|Born||August 31, 2019|
Berlin Zoo, Germany
Meng Xiang (Chinese :梦想; lit. 'Long-awaited Dream', ) nicknamed Pit, is a male giant panda born on August 31, 2019, in the Berlin Zoo in Germany. His father is Jiao Qing and mother is Meng Meng, both from Sichuan, China. They arrived in Berlin on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of diplomatic relations between China and Germany in 2017.
Meng Xiang and his twin Meng Yuan were the first giant pandas born in Germany.
The naming of the twin panda cubs raised a lot of concerns. Joshua Wong suggested that they should be named "Democracy" and "Freedom", while the people of Berlin suggested the names "Hong Hong" and "Kong Kong". Some people suggested the names "Hotdog" and "Fries".However, they were finally named "Meng Xiang" and "Meng Yuan".
The giant panda, also known as the panda bear, is a bear native to South Central China. It is characterised by its bold black-and-white coat and rotund body. The name "giant panda" is sometimes used to distinguish it from the red panda, a neighboring musteloid. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda is a folivore, with bamboo shoots and leaves making up more than 99% of its diet. Giant pandas in the wild will occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers, or even meat in the form of birds, rodents, or carrion. In captivity, they may receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas along with specially prepared food.
The National Zoological Park, commonly known as the National Zoo, is one of the oldest zoos in the United States. It is part of the Smithsonian Institution and does not charge admission. Founded in 1889, its mission is to "provide engaging experiences with animals and create and share knowledge to save wildlife and habitats".
The Berlin Zoological Garden is the oldest surviving and best-known zoo in Germany. Opened in 1844, it covers 35 hectares and is located in Berlin's Tiergarten. With about 1,380 different species and over 20,200 animals, the zoo presents one of the most comprehensive collections of species in the world.
Panda diplomacy is the practice of sending giant pandas from China to other countries as a tool of diplomacy. While the practice has been recorded as far back as the Tang dynasty, when Empress Wu Zetian sent a pair of pandas to Emperor Tenmu of Japan in 685, the term only came into popular use during the Cold War.
Tai Shan is a giant panda born at the National Zoo in Washington D.C. on July 9, 2005. He is the first panda cub born at the National Zoo to survive for more than a few days. He is the oldest brother of Bao Bao, Bei Bei and Xiao Qi Ji.
Hua Mei, is a female giant panda. She is the first giant panda cub to survive to adulthood in the United States. She was born to Bai Yun (mother) and Shi Shi (father) at the San Diego Zoo. Millions of people around the world watched Hua Mei grow up via the zoo's Panda Cam.
Mei Xiang is a female giant panda who lives at the National Zoo in Washington D.C.
Tian Tian is a 275-pound male giant panda at the National Zoo in Washington D.C. The panda was born on August 27, 1997, at the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda at the Wolong National Nature Reserve in Sichuan Province, to Yong Ba (mother) and Pan Pan (father). Tian Tian is the half-brother of the San Diego Zoo's Bai Yun.
Yuan Zai is a female giant panda born at the Taipei Zoo on July 6, 2013. She is the first panda cub born in Taiwan, to parents Tuan Tuan and Yuan Yuan by artificial insemination. As Tuan Tuan and Yuan Yuan were sent to Taiwan from People's Republic of China in exchange for two Formosan sika deer and two Taiwan serows, Yuan Zai does not need to be returned.
Bao Bao is a female giant panda cub who was born at the National Zoo in Washington D.C. She lived at the Zoo for four years until February 2017. She is currently located at the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda in Sichuan Province. She is the sister of Tai Shan, Bei Bei and Xiao Qi Ji.
As of 2019, there are 26 zoos in 20 countries outside of mainland China that have giant pandas. These zoos have contracts with China to house these pandas for a few years. Giant pandas are on the IUCN Red List so part of the reason these contracts exist between China and international zoos is to try to help the species reproduce before they are brought back to their native land. For this reason, pandas are treated very well.
Bei Bei is a male giant panda cub who was born and lived at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., in the United States. He was part of US-China relations panda diplomacy, and was sent to the People's Republic of China on November 19, 2019 at the age of 4. He is currently at the Ya’an Bifengxia Base of the Giant Panda Conservation and Research Center in southwest Sichuan province. He is the brother of Tai Shan, Bao Bao, and Xiao Qi Ji.
An An is a male giant panda residing in Hong Kong Ocean Park, a gift from the Central People's Government of China to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in 1999. He is the longest-living male giant panda in the world under human care.
Kang Kang was a male giant panda born in China in 1970. Along with Lan Lan, they were the first pair of giant pandas at the Ueno Zoo, gifted to Japan by China after the normalization of relations between the two countries.
Lan Lan was a female giant panda born in China. Along with Kang Kang, they were the first pair of giant pandas at the Ueno Zoo, gifted to Japan by China after the normalization of relations between the two countries.
Xiang Xiang is a female giant panda born on June 12, 2017 through natural mating in the Ueno Zoo in Japan. Its father is Ri Ri and mother is Shin Shin.
Shin Shin is a female giant panda born in 2006 through natural mating in China and settled in Tokyo's Ueno Zoo. It was brought from China and gave birth to a cub, Xiang Xiang, with its mate Ri Ri.
Ri Ri is a male giant panda born in 2006 in China and settled in Ueno Zoo of Tokyo. After the devastating earthquake and tsunami, it and its partner Shin Shin traveled from China to Tokyo in February 2011 to lift the mood of the Japanese public.
Meng Yuan, directly translated as Fulfilled Dream, nicknamed Paule, is a male giant panda born on August 31, 2019, in the Berlin Zoo in Germany. Its parents are Sichuan-born Jiao Qing and Meng Meng. They are on lease from China for a provisional period of 15 years.