Mercedes-Benz W126

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Mercedes-Benz W126
1984 Mercedes-Benz 380 SE (W 126) sedan (2015-08-07) 01.jpg
1984 Mercedes-Benz 380 SE (W126)
Overview
Manufacturer Daimler-Benz
Production
  • December 1979 – October 1991 (sedan)
  • September 1981 – October 1991 (coupé)
  • 1981–1991 (sedan, South Africa)
AssemblyGermany: Sindelfingen
Malaysia: Johor Bahru (OASB) [1]
South Africa: East London
Designer Bruno Sacco, Werner Breitschwerdt (sedan: 1975, 1976; coupe: 1977)
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car (F)
Grand tourer (C126)
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupé (C126)
Layout FR layout
Related Monteverdi Tiara
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission 4-speed 4G-TRONIC automatic
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase Sedan (SWB): 2,935 mm (115.6 in)
Sedan (LWB): 3,075 mm (121.1 in)
Coupe: 2,850 mm (112.2 in)
LengthSedan (SWB): 4,995–5,020 mm (196.7–197.6 in)
Sedan (LWB): 5,135–5,160 mm (202.2–203.1 in)
Coupe: 4,910–4,935 mm (193.3–194.3 in)
WidthSedan: 1,820 mm (71.7 in)
Coupe: 1,828 mm (72.0 in)
HeightSedan (SWB): 1,430–1,437 mm (56.3–56.6 in)
Sedan (LWB): 1,441 mm (56.7 in)
Coupe: 1,406 mm (55.4 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Mercedes-Benz W116 (sedan)
Mercedes-Benz C107 (coupé)
Successor Mercedes-Benz W140
Mercedes-Benz C140 (coupé)

The Mercedes-Benz W126 is the company's internal designation for its second generation S-Class, manufactured in sedan/saloon (1979–1991) and coupé (1981–1990) models, succeeding the company's W116 range. Mercedes introduced the 2-door C126 coupé model, marketed as the SEC, in September 1981. This generation was the first S-Class to have separate chassis codes for standard and long wheelbases (W126 and V126) and for coupé (C126).

Contents

The long 12-year production (1979–1991) resulted in 818,063 sedans/saloons and 74,060 coupés being built, totalling 892,123. W126 is so far the most successful and the longest in production for S-Class. [2] [3]

History

After the debut of W116 S-Class in 1972, Mercedes-Benz began preparing for the next generation S-Class in October 1973. The project, code-named "Project W126", aimed to provide an improved ride, better handling, and improved fuel efficiency. The oil crisis of 1973 and increasingly stringent emission and safety regulations in the United States had an important influence in developing the W126 for reduced emission and increased fuel efficiency.

The W126 design team, led by Mercedes-Benz's chief designer Bruno Sacco, aimed to design a more aerodynamic shape and retain the unmistakable S-Class design elements. The aerodynamic drag was reduced through lengthy wind tunnel testing and reshaping of front end and bumper along with hiding the wipers underneath the hood/bonnet for smoother flow. Reducing the weight was accomplished by extensive use of high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) sheet and polyurethane deformable material for bumpers and side claddings. The lighter alloy material was used for the heavily revised M116/M117 V8 engines for the reduced weight. Both had contributed to the reduction of fuel consumption by 10% as compared to its predecessor. [3]

After six years of development, the W126 was introduced at the IAA Frankfurt in September 1979. [4] At the introduction, S-Class was available in two wheelbase lengths (standard and long) and three petrol engine options with one six-cylinder inline engine and two V8 engines. The diesel engine option was introduced in September 1981 exclusively for the North American market.

At the 1981 IAA Frankfurt, a coupé version of S-Class, C126, was introduced with 380 SEC and 500 SEC. It was the first time that a coupé version was derived from S-Class chassis. At the same time, the "Energieskonzept" (Energy Concept) was introduced to improve the fuel efficiency of S-Class through engine revisions.

