Mińsk Mazowiecki

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Mińsk Mazowiecki
Minsk Mazowiecki lotnicze01.jpg
Aerial view of Mińsk Mazowiecki
POL Minsk Mazowiecki flag.svg
POL Minsk Mazowiecki COA.svg
Masovian Voivodeship location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Mińsk Mazowiecki
Poland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Mińsk Mazowiecki
Coordinates: 52°11′N21°34′E / 52.183°N 21.567°E / 52.183; 21.567 Coordinates: 52°11′N21°34′E / 52.183°N 21.567°E / 52.183; 21.567
CountryPoland
Voivodeship POL wojewodztwo mazowieckie flag.svg  Masovian
County Mińsk
Gmina Mińsk Mazowiecki (urban gmina)
Established14th century
Town rights1421, 29 May
Government
  MayorMarcin Jakubowski
Area
  Total13.12 km2 (5.07 sq mi)
Elevation
147 m (482 ft)
Population
 (2015)
  Total40,211
  Density3,100/km2 (7,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
05-300, 301, 303
Area code(s) +48 025
Car plates WM
Website http://www.minsk-maz.pl

Mińsk Mazowiecki [ˈmʲiɲsk mazɔˈvʲɛt͡skʲi] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) "Masovian Minsk" is a town in eastern Poland with 40,211 inhabitants (2015). It is situated in the Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Siedlce Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is the capital of Mińsk County.

Contents

Name

The source of town name - Mińsk - is the Mienia River, which in turn derives from the verb 'mienić', which means 'to shine'. The postnominal adjective 'Mazowiecki' shows the historical connection to Mazovia and distinguishes Mińsk Mazowiecki from the Belarusian capital of Minsk.

Location

Mińsk Mazowiecki is located geographically in South Podlasie, historically in East Mazovia and administratively in the eastern part of Masovian Voivodeship, 37 kilometres (23 miles) east from Warsaw's Center.

Timeline of history

Jewish history

Minsk's stone in Treblinka extermination camp Minsk-Treblinka.JPG
Mińsk's stone in Treblinka extermination camp

In 1768 the restrictions on permanent residence for Jewish people in Mińsk had been lifted. [1] From the 19th century to the 1930s it became very popular. Before the Second World War, there were thousands of Jews living in Mińsk and they had a general synagogue and smaller temples. The Novominsk hasidic dynasty was founded here in the late 19th century by Rabbi Yaakov Perlow, a descendant of the Baal Shem Tov.

Soon after the war began, the Germans created the Mińsk Ghetto. It was liquidated on 21 July 1942. Most of the Jews were killed in Treblinka extermination camp sent in Holocaust trains by the thousands. The remaining Jewish population were killed in Mińsk on 10 January 1943 (500 people) and 5 June (the last 150 people).

Monuments

Old Church POL Minsk Maz 1.jpg
Old Church

Economy

Stylowa Hotel and Restaurant 07M-HotelStylowa2.JPG
Stylowa Hotel and Restaurant

Trade:

Service:

Industry:

Population

Age / GenderNumberTotal
Male 0–183,9787,618
Female 0–183,640
Men 18–6512,283
Women 18–6012,496
Work-age24,779
Retired men1,572
Retired women3,560
Retired-age5,132
All37,529
      
YearNumberYearNumber
16th century
(second half)
3,5-4,00016601,000
17774561827750
18802,940early 20th4,771
19105,794192110,689
193915,103194510,500
197124,700199234,000
199535,068200035,761
200637,529 [ citation needed ]

Education

Gymnasium nr 3 Gymnasium (middle school) of Janusz Kusocinski in Minsk Mazowiecki 2007 P01.jpg
Gymnasium nr 3

Bureaus

19th-century County Hall 07M-OldCounty.JPG
19th-century County Hall

Safety

Culture and sports

Dernalowicz Palace Palac Dernalowiczow.jpg
Dernałowicz Palace

Culture:

Sport:

Religions

St. Anthony Church Minsk Mazowiecki Sw. Antoni.jpg
St. Anthony Church

Public transport

Lands

Overall: 13.12 square kilometres (5.07 sq mi)

Historical parts of city

Minsk Mazowiecki OiDM.svg
Anielina 07M-Anielina4.JPG
Anielina

Cities:

Estates built as part of Mińsk:

Villages:

Military

Twin towns – sister cities

Mińsk Mazowiecki is twinned with: [2]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Łaskarzew Place in Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

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Mińsk Mazowiecki Ghetto Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland

The Mińsk Mazowiecki Ghetto or the Mińsk Ghetto was a World War II ghetto set up by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland. Some 7,000 Polish Jews were imprisoned there from all neighbouring settlements for the purpose of persecution and exploitation. Two years later, beginning 21 August 1942 during the most deadly phase of the Holocaust in occupied Poland, they were rounded up – men, women and children – and deported to Treblinka extermination camp aboard Holocaust trains. In the process of Ghetto liquidation, some 1,300 Jews were summarily executed by the SS in the streets of Mińsk Mazowiecki.

References

  1. Mińsk Mazowiecki: The beginning of the Jewish settlement. Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Virtual Shtetl.
  2. "Współpraca zagraniczna". minsk-maz.pl (in Polish). Mińsk Mazowiecki. Retrieved 25 February 2021.

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