Melia (consort of Inachus)

Last updated

In Greek mythology, according to the mythographer Apollodorus, the Oceanid nymph Melia was the mother of culture hero Phoroneus, and Aegialeus, by her brother Inachus, the river-god of Argos. [1] According to the Latin mythographer Hyginus however, Inachus fathered Phoroneus by an Oceanid nymph named Argia. [2] According to Argive tradition, Phoroneus was the first man, or first inhabitant of Argos, who lived during the time of the Great Flood, associated with Deucalion. [3]

Greek mythology body of myths originally told by the ancient Greeks

Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the ancient Greeks and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. These stories concern the origin and the nature of the world, the lives and activities of deities, heroes, and mythological creatures, and the origins and significance of the ancient Greeks' own cult and ritual practices. Modern scholars study the myths in an attempt to shed light on the religious and political institutions of ancient Greece and its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.

The Bibliotheca, also known as the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus, is a compendium of Greek myths and heroic legends, arranged in three books, generally dated to the first or second century AD.

Oceanid nymph presiding over oceans and seas

In Greek mythology, the Oceanids or Oceanides are the nymphs who were the three thousand daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys.

Melia was also said to have been the mother, by Inachus, of Mycene, the wife of Arestor, and eponym of Mycenae. [4] Melia was also perhaps considered to be the mother, by Inachus, of Io, [5] the ancestress, by Zeus, of the Greek dynasties of Argos, Thebes, and Crete. [6]

In Greek mythology, Mycene or Mykene, was a daughter of Inachus, king of Argos, the sister of Phoroneus, and the wife of Arestor. She was said to be the eponym of Mycenae.

Arestor, son of Phorbas or Iasus, is a character from Greek mythology. In some accounts, he is the father of Argus Panoptes, who is therefore called Arestorides. According to Pausanias, Arestor was the husband of Mycene, the daughter of Inachus, from whom the city of Mycenae derived its name.

Mycenae Archaeological site in Greece

Mycenae is an archaeological site near Mykines in Argolis, north-eastern Peloponnese, Greece. It is located about 120 kilometres south-west of Athens; 11 kilometres north of Argos; and 48 kilometres south of Corinth. The site is 19 kilometres inland from the Saronic Gulf and built upon a hill rising 900 feet above sea level.

The consort of Apollo, who was an important cult figure at Thebes, was also said to be a daughter of Oceanus named Melia. [7]

Apollo God in Greek mythology

Apollo is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology. The national divinity of the Greeks, Apollo has been recognized as a god of archery, music and dance, truth and prophecy, healing and diseases, the Sun and light, poetry, and more. He is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis, goddess of the hunt. Seen as the most beautiful god and the ideal of the kouros, Apollo is considered to be the most Greek of all gods. Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu.

Thebes, Greece Place in Greece

Thebes is a city in Boeotia, central Greece. It played an important role in Greek myths, as the site of the stories of Cadmus, Oedipus, Dionysus, Heracles and others. Archaeological excavations in and around Thebes have revealed a Mycenaean settlement and clay tablets written in the Linear B script, indicating the importance of the site in the Bronze Age.

Oceanus Ancient Greek god of the earth-encircling river, Okeanos

Oceanus, also known as Ogenus or Ogen, was a divine figure in classical antiquity, believed by the ancient Greeks and Romans to be the divine personification of the ocean, which the Ancient Greeks perceived as an enormous river encircling the world.


  1. Larson, p. 149; Hard, p. 227; Gantz, p. 198; Tripp, s.v. Inachus, p. 318; Grimal, s.v. Inachus, p. 230; Apollodorus, 2.1.1. Compare with Ovid, Amores 3.6.2526, which perhaps confuses or conflates this Melia with the Bithynian Melia, who was the mother of Amycus and Mygdon by Poseidon.
  2. Hyginus, Fabulae 143 (Smith and Trzaskoma, p. 147).
  3. Larson, p. 149; Hard, p. 227; Gantz, p. 198.
  4. Fowler, p. 236; Nostoi fr. 8* (West, pp. 160, 161) = Scholiast on the Odyssey 2.120; compare with Pausanias, 2.16.4, which, citing the Megalai Ehoiai , says that Mycene was the daughter of Inachus and the wife of Arestor, without naming the mother. For other stories explaining the name of the city, see Fowler, p. 259.
  5. Tripp, s.v. Inachus, p. 318; Grimal, s.v. Io, p. 232.
  6. Tripp, s.v. Io, p. 319.
  7. Grimal, s.v. Melia 2, p. 281.

Related Research Articles

Io (mythology) Mortal woman seduced by Zeus in Greek mythology

Io (; Ancient Greek: Ἰώ [iːɔ̌ː] was, in Greek mythology, one of the mortal lovers of Zeus. An Argive princess, she was an ancestor of many kings and heroes such as Perseus, Cadmus, Heracles, Minos, Lynceus, Cepheus, and Danaus. The astronomer Simon Marius named a moon of Jupiter after Io in 1614.

Phoroneus mythical character

In Greek mythology, Phoroneus was a culture-hero of the Argolid, fire-bringer, primordial king of Argos.