The W126 was revised in 1985 for 1986 model year. The revised "Second Series" model range was introduced at 1985 IAA Frankfurt with new six-cylinder petrol and diesel engines and the V8 petrol engines enlarged to 4.2 and 5.5 litres. The 5-litre V8 was carried over. The visual changes included the smoother bumpers and side claddings, revised "Gullydeckelfelge" (German for manhole-cover wheel rim) alloy wheels, and deeper front bumper with integrated air dam.

The W126 generation was replaced by the W140 in 1991.

Styling

Facelift Mercedes-Benz 560 SEL (V126) 1989 Mercedes-Benz 560 SEL (V 126) sedan (23188230022).jpg
Facelift Mercedes-Benz 560 SEL (V126)

From 1973 to 1975, Mercedes-Benz designers worked on the successor to the W116. After several design concept were presented, the final design for W126 was approved and frozen in 1976. The design work for coupé began immediately after the approval and was finalised in 1977. [5] Design patents were first filed on 3 March 1977 and later on 6 September 1977 at the United States Patent Office. [6]

Compared to its predecessor, the W116, the W126 featured improved aerodynamics with a drag coefficient of Cd 0.36 for the sedan/saloon and 0.34 for the coupés. [2]

Models

Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz W126 380 SE (standard wheelbase version) 1984 Mercedes-Benz 380 SE (W 126) sedan (2015-08-07) 02.jpg
Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz W126 380 SE (standard wheelbase version)
Facelift Mercedes-Benz 560 SEL V126 (long-wheelbase version) 1989 Mercedes-Benz 560 SEL (V 126) sedan (23213887641).jpg
Facelift Mercedes-Benz 560 SEL V126 (long-wheelbase version)
Facelift 1989 Mercedes-Benz 300 SE Mercedes 300 se.jpg
Facelift 1989 Mercedes-Benz 300 SE
Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz C126 SEC (coupe) Mercedes Benz 500 SEC 1983 (15003999886).jpg
Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz C126 SEC (coupe)
Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz C126 SEC (coupe) 1984 Mercedes-Benz 500 SEC (14763026989) (cropped).jpg
Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz C126 SEC (coupe)
Facelift Mercedes-Benz C126 SEC (coupe) Mercedes-Benz 500 SEC (C 126, Facelift) - Frontansicht, 10. August 2013, Hilden.jpg
Facelift Mercedes-Benz C126 SEC (coupe)
Facelift Mercedes-Benz C126 SEC (coupe) 1987 Mercedes-Benz 560 SEC (C126) (4986758107).jpg
Facelift Mercedes-Benz C126 SEC (coupe)

The "First Series" model range (1979–1985 for sedan/saloon and 1982–1985 for coupé) included the 280 S/SE/SEL, 300 SD (North American market only), 380 SE/SEL/SEC, and 500 SE/SEL/SEC. The revised "Second Series" (1986–1991) with petrol engines included 260 SE, 300 SE/SEL, 420 SE/SEL/SEC, 500 SE/SEL/SEC, and 560 SE/SEL/SEC. The "Second Series" with diesel engines for North American market only included 300 SDL (a first diesel S-Class with long wheelbase) then 350 SD/SDL (a first diesel S-Class to be available in both wheelbase lengths).

Safety

Late model W126 with Airbag, leather seats, and Burlwood interior wood trim. Left hand Drive. 500 SEL W126 1.jpg
Late model W126 with Airbag, leather seats, and Burlwood interior wood trim. Left hand Drive.

Comfort and convenience

Early model W126 without airbag, MB-Tex seats, and Zebrano interior wood trim. Right Hand Drive. 1981 Mercedes Benz W126 Interior Blue.jpg
Early model W126 without airbag, MB-Tex seats, and Zebrano interior wood trim. Right Hand Drive.

