Medamud

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Coordinates: 25°43′N32°39′E / 25.717°N 32.650°E / 25.717; 32.650

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.

View of the ruins of the Temple of Montu at Medamud dating to the Ptolemaic and Roman period. Medmoud vue generale.JPG
View of the ruins of the Temple of Montu at Medamud dating to the Ptolemaic and Roman period.
Relief of the wall of Trajan representing a procession of singers and musicians in the honor of the Monthu at Medamoud. Medamoud procession.JPG
Relief of the wall of Trajan representing a procession of singers and musicians in the honor of the Monthu at Medamoud.

Medamud (from the Ancient Egyptian Madu) was a settlement in Ancient Egypt. Its present-day territory is located about 8 km east-north from Luxor.

Ancient Egypt ancient civilization of Northeastern Africa

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes. The history of ancient Egypt occurred as a series of stable kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age, the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age.

Luxor City in Egypt

Luxor is a city in Upper (southern) Egypt and the capital of Luxor Governorate. The population numbers 506,588, with an area of approximately 417 square kilometres (161 sq mi).

A temple of Montu was located here . It was excavated by Fernand Bisson de la Roque in 1925, who identified several structures dedicated to the war-god Montu.

Fernand Bisson de la Roque French egyptologist and archaeologist

Fernand Bisson de La Roque was a French Egyptologist and archaeologist. His notable excavations include 1921 to 1924 at Djédefrê pyramid at Abu Rawash, 1925 to 1932 at the Temple of Monthu at Medamud, northeast of Thebes and 1933 to 1950 at the Temple of Monthu at Tod southeast of Thebes.

Montu was a falcon-god of war in ancient Egyptian religion, an embodiment of the conquering vitality of the Pharaoh. He was particularly worshipped in Upper Egypt and in the district of Thebes, despite being a Delta-native, astral deity.

[Ramesses II] whom victory was foretold as he came from the womb,
Whom valor was given while in the egg,
Bull firm of heart as he treads the arena,
Godly king going forth like Montu on victory day.

History

A simple temple of Montu existed here already towards the end of the Old Kingdom, or during the First Intermediate period. It was surrounded by a wall. It is now located below the present temple.

There were two pylons, one behind the other and, beyond them, there was a double cave sanctuary, the underground chambers of which were marked with mounds on the surface. These mounds of earth probably functioned as 'primeval mounds'.

During the Middle Kingdom's 12th dynasty, the old temple was completely rebuilt on a bigger scale.

Further building and renovation continued well into the time of the Roman Empire.


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