Mezőkövesd

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Mezőkövesd
Hungary Mezokovesd agriculture museum 1.jpg
Agriculture museum in Mezőkövesd
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Coa Hungary Town Mezokovesd.svg
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Mezőkövesd
Coordinates: 47°49′N20°35′E / 47.817°N 20.583°E / 47.817; 20.583
Country Hungary
County Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
District Mezőkövesd
Area
  Total100.5 km2 (38.8 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
  Total16,905
  Density177.49/km2 (459.7/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3400
Area code (+36) 49
Website www.mezokovesd.hu

Mezőkövesd [ˈmɛzøːkøvɛʒd] is a town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary. It lies 50 km (31 mi) from Miskolc and 15 km (9 mi) from Eger.

Contents

History

The area has been inhabited since the Great Migration. It is likely that the first Hungarian settlement was formed here shortly after the conquest of Hungary, but in 1275 in a church document it was mentioned as a deserted place. It is likely that the village was destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Hungary.

In the 13th century, Mezőkövesd was the southernmost town belonging to the Diósgyőr estate. In 1464 the town got a seal and privileges from King Matthias. The name of the Matyó people, who inhabited the town and the area, is likely to have come from his name.

In 1544 the town was occupied by the Turks. In 1552 in the year when the Castle of Eger was under siege by the Turks Mezőkövesd was completely destroyed. Though it was rebuilt, after the battle in the nearby village of Mezőkeresztes, it was destroyed again in 1596 and wasn't rebuilt for almost 100 years.

Until 1784 Mezőkövesd was royal estate. In that year the town freed itself from its feudal obligations. The following years brought prosperity. In 1860 the railway line reached the town.

In 1938 a thermal spring was found in the estate of Lajos Zsóry. A thermal bath was built and now it is one of the main tourist attractions of the town. In 1941 the town had 21,000 residents, the highest population ever recorded.

Before World War II, there was a Jewish community in Mezőkövesd. At its height, there were 862 Jews in the community most of them were murdered by the Nazis in the Holocaust. [1]

Tourist sights

Twin towns – sister cities

Mezőkövesd is twinned with: [2]

Notable people

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References

  1. Mezőkövesd, Hungary at JewishGen
  2. "Mezőkövesd város idegenforgalmi koncepciója" (PDF). mezokovesd.hu (in Hungarian). Mezőkövesd. March 2015. p. 5. Retrieved 2021-03-30.

Coordinates: 47°49′N20°35′E / 47.817°N 20.583°E / 47.817; 20.583