Drivetrain technologies

Engines

First Series (1979-1985)

At the introduction in September 1979, the 2.8-litre DOHC six-cylinder inline M110 engine for 280 S/SE/SEL was carried over from W116. The revised M116/M117 V8 engines had a significant innovation: aluminium block without iron sleeves as found in the competitors’ engines. Mercedes-Benz developed a special silicon coating as to harden the cylinder liners against excessive wear and tear. The V8 engines were offered in two sizes: 3.8 litres (M116) and 5 litres (M117). The M116 V8 engine had a single timing chain while the M117 V8 engine had double timing chains. The frequent mechanical failure of single timing chain in M116 V8 engine was addressed in 1982 by switching to double timing chains from M117 V8 engine.

The smaller of two V8 engines was initially offered in the US market only due to Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE). The 380 SEL had earned a very poor customer perception in the United States as being severely underpowered and due to the mechanical issues with single timing chain. The 380 SEL for the US market took 11 seconds to reach 60 mph (97 km/h) from standstill and had top speed of 117 mph (188 km/h). [9] [10] The severe performance shortcoming of W126 with V8 engine was addressed by introducing more powerful 500 SEL/SEC in 1984.

The S-Class coupé was fitted with V8 engines only for the first time.

The 3.0-litre five-cylinder inline OM617 diesel engine was carried over from W116 with same performance. The diesel engines were again never offered in the markets outside United States and Canada.

This discrepancy wasn't addressed until 1994 when W140 S 350 TURBODIESEL was introduced in Europe for the first time.

In 1981, Mercedes-Benz introduced the “Energiekonzepts” (Energy Concept) programme in reducing the fuel consumption. This programme revised the combustion chambers and piston heads with lower compression ratio in the V8 engines. This revision caused further drop in engine performance.

Second Series (1986-1991)

For the second series introduced in September 1985, the engine range was extensively revised with new six-cylinder inline engines and enlarged V8 engines. Only 5.0-litre M117 V8 was carried over from the first series, expanding the V8 engine range to three.

The revised engine range focused more on reducing pollution and fuel consumption even further. For the first time, the customers outside US and Canadian markets could choose the models with or without catalysators. The models without catalysators can be retrofitted with catalysators at later date if the customers choose to: this retrofit method is called RÜF (Rückrüstfahrzeug — loosely translated as retrofit vehicle). The RÜF models had a mechanical switch in the engine bay to be operated by owners for running on lead or lead-free fuels, a necessary feature for driving outside Germany or in areas within Germany where the lead-free fuel wasn't widespread yet. In 1990, all engines were fitted with catalysators only and the mechanical switch eliminated.

The new six-cylinder inline M103 engine had a single overhead camshaft and electronic-mechanical fuel injection and was available in two sizes: 2.6 and 3.0 litres. The carburetted engine fitted to 280 S was eliminated, marking the end of carburetted engines for S-Class, and replaced with fuel-injected engines for 260 and 300.

The V8 engines were again bored out to 4.2 litres from 3.8 litres for 420 (M116) and 5.5 litres from 5.0 litres for 560 (M117) while 5.0-litre V8 for 500 (M117) was carried over. The V8 engines were fitted with new electronic ignition system and Bosch KE-Jetronic electronic-mechanical fuel injection system, first appeared in W201 190E. The revised V8 engines except 5.0-litre version had slight performance increase.

The most powerful engine ever fitted to W126 S-Class was 5.5-litre V8, putting out 221 kW (300 PS, 296 bhp). This engine, classified as ECE-Variante (German name), has higher compression ratio of 10:5 and cannot be retrofitted with catalysator at later date. In September 1986, the ECE-Variante was superseded by RÜF-Variante, which retains the same horsepower figure without catalysator and lower figure if retrofitted with catalysator at later date. The 560 SEL with 221 kW engine was fastest large saloon, reaching 250 km/h (155 mph), until BMW 750i/750iL was introduced in 1987 with ungoverned top speed of 300 km/h (186 mph). Its performance was comparable to Porsche 911 Carrera 3.2 or Ferrari Mondial. In 1990, 560 SEL had a reduced horsepower figure to 200 kW (272 PS; 268 bhp)

