Mendocino County, California

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Mendocino County, California
County of Mendocino
Mendocino California.jpg
The Sun House.jpg
Point Arena Lighthouse.jpg
CarRedwoodLeggett01-05.jpg
Calif Western June 6th 2010 024xRP - Flickr - drewj1946.jpg
MacKerricher Beach.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: The community of Mendocino, the historic Grace Hudson Sun House, Point Arena Lighthouse, the Chandelier Tree, the "Skunk Train", a beach in MacKerricher State Park
Seal of Mendocino County, California.png
Nickname: 
"Mendo"
Mendocino County, California
Interactive map of Mendocino County with markers for each of its four incorporated cities: Ukiah (red), Fort Bragg (purple), Point Arena (blue), and Willits (yellow)
Map of California highlighting Mendocino County.svg
Mendocino County's location within California
Coordinates(Geographic center of Mendocino County): 39°28′09″N123°23′39″W / 39.4692°N 123.3942°W / 39.4692; -123.3942 Coordinates: 39°28′09″N123°23′39″W / 39.4692°N 123.3942°W / 39.4692; -123.3942
CountryUnited States
State California
Region California North Coast
Incorporated February 18, 1850;172 years ago (1850-02-18) [1]
Named for Antonio de Mendoza, Viceroy of New Spain, 1535–42
County seat Ukiah
Largest cityUkiah
Government
  Type Council–CEO
  BodyMendocino County Board of Supervisors
  ChairTed Williams
  Vice ChairGlenn McGourty
  Board of Supervisors [2]
Supervisors
  • Glenn McGourty
  • Maureen Mulheren
  • John Haschak
  • Dan Gjerde
  • Ted Williams
   Chief executive officer Darcie Antle
Area
  Total3,878 sq mi (10,040 km2)
  Land3,506 sq mi (9,080 km2)
  Water372 sq mi (960 km2)
Highest elevation
[3]
6,958 ft (2,121 m)
Population
 (2020) [4]
  Total91,601
  Density26/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area code 707
Website www.mendocinocounty.org

Mendocino County ( /ˌmɛndəˈsn/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Mendocino, Spanish for "of Mendoza) [5] is a county located on the North Coast of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 91,601. [6] The county seat is Ukiah. [7]

Contents

Mendocino County consists wholly of the Ukiah, CA Micropolitan Statistical Area (μSA) for the purposes of the U.S. Census Bureau. It is located approximately equidistant from the San Francisco Bay Area and California/Oregon border, separated from the Sacramento Valley to the east by the California Coast Ranges. While smaller areas of redwood forest are found further south, it is the southernmost California county to be included in the World Wildlife Fund's Pacific temperate rainforests ecoregion, the largest temperate rainforest ecoregion on the planet. [8]

The county is noted for its distinctive Pacific Ocean coastline, its location along California's "Lost Coast", Redwood forests, wine production, microbrews, and liberal views about the use of cannabis and support for its legalization. In 2009, it was estimated that roughly one-third of the economy was based on the cultivation of marijuana. [9]

The notable historic and recreational attraction of the "Skunk Train" connects Fort Bragg with Willits in Mendocino County via a steam-locomotive engine, along with other vehicles.

Mendocino is one of three Northern California counties to make up the "Emerald Triangle", along with Humboldt and Trinity counties.

History

Antonio de Mendoza, the namesake of Mendocino County. AntonioMendoza (cropped).jpg
Antonio de Mendoza, the namesake of Mendocino County.

