Miami, Oklahoma

Last updated

Miami, Oklahoma
City
Downtown, Miami, OK street.jpg
Downtown Miami (2008)
Ottawa County Oklahoma incorporated and unincorporated areas Miami highlighted.svg
Location within Ottawa County and Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°53′1″N94°52′34″W / 36.88361°N 94.87611°W / 36.88361; -94.87611 Coordinates: 36°53′1″N94°52′34″W / 36.88361°N 94.87611°W / 36.88361; -94.87611 [1]
CountryUnited States
State Oklahoma
County Ottawa
Government
  MayorBless Parker (R)
Area
[2]
  Total10.92 sq mi (28.29 km2)
  Land10.84 sq mi (28.07 km2)
  Water0.09 sq mi (0.22 km2)
Elevation
[1]
797 ft (243 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total13,570
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
13,088
  Density1,207.60/sq mi (466.25/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
74354-74355
Area code 539/918
FIPS code 40-48000 [1]
GNIS feature ID1095343 [1]
Website Miami, Oklahoma

Miami ( /mˈæmə/ my-AM) [4] [5] [6] is a city in and county seat of Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States, founded in 1891. [1] Lead and zinc mining established by 1918, caused it to boom.

Contents

It is the capital of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, after which it is named, the Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma, the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma, the Peoria Tribe of Indians and the Shawnee Tribe. As of the 2010 census, the city had 13,570 inhabitants, a one percent decline since 2000.

History

Miami began in an unusual way, compared to other towns in Indian Territory. Per the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture "... it was settled in a business-like way by men of vision who looked into the future and saw possibilities. It didn't just grow. It was carefully planned." [7]

W. C. Lykins petitioned the U.S. Congress to pass legislation on March 3, 1891, to establish the town. He met with Thomas F. Richardville, chief of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, who agreed to meet in turn with the U.S. Indian Commission and the Ottawa Tribe.

That meeting resulted in Congress authorizing the secretary of the United States Department of the Interior to approve the townsite purchase from the Ottawas. Lykins, Richardville and Manford Pooler, chief of the Ottawa, are identified in historical accounts as "fathers of Miami." Lykins' company, the Miami Town Company, bought 588 acres (238 ha) of land from the Ottawa for ten dollars an acre. On June 25–26, 1891 they held an auction of lots. In 1895, Miami incorporated and had more than 800 residents. [7]

The discovery of rich deposits of lead and zinc under Quapaw land a few miles north caused Miami to boom. In 1907, at the time of statehood, its population was 1,893, which increased as mining was established to 6,802 by 1920. [7]

Miami was on the route of the Jefferson Highway established in 1915, with that road running more than 2,300 miles (3,700 km) from Winnipeg, Manitoba to New Orleans, Louisiana. [8] It was later on Route 66, and still has an historic Original Nine-Foot Section of Route 66 Roadbed.

It is the capital of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, after which it is named, the Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma, Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma, Peoria Tribe of Indians and Shawnee Tribe. [9]

Geography

Miami is located near 36°53′1″N94°52′34″W / 36.88361°N 94.87611°W / 36.88361; -94.87611 (36.883539, −94.876018). [1] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.8 square miles (25 km2), of which 9.7 square miles (25 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.82%) is water.

Flooding

Miami is located on the Neosho River, and was impacted by the Great Flood of 1951. The town has flooded more than two dozen times since the 1990s, most recently during the 2019 Arkansas River floods. [10] [11] [12] Town residents and neighboring Native American groups have objected to maintaining high water levels on the river at Pensacola Dam and its popular vacation area, Grand Lake, on the grounds that when water backs up downstream, it can increase Miami's flooding problems. [11] [13] [14]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 1,527
1910 2,90790.4%
1920 6,802134.0%
1930 8,06418.6%
1940 8,3453.5%
1950 11,80141.4%
1960 12,8699.1%
1970 13,8807.9%
1980 14,2372.6%
1990 13,142−7.7%
2000 13,7044.3%
2010 13,570−1.0%
2019 (est.)13,088 [3] −3.6%
Sources: [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]

As of the 2010 census, there were 13,570 people, 5,315 households, and 3,337 families residing in the city. [21] a one percent decline from 13,704 at the 2000 census. [22] The population density was 1,258.7 people per square mile (485.9/km2). [21] The racial makeup of the city was 68.9% white, 1.3% African American, 17.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 2% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from other races, and 8% from two or more races. [21] Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 4.8% of the population. [21]

There were 5,315 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 15% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. [23] Single individuals living alone accounted for 31.9% of households and individuals 65 years of age or older living alone accounted for 14.7% of households. [23] The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.07. [23]

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.7% under the age of 18, 57.1% from 18 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. [23] The median age was 35.8 years. [23] The population was 53.2% female and 46.8% male. [23]

The median income for a household in the city was $34,561, and the median income for a family was $42,313. [23] Males had a median income of $32,699 versus $25,320 for females. [23] About 14.2% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line. [23]

In 2020, about one in four residents lived in poverty. [11]

Government

Local government in Miami consists of a Mayor and four councilmen representing four Wards.

