Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey

Last updated

There are 81 provinces in Turkey (Turkish : il). Among the 81 provinces, thirty are designated metropolitan municipalities [1] (Turkish : büyükşehir belediyeleri). Metropolitan municipalities are subdivided into districts (Turkish : ilçe ), where each district includes a corresponding district municipality, which is a second tier municipality. [2]



The first metropolitan municipalities were established in 1984. [3] These were the three most populous cities in Turkey, namely; İstanbul, Ankara and İzmir. In each metropolitan municipality a number of second level municipalities (ilçe municipality) were established. In 1986, four new metropolitan municipalities were established in Adana, [4] Bursa, [5] Gaziantep [6] and Konya. [7] Two years later the total number was increased to eight with the addition of Kayseri. [8] In 1993, seven new metropolitan municipalities were established in Antalya, Diyarbakır, Erzurum, Eskişehir, Mersin, Kocaeli and Samsun. [9] Following the earthquake of 1999, Sakarya was also declared a metropolitan municipality. [10]

Before 2004, only the urban centers with populations of more than 750,000 were declared metropolitan centers. However, in 2004, the concept of metropolitan municipality was redefined in Istanbul and Kocaeli, where thenceforth metropolitan municipality borders would overlap with provincial borders. In 2012, this was extended to other metropolitan municipalities. [11] Thus, all provinces with a population in excess of 750,000 were declared metropolitan municipality and accordingly the number of metropolitan municipalities has sharply increased. The following 13 cities became metropolitan municipalities: [11]

Later, with the addition of Ordu, the total number of the metropolitan municipalities was increased to 30. [12]

List of metropolitan areas

(Dark blue :Those provinces before 2014, light blue those after 2014)

Metropolitan municipalitiesDate of establishmentPopulation (2013) [13] Population (2019) [14] Number of districts
Adana 05.06.19862,149,1602,237,94015
Ankara 23.03.19845,045,0835,639,07625
Antalya 09.09.19932,158,2652,511,70019
Aydın 06.12.20121,020,9571,110,97217
Balıkesir 06.12.20121,162,7611,228,62020
Bursa 18.06.19862,740,9703,056,12017
Denizli 06.12.2012963,4641,037,20819
Diyarbakır 09.09.19931,607,4371,756,32317
Erzurum 09.09.1993766,729762,06220
Eskişehir 09.09.1993799,724887,47514
Gaziantep 20.06.19861,844,4382,069,3649
Hatay 06.12.20121,503,0661,628,89415
Mersin [Note 1] 09.09.19931,705,7741,840,42513
İstanbul 23.03.198414,160,46715,519,26739
İzmir 23.03.19844,061,0744,367,25130
Kayseri 07.12.19881,295,3551,407,40916
Kocaeli [Note 2] 09.09.19931,676,2021,953,03512
Konya 20.06.19862,079,2252,232,37431
Malatya 06.12.2012762,538800,16513
Manisa 06.12.20121,359,4631,440,61117
Kahramanmaraş 06.12.20121,075,0761,154,10211
Mardin 06.12.2012779,738838,77810
Muğla 06.12.2012866,665983,14213
Ordu 14.03.2013731,452 [Note 3] 754,19819
Sakarya [Note 4] 06.03.2000917,3731,029,65016
Samsun 09.09.19931,261,8101,348,54217
Tekirdağ 06.12.2012874,4751,055,41211
Trabzon 06.12.2012758,237808,97418
Şanlıurfa 06.12.20121,801,9802,073,61413
Van 06.12.20121,070,1131,136,75713

Since the total population of Turkey is 83,154,997, the population in the 30 provinces make up 77% of the population of the country.

See also


  1. Formerly named İçel.
  2. Formerly the center city of Kocaeli Province was İzmit, which is now a district
  3. The population of Ordu Province was more than 750,000 limit in 2013
  4. Formerly the center city of Sakarya Province was Adapazarı, which is now a district

        Related Research Articles

        A metropolitan municipality is a type of municipality established in some countries to serve a metropolitan area.