Mendocino County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Due to an initially minor settler American population, it did not have a separate government until 1859 and was under the administration of Sonoma County prior to that. [10] Some of the county's land was given to Sonoma County between 1850 and 1860. [11]

The county derives its name from Cape Mendocino (most of which is actually located in adjacent Humboldt County), which was probably named in honor of either Antonio de Mendoza, Viceroy of New Spain, 1535–1542 (who sent the Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo Expedition to this coast in 1542), [12] or Lorenzo Suárez de Mendoza, Viceroy from 1580 to 1583. Mendocino is the adjectival form of the family name of Mendoza. [10]

Neither Spanish nor Mexican influence extended into Mendocino County beyond the establishment of two Mexican land grants in southern Mendocino County: Rancho Sanel in Hopland, in 1844 and Rancho Yokaya that forms the majority of the Ukiah Valley, in 1845. [10] [12]

In the 19th century, despite the establishment of the Mendocino Indian Reservation and Nome Cult Farm in 1856, the county witnessed many of the most serious atrocities in the extermination of the Californian Native American tribes who originally lived in the area, like the Yuki, the Pomo, the Cahto, and the Wintun. The systematic occupation of their lands, the reduction of many of their members into slavery and the raids against their settlements led to the Mendocino War in 1859, where hundreds of Indians were killed. Establishment of the Round Valley Indian Reservation on March 30, 1870, did not prevent the segregation that continued well into the 20th century. Other tribes from the Sierra Nevada mountains were also relocated to the Round Valley Indian Reservation during the "California Trail Of Tears", where the Natives were forced to march in bad conditions to their new home in Round Valley. [13] Many of these tribes thrown together were not on good terms with the other tribes they were forced to live with on the reservation, resulting in tensions still evident today.

Geography

A vineyard in Mendocino County Mendocino vineyard.jpg
A vineyard in Mendocino County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,878 square miles (10,040 km2), of which 3,506 square miles (9,080 km2) is land and 372 square miles (960 km2) (9.6%) is water. [14]

Adjacent counties

Rivers

Aerial view of the mouth of the Noyo River on the Pacific Ocean at Fort Bragg Fort Bragg California aerial view.jpg
Aerial view of the mouth of the Noyo River on the Pacific Ocean at Fort Bragg

Beaches

A beach near Elk Beach-Elk.jpg
A beach near Elk

National and state protected areas

Flora and fauna

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 55
1860 3,9677,112.7%
1870 7,54590.2%
1880 12,80069.6%
1890 17,61237.6%
1900 20,46516.2%
1910 23,92916.9%
1920 24,1160.8%
1930 23,505−2.5%
1940 27,86418.5%
1950 40,85446.6%
1960 51,05925.0%
1970 51,1010.1%
1980 66,73830.6%
1990 80,34520.4%
2000 86,2657.4%
2010 87,8411.8%
2020 91,6014.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]
1790–1960 [16] 1900–1990 [17]
1990–2000 [18] 2010 [19] 2020 [20]

2020 census

Mendocino County, California - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [19] Pop 2020 [20] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)60,24956,20568.59%61.36%
Black or African American alone (NH)5446070.62%0.66%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)3,4863,5283.97%3.85%
Asian alone (NH)1,4021,7301.60%1.89%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)921100.10%0.12%
Some Other Race alone (NH)1315920.15%0.65%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)2,4324,8962.77%5.34%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)19,50523,93322.20%26.13%
Total87,84191,601100.00%100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010 Census

The 2010 United States Census reported that Mendocino County had a population of 87,841. The racial makeup of Mendocino County was 67,218 (76.5%) White, 622 (0.7%) African American, 4,277 (4.9%) Native American, 1,450 (1.7%) Asian, 119 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 10,185 (11.6%) from other races, and 3,970 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19,505 persons (22.2%). [28]

2000

As of the census [29] of 2000, there were 86,265 people, 33,266 households, and 21,855 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 36,937 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.8% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 4.8% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 8.6% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. 16.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.2% were of German, 10.8% English, 8.6% Irish, 6.1% Italian and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 84.4% spoke English and 13.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 33,266 households, out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,996, and the median income for a family was $42,168. Males had a median income of $33,128 versus $23,774 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,443. About 10.9% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

As of 2022, the District Attorney of Mendocino County is C. David Eyster, [30] the elected Sheriff-Coroner is Matthew C. Kendall [31] and the Chief Executive Officer is Darcie Antle. [32]

