Meigs County, Ohio

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Meigs County
Meigs County Courthouse comprehensive.jpg
County courthouse in Pomeroy
Seal of Meigs County Ohio.svg
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Meigs County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Ohio in United States.svg
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°05′N82°01′W / 39.08°N 82.02°W / 39.08; -82.02
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Ohio.svg  Ohio
FoundedApril 1, 1819 [1]
Named for Return J. Meigs, Jr.
Seat Pomeroy
Largest village Middleport
Area
  Total433 sq mi (1,120 km2)
  Land430 sq mi (1,100 km2)
  Water2.9 sq mi (8 km2)  0.7%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
23,106
  Density55/sq mi (21/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th

Meigs County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,770. [2] Its county seat is Pomeroy. [3] The county is named for Return J. Meigs, Jr., the fourth Governor of Ohio. [4]

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 433 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 430 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) (0.7%) is water. [5] The Ohio River forms the eastern and southern boundaries of the county, the other side of which is located in West Virginia.

Meigs County lies in the Appalachian Plateau physiographic region of the Appalachian Mountains. The landscape is considered to be anywhere from gently rolling to rugged, typical of a dissected plateau. Elevations range from 1,020 feet (310 m) asl (above sea level) in the southwest to about 535 feet (163 m) asl in the far south central part of the county along the Ohio River. The majority of Meigs County is drained by two subwatersheds of the Ohio River, Shade River and Leading Creek. Another stream of note is Raccoon Creek, which flows through a small area of the northwestern corner of the county. [6]

Coal mining, both strip and underground, has been an important industry in Meigs County since the late 19th century, although mining of all types largely ceased by the 1990s. The effects of mining are still readily seen on the landscape today. Features such as high walls, spoil piles, and irregular topography are still prevalent. Many tributaries in the Leading Creek basin are plagued by acid mine drainage and sedimentation.[ citation needed ]

In 2009, Gatling, Ohio LLC invested $75 million to open a new coal mine and coal prep plant near Racine. It is capable of employing 120 to 150 miners, and is capable of producing 3.5 million marketable tons of coal per year. [7] [8]

Climate

Meigs County's climate is considered humid continental, with warm to hot, humid summers and cool to cold, wet winters. Precipitation averages 41" annually, spread evenly throughout the year. High July temperatures average in the upper 80s F, while lows average in the low to mid 60s F. Temperatures above 90* F in the summer are common. January highs average about 40* F, with lows in the lower 20s. Temperatures around or even below 0* F occur during most winters. Snowfall averages 20–25", falling between late November and the first week of April.

The Ohio River creates a microclimate in its valley where temperatures tend to be moderated by the river, hence resulting in longer growing seasons compared to the rest of the county. Other microclimates, known as frost hollows or frost pockets, exist throughout the county in small isolated valleys. Nocturnal temperatures are often several degrees colder than the surrounding terrain.

Adjacent counties

State protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 4,480
1830 6,15837.5%
1840 11,45286.0%
1850 17,97156.9%
1860 26,53447.6%
1870 31,46518.6%
1880 32,3252.7%
1890 29,813−7.8%
1900 28,620−4.0%
1910 25,594−10.6%
1920 26,1892.3%
1930 23,961−8.5%
1940 24,1040.6%
1950 23,227−3.6%
1960 22,159−4.6%
1970 19,799−10.7%
1980 23,64119.4%
1990 22,987−2.8%
2000 23,0720.4%
2010 23,7703.0%
Est. 201823,106 [9] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790-1960 [11] 1900-1990 [12]
1990-2000 [13] 2010-2017 [2]

2000 census

As of the census [14] of 2000, there were 23,072 people, 9,234 households, and 6,574 families living in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 10,782 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.73% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,234 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,287, and the median income for a family was $33,071. Males had a median income of $30,821 versus $19,621 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,848. About 14.30% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.30% of those under age 18 and 14.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,770 people, 9,557 households, and 6,698 families living in the county. [15] The population density was 55.3 inhabitants per square mile (21.4/km2). There were 11,191 housing units at an average density of 26.0 per square mile (10.0/km2). [16] The racial makeup of the county was 97.4% white, 0.9% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.5% of the population. [15] In terms of ancestry, 25.1% were German, 14.3% were Irish, 13.9% were American, and 9.6% were English. [17]

