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|Meitetsu Mikawa Line|
A 6000 series EMU on the Meitetsu Mikawa Line
|Termini|| Sanage |
|Daily ridership||73,556 (FY2003)|
|Website||Meitetsu (in Japanese)|
|Line length||39.8 km (24.73 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V Overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
The Meitetsu Mikawa Line (名鉄三河線, Meitetsu Mikawa-sen) is a 39.8 km (24.7 mi) railway line in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) connecting Sanage Station in Toyota and Hekinan Station in Hekinan. It originally extended beyond Hekinan to Kira Yoshida, and beyond Sanage to Nishi Nakagane, with a proposed extension to Asuke substantially constructed but subsequently abandoned (see History section below).
All trains on this line operate as Local trains and stop at every station. Some smaller stations have only a single platform and no passing loop.
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The Mikawa Railway opened the Ōhama-minato (now Hekinan) to Kariya-shin (now Kariya) section in 1914, and extended the line to Chiryū (old, now Mikawa Chiryū) the following year, to Koromo (now Toyotashi) in 1920 and Sanage in 1924.
In 1926, the Sanage to Hekinan section was electrified at 1,500 V DC, and in the same year the (now closed) Hekinan to Matsukijima section opened as an electrified section, as were all subsequent extensions.
The (now closed) Sanage to Nishi Nakagane section opened between 1927 and 1928, and the Matsukijima - Mikawa Yoshida section also opened in the latter year.
The company merged with Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) in June 1941,and the Mikawa Yoshida - Kira Yoshida section opened in 1943, connecting to the Gamagōri Line and the Nishio Line.
Construction of an ~8 km (5 mi) extension from Nishi Nakagane to Asuke had commenced in the 1930s, with the roadbed completed when the Pacific War commenced. Shortage of materials resulted in the rail line never being laid, and the proposed extension was formally abandoned in 1958, with the roadbed being converted to a public road, which is readily identifiable on aerial photographs.
Freight services ceased in 1984, and as a result of declining patronage, the electrification on the Sanage - Nishi Nakagane section was decommissioned in 1985, and on the Hekinan to Kira Yoshida section in 1990, DMUs then providing the passenger service. Patronage continued to decline, and both sections were closed in 2004.
The Chiryū to Shigehara section was double-tracked in 1976, the Kariya to Kariyashi section in 1980, and the Umetsubo to Toyotashi section in 1986. The doubling of the Toyotashi to Chiryū section is proposed, and some works have been undertaken, but funding issues with the local governments has stalled further work at present. The land has been acquired to double the Shigehara to Kariya section, but Meitetsu does not consider the patronage levels on this section justify duplication at this stage.[ citation needed ]
Toyota is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 426,162 and a population density of 464 persons per km². The total area was 918.32 square kilometres (354.57 sq mi). It is located about 35 minutes from Nagoya by way of the Meitetsu Toyota Line.
Chiryū is a city located in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 71,992 in 32,579 households, and a population density of 4,414 persons per km². The total area of the city was 16.31 square kilometres (6.30 sq mi).
Aichi Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. Aichi Prefecture has a population of 7,552,873 and a geographic area of 5,172.92 km² with a population density of 1,460 persons per km². Aichi Prefecture borders Mie Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east.
Nagoya Railroad Co.,Ltd., referred to as Meitetsu (名鉄), is a private railway company operating around Aichi Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture of Japan. TYO: 9048
Chūkyō, or the Chūkyō region, is a major metropolitan area in Japan that is centered on the city of Nagoya in Aichi Prefecture. The area makes up the most-urban part of the Tōkai region. The population of 10,240,000 over an area of 7,072 square kilometers. ［http://demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf] Nevertheless, like most of Japan's major metro areas, the core of it lies on a fertile alluvial plain, in this case the Nōbi Plain.
The Nagoya Municipal Subway is a rapid transit system serving Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture in Japan. It consists of six lines that cover 93.3 kilometers (58.0 mi) of route and serve 87 stations. Approximately 90% of the subway's total track length is underground.
The Meitetsu Nishio Line is a railway line operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, connecting Shin Anjō and Kira Yoshida. It originally included a branch from Nishio-guchi to Okazaki-shin on the Tokaido Main Line, which closed in 1962.
Sanage Station is a railway station in the city of Toyota, Aichi, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Toyotashi Station is a junction railway station in the city of Toyota, Aichi, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Uwa Goromo Station is a railway station in the city of Toyota, Aichi, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Shigehara Station is a railway station in the city of Chiryū, Aichi, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Kariya Station is a railway station in the city of Kariya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, jointly operated by Central Japan Railway Company and the private railway operator Meitetsu.
Kariyashi Station is a railway station in the city of Kariya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Ogakie Station is a railway station in the city of Kariya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Mikawa Takahama Station is a train station in the city of Takahama, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Kita Shinkawa Station is a railway station in the city of Hekinan, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Shinkawa-machi Station is a railway station in the city of Hekinan, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Hekinan-chūō Station is a railway station in the city of Hekinan, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Hekinan Station is a railway station in the city of Hekinan, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu. The station provides access to the center of Hekinan, Aichi, and specific notable sites nearby include Hekinan Seaside Aquarium, Myōfuku Temple, and the headquarters of Kokonoe Mirin Company, which produces mirin.
The Meitetsu Gamagōri Line is a 17.6 km Japanese railway line in Aichi Prefecture which connects Kira Yoshida Station in Nishio, with Gamagōri Station in Gamagōri. It is owned by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) and operated as an extension of the Meitetsu Nishio Line. Fare calculation classification is B
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.
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