
Eremedaille Japan Geel.jpg
Eremedaille Japan Paars.jpg
Eremedaille Japan Blauw.jpg
Eremedaille Japan Donkerblauw.jpg
Bao Zhang 

Medal of Honor Medal of Honour Japan.jpg
褒章
Medal of Honor

Medals of Honor (褒章, hōshō) are medals awarded by the Government of Japan. They are awarded to individuals who have done meritorious deeds and also to those who have achieved excellence in their field of work. [1] The Medals of Honor were established on December 7, 1881, and were first awarded the following year. Several expansions and amendments have been made since then. The medal design for all six types are the same, bearing the stylized characters 褒章 on a gilt central disc surrounded by a silver ring of cherry blossoms on the obverse; only the colors of the ribbon differ.

Contents

If for some reason an individual were to receive a second medal of the same ribbon colour, then a second medal is not issued but rather a new bar is added to their current medal. The Medals of Honor are awarded twice each year, on April 29 (the birthday of the Shōwa Emperor) and November 3 (the birthday of the Meiji Emperor).

Types

Hitoshi Narita stands at near right, wearing the Japanese Medal of Honor with purple ribbon. Dr. Narita stands with H.R.H. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (middle) and with the President of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Alec Broers, now Lord Broers (left). The three men were photographed on the evening of a formal dinner following Narita's election as a fellow of the Academy in 2002. Duke and Hitoshi Narita 2002.jpg
Hitoshi Narita stands at near right, wearing the Japanese Medal of Honor with purple ribbon. Dr. Narita stands with H.R.H. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (middle) and with the President of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Alec Broers, now Lord Broers (left). The three men were photographed on the evening of a formal dinner following Narita's election as a fellow of the Academy in 2002.

Red ribbon

First awarded in 1882. Awarded to individuals who have risked their own lives to save the lives of others.

Green ribbon

First awarded in 1882. Originally awarded "to children, grandchildren, wives and servants for remarkable acts of piety; and to individuals who, through their diligence and perseverance while engaging in their professional activities, became public role models".

Changed social values after World War II had resulted in the conferment of this medal being suspended after 1950; since 1955 it has been replaced to some extent by the revived Medal with Yellow Ribbon (see below). However, in 2003 the Medal with Green Ribbon was revived as an award to morally remarkable individuals who have actively taken part in serving society.[ citation needed ]

Yellow ribbon

First awarded in 1887 (later abolished); revived in 1955. Awarded to individuals who, through their diligence and perseverance while engaging in their professional activities, became public role models.

Purple ribbon

First awarded in 1955. Awarded to individuals who have contributed to academic and artistic developments, improvements and accomplishments.

Blue ribbon

First awarded in 1882. Awarded to individuals who have made significant achievements in the areas of public welfare or public service.

Dark blue ribbon

First awarded in 1919. Awarded to individuals who have made exceptionally generous financial contributions for the well-being of the public.

Select recipients

Red

Green

Yellow

Purple

Blue

Dark blue

Related Research Articles

Rumiko Takahashi is a Japanese manga artist. With a career of several commercially successful works, beginning with Urusei Yatsura in 1978, Takahashi is one of Japan's best-known and wealthiest manga artists. Her works are popular worldwide, where they have been translated into a variety of languages, with over 200 million copies in circulation. She has won the Shogakukan Manga Award twice, once in 1980 for Urusei Yatsura and again in 2001 for Inuyasha, and the Seiun Award twice, once in 1987 for Urusei Yatsura and again in 1989 for Mermaid Saga. She also received the Grand Prix de la ville d'Angoulême in 2019, becoming the second woman and second Japanese to win the prize. In 2020, the Japanese government awarded Takahashi the Medal with Purple Ribbon for her contributions to the arts.

Order of the Rising Sun Japanese order

The Order of the Rising Sun is a Japanese order, established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji. The Order was the first national decoration awarded by the Japanese government, created on 10 April 1875 by decree of the Council of State. The badge features rays of sunlight from the rising sun. The design of the Rising Sun symbolizes energy as powerful as the rising sun in parallel with the "rising sun" concept of Japan.