For the US and Canadian markets, a new 3.0-litre six-cylinder inline OM603 diesel engine was introduced, replacing five-cylinder engine with same displacement. It was a first six-cylinder passenger diesel engine by Mercedes-Benz. This new engine was available in long wheelbase version only, 300 SDL, for the first time. For California, the diesel engines were fitted with diesel particulate filter, a world's first for the passenger car. The new engine had an ill-gotten reputation for higher percentage of aluminium cylinder head failure due to poor placement of diesel particulate filter and due to the erosion of head gasket, allowing cooling fluid to seep in the cylinders. However, they failed to perform as designed and were removed from the engines. For 1988, the engine was revised to correct the issues and move the particulate filter further away from the engine. In 1990, the same engine was bored out to 3.5 litres as to compensate for reduced performance due to stricter emission regulations. The bored out 3.5-litre version did not have any of aforementioned issues other than some units experiencing the unexplained erosion of head gasket. The 3.5-litre version was available in both standard and long wheelbases (350 SD and 350 SDL).

Transmissions

First Series (1979–1985)

The automatic transmission had four speeds with direct drive in the fourth gear for the entire run from 1979 to 1991. The 280 S/SE/SEL had 4-speed manual transmission as standard with 5-speed manual and 4-speed automatic transmissions as extra-cost options.

The manual transmission was not fitted to the V8 engines during the first series.

U.S. models, including the 300 SD Turbodiesel, had automatic transmission as sole transmission choice.

Second Series (1985-1991)

From 1986 onward, the automatic transmission was revised to include the option of selecting S (Standard) and E (Economy) shifting points. The models, 260 SE, 300 SE, and 300 SEL were fitted with standard 5-speed manual and optional extra-cost 4-speed automatic transmissions. For one year from September 1986 to June 1987, extra cost automatic transmission option wasn't offered for 260 SE and 300 SE. The customers ordering 420 SE could choose either 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission.

U.S. models had automatic transmission as sole transmission choice.

U.S. Grey Import Market

Grey-market Mercedes-Benz 500 SE Mercedes-Benz 500SE.jpg
Grey-market Mercedes-Benz 500 SE

When the W126 was introduced in the United States in September 1980, Mercedes-Benz offered the smaller 3.8-litre V8 engine only as to avoid the gas guzzler penalty under Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations. However, the American consumers found 380 SEL severely underpowered with slow acceleration (0–60 mph in 11 seconds) and lower top speed of 117 mph (188 km/h).

As the fear of oil crisis waned in 1982, the American consumers demanded the more powerful S-Class models, and the grey importers brought the S-Class with 5-litre V8 engines to the United States and modified them to meet US FMVSS and EPA regulations. The result was about 22,000 W126 imported as grey market imports.

Consequently, Mercedes-Benz added 500 SEL/500 SEC to the American model range for 1984 model year as to countereffect the grey imports while 3.8-litre V8 engine remained in 380 SE (standard wheelbase only) and 380 SL. [11]

In 1988, an intense lobbying effort by Mercedes-Benz and other foreign manufacturers led U.S. Congress to eliminate this loophole and revise the rules for registered importers. [12]

Special variants

Mercedes-Benz W126 six-door stretch limousine Mercedes-Benz W126 Sechsturer vr.jpg
Mercedes-Benz W126 six-door stretch limousine

Racing

Two AMG-modified 500 SEC cars raced at the 1989 24 Hours of Spa. Both cars failed to finish, with one suffering gearbox issues, while the other had issues with the rear axle. [16]

Awards

Legacy

The W126 series was the highest volume S-Class on record in terms of production. Three armoured 560 SEL ordered by Saddam Hussein had a series of pipes shooting the flames out of sides. [20]

A limited number of W126 continued to be produced in South Africa until 1993(?), two years after the introduction of W140 S-Class. No figures were given for South African production. Nelson Mandela was given a commemorative model, a red 1990 500 SE. [21] [22]

