Meitetsu Mikawa Line

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Meitetsu Mikawa Line
Meitetsu Mikawa Line 6000 series 2.JPG
A 6000 series EMU on the Meitetsu Mikawa Line
Overview
Native name名鉄三河線
TypeCommuter rail
Locale Aichi Prefecture
Termini Sanage
Hekinan
Stations23
Daily ridership73,556 (FY2003) [1]
Website Meitetsu (in Japanese)
Operation
Opened1914
Operator(s) Meitetsu
Technical
Line length39.8 km (24.73 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V Overhead catenary
Operating speed80 km/h (50 mph)

The Meitetsu Mikawa Line (名鉄三河線, Meitetsu Mikawa-sen) is a 39.8 km (24.7 mi) railway line in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) connecting Sanage Station in Toyota and Hekinan Station in Hekinan. It originally extended beyond Hekinan to Kira Yoshida, and beyond Sanage to Nishi Nakagane, with a proposed extension to Asuke substantially constructed but subsequently abandoned (see History section below).

Contents

All trains on this line operate as Local trains and stop at every station. Some smaller stations have only a single platform and no passing loop.

Stations

NameJapaneseDistance
(km)
ConnectionsLocation
Sanage 猿投0.0 Toyota Aichi
Hiratobashi 平戸橋1.1
Koshido 越戸2.2
Umetsubo 梅坪4.2 Meitetsu logomark 2.svg Meitetsu:  TT  Toyota Line (some through connections)
Toyotashi 豊田市5.6 Aikan logomark.svg Aichi Loop Line (via Shin-Toyota)
Uwa Goromo 上挙母7.4 Aikan logomark.svg Aichi Loop Line (via Shin-Uwagoromo)
Tsuchihashi 土橋10.2
Takemura 竹村12.8
Wakabayashi 若林15.1
Mikawa Yatsuhashi 三河八橋17.5
Mikawa Chiryū 三河知立20.6 Chiryū
Chiryū 知立21.3 Meitetsu logomark 2.svg Meitetsu:  NH  Nagoya Main Line
Shigehara 重原23.5
Kariya 刈谷25.2 JR logo (central).svg JR Central: JR Central Tokaido Line.svg Tokaido Main Line Kariya
Kariyashi 刈谷市26.8
Ogakie 小垣江29.4
Yoshihama 吉浜31.4 Takahama
Mikawa Takahama 三河高浜33.3
Takahama Minato 高浜港34.3
Kitashinkawa 北新川36.1 Hekinan
Shinkawamachi 新川町37.1
Hekinan Chūō 碧南中央38.2
Hekinan 碧南39.8

History

The Mikawa Railway opened the Ōhama-minato (now Hekinan) to Kariya-shin (now Kariya) section in 1914, and extended the line to Chiryū (old, now Mikawa Chiryū) the following year, to Koromo (now Toyotashi) in 1920 and Sanage in 1924.

In 1926, the Sanage to Hekinan section was electrified at 1,500 V DC, and in the same year the (now closed) Hekinan to Matsukijima section opened as an electrified section, as were all subsequent extensions.

The (now closed) Sanage to Nishi Nakagane section opened between 1927 and 1928, and the Matsukijima - Mikawa Yoshida section also opened in the latter year.

The company merged with Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) in June 1941, [2] and the Mikawa Yoshida - Kira Yoshida section opened in 1943, connecting to the Gamagōri Line and the Nishio Line.

Construction of an ~8 km (5 mi) extension from Nishi Nakagane to Asuke had commenced in the 1930s, with the roadbed completed when the Pacific War commenced. Shortage of materials resulted in the rail line never being laid, and the proposed extension was formally abandoned in 1958, with the roadbed being converted to a public road, which is readily identifiable on aerial photographs.

Freight services ceased in 1984, and as a result of declining patronage, the electrification on the Sanage - Nishi Nakagane section was decommissioned in 1985, and on the Hekinan to Kira Yoshida section in 1990, DMUs then providing the passenger service. Patronage continued to decline, and both sections were closed in 2004.

Double-tracking

The Chiryū to Shigehara section was double-tracked in 1976, the Kariya to Kariyashi section in 1980, and the Umetsubo to Toyotashi section in 1986. The doubling of the Toyotashi to Chiryū section is proposed, and some works have been undertaken, but funding issues with the local governments has stalled further work at present. The land has been acquired to double the Shigehara to Kariya section, but Meitetsu does not consider the patronage levels on this section justify duplication at this stage.[ citation needed ]

Former connecting lines

See also

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References

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.

  1. (4)路線別1日当たり輸送人員 (Report). Aichi Prefecture. 2007. Archived from the original on 19 January 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
  2. 佐藤信之 (19 June 2004), 地下鉄の歴史首都圏・中部・近畿圏 (in Japanese), グランプリ出版, p. 129, ISBN   4-87687-260-0