Meurthe-et-Moselle

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Meurthe-et-Moselle
Nancy - Prefecture.JPG
Prefecture building of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, in Nancy
Blason Meurthe-et-Moselle.svg
Coat of arms
Meurthe-et-Moselle-Position.svg
Location of Meurthe-et-Moselle in France
Coordinates: 48°40′N06°10′E / 48.667°N 6.167°E / 48.667; 6.167 Coordinates: 48°40′N06°10′E / 48.667°N 6.167°E / 48.667; 6.167
Country France
Region Grand Est
Prefecture Nancy
Subprefectures Briey
Lunéville
Toul
Government
   President of the General Council Mathieu Klein
Area
1
  Total5,246 km2 (2,025 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total733,821
  Rank 33rd
  Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 54
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 23
Communes 591
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
BlasonLorraine.svg
Part of the series on
Lorraine
Flag of Lorraine.svg
Flag of Lorraine since the 13th century

Meurthe-et-Moselle (French pronunciation:  [mœʁt e mɔzɛl] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Grand Est Administrative region of France

Grand Est, previously Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, is an administrative region in northeastern France. It superseded three former administrative regions—Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, and Lorraine—on 1 January 2016, as a result of territorial reform which was passed by the French legislature in 2014. Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine was a provisional name, created by hyphenating the merged regions in alphabetical order; its regional council had to approve a new name for the region by 1 July 2016. France's Conseil d'État approved Grand Est as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016. The administrative capital and largest city is Strasbourg.

Regions of France France top-level territorial subdivision

France is divided into 18 administrative regions, which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions, located on the European continent, and 5 overseas regions, located outside the European continent. The 12 mainland regions are each further subdivided into 4 to 13 departments, while the overseas regions consist of only one department each and hence are also referred to as "overseas departments". Similarly, Corsica is a "territorial collectivity" that also consists of only a single department. The current legal concept of region was adopted in 1982, and in 2016 what had been 27 regions was reduced to 18. The overseas regions should not be confused with the overseas collectivities, which have a semi-autonomous status.

Contents

History

Meurthe-et-Moselle was created in 1871 at the end of the Franco-Prussian War from the parts of the former departments of Moselle and Meurthe which remained French territory.

Franco-Prussian War significant conflict pitting the Second French Empire against the Kingdom of Prussia and its allies

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the War of 1870, was a conflict between the Second French Empire and later the Third French Republic, and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia. Lasting from 19 July 1870 to 28 January 1871, the conflict was caused by Prussian ambitions to extend German unification and French fears of the shift in the European balance of power that would result if the Prussians succeeded. Some historians argue that the Prussian chancellor Otto von Bismarck deliberately provoked the French into declaring war on Prussia in order to draw the independent southern German states—Baden, Württemberg, Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt—into an alliance with the North German Confederation dominated by Prussia, while others contend that Bismarck did not plan anything and merely exploited the circumstances as they unfolded. None, however, dispute the fact that Bismarck must have recognized the potential for new German alliances, given the situation as a whole.

Moselle river in Germany, France and Luxembourg

The Moselle is a river that flows through France, Luxembourg, and Germany. It is a left tributary of the Rhine, which it joins at Koblenz. A small part of Belgium is also drained by the Moselle through the Sauer and the Our.

The current boundary between Meurthe-et-Moselle and Moselle was the border between France and Germany from 1871 to 1919 and again between 1940 and 1944. The only subsequent change took place in 1997 and involved the incorporation, for administrative reasons, of the little commune of Han-devant-Pierrepont which had previously fallen within the Meuse department.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Han-devant-Pierrepont Commune in Grand Est, France

Han-devant-Pierrepont is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Meuse (department) Department of France

Meuse is a department in northeast France, named after the River Meuse. Meuse is part of the current region of Grand Est and is surrounded by the French departments of Ardennes, Marne, Haute-Marne, Vosges, Meurthe-et-Moselle, and has a short border with Belgium on the north. Parts of Meuse belong to Parc naturel régional de Lorraine. Front lines in trench warfare during World War I ran varying courses through the department and it hosted an important battle/offensive in 1916 in and around Verdun.

Geography

Meurthe-et-Moselle is part of the administrative region of Grand Est and the traditional region of Lorraine and is surrounded by the departments of Meuse, Vosges, Bas-Rhin, and Moselle; and by the nations of Luxembourg and Belgium. Parts of Meurthe-et-Moselle belong to the Lorraine Regional Natural Park.

Vosges (department) Department of France

Vosges is an eastern department of France named after the Vosges mountain range. It consists of 17 cantons and 507 communes, of which 234 are rural, including the commune of Domrémy-la-Pucelle, where Joan of Arc was born.

Bas-Rhin Department of France

Bas-Rhin is a department in Alsace which is a part of the Grand Est super-region of France. The name means "Lower Rhine", however, geographically speaking it belongs to the Upper Rhine region. It is the more populous and densely populated of the two departments of the traditional Alsace region, with 1,121,407 inhabitants in 2016. The prefecture and the General Council are based in Strasbourg. The INSEE and Post Code is 67.

Luxembourg Grand duchy in western Europe

Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a small landlocked country in western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union and the seat of the European Court of Justice, the highest judicial authority in the EU. Its culture, people, and languages are highly intertwined with its neighbours, making it essentially a mixture of French and German cultures, as evident by the nation's three official languages: French, German, and the national language of Luxembourgish. The repeated invasions by Germany, especially in World War II, resulted in the country's strong will for mediation between France and Germany and, among other things, led to the foundation of the European Union.

The department extends for 130 km from north to south and is between 7 and 103 km wide.