Technical data

First Series, 1979-1985
ModelChassisYearsConfigurationDisplacementFuel DeliveryPowerTorqueLeer Weight (kg)0–100 km/h (0-62 mph)Top Speed (km/h)Fuel ConsumptionUnits
Petrol Engines
280 SW126.02109/1979 – 08/1985(M 110.924) Inline 62746 ccCarburettor115 kW (156 PS; 154 bhp)223 N⋅m (164 lb⋅ft)156011 seconds200 km/h (124 mph)15.1 L/100 km (15.6 mpgUS)42,996
280 SEW126.022(M 110.989) Inline 6Fuel Injection136 kW (185 PS; 182 bhp)240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft)156010 seconds210 km/h (130 mph)15.6 L/100 km (15.1 mpgUS)133,955
280 SELW126.023159020,655
380 SEW126.03209/1979 – 08/1981(M116.963) V83818 ccFuel Injection160 kW (220 PS; 210 bhp)223 N⋅m (164 lb⋅ft)15959.8 seconds210 km/h (130 mph)17.5 L/100 km (13.4 mpgUS)58,239
09/1981 – 08/1985150 kW (200 PS; 200 bhp)223 N⋅m (164 lb⋅ft)9.6 seconds
380 SELW126.03309/1979 – 08/1981160 kW (220 PS; 210 bhp)229 N⋅m (169 lb⋅ft)16259.8 seconds215 km/h (134 mph)27,014
09/1981 – 08/1985150 kW (200 PS; 200 bhp)315 N⋅m (232 lb⋅ft)9.6 seconds205 km/h (127 mph)
380 SECW126.04309/1981 – 08/1985150 kW (200 PS; 200 bhp)315 N⋅m (232 lb⋅ft)15859.6 seconds210 km/h (130 mph)11,267
500 SEW126.03609/1979 – 08/1981(M117.963) V84973 ccFuel Injection177 kW (241 PS; 237 bhp)402 N⋅m (296 lb⋅ft)16208.1 seconds210 km/h (130 mph)18.5 L/100 km (12.7 mpgUS)33,418 (1979 – 1991)
09/1981 – 08/1985170 kW (230 PS; 230 bhp)405 N⋅m (299 lb⋅ft)8.0 seconds210 km/h (130 mph)
500 SELW126.03709/1979 – 08/1981177 kW (241 PS; 237 bhp)402 N⋅m (296 lb⋅ft)16508.1 seconds215 km/h (134 mph)72,733 (1979 – 1991)
09/1981 – 08/1985170 kW (230 PS; 230 bhp)405 N⋅m (299 lb⋅ft)8.0 seconds205 km/h (127 mph)
500 SECW126.04409/1981 – 08/1985170 kW (230 PS; 230 bhp)405 N⋅m (299 lb⋅ft)16108.0 seconds210 km/h (130 mph)30,184 (1981 - 1991)
Diesel Engines (US, Canada, and Japan Only)
300 SDW126.12009/1979 – 10/1982(OM 617.951) Inline 52998 ccTurbocharged
Fuel Injection
89 kW (121 PS; 119 bhp)250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft)162015.2 seconds175 km/h (109 mph)12.4 L/100 km (19.0 mpgUS)78,725
10/1982 – 08/198592 kW (125 PS; 123 bhp)250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft)
Second Series, 1986-1991
ModelChassisYearsConfigurationDisplacementFuel DeliveryPowerTorqueLeer Weight (kg)0–100 km/h (0-62 mph)Top Speed (km/h)Fuel ConsumptionUnits
Petrol Engines (Second Series, 1986 – 1991)
260 SEW126.02009/1985 – 02/1989(M 103.940) Inline 62599 ccFuel Injection124 kW (169 PS; 166 bhp) RÜF228 N⋅m (168 lb⋅ft) RÜF157010.5 seconds205 km/h (127 mph)10.3–10.7 L/100 km (23–22 mpgUS)20,836
09/1985 – 10/1991118 kW (160 PS; 158 bhp) CAT220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) CAT11 seconds200 km/h (124 mph)
