Municipality of Meoqui in Chihuahua
|Municipal seat||Pedro Meoqui|
|• Total||370 km2 (140 sq mi)|
|• Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
Meoqui is one of the 67 municipalities of Chihuahua, in northern Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Pedro Meoqui. The municipality covers an area of 370 km², making it one of the smallest in the state but one of the most densely populated.
Chihuahua is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 67 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Chihuahua is the 11th most populous state with 3,554,877 inhabitants and the largest by land area spanning 247,798.08 square kilometres (95,675.37 sq mi).
Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.
Pedro Meoqui is a city Named after General Pedro Meoqui and is the seat of the municipality of Meoqui, in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 22,574, up from 21,306 as of 2005.
As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 43,833,up from 41,389 as of 2005.
The municipality had 882 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were: Pedro Meoqui (22,574), Lázaro Cárdenas (8,704), classified as urban, and Estación Consuelo (1,981), Colonia Felipe Ángeles (1,254), and Guadalupe Victoria (1,045), classified as rural.
The municipality has 464 localities. The largest are:
|Colonia Felipe Ángeles||1,240|
Meoqui has several other localities to the east. Following the road you will encounter "Los Cisneros" Followed by Las Puentes. Las puentes is followed by Guadalupe Victoria. After this town sits Los Garcia. An even smaller community than Las Puentes. The last locality that can be found is Julimes.
Julimes is known for its hot-water facilities that are used year-round.
Conchos Indians, or "Yollis" (Meaning: Man, Men, Humans) were first travelers to settle in the Meoqui area. They divided themselves into several groups, some occupying areas in Casas Grandes, and down south to Julimes. The Conchos dedicated themselves to agriculture, they developed the "Coas", sharp branches used to make a hole in the ground to plant seeds. Growing corn and beans were the highest priority.
Their development of tools was also great. They made "molcajetes", a type of tool to grind seeds for food. Their clothes were scarce, and many members were nude. Wooden bows and arrows were made as well, they were hunters and gatherers too.
Natural enemies to the Conchos were the "Tobosos" inhabitants of the "mapimi". Their fights were many over land for growing of crops.
With the arrival of travelers from Spain, the Conchos were the first ethnic group to disappear. We know this because in this area were the first known colonies of the Spanish.
In 1693 Fray Andrés Ramirez, a religious man from the "Fransiscanos" founded a town or pueblo de visita under the patronage of Saint Paul, San Pablo. This town later came to be Conversion de San Pablo. It was located by the San Pedro river.
Those religious men who brought the catholic religion to the land also brought new ways to plant and grow crops.
They, however, also used the natives in an inhumane way, forcing them to work in mines and make homes. Thanks to the hard work, and the infectious diseases brought by the Spanish conquerors the natives became extinct.
At the beginning of 1718 Julimes, and the towns under its jurisdiction, in which Meoqui was included, then St Pablo, created a mission where between the years of 1723 and 1770 many marriages were celebrated and the population was stable.
By the end of 1771 Captain Bernardo D' Galvez was replaced by Colonel Hugo D' O'Conor, who was also given the title of inspector of military premises. His goal was to have all native tribes in check against each other. 1n 1773 O' Conor organized a line of missions under a new order, and at this time obtaining the "Cerro Gordo" and becoming leader of the area.
In 1773 in St Pablo (Meoqui), resided the 4th Company "Volante". The building that at one point gave home to other militants, was turned into a prison. It included space for worship, the prisoners, the guards and their families. The prison also had corrals for animals, and storage for food.
The "Volante" company included One captain, two lieutenants, 2 Sergeants, 4 Squad leaders 59 soldiers, and 25 natives as auxiliary members.
In November 1797 the Captain of said company ( Cpt Jose Manuel Ochoa) was ordered to leave St Pablo and asked to repopulate the town of Santa Rosalia.
On September 15, 1810 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla began the fight for independence. Prisoners were held in Meoqui on April 20, 1811. Several soldiers took shelter in the streets of Hidalgo & Degollado, where now sits a monument,
By 1825 The 4th Volante Company was gone, and on January 5, 1826 the first political organization was founded in Chihuahua and divided into 11 parties. Julimes, Ojinaga, and Coyame are included in the San Geronimo party.
In 1836 some modifications in the organization took San Pablo, Julimes and San Pedro into the Rosales party. In November 1847 federal regimen created unities and got rid of parties. In 1866 when the empire under Archduke Maximilian D' Austria was declining, president Benito Juarez and his Ministers started a trip back to Chihuahua. Once in San Pablo they are welcomed with festivities, at this time the name is changed to Villa de Meoqui in honor to General Pedro Meoqui Mañon who died in Chihuahua in December 1866. December 11, 1966 a new article under the constitution changed the name and added "Ciudad Meoqui" defining it as a city in the state of Chihuahua.
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The Civil Association Amigos del Pandeño was created in 2008. It is a local non-profit conservation organization based in Julimes, Chihuahua, Mexico. Its mission is to conserve and protect the Natural Heritage of the people of Julimes, Chihuahua, with special emphasis on the micro-endemic aquatic fauna which distribution range is restricted to “El Pandeño” hotspring. Through its Technical Council, Amigos del Pandeño supports scientific research and a Vital Signs Monitoring Program that informs management decision making processes that are related to the natural resources of Julimes.
El Pandeño hotspring, officially known as "San José de Pandos", is home to the endemic Julimes pupfish considered to be the freshwater teleost that lives at the highest temperatures on the planet. This spring is about 700 m2 in size and located in the Rio Conchos Basin, Chihuahua, Mexico. It is among several springs impacted by increasing pumping that depletes the local groundwater supply. The spring and its aquatic wildlife are under the custody of local NGO Amigos del Pandeño, A.C.
References on Localities by Juan Jimenez. Resident of Meoqui, Chihuahua.