Of the 9,557 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.9% were non-families, and 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 41.2 years. [15]

The median income for a household in the county was $33,407 and the median income for a family was $42,653. Males had a median income of $41,850 versus $27,271 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,003. About 16.7% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.9% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over. [18]

Politics

Owing to its history as a settlement of the Yankee Ohio Company of Associates, Meigs County was rock-ribbed Republican for the first century following that party’s formation. Meigs County voted Republican in every Presidential election between 1856 and 1960. It was won four times by Democrats between 1964 and 1996 (although Bill Clinton who carried Meigs twice did so only with pluralities) but has become powerfully Republican again since 2000.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 72.8%7,30922.5% 2,2604.7% 472
2012 57.7%5,89539.4% 4,0272.9% 296
2008 57.8%6,01539.3% 4,0942.9% 298
2004 58.2%6,27241.2% 4,4380.6% 61
2000 58.7%5,75037.5% 3,6743.8% 371
1996 38.3% 3,62245.2%4,27516.6% 1,568
1992 38.1% 3,91641.1%4,22620.9% 2,144
1988 59.1%5,48639.9% 3,6991.0% 91
1984 63.5%6,30735.7% 3,5490.7% 73
1980 53.6%4,91141.7% 3,8274.7% 432
1976 47.8% 4,94250.9%5,2621.4% 144
1972 70.7%5,96127.7% 2,3351.6% 137
1968 56.3%4,75934.6% 2,9219.2% 775
1964 43.6% 3,97356.4%5,133
1960 66.8%6,97633.2% 3,472
1956 70.3%6,59329.7% 2,783
1952 66.8%6,70033.2% 3,336
1948 60.5%5,56439.1% 3,5950.4% 34
1944 65.3%6,40134.7% 3,399
1940 59.2%7,23940.8% 4,983
1936 51.5%6,46448.5% 6,085
1932 53.0%5,96445.4% 5,1051.6% 175
1928 70.7%6,58028.6% 2,6610.8% 73
1924 57.3%4,86422.9% 1,94419.8% 1,684
1920 63.4%6,54134.9% 3,6061.7% 177
1916 52.8%3,18443.6% 2,6283.6% 219
1912 36.4%2,12929.7% 1,73833.9% 1,983
1908 62.1%4,10833.6% 2,2254.4% 288
1904 68.5%4,30427.2% 1,7084.4% 276
1900 65.6%4,54532.3% 2,2372.1% 147
1896 64.3%4,69634.7% 2,5361.0% 75
1892 59.4%3,95936.2% 2,4154.4% 294
1888 60.4%3,98936.5% 2,4133.0% 201
1884 60.4%4,17738.0% 2,6301.6% 110
1880 59.5%4,10339.9% 2,7490.6% 43
1876 58.7%3,96241.1% 2,7730.3% 17
1872 65.8%3,50134.1% 1,8120.1% 7
1868 63.6%3,54836.3% 2,027
1864 70.6%3,52229.3% 1,461
1860 58.3%2,68936.8% 1,6994.8% 224
1856 50.6%1,99840.6% 1,603

Education

Communities

Map of Meigs County, Ohio with municipal and township labels Map of Meigs County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels.PNG
Map of Meigs County, Ohio with municipal and township labels
Meigs County Courthouse MeigsCtyCourthouse PomeroyOH.jpg
Meigs County Courthouse

Villages

Townships

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

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Rutland, Ohio Village in Ohio, United States

Rutland is a village in Meigs County, Ohio, United States. The population was 393 at the 2010 census.

References

  1. "Ohio County Profiles: Meigs County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 21, 2007. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 204.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  6. Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1991. pp. 79–80, 87. ISBN   0-89933-233-1.
  7. "Pomeroy Daily Sentinel – Gatling investing million in mine facility". Mydailysentinel.com. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  8. "Coal Ties / Meigs County producing coal once again " Entangled Citizens". Spurse.org. May 18, 2009. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  9. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  10. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  11. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  12. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  13. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  15. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  16. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  17. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  18. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  19. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  20. "James Edwin Campbell". Remarkable Ohio. Ohio History Connection. Retrieved September 12, 2017.

Further reading

Coordinates: 39°05′N82°01′W / 39.08°N 82.02°W / 39.08; -82.02