In Greek mythology, Adrasteia was a Cretan nymph, and daughter of Melisseus, who was charged by Rhea with nurturing the infant Zeus in secret, to protect him from his father Cronus.

In Greek mythology, dreams were sometimes personified as Oneiros (Dream) or Oneiroi (Dreams). In the Iliad of Homer, Zeus sends an Oneiros to appear to Agamemnon in a dream, while in Hesiod's Theogony, the Oneiroi are the sons of Nyx (Night), and brothers of Hypnos (Sleep).

In Greek mythology, Pelasgus was the eponymous ancestor of the Pelasgians, the mythical inhabitants of Greece who established the worship of the Dodonaean Zeus, Hephaestus, the Cabeiri, and other divinities. In the different parts of the country once occupied by Pelasgians, there existed different traditions as to the origin and connection of Pelasgus. The ancient Greeks even used to believe that he was the first man.

In Greek mythology, Plouto or Pluto was the mother of Tantalus, usually by Zeus, though the scholion to Euripides Orestes 5, names Tmolos as the father. According to Hyginus, Plouto's father was Himas, while other sources give her father as Cronus.

In Greek mythology, Pandion I was a legendary King of Athens, the son and heir to Erichthonius of Athens and his wife, the naiad Praxithea. Through his father he was the grandson of the god Hephaestus. He married a naiad, Zeuxippe, and they had two sons Erechtheus and Butes, and two daughters Procne and Philomela.

In Greek mythology, Caanthus or Kaanthos was the son of Oceanus and Tethys, and the brother of Melia, who was the consort of Apollo, and an important cult figure at Thebes. According to the second-century geographer Pausanias, Caanthus was commanded by his father Oceanus to seek his sister Melia, who had been abducted by Apollo. But being unable to get Melia away from Apollo, Caanthus set fire to the Apollo's sanctuary, and Apollo shot and killed him.

In Greek mythology, Nauplius is the name of one mariner heroes. Whether these should be considered to be the same person, or two or possibly three distinct persons, is not entirely clear. The most famous Nauplius, was the father of Palamedes, called Nauplius the Wrecker, because he caused the Greek fleet, sailing home from the Trojan War, to shipwreck, in revenge for the unjust killing of Palamedes. This Nauplius was also involved in the stories of Aerope, the mother of Agamemnon and Menelaus, and Auge, the mother of Telephus. The mythographer Apollodorus says he was the same as the Nauplius who was the son of Poseidon and Amymone. Nauplius was also the name of one of the Argonauts, and although Apollonius of Rhodes made the Argonaut a direct descendant of the son of Poseidon, the Roman mythographer Hyginus makes them the same person. However, no surviving ancient source identifies the Argonaut with the father of Palamedes.

In Greek mythology, Melia or Melie was a Bithynian nymph, who was, by Poseidon, the mother of Amycus and Mygdon, both kings of the Bebryces. The name Melia perhaps derived from a misreading of a line of Apollonius of Rhodes containing Βιθυνὶς Μελίη, which instead of being read as Melia from Bithynia, might instead be read as Bithynis the Melia, i.e. Bithynis the ash tree nymph.

The Potamoi are the gods of rivers and streams of the earth in Greek mythology.

In Greek mythology, Cerdo was the nymph-wife of King Phoroneus of Argos and mother of Apis and Niobe. Otherwise, the consort of Phoroneus was called either Cinna, or Teledice also a nymph, or Perimede, or Peitho and Europe.

In Greek mythology, Agenor was a member of the royal house of Argos. He belonged to the house of Phoroneus, and was father of Crotopus. His exact position in the lineage varies depending on the source.

In Greek mythology, Chione was the daughter of Boreas, the god of the north wind, and Orithyia a daughter of Erechtheus, king of Athens. Chione was the sister of Cleopatra and the Argonauts, Calaïs and Zetes. According to a late, though generally accepted tradition, Chione was the mother of Poseidon's son Eumolpus whom she threw into the ocean for fear of her father's reaction; however, Eumolpus is rescued and raised by Poseidon.

Apis was a king of Argos in Greek mythology.

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Melia, a daughter of the Titan Oceanus, was the consort of Apollo, and the mother, by Apollo, of the Theban hero and prophet Tenerus. She was also the mother of Ismenus, god of the Theban river of the same name. Melia was an important cult figure at Thebes. She was worshipped at the Ismenion, the Temple of Apollo at Thebes, and was associated with a nearby spring.

In Greek mythology, Melia or Melie was the name of several figures. The name Melia comes from μελία, the ancient Greek word for ash-tree. In the plural, the Meliae were a class of nymphs associated with trees, particularly ash-trees. There were several other nymphs named Melia, not necessarily associated with trees, these include:

In Greek mythology, Ida or Ide was one of the nurses of the infant Zeus on Crete.


International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

Timothy Nolan Gantz was a classical scholar and the author of Early Greek Myth: A Guide to Literary and Artistic Sources (1993). Gantz was a long-time Professor of Classics at the University of Georgia from 1970; he directed its Studies Abroad in Rome program from 1985. He died in Athens, Georgia. He is survived by his wife, Elena, and his son, Tavish.