Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line

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Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
NagoyaRailwayCompanyType1000.jpg
A Meitetsu 1000 series "Panorama Super" EMU on a limited express service
Overview
Other name(s)Nagoya Line
Native name名鉄名古屋本線
Owner Meitetsu
Locale Aichi
Gifu
Termini Toyohashi
Meitetsu Gifu
Stations60
Service
TypeCommuter rail
Daily ridership221,098 [1] (2008)
History
Opened1 September 1944 (1944-09-01) (as it is today) [2]
Technical
Line length99.8 km (62.01 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification Overhead catenary 1,500 V DC
Operating speed120 km/h (75 mph)
3500 series EMU on a commuter service NagoyaRailwayCompanyType3500.jpg
3500 series EMU on a commuter service

The Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line (名鉄名古屋本線, Meitetsu Nagoya Honsen) or Nagoya Line is a railway line operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu), connecting Toyohashi Station in Toyohashi with Meitetsu Gifu Station in Gifu.

Contents

Since its amalgamation in 1944 (see History section) this has been the Meitetsu main line. Many branch lines of Meitetsu have through services to/from the Nagoya Line. Toyokawa, Nishio, Tokoname (which has its through services with Airport, Kōwa, Chita), and Inuyama lines all have through services bound for Meitetsu Nagoya, making the segment around that station extremely busy. Between Biwajima Junction and Kanayama, 26 trains proceed per hour, even during off-peak periods. All the stations accept manaca, a smart card.

The line largely parallels the Tōkaidō Main Line in the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (Greater Nagoya). Local traffic on the Nagoya Line used to be much heavier than on the Tōkaidō Main Line, but since the privatization of the Japanese National Railways (JNR), transforming into the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in this area, competition has become more significant in the Chūkyō area.

Due to historical reasons, the line shares its track between Hirai Junction and Toyohashi Station with the JR Iida Line. The agreement between two companies prohibits Meitetsu to have more than 6 trains in one direction per hour on the 3.8 km of shared tracks. Consequently, local trains are unable to reach Toyohashi, instead, terminate at Ina Station.

Basic data

Service patterns

L: Local (普通, Futsū)
SE: Semi Express (準急, Junkyū)
EX: Express (急行, Kyūkō)
RE: Rapid Express (快速急行, Kaisoku Kyūkō)
LE: Limited Express (特急, Tokkyū)
RL: Rapid Limited Express (快速特急, Kaisoku Tokkyū)
MU: μSKY Limited Express (ミュースカイ, Myū Sukai)

Stations

For abbreviations of rapid trains, refer to the above section. For distances and connections, see the route diagram. Trains stop at stations marked "●" and pass stations marked "|".

Some trains stop at stations indicated by "▲". At Sukaguchi, Limited Expresses only from Tsushima Line stop (which is marked "τ"). For distances and transfers, see the route diagram.