Mendocino County is legislatively governed by a board of five supervisors, each with a separate district. [33] The first district is represented by Glenn McGourty, [34] and serves the central-eastern region of the county, including Potter Valley, Redwood Valley, Calpella, and Talmage. The second district, represented by Maureen Mulheren, [34] serves Ukiah. The third district, in the northeastern quadrant of the county from Willits north to Laytonville and Covelo, is represented by John Haschak. [35] The fourth district covers the northwestern quadrant of the county, including the coast from Caspar northwards through Fort Bragg; its supervisor is Dan Gjerde, [34] who previously served on the Fort Bragg City Council. The supervisor for the fifth district is Ted Williams; [35] his district covers the southern portion of the county, including the coast from Mendocino to Gualala, the Anderson Valley, the western outskirts of Ukiah, and portions of the Russian River valley near Hopland.

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Mendocino is a strongly Democratic county in Presidential and congressional elections. [37] The last Republican to win a majority in the county was Californian Ronald Reagan in 1984. However, in the 2016 election, Mendocino County gave Hillary Clinton a reduced margin of victory of any Democratic since Al Gore (though support for third-party candidates more than doubled from 2012). In 2020 the county was won by Joe Biden with an increased margin of victory from the previous election.

United States presidential election results for Mendocino County, California [38] [39]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 13,26730.61%28,78266.41%1,2912.98%
2016 10,88828.72%22,07958.23%4,94813.05%
2012 9,65827.49%23,19366.01%2,2866.51%
2008 10,72126.68%27,84369.29%1,6204.03%
2004 12,95533.71%24,38563.45%1,0892.83%
2000 12,27235.66%16,63448.34%5,50416.00%
1996 9,76529.87%14,95245.74%7,97524.39%
1992 7,95821.78%18,34450.21%10,23628.01%
1988 12,97941.94%17,15255.42%8162.64%
1984 16,36952.09%14,40745.85%6462.06%
1980 12,43244.05%10,78438.21%5,00817.74%
1976 9,78445.49%10,65349.53%1,0724.98%
1972 11,12851.01%9,43543.25%1,2515.73%
1968 8,30546.39%7,93544.32%1,6649.29%
1964 6,32234.68%11,86965.12%360.20%
1960 9,30149.29%9,47650.21%940.50%
1956 10,32756.94%7,76742.82%430.24%
1952 10,89760.87%6,81338.06%1911.07%
1948 6,36850.53%5,55344.06%6825.41%
1944 4,65545.89%5,45253.75%360.35%
1940 5,34542.53%7,05556.13%1691.34%
1936 3,67035.75%6,43262.65%1641.60%
1932 3,36535.23%5,86761.43%3193.34%
1928 4,81063.39%2,62834.63%1501.98%
1924 3,46556.46%73912.04%1,93331.50%
1920 4,44365.83%1,78926.51%5177.66%
1916 3,49446.79%3,37145.14%6038.07%
1912 110.19%2,50744.39%3,13055.42%
1908 2,74655.56%1,75235.45%4448.98%
1904 2,90461.55%1,48931.56%3256.89%
1900 2,19253.15%1,86145.13%711.72%
1896 2,09348.92%2,12049.56%651.52%
1892 1,70941.87%2,02349.56%3508.57%
1888 1,70844.75%2,00552.53%1042.72%
1884 1,31743.71%1,58952.74%1073.55%
1880 96942.31%1,31357.34%80.35%

Federally, Mendocino County is in California's 2nd congressional district , represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. [40]

In the state legislature Mendocino is in the 2nd Senate District , represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, [41] and the 2nd Assembly District , represented by Democrat Jim Wood. [42]

As of February 2021, the California Secretary of State reports that Mendocino County has 54,505 registered voters. Of those, 26,648 (48.9%) are registered Democratic; 11,387 (20.9%) are registered Republican; 4,389 (8.1%) are registered with other political parties, and 12,082 (22.1%) declined to state a political party.

