| Ottoman Caliph |
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
|36th Ottoman Sultan (Emperor)|
|Reign||4 July 1918 – 1 November 1922|
|Sword girding||4 July 1918|
|28th Ottoman Caliph|
|Reign||4 July 1918 – 19 November 1922|
| Head of the House of Osman |
|Pretence||19 November 1922 – 16 May 1926|
|Born||14 January 1861|
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
|Died||16 May 1926 65) (aged|
Sanremo, Kingdom of Italy
|Consorts|| Nazikeda Kadın |
Mehmed VI Vahideddin (Ottoman Turkish : محمد السادسMeḥmed-i sâdis, وحيد الدينVahideddin, Turkish : Vahideddin or Altıncı Mehmet), who is also known as Şahbaba (meaning "Emperor-father") among his relatives, (14 January 1861 – 16 May 1926) was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from July 4, 1918 until November 1, 1922 when the Ottoman Empire dissolved after World War I and became the nation of the Republic of Turkey on October 29, 1923. The brother of Mehmed V, he became heir to the throne after the 1916 suicide of Abdülaziz's son Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin as the eldest male member of the House of Osman. He acceded to the throne after the death of Mehmed V. He was girded with the Sword of Osman on 4 July 1918, as the thirty-sixth padishah . His father was Sultan Abdulmejid I and mother was Gülüstü Hanım (1830 – 1865), an ethnic Abkhazian, daughter of Prince Tahir Bey Çaçba and his wife Afişe Lakerba, originally named Fatma Çaçba. Mehmed stepped down when the Ottoman Sultanate was abolished in 1922, and the secular Republic of Turkey was created with Mustafa Kemal Ataturk as the first president.
Mehmed VI was born at the Dolmabahçe Palace, in Constantinople on January 14, 1861.Mehmed's father died when Mehmed was only five months old, and Mehmed's mother died when he was four years old.
The First World War was a disaster for the Ottoman Empire. British and allied forces had conquered Baghdad, Damascus, and Jerusalem during the war and most of the Ottoman Empire was divided amongst the European allies. At the San Remo conference of April 1920, the French were granted a mandate over Syria and the British were granted one over Palestine and Mesopotamia. On 10 August 1920, Mehmed's representatives signed the Treaty of Sèvres, which recognised the mandates and recognised Hejaz as an independent state.
Turkish nationalists rejected the settlement by the Sultan's four signatories. A new government, the Turkish Grand National Assembly, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) was formed on 23 April 1920, in Ankara (then known as Angora). The new government denounced the rule of Mehmed VI and the command of Süleyman Şefik Pasha, who was in charge of the army commissioned to fight for the empire against the Turkish National Movement (the Kuvâ-i İnzibâtiyye); as a result, a temporary constitution was drafted.
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey abolished the Sultanate on 1 November 1922, and Mehmed VI was expelled from Constantinople. Leaving aboard the British warship Malaya on 17 November, he went into exile in Malta; Mehmed later lived on the Italian Riviera.
On 19 November 1922, Mehmed's first cousin and heir Abdulmejid Efendi was elected caliph, becoming the new head of the Imperial House of Osman as Abdulmejid II before the Caliphate was abolished by the Turkish Grand National Assembly in 1924.
Mehmed died on 16 May 1926 in Sanremo, Italy, and was buried at the Tekkiye Mosque of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in Damascus.
Sultan Mehmed VI married five times:
Constantinople, the capital of the Turkish Empire.
Mehmed VIBorn: 14 January 1861 Died: 16 May 1926
| Sultan of the Ottoman Empire |
3 July 1918 – 1 November 1922
| Sultanate abolished |
Succeeded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
as President of Turkey
|Sunni Islam titles|
| Caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate |
3 July 1918 – 19 November 1922
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —|
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
1 November 1922 – 19 November 1922
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