As of 2015, the city is represented in the Oklahoma House of Representatives by Democrat Ben Loring, [25] and in the Oklahoma Senate by Republican Micheal Bergstrom. The city lies within Oklahoma's 2nd congressional district, represented by Markwayne Mullin since 2013.

Transportation

Miami is on Interstate 44 and U.S. Route 69, [26] and is approximately two miles (3.2 km) from U.S. Route 59. [27]

Pelivan Transit, owned and operated by Grand Gateway EDA & Northeast Oklahoma Tribal Transit Consortium, provides a trolley loop in Miami, as well as certain on-demand bus services. [28]

Miami is served by Miami Regional Airport (KMIO; FAA Identifier MIO), with a 5,020-foot (1,530 m) paved runway. [29] Commercial air transportation is available from Joplin Regional Airport, [30] about 34 miles (55 km) northeast, [31] or Tulsa International Airport, [32] about 85 miles (137 km) southwest. [33]

Coleman Theatre and historical buildings

Miami and Ottawa County, together with nearby Delaware County to the south, have a large impact on tourism in Oklahoma. These counties combined are the third-largest tourism destination in the state, following only the Oklahoma City and Tulsa metropolitan areas. [34]

Coleman Theatre, 2008 Coleman Theater in Miami, OK.jpg
Coleman Theatre, 2008

Miami is home to the historic Coleman Theatre, located at 103 N. Main St. On April 18, 1929, the 1,600-seat Coleman Theatre enjoyed a grand opening. Designed by the Boller Bros., and built by George L. Coleman Sr. at a cost of $600,000, the Louis XV interior includes gold leaf trim, silk damask panels, stained glass panels, marble accents, a carved mahogany staircase, Wurlitzer pipe organ, decorative plaster moldings, and bronze railings. In 1983, the Coleman Theatre was placed on the National Register of Historical Places for Ottawa County. A local non-profit community group established in 1959 the Miami Little Theatre, which performs five large-scale productions on the Coleman stage every year.

Other Miami structures are also listed on the National Register of Historical Places for Ottawa County, including the George L. Coleman Sr. House, the Miami Marathon Oil Company Service Station, and the Miami Downtown Historic District.

Education

Public schools serving most of Miami are managed by the Miami Public Schools school district. [35] The high school is Miami High School, whose mascot is the Wardog. The Wardog is a mascot unique to Miami and has not been adopted as a mascot by any other school in the United States. [36]

A portion of northern Miami is instead within the Commerce Public Schools school district. [37]

Northeastern Oklahoma A&M College initially was accredited in 1925 by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. It is a two-year community college with about 2,000 students. [38]

Notable people

"Sidewalk highway" stretch of Route 66 near Miami, 2010 Sidewalk Highway.jpg
"Sidewalk highway" stretch of Route 66 near Miami, 2010

See also

Related Research Articles

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by the state of Texas on the south and west, Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. Partially in the western extreme of the Upland South, it is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the 50 United States. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Ottawa County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Ottawa County is a county located in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,848. Its county seat is Miami. The county was named for the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma. It is also the location of the federally recognized Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma and the Quapaw Tribe of Indians, which is based in Quapaw.

Miami County, Kansas County in Kansas

Miami County is a county located in east-central Kansas and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 32,787. Its county seat and most populous city is Paola.

Ottawa, Kansas City and County seat in Kansas, United States

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Coffeyville, Kansas City in Kansas, United States

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Grove, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

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Muskogee, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

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Pawhuska, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

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Commerce, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Commerce is a city in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 2,473 at the 2010 census, down 6.5 percent from the figure of 2,645 in 2000, and lower than the 2,555 residents it had in 1920. Commerce is included in the Joplin, Missouri metropolitan area.

North Miami, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

North Miami is a town in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 374 at the 2010 Census. North Miami is part of the Joplin, Missouri metropolitan area. The town is primarily a bedroom community for several larger towns in the county.