In 2000, Mendocino County voters approved Measure G, which calls for the decriminalization of marijuana when used and cultivated for personal use. [43] Measure G passed with a 58% majority vote, making it the first county in the United States to declare prosecution of small-scale marijuana offenses the "lowest priority" for local law enforcement. Measure G does not protect individuals who cultivate, transport or possess marijuana for sale. However, Measure G was passed at the local government level affecting only Mendocino County, and therefore does not affect existing state or federal laws. The city of Berkeley has had a similar law (known as the Berkeley Marijuana Initiative II) since 1979 which has generally been found to be unenforceable. [44]

In 2008, the Mendocino County Board of Supervisors placed Measure B on the June 3 county-wide ballot. After three months of hard-fought campaigning and national attention, voters narrowly approved "B", which repealed the provisions of 2000's Measure G. [45] [46] However, opponents of Measure B intend to continue the challenge in court, as the wording of Measure B relies heavily on S.B. 420's state limitations which were recently ruled unconstitutional by the California supreme court. On July 3, the Sheriff and District Attorneys offices announced that they would not be enforcing the new regulations for the time being, citing pending legal challenges and conflicts with existing state law. [47]

In April, 2009, Sheriff Tom Allman issued his department's medical marijuana enforcement policy, which includes the provisions of Measure B and also cites the California Supreme Court Ruling narrowly defining "caregiver" in the state's medical marijuana law. [48]

In 2004, Measure H was passed in Mendocino County with a 56% majority, making it the first county in the United States to ban the production and cultivation of genetically modified organisms. [49]

On Nov. 4, 2008, Mendocino County voted 63.1% against Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to define marriage as a union between one man and one woman. [50]

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

A coroner's jury ruled that the 2018 Hart family crash in Mendocino County was deliberate. [54]

Media

Mendocino County is considered part of the San Francisco Bay Area television market, and primarily receives the major Bay Area TV stations.

The county is also served by local and regional newspapers as well as a community radio stations. Community radio stations include KZYX, operating out of Philo, and KLLG, operating out of the Little Lake Grange in Willits. The Humboldt County-based KMUD is also receivable in large parts of the county. Local independent newspapers include the online news service The Mendocino Voice, [55] and The Laytonville Observer, the Anderson Valley Advertiser, [56] the Willits Weekly [57] and the Independent Coast Observer. Four formerly independent newspapers are now owned by the national conglomerate media company Digital First Media, they are: The Ukiah Daily Journal, The Mendocino Beacon, the Willits News, and The Fort Bragg Advocate. These four papers have seen a precipitous decline in the size of editorial staff and in coverage over the past several years, in keeping with the nationwide tactics of DFM. [58] The Sonoma County-based Press Democrat also covers the area.

Education

Community colleges

Universities

K-12 education

School districts include: [59]

Unified:

Secondary:

Elementary:

Transportation

US 101 in Mendocino County US 101 Mendocino County.jpg
US 101 in Mendocino County

Major highways

Public transportation

Bus

The Mendocino Transit Authority provides local and intercity bus service within Mendocino County. Limited service also connects with transit in Sonoma County. Greyhound Bus Lines currently serves Ukiah.

Amtrak's operates connecting bus service to Ukiah, Willits and Laytonville. [60]

The historic Skunk Train is a heritage railway that connects Fort Bragg, California with Willits using steam locomotives.

Airports

For commercial service, passengers in Mendocino County need to go to Eureka, one county to the north in Humboldt County, or to Sonoma County Airport in Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, one county to the south. More comprehensive service is available from Sacramento to the east or San Francisco, well to the south.

Emergency services for the largely unincorporated county are coordinated through Howard Forest Station, a local Cal Fire station just south of Willits.

