Menotti Del Picchia

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Menotti Del Picchia

Paulo Menotti Del Picchia (March 20, 1892 August 23, 1988) was a Brazilian poet, journalist, and painter. He is associated with the Generation of 1922, the first generation of Brazilian modernists.

Modernism movement of art, culture and philosophy

Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by reactions of horror to World War I. Modernism also rejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking, and many modernists rejected religious belief.

Del Picchia was educated in the law, and was a practicing attorney in Itapira when he began writing poetry. He moved to São Paulo, the city of his birth, and became acquainted with Mário de Andrade and the other young modernists in the city. He was a member of the Group of Five, along with Andrade, poet Oswald de Andrade, and painters Tarsila do Amaral and Anita Malfatti, and was one of the key participants of the Week of Modern Art in São Paulo, in February 1922, a watershed event in the history of modernism of arts in Brazil.

Itapira Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Itapira is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population is 72,967 in an area of 518 km². The elevation is 643 m.

Mário de Andrade Brazilian writer, musicologist and photographer

Mário Raul de Morais Andrade was a Brazilian poet, novelist, musicologist, art historian and critic, and photographer. One of the founders of Brazilian modernism, he virtually created modern Brazilian poetry with the publication of his Paulicéia Desvairada in 1922. He has had an enormous influence on modern Brazilian literature, and as a scholar and essayist—he was a pioneer of the field of ethnomusicology—his influence has reached far beyond Brazil.

Oswald de Andrade Brazilian poet, writer

José Oswald de Souza Andrade was a Brazilian poet and polemicist. He was born and spent most of his life in São Paulo.

Because del Picchia outlived his literary generation, he received in person much more honor for his role in the creation of Modernismo than any of his youthful colleagues. By the time of his death he had received most of the highest governmental, academic, and private honors in Brazil, and his house in Itapira is now a museum.

He occupied the 28th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1943 until his death in 1988.

Academia Brasileira de Letras organization

Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française. The first president, Machado de Assis, declared its foundation on December 15, 1896, with the by-laws being passed on January 28, 1897. On July 20 of the same year, the academy started its operation.

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Plínio Salgado Brazilian politician

Plínio Salgado was a Brazilian politician, writer, journalist, and theologian. He founded and led Brazilian Integralist Action, a political party inspired by the Fascist regimes of Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler.

Menotti may refer to the following people:

Embu das Artes Place in Southeast, Brazil

Embu das Artes, previously and commonly known simply as Embu, is a Brazilian municipality in the State of São Paulo. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. The population is 261,781 in an area of 70.40 km².

Tarsila do Amaral Brazilian painter

Tarsila de Aguiar do Amaral,, internationally known as Tarsila do Amaral or simply Tarsila, is considered one of the leading Latin American modernist artists, described as "the Brazilian painter who best achieved Brazilian aspirations for nationalistic expression in a modern style." She was a member of the "Grupo dos Cinco", which was a group of five Brazilian artists who are considered the biggest influence in the modern art movement in Brazil. The other members of the "Grupo dos Cinco" are Anita Malfatti, Menotti Del Picchia, Mário de Andrade, and Oswald de Andrade. Tarsila was also instrumental in the formation of the Antropofagia Movement (1928-1929); she was in fact the one who inspired Oswald de Andrade's famous "Cannibal Manifesto".

Brazilian literature

Brazilian literature is the literature written in the Portuguese language by Brazilians or in Brazil, including works written prior to the country's independence in 1822. Throughout its early years, literature from Brazil followed the literary trends of Portugal, whereas gradually shifting to a different and authentic writing style in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, in the search for truly Brazilian themes and use of the Portuguese language.

Modern Art Week

The Modern Art Week was an arts festival in São Paulo, Brazil, that ran from February 10 to February 17, 1922. Historically, the Week marked the start of Brazilian Modernism; though a number of individual Brazilian artists were doing modernist work before the week, it coalesced and defined the movement and introduced it to Brazilian society at large. For Brazil, it was as important as the International Exhibition of Modern Art, held in New York City in 1913, which became a legendary watershed date in the history of American art.