        Museums in Turkey

        Following the proclamation of the Republic, Turkish museums developed considerably, mainly due to the importance Atatürk had attached to the research and exhibition of artifacts of Anatolia. When the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed, there were only the İstanbul Archaeology Museum called the "Asar-ı Atika Müzesi", the Istanbul Military Museum housed in the St. Irene Church, the Islamic Museum in the Suleymaniye Complex in Istanbul and the smaller museums of the Ottoman Empire Museum in a few large cities of Anatolia.

        Government of Turkey Government of Turkey

        The Government of Turkey is a unitary government established by the Constitution of Turkey as a constituted governing authority of a parliamentary democratic republic, commonly called the Republic of Turkey. The term can mean either the collective set of institutions or specifically the Cabinet.

        The Turkish football system is divided into the following leagues.

        Administrative divisions of Turkey

        Turkey has a unitary structure in terms of administration and this aspect is one of the most important factors shaping the Turkish public administration. When three powers are taken into account as the main functions of the state, local administrations have little power. Turkey is a highly centralized unitary system, and the provinces are subordinated to the centre. Local administrations were established to provide services in place and the government is represented by the governors and city governors. Besides the governors and the city governors, other senior public officials are also appointed by the central government rather than appointed by mayors or elected by constituents.

        AnadoluJet is a brand of Turkish Airlines operating as a regional airline. It operates domestic flights as well as flights to Northern Cyprus, Western Europe and the Middle East for its parent company.

        Womens football in Turkey

        Women's football in Turkey is the women's branch of football in Turkey and is governed by the Turkish Football Federation (TFF).

        The following are lists of populated places in Turkey by province:

        Turkish dialects

        There is considerable dialectal variation in Turkish.

        Turkish Revenue Administration

        Revenue Administration is a public institution of Turkish Republic operating under Ministry of Finance. The Revenue Administration is responsible for levying and collecting state taxes and respecting the taxpayer rights within the framework of Constitutional Law and tax legislation.

        Results breakdown of the June 2015 Turkish general election

        This is the results breakdown of the general election held in Turkey on 7 June 2015.

        Governor (Turkey)

        In Turkey, a Governor is an official responsible for the implementation of legislation, constitutional and government decisions in individual provinces. There are 81 Governors in Turkey, one for each province, appointed ceremonially by the President on the recommendation of the Interior Ministry. Governors are legally required to be politically neutral and have power over public offices within their Province, including the provincial police force. They also have a certain role in local government, though mayors and councillors are elected to these roles in local elections. The Provincial head of security also concurrently serves as Deputy Governor.

        The Committee on Conservation of Cultural Assets in Turkey is a province-based governmental committee responsible for the conservation of cultural heritage in Turkey.

        The 1935 Turkish Football Championship was the sixth edition of the competition. Fenerbahçe won their second national championship title by defeating Altınordu 3–1 in the final. For Altınordu it was the club's third and last appearance in the championship final.


        1. Statistical Institute page [ permanent dead link ]
        2. Law act no 5216 (in Turkish)
        3. Belleten of legislation (in Turkish)
        4. Art no 3306 (in Turkish)
        5. "Art no 3391" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2014-02-03. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
        6. "Art no.3398" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2014-01-31. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
        7. "Art no 3399" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2014-02-03. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
        8. "Art no 3508" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2014-02-03. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
        9. "Decree no 504" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2014-02-03. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
        10. "Art no 593" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2014-02-03. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
        11. 1 2 "Art no 6360" (in Turkish).
        12. CNN Turk news (in Turkish)
        13. "Statistical Institute 2013". Archived from the original on 2015-01-30. Retrieved 2015-01-30.
        14. "Statistical Institute 2014". Archived from the original on 2015-01-30. Retrieved 2015-01-30.