Communities

Ecological staircase trail in Jug Handle State Nature Reserve Ecological Staircase trail.jpg
Ecological staircase trail in Jug Handle State Nature Reserve
Islands off the Mendocino coast Islands off mendocino.jpg
Islands off the Mendocino coast
Mendocino Grove Mendocino Grove.jpg
Mendocino Grove

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Indian reservations

Mendocino County has nine Indian reservations lying within its borders, the fourth most of any county in the United States (after San Diego County, California; Sandoval County, New Mexico; and Riverside County, California).

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Mendocino County. [61]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)
1 Ukiah City16,075
2 Fort Bragg City7,273
3 Willits City4,888
4 Brooktrails CDP3,235
5 Redwood Valley CDP1,729
6 Covelo CDP1,255
7 Laytonville CDP1,227
8 Talmage CDP1,130
9 Boonville CDP1,035
10 Mendocino CDP894
11 Hopland CDP756
12 Calpella CDP679
13 Potter Valley CDP646
14 Cleone CDP618
15 Caspar CDP509
16 Point Arena City449
17 Round Valley Reservation [62] (partially in Trinity County ) AIAN 401
18 Philo CDP349
19 Anchor Bay CDP340
20 Redwood Valley Rancheria [63] AIAN238
t-21 Laytonville Rancheria [64] AIAN212
t-21 Manchester-Point Arena Rancheria [65] AIAN212
22 Manchester CDP195
t-23 Albion CDP168
t-23 Sherwood Valley Rancheria [66] AIAN168
24 Comptche CDP159
25 Coyote Valley Reservation [67] AIAN144
26 Pinoleville Rancheria [68] AIAN129
27 Leggett CDP122
28 Little River CDP117
29 Guidiville Rancheria [69] AIAN52
30 Hopland Rancheria (Pomo Indians) [70] AIAN38

"Mendocino" by The Sir Douglas Quintet was released in December 1968 and reached No. 27 in the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 by early 1969, spending 15 weeks in the chart.

Kate McGarrigle's song "(Talk to Me of) Mendocino," is one of the songs on the McGarrigles' 1975 debut album; it has been covered by Linda Ronstadt on her 1982 album Get Closer, and by the English singer-songwriter John Howard on his 2007 E.P., and also by Bette Midler on her 2014 album It's The Girls .

A song written by Matt Serletic and Bernie Taupin, "Mendocino County Line" which was released in 2002, is about a love that could not last and cites the 'Mendocino County Line' in the chorus.

Many films and movies have been filmed in and around Mendocino County, including Dying Young , The Russians Are Coming ; Overboard ; The Dunwich Horror ; The Karate Kid Part III ; Dead & Buried ; Forever Young ; Same Time Next Year ; Racing with the Moon ; Pontiac Moon ; and The Majestic .