Anita Malfatti Brazilian artist

Anita Catarina Malfatti is heralded as the first Brazilian artist to introduce European and American forms of Modernism to Brazil. Her solo exhibition in Sao Paulo, from 1917–1918, was controversial at the time, and her expressionist style and subject were revolutionary for the complacently old-fashioned art expectations of Brazilians who were searching for a national identity in art, but who were not prepared for the influences Malfatti would bring to the country. Malfatti's presence was also highly felt during the Week of Modern Art in 1922, where she and the Group of Five made huge revolutionary changes in the structure and response to modern art in Brazil.

Emiliano Di Cavalcanti Brazilian artist

Emiliano Augusto Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Melo, known as Di Cavalcanti, was a Brazilian painter who sought to produce a form of Brazilian art free of any noticeable European influences. His wife was the painter Noêmia Mourão, who would be an inspiration in his works in the later 1930s.

<i>Paulicéia Desvairada</i> Mário de Andrade poetry collection

Paulicéia Desvairada is a collection of poems by Mário de Andrade, published in 1922. It was Andrade's second poetry collection, and his most controversial and influential. Andrade's free use of meter introduced revolutionary European modernist ideas into Brazilian poetry, which was previously strictly formal.

Cassiano Ricardo Brazilian writer

Cassiano Ricardo was a Brazilian journalist, literary critic, and poet.

Brazilian art

The creation of art in the geographic area now known as Brazil begins with the earliest records of its human habitation. The original inhabitants of the land, pre-Columbian Indian peoples, produced various forms of art; specific cultures like the Marajoara left sophisticated painted pottery. This area was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century and given the modern name of Brazil. Brazilian art is most commonly used as an umbrella term for art created in this region post Portuguese colonization.

Theatro Municipal (São Paulo) Theatre in São Paulo, Brazil

Municipal Theatre of São Paulo is a theatre in São Paulo, Brazil. It is regarded as one of the landmarks of the city, significant both for its architectural value as well as for its historical importance, having been the venue for the Week of Modern Art in 1922, which revolutionised the arts in Brazil. The building now houses the São Paulo Municipal Symphonic Orchestra, the Coral Lírico and the City Ballet of São Paulo.

Dinorá de Carvalho Brazilian musician

Dinorá Gontijo de Carvalho was a Brazilian pianist, conductor, music educator and composer.

1892 in Brazil

Events in the year 1892 in Brazil.

<i>Klaxon</i> (magazine)

Klaxon - mensario de arte moderna(Klaxon- modern art monthly) was a Brazilian visual art and literary magazine, which ran from 15 May 1922 to January 1923. The publication was the main divulgator of the Brazilian Modernism, after the Week of Modern Art held in São Paulo.

Antonietta Rudge Brazilian music educator

Antonietta Rudge was a Brazilian pianist of international fame.

The "Grupo dos Cinco" were a group of influential painters and writers associated with Brazilian Modernism. They worked together from approximately 1922-1929, although their individual work as artists and poets existed prior to this and continued after their collaboration ended. Grupo dos Cinco included Anita Malfatti, Tarsila do Amaral, Menotti Del Picchia, Oswald de Andrade and Mario de Andrade. While Malfatti and Amaral were painters, their three male counterparts were poets and writers. Grupo dos Cinco are known for their pivotal role in seeking what it is to be Brazilian as well as their work and involvement with the Semana de Arte Moderna, although Amaral did not participate. As a group, they developed ideas and manifestos that would inspire future generations of Brazilian artists such as the Pau-Brasil poetry manifesto and Antropofagia movement.

References

    Preceded by
    Xavier Marques
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    Brazilian Academy of Letters - Occupant of the 28th chair

    1943 — 1988
    Succeeded by
    Oscar Dias Correia