Mehdi Rahimi

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Mehdi Rahimi
Born1921
Tehran, Qajar Iran
Died16 February 1979
Rafah School, Tehran, Iran
Allegiance State flag of Iran (1964-1980).svg Iran
Service/branch Ground Force Imperial Army of Iran.png Imperial Iranian Ground Force
Years of service1950s-1979
Rank IIArmy-Sepahbod.png Lieutenant General

Mehdi Rahimi (Persian : مهدی رحیمی; 1921 - 16 February 1979) was an Iranian lieutenant general. He was executed following the 1979 revolution in Iran.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

Iranian peoples diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group

The Iranian peoples, or the Iranic peoples, are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group.

Contents

Early life

Rahimi was born in Tehran, Iran.

Career

Rahimi served as deputy commander of the Imperial Guard, Tehran police chief [1] as well as the president of the Wrestling Federation of Iran. He was a lieutenant general and the last military commander and the chief of police of Tehran during the final days of the Pahlavi Dynasty and before Tehran fell to the revolutionary forces of the 1979 Iranian Islamic Revolution. [2]

Tehran Capital and largest city of Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Arrest and execution

Shortly after the Islamic Revolution in February 1979 and the takeover of all military bases and police stations by the pro-Khomeini Islamists, Rahimi was spotted by a subordinate as he was walking away from a military base near Sepah Square and arrested. By his own account as stated during his televised interrogation, Rahimi was beaten and tortured by the Islamic revolutionaries, arrested and taken to Refah School in Central Tehran. The interrogation which lasted 5 hours, resulted in a death sentence for Rahimi, as well as three other high-profile generals of the former regime. Sadegh Khalkhali presided over the proceedings and announced his death sentence on the charge of "Warring with God" and "Corrupter on Earth".

Refah School

Cultural Foundation of Refah (formerly Refah School was an elementary school for girls in Tehran, Iran. It gained historical significance in the 1979 Iranian Revolution when it was the temporary headquarters of the revolutionists lead by Ruhollah Khomeini. It was also used for the Islamic Revolutionary Court and the execution of officials of the second Pahlavi Regime on its rooftop before being transformed into what is being currently used as, a cultural and educational institution.

Sadegh Khalkhali Iranian cleric and politician

Mohammed Sadeq Givi Khalkhali was a Shia cleric of the Islamic Republic of Iran who is said to have "brought to his job as Chief Justice of the revolutionary courts a relish for summary execution" that earned him a reputation as Iran's "hanging judge". A farmer's son from Iranian Azeri origins was born in Givi, Azerbaijani S.S.R., U.S.S.R. [now in Azerbaijan]. He is also reported to have born in Kivi, Khalkhal, in the Khalkhal County, Iran. Khalkhali has been described as "a small, rotund man with a pointed beard, kindly smile, and a high-pitched giggle."

Ḥirābah is an Arabic word for “piracy”, or “unlawful warfare”. Hirabah comes from the root ḥrb, which means “to become angry and enraged”. The noun ḥarb means “war” and/or “enemy”. In Islamic law, ḥirabah is a legal category that comprises highway robbery, rape, and terrorism.

Rahimi was executed by a firing squad at midnight just before 16 February 1979, [1] [3] on the rooftop of Refah School, which was used as temporary residence by Ayatollah Khomeini. He refused to be blind-folded and stated that he wanted to die as a general loyal to his commander-in-chief. It has been said that his last words were "Javid Shah" (long live the Shah) and the expression of loyalty to Iran. [1]

Major Iranian newspapers published the news of his execution on the morning of 16 February 1979 along with gruesome pictures of his body as well as those of other executed generals. The pictures of him reflect the fact that his right arm was severed before the execution. [4]

Personal life

Rahimi married twice. [1] He was survived by his second wife, Manijeh, who settled in London. [1]

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom, with the largest municipal population in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Cyrus Kadivar. "General Rahimi". The Iranian . Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  2. Sahimi, Mohammad (3 February 2010). "The Ten Days that Changed Iran". Tehran Bureau / FRONTLINE . PBS . Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  3. "Law And Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (PDF). Amnesty International . February 1980. Archived from the original (Report) on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2013.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. "Clergical crime, Nothing but Iran". Holycrime. Retrieved 3 August 2013.