See also

Notes

  1. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

Footnotes

  1. "Chronology". California State Association of Counties. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  2. "Board of Supervisors | Mendocino County, CA".
  3. "Anthony Peak". Peakbagger.com. Archived from the original on May 2, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  4. "QuickFacts - Mendocino County, California". United States Census Bureau.
  5. Sanchez, Nellie Van de Grift (August 11, 1914). Spanish and Indian Place Names of California: Their Meaning and Their Romance. A.M. Robertson. ISBN   9781404750845 via Google Books.
  6. "Mendocino County, California". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  7. "NACo County Explorer - Mendocino County, CA". National Association of Counties. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  8. "Northern California coastal forests | Ecoregions". World Wildlife Fund. Archived from the original on August 22, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  9. Regan, Trish (January 23, 2009). Marijuana Inc., Inside America's Pot Industry (televised documentary). Mendocino County, California, USA: CNBC, Incorporated. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  10. 1 2 3 "History of Mendocino County". County of Mendocino. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
  11. "The Creation of Our 58 Counties". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  12. 1 2 https://archive.org/stream/bub_gb_m8FQAQAAIAAJ/bub_gb_m8FQAQAAIAAJ_djvu.txt Cape Mendocino was named in honor of Antonio de Mendoza, the first Viceroy of New Spain. He was appointed by the emperor, and, arriving in the city of Mexico in 1535, ordered a survey of the coast of California, wherein the cape was discovered. The county was named after the cape. History of Northern California, p. 138.
  13. Aanestad, Christina (September 19, 2007). "Native Americans walk the California Trail of Tears". indybay.org. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
  14. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  16. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  17. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  18. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  19. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mendocino County, California". United States Census Bureau .
  20. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mendocino County, California". United States Census Bureau .
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  22. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  23. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  24. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  25. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  26. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  27. U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  28. "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  29. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  30. "District Attorney". The County of Mendocino. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  31. "Mendocino County Sheriff's Office" . Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  32. "Executive Office : Welcome". The County of Mendocino. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  33. "Mendocino County district boundaries". Mendocino County Government. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  34. 1 2 3 "Board of Supervisors - Board Members". Mendocino County. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  35. 1 2 "Board of Supervisors | Mendocino County, CA". www.mendocinocounty.org. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  36. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived July 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  37. "Mendocino County, California". Epodunk.com. Retrieved September 23, 2009.
  38. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  39. http://geoelections.free.fr/ . Retrieved January 13, 2021.{{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  40. "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  41. "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  42. "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  43. "Mendocino County Personal Use of Marijuana Initiative". CA NORML News. California National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. November 8, 2000. Retrieved September 23, 2009.
  44. La Barre, Suzanne (March 31, 2006). "Legal Limbo for Pot Users?". Berkeley Daily Planet. Retrieved September 23, 2009.
  45. "Measure B on the June 3 ballot". Ballotpedia. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  46. Burgess, Rob (June 21, 2008). "It's official: Marijuana reform effort passes". Ukiah Daily Journal. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  47. Geniella, Mike (July 3, 2008). "Mendocino County won't enforce pot measure". The Press Democrat . Santa Rosa, CA. Archived from the original on March 3, 2009. Retrieved September 23, 2009.
  48. "Directive on Medical Marijuana 2009-04-03-NO.1" (PDF). Mendocino County Sheriff's Office. April 3, 2009. Retrieved September 23, 2009.
  49. "Mendocino Becomes First County in Nation to Ban Genetically Modified Crops". Wine Spectator. March 3, 2004. Archived from the original on August 22, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  50. "Election Summary Report - COUNTY OF MENDOCINO CONSOLIDATED GENERAL ELECTION - NOVEMBER 4, 2008". Mendocino County, CA - GEMS Election Results. December 2, 2008. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 22, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
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  52. Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
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  58. ""Invest or Sell": Digital First Media Workers Protest Outside Alden Global Capital's New York Office". Democracy Now! .
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  64. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Laytonville Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  65. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Manchester-Point Arena Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  66. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Sherwood Valley Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  67. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Coyote Valley Reservation". Census.gov. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  68. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Pinoleville Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Humboldt County, California</span> County in California, United States

Humboldt County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 136,463. The county seat is Eureka.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fort Bragg, California</span> City in the state of California, United States

Fort Bragg, officially the City of Fort Bragg, is a city along the Pacific Coast of California along Shoreline Highway in Mendocino County. The city is 24 miles (39 km) west of Willits, at an elevation of 85 feet (26 m). Its population was 6,983 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Laytonville, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Laytonville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Mendocino County, California, United States. It is located 23 miles (37 km) north-northwest of Willits, at an elevation of 1,670 feet (510 m). The population was 1,152 at the 2020 census, down from 1,227 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ukiah, California</span> City in the state of California, United States

Ukiah is the county seat and largest city of Mendocino County, California, with a population of 16,607 at the 2020 census. With its accessible location along the U.S. Route 101 corridor, Ukiah serves as the city center for Mendocino County and much of neighboring Lake County.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Willits, California</span> City in the state of California, United States

Willits is a city in Mendocino County, California, United States. It is located about 20 miles (32 km) north-northwest of Ukiah, at an elevation of 1,391 feet (424 m). The population was 4,988 at the 2020 census. Willits is at the center of Mendocino County and at the beginning of the county's extensive redwood forests as approached by Highway 101 from the south. The Pomo tribe lived in the area before the settlers came, and the Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California is headquartered just west of Willits.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hopland, California</span> Unincorporated community in California, United States