Order of the Chrysanthemum Japanese order

The Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum is Japan's highest order. The Grand Cordon of the Order was established in 1876 by Emperor Meiji of Japan; the Collar of the Order was added on 4 January 1888. Unlike its European counterparts, the order may be conferred posthumously.

Order of Culture

The Order of Culture is a Japanese order, established on February 11, 1937. The order has one class only, and may be awarded to men and women for contributions to Japan's art, literature, science, technology, or anything related to culture in general; recipients of the order also receive an annuity for life. The order is conferred by the Emperor of Japan in person on Culture Day each year.

Kotaka Otsuma was born on June 21, 1884 in Kawashiri, Kōzan Town, Sera County, Hiroshima Prefecture, the third daughter of Shōjūrō Kumada. After studying at Kawashiri Elementary School, Hongo Middle School, and the Kozan Needlecraft School, she found employment at a local elementary school.

Moto Hagio Japanese manga artist

Moto Hagio is a Japanese manga artist who is considered a "founding mother" of modern shōjo manga, especially shōnen-ai. Hagio rose to prominence in the 1970s as a member of the influential Year 24 Group, and has been described as "the most beloved shōjo manga artist of all time." Hagio's notable works include The Poe Clan (1972–1976), The Heart of Thomas (1974), They Were Eleven (1975), and A Cruel God Reigns (1993–2001).

Keiko Takemiya is a Japanese manga artist and the previous president of Kyoto Seika University. She resides in Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture. She is included in the Year 24 Group, a term coined by academics and critics to refer to a group of female authors in the early 1970s who helped transform shōjo manga from being created primarily by male authors to being created by female authors. As part of this group, Takemiya pioneered a genre of girls' comics about love between young men. In December 1970, she published a short story titled Sanrūmu Nite in Bessatsu Shōjo Comic, which is possibly the first shōnen-ai manga ever published and contains the earliest known male-male kiss in shōjo manga.

Makoto Ozone Musical artist

Makoto Ozone is a Japanese jazz pianist.

Sayuri Ishikawa is one of the most recognized and successful Japanese enka singers of all time, with a remarkable singing career spanning over four decades since mid-70s.

Terumasa Hino is a Japanese jazz trumpeter. He is considered one of Japan's finest jazz musicians. His instruments include the trumpet, cornet, and flügelhorn.

Nakayama Station (Kanagawa) Railway and metro station in Yokohama, Japan

Nakayama Station is an interchange railway station located in Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, jointly operated by the East Japan Railway Company and the Yokohama Municipal Subway.

Orders, decorations, and medals of Japan Honors given in Japan

The Japanese honours system originated in the 1870s, shortly after the Meiji Restoration, and was modeled on European honour systems. The first order, the Imperial Order of Meiji was established in 1875, and was later renamed as the Order of the Rising Sun.

Rokuro Ishikawa, D.Eng was a Japanese businessman and one of the most influential figures in the Japanese construction industry. He was Honorary Chairman of Kajima Corporation, one of the biggest construction companies in Japan, from 2005 until his death. Prior to that, he was President and Chairman of Kajima Corporation. He was married to Yoshiko, a daughter of the fourth president and the founding family of Kajima, Morinoske Kajima. His father was Ichiro Ishikawa, the first Chairman of the Japan Business Federation.

Nobuchika "Shinkin" Sugimura was a Japanese inventor and patent attorney. He was the first chairman of the Japan Patent Attorneys Association.

Jaw-Shen Tsai is a Taiwanese physicist. He is a professor at the Tokyo University of Science and a team leader of the Superconducting Quantum Simulation Research Team at the Center for Emergent Matter Science (CEMS) within RIKEN. He has contributed to the area of condensed matter physics in both its fundamental physical aspects and its technological applications. He has recently been working on experiments connected to quantum coherence in Josephson systems. In February 2014, he retired from NEC Corporation, after 31 years of employment. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society as well as the Japan Society of Applied Physics.

August S. Narumi

August Shigekazu Narumi served as a member of the National Executive Council, as well as the National Board of Trustees of the Boy Scouts of Japan.