300 SEW126.02409/1985 – 02/1989(M 103.980) Inline 62960 ccFuel Injection140 kW (190 PS; 190 bhp) RÜF260 N⋅m (192 lb⋅ft) RÜF15709.1 seconds205 km/h (127 mph)105,422
09/1985 – 10/1991132 kW (179 PS; 177 bhp) CAT255 N⋅m (188 lb⋅ft) CAT9.3 seconds200 km/h (124 mph)
300 SELW126.02509/1985 – 02/1989140 kW (190 PS; 190 bhp) RÜF260 N⋅m (192 lb⋅ft) RÜF15909.1 seconds205 km/h (127 mph)40,956
09/1985 – 10/1991132 kW (179 PS; 177 bhp) CAT255 N⋅m (188 lb⋅ft) CAT9.3 seconds200 km/h (124 mph)
420 SEW126.03409/1985 – 05/1987(M 116.965) V84196 ccFuel Injection160 kW (220 PS; 210 bhp) RÜF300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) RÜF16208.3 seconds218 km/h (135 mph)11.5–11.9 L/100 km (20.5–19.8 mpgUS)13,996
06/1987 – 12/1989170 kW (230 PS; 230 bhp) RÜF335 N⋅m (247 lb⋅ft) RÜF8.2 seconds220 km/h (137 mph)
09/1985 – 08/1987150 kW (200 PS; 200 bhp) CAT310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft) CAT8.7 seconds218 km/h (135 mph)
09/1987 – 10/1991165 kW (224 PS; 221 bhp) CAT325 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) CAT8.5 seconds220 km/h (137 mph)
420 SELW126.03509/1985 – 05/1987160 kW (220 PS; 210 bhp) RÜF300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) RÜF16508.3 seconds218 km/h (135 mph)74,017
06/1987 – 12/1989170 kW (230 PS; 230 bhp) RÜF335 N⋅m (247 lb⋅ft) RÜF8.2 seconds220 km/h (137 mph)
09/1985 – 08/1987150 kW (200 PS; 200 bhp) CAT310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft) CAT8.7 seconds218 km/h (135 mph)
09/1987 – 10/1991165 kW (224 PS; 221 bhp) CAT325 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) CAT8.5 seconds220 km/h (137 mph)
420 SECW126.04609/1985 – 05/1987160 kW (220 PS; 210 bhp) RÜF300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) RÜF16408.3 seconds218 km/h (135 mph)3,680
06/1987 – 12/1989170 kW (230 PS; 230 bhp) RÜF335 N⋅m (247 lb⋅ft) RÜF8.2 seconds220 km/h (137 mph)
09/1985 – 08/1987150 kW (200 PS; 200 bhp) CAT310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft) CAT8.7 seconds218 km/h (135 mph)
09/1987 – 10/1991165 kW (224 PS; 221 bhp) CAT325 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) CAT8.5 seconds220 km/h (137 mph)
500 SEW126.03609/1985 – 05/1987(M 117.965) V84973 ccFuel Injection180 kW (240 PS; 240 bhp) RÜF400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) RÜF16207.6 seconds230 km/h (143 mph)12.0–12.5 L/100 km (19.6–18.8 mpgUS)33,418
(1979 – 1991)
06/1987 – 12/1989195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp) RÜF405 N⋅m (299 lb⋅ft) RÜF7.3 seconds235 km/h (146 mph)
09/1985 – 08/1987164 kW (223 PS; 220 bhp) CAT365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft) CAT8.0 seconds220 km/h (137 mph)
09/1987 – 10/1991185 kW (252 PS; 248 bhp) CAT390 N⋅m (288 lb⋅ft) CAT7.5 seconds230 km/h (143 mph)
500 SELW126.03709/1985 – 05/1987180 kW (240 PS; 240 bhp) RÜF400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) RÜF16507.6 seconds230 km/h (143 mph)72,733