No.StationJapaneseLocalSemi

Express

ExpressRapid

Express

Limited

Express

Rapid

Express

μSKY

Limited Express

Location
MSN-NH01.png Toyohashi 豊橋No serviceTo
Chubu
Centrair
International
Airport
To
Chubu
Centrair
International
Airport
Toyohashi Aichi
N/A Hirai Junction 平井信号場No passengersNo passengers
MSN-NH02.png Ina 伊奈 Toyokawa
MSN-NH03.png Odabuchi 小田渕||||
MSN-NH04.png 国府
MSN-NH05.png Goyu 御油||||
MSN-NH06.png Meiden-Akasaka 名電赤坂||||
MSN-NH07.png Meiden-Nagasawa 名電長沢||||
MSN-NH08.png Motojuku 本宿 Okazaki
MSN-NH09.png Meiden Yamanaka 名電山中||||
N/A Maiki Junction 舞木信号場No passengersNo passengers
MSN-NH10.png Fujikawa 藤川|||
MSN-NH11.png Miai 美合
MSN-NH12.png Otogawa 男川||
MSN-NH13.png Higashi-Okazaki 東岡崎
MSN-NH14.png Okazakikōen-mae 岡崎公園前||
MSN-NH15.png Yahagibashi 矢作橋||
MSN-NH16.png Utō 宇頭 ||
MSN-NH17.png Shin-Anjō 新安城| Anjō
MSN-NH18.png Ushida 牛田||| Chiryū
MSN-NH19.png Chiryū 知立
MSN-NH20.png Hitotsugi 一ツ木|||| Kariya
MSN-NH21.png Fujimatsu 藤松||||
MSN-NH22.png Toyoake 豊明|| Toyoake
MSN-NH23.png Zengo 前後||
MSN-NH24.png Chūkyō-keibajō-mae 中京競馬場前|| Midori, Nagoya
MSN-NH25.png Arimatsu 有松||
MSN-NH26.png Sakyōyama 左京山|||
MSN-NH27.png Narumi 鳴海|
MSN-NH28.png Moto-Hoshizaki 本星崎|||| Minami, Nagoya
MSN-NH29.png Moto-Kasadera 本笠寺|||
MSN-NH30.png Sakura ||||
MSN-NH31.png Yobitsugi 呼続||||
MSN-NH32.png Horita 堀田|| Mizuho, Nagoya
MSN-NH33.png Jingū-mae 神宮前 Atsuta, Nagoya
MSN-NH34.png Kanayama 金山 Naka, Nagoya
MSN-NH35.png Sannō 山王|||||| Nakagawa, Nagoya
MSN-NH36.png Meitetsu-Nagoya 名鉄名古屋 Nakamura, Nagoya
MSN-NH37.png Sakō 栄生|||| Nishi, Nagoya
MSN-NH38.png Higashi-Biwajima 東枇杷島||||||
N/A Biwajima Junction 枇杷島分岐点No passengers Kiyosu
MSN-NH39.png Nishi-Biwajima 西枇杷島||||||
MSN-NH40.png Futatsuiri 二ツ杁||||
MSN-NH41.png Shinkawabashi 新川橋||||||
MSN-NH42.png Sukaguchi 須ヶ口τ||
MSN-NH43.png Marunouchi 丸ノ内||||||
MSN-NH44.png Shin-Kiyosu 新清州|||
MSN-NH45.png Ōsato 大里||| Inazawa
MSN-NH46.png Okuda 奥田||||||
MSN-NH47.png Kōnomiya 国府宮
MSN-NH48.png Shima-Ujinaga 島氏永||||||
MSN-NH49.png Myōkōji 妙興寺|||||| Ichinomiya
MSN-NH50.png Meitetsu Ichinomiya 名鉄一宮
MSN-NH51.png Imaise 今伊勢||||||
MSN-NH52.png Iwato 石刀||||||
MSN-NH53.png Shin-Kisogawa 新木曽川|
MSN-NH54.png Kuroda 黒田||||||
MSN-NH55.png Kisogawa-zutsumi 木曽川堤||||||
MSN-NH56.png Kasamatsu 笠松| Kasamatsu, Hashima Gifu
MSN-NH57.png Ginan 岐南|||||| Ginan, Hashima
MSN-NH58.png Chajo 茶所|||||| Gifu
MSN-NH59.png Kanō 加納||||||
MSN-NH60.png Meitetsu Gifu 名鉄岐阜
1: Some trains of the marked line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya.
2: All trains of Inuyama line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya.
2: Some trains of Takehana Line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Gifu.

History

Four different companies built sections of the line, which were subsequently amalgamated and linked to create today's line.

The Marunouchi to Kōnomiya section was opened by the Nagoya Railway in 1928, the Ichinomiya to Kasamatsu section was opened by the Meigi Railway in 1935, and by 1935 the line was dual track as far as Kanō. Meanwhile, the Aichi Electric Railway opened the Jingu-mae to Arimatsu section in 1917 (Arimatsu Line), electrified at 600 V DC, and extended the line to Toyohashi in 1927 (becoming the Toyohashi Line). The Narumi to Yahagibashi section was double-tracked in 1924, and by 1935, the line was double-tracked from Horita to the Hirai Signal Box. The voltage on the line was increased to 1,500 V DC in 1925.

In 1935 the Aichi Electric Railway merged with Meigi Railway, and the company changed its name to Nagoya Railroad. The Jingū-mae to Horita section was double-tracked in 1942, and in 1944, the Nagoya to Jingū-mae section opened as dual track, linking the two sections, although through-running was not possible until the voltage on the Nagoya to Gifu section had been increased to 1,500 V DC in 1948. The line was renamed the Nagoya Main Line.

Former connecting lines

The Mino Electric Railway opened an 18 km 1,067 mm gauge line electrified at 600 V DC to Hon Ibi in 1928. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930, the line closed in 2001. An 11 km 1,067 mm gauge branch from Kurono (5 km from Hon Ibi) was opened by the Tanigumi Railway to its namesake town in 1926, electrified at 600 V DC. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1944, and the line closed in 2001.

The Nagara Light Railway opened a 5 km 1,067 mm gauge line to Takatomi in 1915, and was acquired by the Mino Electric Railway in 1920, which electrified the line at 600 V DC, merging with Meitetsu in 1930. The line closed in 1960.

See also

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References

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.

  1. 各鉄軌道会社のご案内 (Report). Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
  2. 曽根, 悟 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese), Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc. (8), p. 3, ISBN   978-4-02-340138-9 Missing or empty |title= (help)