Hikaru Saeki is the first female admiral of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) and the first female in the entire Japan Self-Defense Forces (JSDF) to achieve star rank. Originally an obstetrician-gynecologist with the degree of M.D., Saeki joined the JMSDF in 1989. After her service in several military hospitals and medical rooms aboard naval vessels, she became the first woman to head a JSDF hospital in 1997, promoted to rear admiral in 2001, and retired in 2003.

Toyama Atsuko

Toyama Atsuko is a former bureaucrat in the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science, and Technology. She is a trustee of the Tokyo Organizing Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, and the head of the Mt. Fuji World Heritage Center in Shizuoka.

Tomio Fukuoka (福岡富雄) is a Japanese educator and Academian. He is the Founder/Chairman of Kobe Denshi and Graduate School of Information Technology (KIC).

References

  1. "日本の勲章・褒章(賞勲局) - 内閣府". www8.cao.go.jp.
  2. Honor awarded 1923 – National Maritime Museum Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine (UK)
  3. "Abe gives thank-you letter to Chinese student for rescuing boy". The Japan Times. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  4. "杉良太郎、緑綬褒章伝達式で「重い受章」と気持ちも新た". Oricon News.
  5. Honor awarded 2009 (Okayama Prefecture) Archived 2010-09-11 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Honor awarded 2009 (Osaka Prefecture) Archived 2010-09-11 at the Wayback Machine
  7. "Kontatsu. Co., Ltd". www.kontatsu.co.jp.
  8. "Tree-Ring Management". Japan Library.
  9. Awarded 29 April 2007 http://saas3.startialab.com/acti_books/1045173943/7774/_SWF_Window.html
  10. Honor awarded 2016 [ dead link ]
  11. "IBM Research: IBM Fellow Chieko Asakawa awarded Medal of Honor". ibmresearchnews.blogspot.com.
  12. Honor awarded 1955
  13. Japan Foundation – Toshiko Akiyoshi Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine
  14. 1 2 "松本隆が紫綬褒章「自分の作品が自分の存在を証明してくれた」". Natalie (in Japanese). 2017-11-02. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  15. Honor awarded 1990 – Office of Naval Research (US): "Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh admits Office of Naval Research engineer to United Kingdom's Royal Academy of Engineering," Archived 2007-07-13 at the Wayback Machine Press release. November 11, 2002.
  16. Honor conferred 1960 – North Austin Tae Kwan Do: "Chronology of the Life of Morihei Ueshiba, Founder of Aikido."
  17. The Japan Prize Foundation: Dr. Yasuharu Suematsu. Dated 2014, Archived copy at archive.org
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Honor awarded 2009 (Tokyo Prefecture) Archived 2005-05-25 at the Wayback Machine
  19. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2014-03-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Chronological report of Japan's Art Yearbook by Independent Administrative Institution National Research Institute of Cultural Properties, Tokyo)
  20. "678 individuals, 24 groups awarded Medals of Honor," Archived 2009-11-03 at the Wayback Machine Mainichi Shimbun. November 3, 2009; "Ghibli Composer Joe Hisaishi Awarded Medal of Honour," Anime News Network. November 3, 2009.
  21. "Quantum optics research earns medal from Japanese emperor - Stanford News Release". news.stanford.edu. 18 November 2005.
  22. "Professor Yoshihisa Yamamoto is awarded "Medal with Purple Ribbon"". www.nii.ac.jp.
  23. "Actor, folk art researcher Ozawa dies". Kyodo . Japan Times. 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2012-12-31.
  24. "Renowned director Fukasaku, of 'Battle Royale' fame, dies". The Japan Times. 13 January 2003. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
  25. "Anime News: 'Akira' creator Katsuhiro Otomo honored by government". Asahi Shimbun. 2013-11-13. Archived from the original on 2013-11-16. Retrieved 2013-11-27.
  26. "Maeta Akihiro (b. 1954) - Onishi Gallery - New York".
