Melia (consort of Inachus)

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In Greek mythology, according to the mythographer Apollodorus, the Oceanid nymph Melia was the mother of culture hero Phoroneus, and Aegialeus, by her brother Inachus, the river-god of Argos. [1] According to the Latin mythographer Hyginus however, Inachus fathered Phoroneus by an Oceanid nymph named Argia. [2] According to Argive tradition, Phoroneus was the first man, or first inhabitant of Argos, who lived during the time of the Great Flood, associated with Deucalion. [3]

Greek mythology body of myths originally told by the ancient Greeks

Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the ancient Greeks and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. These stories concern the origin and the nature of the world, the lives and activities of deities, heroes, and mythological creatures, and the origins and significance of the ancient Greeks' own cult and ritual practices. Modern scholars study the myths in an attempt to shed light on the religious and political institutions of ancient Greece and its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.

The Bibliotheca, also known as the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus, is a compendium of Greek myths and heroic legends, arranged in three books, generally dated to the first or second century AD.

Oceanid nymph presiding over oceans and seas

In Greek mythology, the Oceanids or Oceanides are the nymphs who were the three thousand daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys.

Melia was also said to have been the mother, by Inachus, of Mycene, the wife of Arestor, and eponym of Mycenae. [4] Melia was also perhaps considered to be the mother, by Inachus, of Io, [5] the ancestress, by Zeus, of the Greek dynasties of Argos, Thebes, and Crete. [6]

In Greek mythology, Mycene or Mykene, was a daughter of Inachus, king of Argos, the sister of Phoroneus, and the wife of Arestor. She was said to be the eponym of Mycenae.

Arestor, son of Phorbas or Iasus, is a character from Greek mythology. In some accounts, he is the father of Argus Panoptes, who is therefore called Arestorides. According to Pausanias, Arestor was the husband of Mycene, the daughter of Inachus, from whom the city of Mycenae derived its name.

Mycenae Archaeological site in Greece

Mycenae is an archaeological site near Mykines in Argolis, north-eastern Peloponnese, Greece. It is located about 120 kilometres south-west of Athens; 11 kilometres north of Argos; and 48 kilometres south of Corinth. The site is 19 kilometres inland from the Saronic Gulf and built upon a hill rising 900 feet above sea level.

The consort of Apollo, who was an important cult figure at Thebes, was also said to be a daughter of Oceanus named Melia. [7]

Apollo God in Greek mythology

Apollo is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology. The national divinity of the Greeks, Apollo has been recognized as a god of archery, music and dance, truth and prophecy, healing and diseases, the Sun and light, poetry, and more. He is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis, goddess of the hunt. Seen as the most beautiful god and the ideal of the kouros, Apollo is considered to be the most Greek of all gods. Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu.

Thebes, Greece Place in Greece

Thebes is a city in Boeotia, central Greece. It played an important role in Greek myths, as the site of the stories of Cadmus, Oedipus, Dionysus, Heracles and others. Archaeological excavations in and around Thebes have revealed a Mycenaean settlement and clay tablets written in the Linear B script, indicating the importance of the site in the Bronze Age.

Oceanus Ancient Greek god of the earth-encircling river, Okeanos

Oceanus, also known as Ogenus or Ogen, was a divine figure in classical antiquity, believed by the ancient Greeks and Romans to be the divine personification of the ocean, which the Ancient Greeks perceived as an enormous river encircling the world.

Notes

  1. Larson, p. 149; Hard, p. 227; Gantz, p. 198; Tripp, s.v. Inachus, p. 318; Grimal, s.v. Inachus, p. 230; Apollodorus, 2.1.1. Compare with Ovid, Amores 3.6.2526, which perhaps confuses or conflates this Melia with the Bithynian Melia, who was the mother of Amycus and Mygdon by Poseidon.
  2. Hyginus, Fabulae 143 (Smith and Trzaskoma, p. 147).
  3. Larson, p. 149; Hard, p. 227; Gantz, p. 198.
  4. Fowler, p. 236; Nostoi fr. 8* (West, pp. 160, 161) = Scholiast on the Odyssey 2.120; compare with Pausanias, 2.16.4, which, citing the Megalai Ehoiai , says that Mycene was the daughter of Inachus and the wife of Arestor, without naming the mother. For other stories explaining the name of the city, see Fowler, p. 259.
  5. Tripp, s.v. Inachus, p. 318; Grimal, s.v. Io, p. 232.
  6. Tripp, s.v. Io, p. 319.
  7. Grimal, s.v. Melia 2, p. 281.

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References

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

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