(1980 – 1991)
06/1987 – 12/1989195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp) RÜF405 N⋅m (299 lb⋅ft) RÜF7.3 seconds235 km/h (146 mph)
09/1985 – 08/1987164 kW (223 PS; 220 bhp) CAT365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft) CAT8.0 seconds220 km/h (137 mph)
09/1987 – 10/1991185 kW (252 PS; 248 bhp) CAT390 N⋅m (288 lb⋅ft) CAT7.5 seconds230 km/h (143 mph)
500 SECW126.04409/1985 – 05/1987180 kW (240 PS; 240 bhp) RÜF400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) RÜF16407.6 seconds230 km/h (143 mph)30,184
(1980 – 1991)
06/1987 – 12/1989195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp) RÜF405 N⋅m (299 lb⋅ft) RÜF7.3 seconds235 km/h (146 mph)
09/1985 – 08/1987164 kW (223 PS; 220 bhp) CAT365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft) CAT8.0 seconds220 km/h (137 mph)
09/1987 – 10/1991185 kW (252 PS; 248 bhp) CAT390 N⋅m (288 lb⋅ft) CAT7.5 seconds230 km/h (143 mph)
560 SEW126.03809/1988 – 12/1989(M 117.968) V85547 ccFuel Injection220 kW (300 PS; 300 bhp) RÜF455 N⋅m (336 lb⋅ft) RÜF18006.9 seconds250 km/h (155 mph)13.6 L/100 km (17.3 mpgUS)1,251
09/1985 – 10/1991205 kW (279 PS; 275 bhp) CAT430 N⋅m (317 lb⋅ft) CAT7.2 seconds242 km/h (150 mph)
560 SELW126.03909/1985 – 08/1986220 kW (300 PS; 300 bhp) ECE455 N⋅m (336 lb⋅ft) ECE18306.9 seconds250 km/h (155 mph)75,071
09/1985 – 08/1987200 kW (270 PS; 270 bhp) RÜF430 N⋅m (317 lb⋅ft) RÜF7.3 seconds235 km/h (146 mph)
06/1987 – 12/1989220 kW (300 PS; 300 bhp) RÜF455 N⋅m (336 lb⋅ft) RÜF6.9 seconds250 km/h (155 mph)
09/1985 – 08/1987178 kW (242 PS; 239 bhp) CAT390 N⋅m (288 lb⋅ft) CAT7.0 seconds228 km/h (142 mph)
09/1987 – 10/1991205 kW (279 PS; 275 bhp) CAT430 N⋅m (317 lb⋅ft) CAT7.2 seconds242 km/h (150 mph)
560 SECW126.04509/1985 – 08/1986220 kW (300 PS; 300 bhp) ECE455 N⋅m (336 lb⋅ft) ECE18206.9 seconds250 km/h (155 mph)28,929
09/1985 – 08/1987200 kW (270 PS; 270 bhp) RÜF430 N⋅m (317 lb⋅ft) RÜF7.3 seconds238 km/h (148 mph)
06/1987 – 12/1989220 kW (300 PS; 300 bhp) RÜF455 N⋅m (336 lb⋅ft) RÜF6.9 seconds250 km/h (155 mph)
09/1985 – 08/1987178 kW (242 PS; 239 bhp) CAT390 N⋅m (288 lb⋅ft) CAT7.6 seconds228 km/h (142 mph)
09/1987 – 10/1991205 kW (279 PS; 275 bhp) CAT430 N⋅m (317 lb⋅ft) CAT7.2 seconds242 km/h (150 mph)
Diesel Engines (US and Canada Only)
300 SDLW126.12502/1985 – 09/1987(OM 603.961) Inline 62996 ccTurbocharged
Fuel Injection
110 kW (150 PS; 150 bhp)273 N⋅m (201 lb⋅ft)175012.5 seconds175 km/h (109 mph)12.4 L/100 km (19.0 mpgUS)13,830
350 SDW126.13406/1990 – 08/1991(OM 603.97x) Inline 63449 ccTurbocharged
Fuel Injection
100 kW (140 PS; 130 bhp)310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft)175013.0 seconds175 km/h (109 mph)12.4 L/100 km (19.0 mpgUS)2,066
350 SDLW126.13517502,925