  27. 1 2 Ransom, Ko (27 April 2012). "Hagio Is 1st Shōjo Manga Creator to Win Japan's Purple Ribbon (Updated)". Anime News Network . Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  28. "秋の褒章、高橋留美子さんら" [Autumn medal 2020, Rumiko Takahashi and others]. Kyodo News . November 2, 2020. Retrieved November 2, 2020.
  29. "Ranma 1/2, Inuyasha Creator Rumiko Takahashi Receives Japan's Medal with Purple Ribbon". Anime News Network . November 1, 2020. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  30. Sherman, Jennifer (3 November 2014). "To Terra's Takemiya Receives Japan Medal with Purple Ribbon". Anime News Network . Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  31. Hodgkins, Crystalyn (22 May 2021). "Manga Creator Ichirō Tominaga Passes Away at 96". Anime News Network . Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  32. "Info" (PDF). www.brain.riken.jp.
  33. 1 2 "平成18年度第1回理事会議事録" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-12-13.
  34. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-19. Retrieved 2015-09-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. "Chika Kuroda (1884~1968)". Ochanomizu University. Archived from the original on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  36. "Yasui, Kono (1880–1971)". Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. 2007. Archived from the original on 24 February 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
  37. Yagi, Eri; Matsuda, Hisako (August 2007). "Toshiko Yuasa (1909–80): the First Japanese Woman Physicist and Her Followers in Japan" (PDF). AAPPS Bulletin. 17 (4): 15–17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-12. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  38. Jiji press, 20 May, 2019 (「歌手の石川さゆりさんら紫綬褒章=囲碁の趙治勲さんも-春の褒章」https://www.jiji.com/jc/article?k=2019052000090&g=pol ), viewed 9, June, 2019. See also, Ishikawa’s press conference script, (「春の紫綬褒章、受章。」 http://www.ishikawasayuri.com/news/2019/05/post_442.html ), viewed 9, June, 2019.
  39. "Kyushu University [Hiroyuki Sasaki (Professor) Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Department of Molecular and Structural Biology]". hyoka.ofc.kyushu-u.ac.jp.
  40. "短編アニメ、1人で描く自由 紫綬褒章受章の山村浩二:朝日新聞デジタル".
  41. Hill, Edith Naomi, ed. (July 1929). "Clara A. Converse is Honored by Japan". The Smith Alumnae Quarterly. Northampton, Massachusetts: The Alumnae Association of Smith College. 20 (4): 427. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  42. Honor awarded 1960 – Sony Corporation: .
  43. Honor awarded 2009 (Nagasaki Prefecture) Archived 2010-09-11 at the Wayback Machine
  44. 1 2 Honor awarded 2009 (Kyoto Prefecture) Archived 2010-09-11 at the Wayback Machine
  45. Sony, "Passing of Norio Ohga, Senior Advisor and former President and Chairman, Sony Corporation," April 23, 2011; retrieved 2011-08-08
  46. "訃報(経団連名誉会長、当社社友名誉会長 斎藤英四郎殿)[News of death: President Emeritus of Keidanren, Honorary Chairman of our company, Saito Eishiro]". Nippon Steel. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  47. Honor awarded 1984 – Toyota Motor Corporation: Toyoda, Honorary Chairman Archived 2009-06-04 at the Wayback Machine
  48. Honor awarded 2009 (Fukuoka Prefecture) Archived 2010-09-11 at the Wayback Machine
  49. "Profile". www.gojukai.com.
  50. Parker, Fitzgerald (1936). Twenty-Sixth Annual Report, Woman's Missionary Council of The Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Commemorating the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Home Mission Movement, 1935–1936. Nashville, Tennessee: Methodist Episcopal Church, South Whitmore & Smith, Agents.
  51. jrharbort (5 November 2013). "Crypton CEO Awarded Blue Ribbon Medal of Honor, Snow Miku 2014 Event Info, Meiko V3 Details Announced". Mikufan.com.
  52. "Kobe Institute of Computing - History". www.kic.ac.jp.
  53. "X JAPAN's YOSHIKI Receives Prestigious Japanese Medal Of Honor". BLABBERMOUTH.NET. 2021-03-11. Retrieved 2021-03-15.

Bibliography