Its chief rivers are:

Most Populous Meurthe-et-Moselle communes [1]
RankCommuneCantonArrondissementPopulation
1 Nancy Nancy-1
Nancy-2
Nancy-3
Nancy 104,072
2 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Nancy 29,836
3 Lunéville Lunéville-1
Lunéville-2
Lunéville 19,516
4 Toul Toul Toul 16,128
5 Pont-à-Mousson Pont-à-Mousson Nancy 14,792
6 Laxou Laxou Nancy 14,681
7 Villers-lès-Nancy Laxou Nancy 14,133
8 Longwy Longwy Briey 14,092
9 Dombasle-sur-Meurthe Lunéville-1 Nancy 9,953
10 Maxéville Val de Lorraine Sud Nancy 9,796

Economy

The economy was highly dependent on mining until the 1960s. There are iron, salt, and lime extraction sites. The urban area around Nancy has a very dynamic economy based largely on services, research, and higher education.

Nancy, France Prefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Nancy is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name. The metropolitan area of Nancy had a population of 434,565 inhabitants at the 2011 census, making it the 20th largest urban area in France. The population of the city of Nancy proper was 104,321 in 2014.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are known as Meurthe-et-Mosellans. The area around Nancy has become highly urbanized, whereas the Saintois in the south is quite rural.

A demonym or gentilic is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place and is usually derived from the name of the place.

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801338,115    
1831415,568+0.69%
1841444,603+0.68%
1851450,423+0.13%
1861428,643−0.49%
1872365,137−1.45%
1881419,317+1.55%
1891444,150+0.58%
1901484,722+0.88%
1911564,730+1.54%
1921503,810−1.13%
1931592,632+1.64%
1936576,041−0.57%
1946528,805−0.85%
1954607,022+1.74%
1962678,078+1.39%
1968705,413+0.66%
1975722,588+0.34%
1982716,846−0.11%
1990711,822−0.09%
1999713,779+0.03%
2006725,303+0.23%
2016733,821+0.12%
source: [2]

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [3] Party
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 1st constituency Carole Grandjean La République En Marche!
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 2nd constituency Laurent Garcia MoDem
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 3rd constituency Xavier Paluszkiewicz La République En Marche!
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 4th constituency Thibault Bazin The Republicans
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 5th constituency Dominique Potier Socialist Party
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 6th constituency Caroline Fiat La France Insoumise

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

Moselle (department) Department of France

Moselle is the most populous department in Lorraine, in the east of France, and is named after the river Moselle, a tributary of the Rhine, which flows through the western part of the department. Inhabitants of the department are known as Mosellans.

Haut-Rhin Department of France

Haut-Rhin is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the river Rhine. Its name means Upper Rhine. Haut-Rhin is the smaller and less populated of the two departments of the former administrative Alsace region, especially after the 1871 cession of the southern territory known since 1922 as Territoire de Belfort, although it is still densely populated compared to the rest of metropolitan France.

Raon-lÉtape Commune in Grand Est, France

Raon-l'Étape is a commune in the Vosges Department in Grand Est in northeastern France.

Meurthe (department) former department of France

Meurthe is a former department of France created in 1790. Its prefecture (capital) was Nancy. It ceased to exist following the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine by Germany in 1871.

Lorraine Place in Grand Est, France

Lorraine is a cultural and historical region in north-eastern France, now located in the administrative region of Grand Est. Lorraine's name stems from the medieval kingdom of Lotharingia, which in turn was named for either Emperor Lothair I or King Lothair II. It later was ruled as the Duchy of Lorraine before the Kingdom of France annexed it in 1766.

Arrondissement of Nancy Arrondissement in Grand Est, France

The arrondissement of Nancy is an arrondissement of France in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in the Grand Est region. It has 188 communes.

Petite-Rosselle Commune in Grand Est, France

Petite-Rosselle is a commune in the Moselle department of the Grand Est region in north-eastern France. The commune is separated from neighbouring Großrosseln by the river Saar, which forms the border between France and Germany. It has 6,785 inhabitants.

Haroué Commune in Grand Est, France

Haroué is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Clérey-la-Côte Commune in Grand Est, France

Clérey-la-Côte is a commune in the Vosges department in Grand Est in northeastern France.

Gézoncourt Commune in Grand Est, France

Gézoncourt is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Art-sur-Meurthe Commune in Grand Est, France

Art-sur-Meurthe is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.

Dieulouard Commune in Grand Est, France

Dieulouard is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France. Dieulouard is located between Pont-à-Mousson and Nancy, on the left bank of the Moselle River. It is the location of the Gallo-Roman city of Scarpone.

Frouard Commune in Grand Est, France

Frouard is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in the region of Grand Est, north-eastern France. It is located 10 km north of Nancy near the confluence of the Moselle and Meurthe. It is noted for its Medieval mill; and was latterly a steel industry centre. It is today mainly known as an inland port, and rail/waterway node on the French Waterway Network.

Gerbéviller Commune in Grand Est, France

Gerbéviller is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France. It is 33 km south east of Nancy and 73 km south-south-east of Metz. Culturally and historically, it is part of Lorraine.

Gorcy Commune in Grand Est, France

Gorcy is a French commune, located in the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle and the Grand Est region. This village on the north of the Meurthe-et-Moselle is next to the Belgian frontier, and about 10 km from Longwy, main city of the "Pays-Haut".

Rembercourt-sur-Mad Commune in Grand Est, France

Rembercourt-sur-Mad is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in Grand Est in northeastern France.

Tomblaine Commune in Grand Est, France

Tomblaine is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France. Stage 7 of the Tour de France on 7 July 2012 started in Tomblaine. The Stade Marcel Picot, football stadium to Ligue 1 side AS Nancy, is located within the area.

Xammes Commune in Grand Est, France

Xammes is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

References

  1. "Insee - Populations légales 2013". Insee . Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  2. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  3. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/