Dimensions and weight

Body styleWheelbaseLengthWidthHeightCurb weight
Sedan (short-wheelbase)2,935 mm (115.6 in)4,995–5,020 mm (196.7–197.6 in)1,820 mm (71.7 in)1,430–1,437 mm (56.3–56.6 in)1,600 kg (3,527 lb)
Sedan (long-wheelbase)3,075 mm (121.1 in)5,135–5,160 mm (202.2–203.1 in)1,820 mm (71.7 in)1,441 mm (56.7 in)1,600 kg (3,527 lb)
Coupe2,850 mm (112.2 in)4,910–4,935 mm (193.3–194.3 in)1,828 mm (72.0 in)1,406 mm (55.4 in)1,610 kg (3,549 lb)

Timeline

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References

Notes

  1. Leeps (4 June 1989). "Rust Busters". New Straits Times . Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Dunross, Ian. "Celebrating the 25th anniversary of W126/V126/C126 S-Class (1979–1991)". Archived from the original on 6 August 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2007.
  3. 1 2 "S-Klasse Club information". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 13 May 2007.
  4. Rombauts, Walter, ed. (15 September 1979). "Salon van Frankfurt is aanklacht tegen politieke machthebbers" [Frankfurt Show is an indictment of political leaders]. Keesings Auto Magazine (in Dutch). Antwerp, Belgium. 2 (17): 16–18.
  5. "The Facts". Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  6. "USD258425S United States". Google Patents. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  7. "Hydropneumatische Federung (HPF)". MBpassion (in German). Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  8. "Reiserechner". MBpassion (in German). Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  9. Chin, Chris (24 October 2019). "Your definitive 1979-92 Mercedes-Benz W126 S-Class Buyer's Guide". Hagerty Group LLC. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  10. "1982 Mercedes-Benz 380 SEL (aut. 4) (model since mid-year 1981 for North America U.S.) car specifications & performance data review". Automobile Catalog. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  11. "Mercedes-Benz for 1984". Mercedes-Benz USA. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  12. Dean, Paul. (11 July 1986). "Wheeling-Dealing Gray Market Hits the Skids Bad Publicity, Corporate Action, Legislation Put Brakes on Car Conversions". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  13. "Transco Bremen Stretch Limousine 1000SEL". 1000SEL.com. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  14. Karssen, Wouter (16 June 2009). "Juultje had smaak: Mercedes-Benz 380 SEL Caruna" [Juultje had taste] (in Dutch). Autoblog (Netherlands). Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  15. Mihalascu, Dan (5 May 2020). "This 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560 TEL Is The S-Class Wagon Stuttgart Would Not Build". Car Scoops.
  16. "Mercedes-Benz 500SEC – Complete Archive". Racing Sports Cars. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  17. Gable, Chris (12 April 2006). "Wheels' COTY the real McCoy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2007.
  18. Lexus No. 1 in New-Car Quality Survey, The Los Angeles Times , 4 July 1990 (Versus an average of 140 problems per 100 cars, the S-Class averaged 74.5, behind only the Mercedes E-Class and Lexus LS)
  19. Sanchez, Jesus. Mercedes Still Ranks No. 1 in Poll of New Car Buyers. The Los Angeles Times, 8 August 1990
  20. Apuzzo, Matt (2006-05-21). "US agents seize 'Saddam Hussein's car'". Mail & Guardian . Johannesburg, South Africa: M & G Media. Retrieved 2014-10-30.
  21. Lutjeharms, Wilhelm (24 April 2020). "We check out Nelson Mandela's special W126 Mercedes-Benz 500SE..." Carmags (South Africa).
  22. Torchinsky, Jason (6 December 2013). "The Story Of The Special Mercedes S-Class Made For Nelson Mandela". Jalopnik.

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Workshop manuals

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