Peoria, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Peoria is a town in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. It was named for the Peoria tribe, a group of Native Americans who had moved into Indian Territory during the 19th Century. The town is about 14.8 driving miles east-northeast of Miami, Oklahoma in the far northeastern corner of the state, putting it just 3.1 driving miles west of the Missouri border and 7.6 driving miles south of the Kansas border.

Quapaw, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Quapaw is a town in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 906 at the 2010 census, a 7.9 percent decline from the figure of 984 recorded in 2000. Quapaw is part of the Joplin, Missouri metropolitan area.

Wyandotte, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Wyandotte is a town in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 333 at the 2010 census, a decline of 8.26 percent from the figure of 363 recorded in 2000. The town is the tribal headquarters of the Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma, for which the town was named. Wyandotte is part of the Joplin, Missouri metropolitan area.

Jenks, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Jenks is a city in Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States, and a suburb of Tulsa, in the northeastern part of the state. It is situated between the Arkansas River and U.S. Route 75. Jenks is one of the fastest growing cities in Oklahoma. The city's population was 9,557 in the 2000 census, but by 2010, this had grown to 16,924, an increase of 77.1 percent. The Census estimated Jenks' population as 23,767 in 2019.

Wagoner, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Wagoner is a city in Wagoner County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 8,323 at the 2010 census, compared to the figure of 7,669 recorded in 2000. It is the county seat of Wagoner County. Wagoner became the first city incorporated in Indian Territory on January 4, 1896.

Ponca City, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Ponca City is a city in Kay County in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The city was named after the Ponca tribe. Ponca City had a population of 25,387 at the time of the 2010 census.

Bartlesville, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Bartlesville is a city mostly in Washington County in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 35,750 at the 2010 census, with a 2019 estimate of 36,144 according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Bartlesville is 47 miles (76 km) north of Tulsa and 18 miles (29 km) south of the Kansas border. It is the county seat of Washington County. The Caney River runs through Bartlesville.

Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma

The Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma is one of four federally-recognized Native American tribes of Odawa people in the United States. Its ancestors had migrated into Michigan and Ohio in the 18th century. In the late 1830s they were removed to west of the Mississippi River, first to Iowa, then to Kansas in what was then Indian Territory. In 1867 they sold their land to purchase territory in what became Oklahoma, then primarily settled by Native Americans.

Tulsa metropolitan area Metropolitan area in northeastern Oklahoma

The Tulsa Metropolitan Area, officially defined as the Tulsa–Broken Arrow–Owasso Metropolitan Statistical Area is a metropolitan area in northeastern Oklahoma centered around the city of Tulsa and encompassing Tulsa, Rogers, Wagoner, Osage, Creek, Okmulgee and Pawnee counties. It had an estimated population of 991,005 and 1,251,172 people in the larger Combined Statistical area in 2015.

Joplin, Missouri, metropolitan area Metropolitan statistical area in the United States

The Joplin, Missouri, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of Jasper and Newton counties in southwest Missouri, anchored by the city of Joplin.

References

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  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
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  22. CensusViewer:Miami, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Miami, Oklahoma, at U.S. Census website (cite does not allow direct link). (accessed September 5, 2013)
  24. 1 2 "City Council / Mayor". miamiokla.net. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  25. "Representative Ben Loring-Oklahoma House of Representatives". Oklahoma State Legislature. Archived from the original on October 28, 2015.
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  27. "Miami, Oklahoma to One Stop Convenience Store". Google Maps. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  28. "Welcome to Pelivan Transit". Pelivan Transit. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  29. "Miami Regional Airport". AirNav.com. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  30. "Joplin Regional Airport". Joplin, Missouri. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  31. "Joplin Regional Airport to Miami, Oklahoma". Google Maps. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  32. "Tulsa International Airport". TulsaAirports.com. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  33. "Tulsa International Airport to Miami, Oklahoma". Google Maps. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  34. Hutson-Miller, Kaylea M. (October 19, 2019). "Ottawa, Delaware counties generates $519 million combined in visitor spending as 'welcome mat' for Oklahoma". Tulsa World. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  35. "Miami Public Schools - Miami High School". miami.k12.ok.us. Archived from the original on April 10, 2018. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
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  37. "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Ottawa County, OK" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved March 29, 2021. – Compare to the highway map.
  38. "Northeastern A&M College home page". neo.edu. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  39. "Miami Little Theatre" . Retrieved February 10, 2010.