Hopland is a census-designated place in Mendocino County, California, United States. It is located on the west bank of the Russian River 13 miles (21 km) south-southeast of Ukiah, in the Sanel Valley, at an elevation of 502 feet (153 m). The population was 661 at the 2020 census, down from 756 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Redwood Valley, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Redwood Valley is a census-designated place (CDP) in Mendocino County, California, United States. It is located 9 miles (14 km) north of Ukiah, the county seat, at an elevation of 722 feet (220 m), and comprises the northern portion of the Ukiah Valley. It is about 15 miles (24 km) southeast of Willits. Potter Valley is to the east and Calpella to the south. The ZIP Code is 95470, and the community is in area code 707. The population of the CDP was 1,843 at the 2020 census.

The Hopland Band of Pomo Indians of the Hopland Rancheria is a federally recognized tribe of Pomo people in Mendocino County, California, south of Ukiah. The Hopland Band Pomos traditionally lived in the Sanel Valley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Area code 707</span> Area code for northwestern California, United States

Area code 707 is a telephone area code in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) for the northwestern part of the U.S. state of California. It was created by a split of area code 415 on March 1, 1959. It serves part of the northern San Francisco Bay Area, as well as the North Coast. Major cities in the area code include Napa, Sebastopol, Vallejo, Benicia, Fairfield, Santa Rosa, Windsor, Healdsburg, Rohnert Park, Petaluma, Fort Bragg, Rio Vista, Crescent City, Eureka, Clearlake, Vacaville, Dixon, and Ukiah.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Calpella, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Calpella is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Mendocino County, California, United States. It is located on the Russian River, 6 miles (10 km) north of Ukiah. It is situated within the Ukiah Valley, at the intersection of U.S. Route 101 and State Route 20. The population was 799 at the 2020 census, up from 679 in 2010. The small town is the site of the Mendocino Redwood Company mill and offices, which controls ten percent of the private land in the county.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leggett, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Leggett is a census-designated place in Mendocino County, California, United States. It is located on the South Fork of the Eel River, 21 miles (34 km) by road northwest of Laytonville, at an elevation of 984 ft (300 m). It is home to some of the largest trees in the world. The nearby Smithe Redwoods State Natural Reserve and Standish-Hickey State Recreation Area are noted for their forests of coastal redwoods. The population of Leggett was 77 at the 2020 census, down from 122 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ukiah High School</span> Public secondary school in Ukiah, California (USA)

Ukiah High School is the oldest public high school in Ukiah, California, the seat of Mendocino County. Established in 1893, it is the largest school by enrollment and only four-year comprehensive high school in the Ukiah Unified School District. It serves all students in the ninth through twelfth grades from the incorporated city of Ukiah plus the four smaller, adjacent communities of Calpella, Hopland, Redwood Valley and Talmage and other rural residents of southeastern Mendocino County. The district's boundaries encompass a total area of 495 square miles (1,280 km2) with a population of approximately 40,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California</span>

The Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California is a federally recognized tribe of Pomo Indians in California.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brooktrails, California</span> Unincorporated community in California, United States

Brooktrails is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in Mendocino County, California, United States. It shares ZIP code 95490 with Willits. The population was 3,632 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ukiah Ambulance</span>

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Tillie Hardwick was a Pomo Indian woman who was instrumental in reversing the California Indian Rancheria termination policy of the U.S. government.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oak Fire (2020)</span> 2020 wildfire in Mendocino County, California

The Oak Fire was a wildfire that burned north of Brooktrails in Mendocino County, California in the United States. The fire was first reported on September 7, 2020 and was contained on September 14, 2020. It burned 1,100 acres (445 ha). The fire resulted in the evacuation of over 3,200 people just north of the city of Willits. It damaged 1 and destroyed 56 structures. The cause of the fire remains under investigation.

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